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*  Xylose metabolism
High-level functional expression of a fungal xylose isomerase: the key to efficient ethanolic fermentation of xylose by ... Johansson B, Hahn-Hägerdal B (August 2002). "The non-oxidative pentose phosphate pathway controls the fermentation rate of ... 2007). "Comparison of the xylose reductase-xylitol dehydrogenase and the xylose isomerase pathways for xylose fermentation by ... Eliasson A, Christensson C, Wahlbom CF, Hahn-Hägerdal B (August 2000). "Anaerobic xylose fermentation by recombinant ...
*  Phenolic content in wine
Pyranoanthocyanins are chemical compounds formed in red wines by yeast during fermentation processes or during controlled ...
*  Leuconostoc citreum
"Novel Leuconostoc citreum starter culture system for the fermentation of kimchi, a fermented cabbage product". Antonie Van ...
*  Rumen
Microbial fermentation proceeds rapidly in the mat, releasing many gases. Some of these gases are trapped in the mat, causing ... Digestion occurs through fermentation by microbes in the reticulorumen rather than the animal per se. The reticulorumen is one ... Under normal fermentation conditions the environment in the reticulorumen is weakly acidic and is populated by microbes that ... As fermentation proceeds, fermentable substrate is exhausted, gas production decreases, and particles lose buoyancy due to loss ...
*  Vinegar
The fermentation takes place due to the action of wild yeast. The cane juice is converted to vinegar having a blackish color. ... The longer fermentation period allows for the accumulation of a non-toxic slime composed of acetic acid bacteria. Fast methods ... The other way is through fermentation to produce a local wine known as basi. Low-quality basi is then allowed to undergo acetic ... The acetic acid is produced by the fermentation of ethanol by acetic acid bacteria. Vinegar is now mainly used as a cooking ...
*  Carbohydrate catabolism
... the generation of ATP continues through fermentation.There are two types of fermentation: alcohol fermentation and lactic acid ... The only byproduct from this type of fermentation is lactate. Lactic acid fermentation is used by human muscle cells as a means ... This process of renewing the supply of NAD+ is called fermentation, which falls into two categories. In alcohol fermentation, ... The organic molecule that is responsible for renewing the NAD+ supply in this type of fermentation is the pyruvate from ...
*  Fermentation starter
A fermentation starter (called simply starter within the corresponding context, sometimes called a mother) is a preparation to ... "椒盐筋饼", 天天饮食, food.cntv.cn Lee, Cherl-Ho (1999). "Cereal Fermentations in Countries of the Asia-Pacific Region". In Haard, ... In descriptions of national cuisines, fermentation starters may be referred to by their national names: Qū (simplified: 曲; ... A starter culture is a microbiological culture which actually performs fermentation. These starters usually consist of a ...
*  Leuconostoc
are similarly part of the symbiotic colonies of bacteria and yeast or SCOBY involved in the fermentation of kefir, a fermented ... are responsible for the fermentation of cabbage, making it sauerkraut. In this process, fresh cabbage is fermented in a light ...
*  Ethanol metabolism
The average human digestive system produces approximately 3g of ethanol per day merely through fermentation of its contents. ... 2014). "Hominids adapted to metabolize ethanol long before human-directed fermentation". Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA. 112 (2): ...
*  Fibre supplements
The products of bacterial fermentation in the colon may also decrease the rate of cholesterol synthesis in the liver. However, ...
*  Sweetness of wine
Thus, arresting fermentation when a significant portions of the sugars have fermented gives a wine where the residual sugar ... Stopping the fermentation also enhanced a wine's potential sweetness. In ancient times, this was achieved by submerging the ... Wine can also be sweetened by the addition of sugar in some form, after fermentation is completed - the German method like the ... The use of Süssreserve gives a different composition of sugars in the wine in comparison to arrested fermentation. Grape must ...
*  Fermentation
... mixed acid fermentation, butyric acid fermentation, caproate fermentation, butanol fermentation, glyoxylate fermentation), as a ... fermentation Chemostat Dark fermentation Ethanol fermentation Fed-batch Fermentation in food processing Fermentation (wine) ... ethanol fermentation, aka alcoholic fermentation, is the production of ethanol and carbon dioxide lactic acid fermentation ... Fermentation lock Fermentative hydrogen production Gut fermentation syndrome Industrial fermentation Non-fermenter ...
*  Fermentation theory
"Physiological Theory of Fermentation". Fordham University. Retrieved March 13, 2014. Fiachson, Refr. "Fermentation in Theory ... The fermentation theory was studied in depth and brought to light first by Louis Pasteur. This theory states that it is the ... Fermentation was a process that has been used for thousands of years, but no one could explain exactly what was happening and ... Although fermentation will give a lower yield of ATP production than aerobic respiration does, it can occur at a much higher ...
*  Wild Fermentation
Newsweek has referred to Wild Fermentation as the "fermentation bible". Melnick, Meredith (July 13, 2010). "Fermentation Frenzy ... Wild Fermentation: The Flavor, Nutrition, and Craft of Live-Culture Foods is a 2003 book by Sandor Katz that discusses the ... The term "wild fermentation" refers to the reliance on naturally occurring bacteria and yeast to ferment food. For example, ... While most of the conventional literature assumes the use of modern technology, Wild Fermentation focuses more on the practice ...
*  Fermentation Family
... official jTBC website (in Korean) Fermentation Family at Naver (in Korean) Fermentation Family at HanCinema ... Fermentation Family (Hangul: 발효가족; RR: Balhyo Gajok), also known as Kimchi Family, is a 2011 South Korean television series, ... Lim, Ju-ri (28 December 2011). "In Fermentation Family, a bad boy turns over new leaf". Korea JoongAng Daily. Archived from the ...
*  Dark fermentation
... is the fermentative conversion of organic substrate to biohydrogen. It is a complex process manifested by ... Dark fermentation differs from photofermentation in that it proceeds without the presence of light. Fermentative/hydrolytic ... "Production of hydrogen by microbial fermentation". Int J Hydrogen Energy 13, 407-10 Shin, H.S., Youn, J.H., Kim, S.H., 2004. " ... "Assessing optimal fermentation type for bio-hydrogen production in continuous flow acidogenic reactors", Biores Technol 98, ...
*  Hindgut fermentation
In contrast, foregut fermentation is the form of cellulose digestion seen in ruminants such as cattle which have a four- ... The microbial fermentation occurs in the digestive organs that follow the small intestine: the large intestine and cecum. ... Hindgut fermentation is a digestive process seen in monogastric herbivores, animals with a simple, single-chambered stomach. ... Foregut fermentation Ruminants Pseudoruminants Animal Structure & Function. Sci.waikato.ac.nz. Retrieved on 2011-11-27. Grant, ...
*  Syngas fermentation
... , also known as synthesis gas fermentation, is a microbial process. In this process, a mixture of hydrogen, ... Syngas fermentation process has advantages over a chemical process since it takes places at lower temperature and pressure, has ... Henstra, A.M.; Sipma, J.; Reinzma, A.; Stams, A.J.M. (2007). "Microbiology of synthesis gas fermentation for biofuel production ... doi:10.1016/S0032-9592(01)00227-8. Ahmed, A; Lewis, R.S. (2007). "Fermentation of biomass generated syngas:Effect of nitric ...
*  Symbiotic fermentation
... is a form of fermentation in which multiple organisms (yeasts, acetic acid bacteria, lactic acid ... Examples of traditionally fermented products that use symbiotic fermentation include: Sake, Lambic beer styles, Shochu, Vinegar ... Soy sauce Furukawa, Soichi (2013). "Significance of microbial symbiotic coexistence in traditional fermentation". Journal of ...
*  Industrial fermentation
... is the intentional use of fermentation by microorganisms such as bacteria and fungi as well as ... Some foods such as Marmite are the byproduct of the fermentation process, in this case in the production of beer. Fermentation ... Some commodity chemicals, such as acetic acid, citric acid, and ethanol are made by fermentation. The rate of fermentation ... such as the fermentation of cocoa beans, coffee cherries, and miso, fermentation takes place on the moist surface of the medium ...
*  Co-fermentation
... which are also produced by co-fermentation. The reason why co-fermentation is not more widely practiced is that it "locks in" a ... thus necessitating co-fermentation. Jancis Robinson, ed. (2006). "Co-fermentation". Oxford Companion to Wine (3rd ed.). Oxford ... which gives the winemaker less possibility to adjust the blend after fermentation. Co-fermentation is also performed in ... Co-fermentation is the practice in winemaking of fermenting two or more grape varieties at the same time when producing a wine ...
*  Ethanol fermentation
... , also called alcoholic fermentation, is a biological process which converts sugars such as glucose, ... Wine is produced by fermentation of the natural sugars present in grapes; cider and perry are produced by similar fermentation ... Mead is produced by fermentation of the natural sugars present in honey. Beer, whiskey, and vodka are produced by fermentation ... Fermentation of sugar to ethanol and CO2 can also be done by Zymomonas mobilis, however the path is slightly different since ...
*  Lees (fermentation)
However, yeast deposits from secondary fermentation of both wine and beer are referred to as lees. This material is the source ... The effect of the lees during bottle fermentation for at least 18 months on Champagne is considerable. The "bready" toasty ... A process in which yeast is added to wine that has completed primary fermentation. This secondary yeast addition typically ... to the bottom of a vat of wine after fermentation and aging. The yeast deposits in beer brewing are known as trub. ...
*  Foregut fermentation
Ruminant foregut fermentation Hindgut fermentation "Foregut fermentation in mammals". Map of Life. 2010-07-22. Retrieved 2010- ... Foregut fermentation is a form of digestion that occurs in the foregut of some animals. It has evolved independently in several ... Foregut fermentation is employed by ruminants and pseudoruminants, some rodents and some marsupials[citation needed]. It has ...
*  Fermentation Fest
Gayle Worland Cultures will converge at Fermentation Fest October 03, 2011 Capital Newspapers Fermentation Fest. ... Fermentation Fest is a 10-day celebration of farming, food, and art in Reedsburg, Wisconsin. It was established in 2010 based ...