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*  Fetal viability
... or foetal viability is the ability of a fetus to survive outside the uterus. As the word is used in United ... Fetal viability depends largely on the fetal organ maturity, and environmental conditions. Another definition for viability, as ... Fetal Viability. [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.slate.com/articles/news_and_politics/the_gist/1997/05/fetal_viability.html ... Last Accessed 15 November 2012]. Breborowicz, G. H. (2001). "Limits of fetal viability and its enhancement". Early pregnancy ( ...
*  Beginning of human personhood
... or neonatal perception fetal viability birth post-birth development stages Fertilization is the fusing of the gametes, that is ... "Abortion and Fetal Viability". Planned Parenthood Affiliates of California. Archived from the original on 19 November 2007. ... Upon viability, the pregnancy can be terminated, as by a c-section or induced labor, with the fetus surviving to become a ... Kerckhove, Lee F.; Waller, Sara (June 1998). "Fetal personhood and the sorites paradox". The Journal of Value Inquiry. 32 (2): ...
*  Freedom of Choice Act
... terminate a pregnancy prior to fetal viability; or terminate a pregnancy after viability when necessary to protect her life or ... the bill would still prohibit partial birth abortions due to the wording of the bill and the stated definition of viability, ...
*  Freedom of choice
... terminate a pregnancy prior to fetal viability; or (3) terminate a pregnancy after fetal viability when necessary to protect ...
*  Abortion in the United States
"Fetal Viability And Late-Term Abortion: The Facts And The Law". www.democraticunderground.com. Retrieved 5 October 2015. An ... If the State is interested in protecting fetal life after viability, it may go so far as to proscribe abortion during that ... The Court did not recognize a right to abortion in all cases: State regulation protective of fetal life after viability thus ... viability was defined as "potentially able to live outside the mother's womb, albeit with artificial aid. Viability is usually ...
*  Miscarriage
Royal College of Obstetricians & Gynaecologists UK (April 2001). "Further Issues Relating to Late Abortion, Fetal Viability and ... Some use the cutoff of 20 weeks of gestation, after which fetal death is known as a stillbirth. The most common symptom of a ... According to French statutes, an infant born before the age of viability, determined to be 28 weeks, is not registered as a ' ... The term "fetal death" applies variably in different countries and contexts, sometimes incorporating weight, and gestational ...
*  Gestational age
Estimation of due date Scheduling prenatal care Estimation of fetal viability Calculating the results of various prenatal tests ... Royal College of Obstetricians; Gynaecologists UK (April 2001). "Further Issues Relating to Late Abortion, Fetal Viability and ... Hence, the gestational timing of a fetal toxin exposure, fetal drug exposure or vertically transmitted infection can be used to ... The gestational age for statistical recording of fetal deaths ranges from 16 weeks in Norway, to 20 weeks in the US and ...
*  Nuchal scan
The scan may also help confirm both the accuracy of the pregnancy dates and the fetal viability. As nuchal translucency size ... If this is the case, the woman may be advised to have a more reliable screen such as cell-free fetal DNA screening or an ... Natural fetal loss after positive diagnosis at 12 weeks is about 30%. Other common chromosomal defects that cause a thicker ... The scan is carried out at 11-13+6 weeks pregnancy and assesses the quantity of fluid collecting within the nape of the fetal ...
*  Doe v. Bolton
Roe legalized abortion nationwide for approximately the first six months of pregnancy until the point of fetal viability. The ... severe fetal deformity, or the possibility of severe or fatal injury to the mother. Other restrictions included the requirement ... Court's opinion in Doe v. Bolton stated that a woman may obtain an abortion after viability, if necessary to protect her health ...
*  Ectogenesis
Artificial uteri may expand the range of fetal viability, raising questions about the role that fetal viability plays within ... It also has the potential to move the threshold of fetal viability to a much earlier stage of pregnancy. This would have ...
*  Ectopic pregnancy
However, the vast majority of abdominal pregnancies require intervention well before fetal viability because of the risk of ... Internal view of fetal sac, the necrotic distal part is to the left. External side of fetal sac, proximal end, with ovary and ... Leg of fetal lamb appearing out of the uterus during cesarian section. External view of fetal sac, necrotic distal part. ... Support to near viability has occasionally been described, but even in third world countries, the diagnosis is most commonly ...
*  Percutaneous umbilical cord blood sampling
... including fetal abnormalities, operator errors, placental penetration, and viability of the fetus. Intrahepatic vein fetal ... Fetal viability typically occurs at about 24 to 25 weeks of gestation. When the fetus is in between the ages of 24-34 weeks, a ... Fetal bradycardia, low heart rate, is another complication that may occur. Most cases of fetal bradycardia are self-resolved ... Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine (SMFM). Berry SM, Stone J, Norton ME, Johnson D, Berghella V (2013). "Fetal blood sampling ...
*  Fetal rights
The legal debate on fetal rights sometimes invokes the notion of fetal viability. Its primary determinant is fetal lung ... The twenty-three weeks is usually regarded as the lower bound of fetal viability because technology has been unable to surpass ... Fetal rights are the moral rights or legal rights of the human fetus under natural and civil law. The term fetal rights came ... The 1980s witnessed the reappearance of fetal protection in the workplace, aimed at guarding fetal health in potentially ...
*  United States pro-choice movement
... the Court rejected the trimester framework altogether in favor of a cutoff at the point of fetal viability (cf. Planned ...
*  Roe v. Wade
at 163-64 ("If the State is interested in protecting fetal life after viability, it may go so far as to proscribe abortion ... The majority opinion allowed states to protect fetal life after viability even though a fetus is not a person within the ... From approximately the end of the first trimester until fetal viability, the state's interest in protecting the health of the ... The "viability" criterion is still in effect, although the point of viability has changed as medical science has found ways to ...
*  Countermovement
... often citing human rights do not encompass fetuses before fetal viability. Both of these groups tend to be adamant towards ...
*  Griswold v. Connecticut
... the midpoint of which is the approximate time of fetal viability). In the third trimester of pregnancy, abortion is potentially ...
*  Burton v. Florida
... limited such intervention to instances where fetal viability was proven by the state and rejected the argument that viability ... The Court further held that once the State had proven viability it must then show that the proposed intervention is the least ...
*  Caesarean section
... and the procedure may be performed even prior to the limit of fetal viability if it is judged to be of benefit to the mother. ... In breech presentation, fetal heart sounds are heard just above the umbilicus. The bottom-down position presents some hazards ... General anesthesia is also preferred in very urgent cases, such as severe fetal distress, when there is no time to perform a ... In the UK they are further classified as grade 3 (delivery within 4 hours of the decision, no maternal or fetal compromise), ...
*  Timeline of reproductive rights legislation
... making it legal for states to proscribe abortion after the point of fetal viability, excepting instances that would risk the ...
*  Webster v. Reproductive Health Services
In discussing the fetal viability section, the plurality asserted that the right to abortion was a "liberty interest protected ... Provisions requiring testing for viability after 20 weeks of pregnancy were constitutional, but those limiting abortions in the ... Justices O'Connor and Scalia joined Rehnquist's opinion except for the section on viability testing. Each wrote a separate ... a dissenting opinion which focused on the plurality's desired narrowing of Roe as described in the section on the viability ...
*  Resuscitative hysterotomy
... as this is estimated to be the lower limit for fetal viability. If the fetus is over 24 weeks' gestation, Caesarean delivery ... If the mother's medical condition is such that there is no reasonable prospect of maternal resuscitation or viability (for ...
*  Carey v. Population Services International
A state has the power to prohibit abortions after fetal viability, as long as the law holds exceptions for pregnancies, which ...
*  Infant mortality
Perinatal mortality only includes deaths between the foetal viability (22 weeks gestation) and the end of the 7th day after ... Forms of infant mortality: Perinatal mortality is late fetal death (22 weeks gestation to birth), or death of a newborn up to ... Jejeebhoy SJ (1998). "Associations between wife-beating and fetal and infant death: impressions from a survey in rural India". ... and probability of fetal brain damage. One way to prevent Vitamin A deficiency is to educate the mother on the many benefits of ...
*  Viability
... selection, the selection of individual organisms who can survive until they are able to reproduce Fetal viability, ... Viability is the ability of a thing (a living organism, an artificial system, an idea, etc.) to maintain itself or recover its ... Viability theory, an area of mathematics that studies the evolution of dynamical systems under constraints to the system's ... state Viability assay, an assay to determine the ability of cells or tissues to maintain or recover its viability All pages ...