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*  Sperm competition
Offensive adaptation behavior differs from defensive behavior because it involves an attempt to ruin the chances of another ... Hendrichs, J., Cooley, S. S., and Prokopy, R. J. (1992). Post-feeding bubbling behaviour in fluidfeeding Diptera: Concentration ... This offensive behavior is facilitated by the presence of certain traits, which are called armaments. An example of an armament ... Animal Behavior. Sixth Edition. 429-519. Baker, Robin 1996. Sperm Wars: The Science of Sex ISBN 0-7881-6004-4. Eberhard, ...
*  Ambush predator
Darters feed mainly on mid-sized fish but far more rarely, they eat other aquatic vertebrates such as frogs, toads, newts, ... 1994). "Sedentary behaviors by Green Mambas Dendroaspis angusticeps" (PDF). Herpetological Natural History. 2 (2): 105-111. ... Research suggests that Pfiesteria behaves as an ambush predator and utilizes a "hit and run" feeding strategy by releasing a ... It is an ambush predator and primarily carnivorous, feeding on crustaceans, molluscs and fish (although some aquatic plants may ...
*  Stanley E. Trauth
Macrochelys temminckii (Alligator Snapping Turtle). Feeding Behavior. Herpetological Review 37(2):217. Demography, genetic ... and behavior of amphibians and reptiles. Trauth's work with his student Benjamin A. Wheeler and University of Florida professor ...
*  Nothybidae
courtship behavior on flickr Nothybus sp. adult feeding behavior on flickr. ... Adults have been observed displaying complex hovering and courtship behavior. Species of the genus Nothybus are only found in ...
*  American bullfrog
Prey motion elicits feeding behavior. First, if necessary, the frog performs a single, orienting bodily rotation ending with ... The male chorus behavior is analogous to the lek formation of birds, mammals, and other vertebrates. Choruses are dynamic, ... Although pelleted feed is available, the frogs will not willingly consume artificial diets, and providing sufficient live prey ... These male and female behaviors cause male-to-male competition to be high within the bullfrog population and sexual selection ...
*  Thrips
Feeding behavior and nutritional requirements. Thrips Biology and Management. Plenum Press. pp. 21-29. "Onion Thrips". NCSU. ... Besides feeding on plant tissues, the common blossom thrips feeds on pollen grains and on the eggs of mites. When the larva ... Some flower-feeding thrips pollinate the flowers they are feeding on, and some authors suspect that they may have been among ... Thrips are believed to have descended from a fungus-feeding ancestor during the Mesozoic, and many groups still feed upon and ...
*  Northern goshawk
More active feeding behavior by nestlings may increase their aggression towards each other. By the 5th week, they've developed ... Westcott, P. W. (1964). Unusual feeding behavior of a goshawk. Condor, 66, 163. Brace, K. 1983. Goshawk-snowshoe hare encounter ... The daily food requirements of a single goshawks are around 120 to 150 g (4.2 to 5.3 oz) and most kills can feed a goshawk for ... Fed. Sci. Tech. Ser (No. 11). Bent, A. C. (1938). Life histories of North American birds of prey: order Falconiformes (No. 170 ...
*  Chiton
ISBN 0-03-056747-5. James H. McLean (1962-04-01). "Feeding Behavior of the Chiton Placiphorella". Journal of Molluscan Studies ... The method they use to perform such behaviors has been investigated to some extent, but remains unknown. One theory has the ... Mervi Kangas & S.A. Shepherd (1984) Distribution and feeding of chitons in a boulder habitat at West Island South Australia ... journeying to feed and then returning to the exact spot they previously inhabited. ...
*  Ctenophora
Haddock, S.H.D. (December 2007). "Comparative feeding behavior of planktonic ctenophores". Integrative and Comparative Biology ... The Beroida, also known as Nuda, have no feeding appendages, but their large pharynx, just inside the large mouth and filling ... found on its branches what they considered rows of cilia, used for filter feeding. They suggested that Stromatoveris was an ... The two-tentacled "cydippid" Lampea feeds exclusively on salps, close relatives of sea-squirts that form large chain-like ...
*  Vampire bat
... and then progressed to feeding on the mammals themselves (similar to red-billed oxpecker feeding behavior) They initially fed ... This feeding behavior is facilitated by its anatomy and physiology for rapid processing and digestion of the blood to enable ... Greenhall, Arthur M. (1988) "Feeding Behavior". In: Natural History of Vampire Bats (ed. by A. M. Greenhall and U. Schmidt), ... Evolution of feeding strategies in bats. Tebiwa 18: 39-48 Fenton M. B. (1992). "Wounds and the origin of blood‐feeding in bats ...
*  American black bear
Behrend, D.F.; Sage, R.W.; Jr (1974). "Unusual feeding behavior by black bears". Journal of Wildlife Management. 38 (3): 570. ... Their social behavior is somewhat similar to that of canids. American black bears tend to be territorial and non-gregarious in ... Once a deer fawn is captured, it is frequently torn apart alive while feeding. If able to capture a mother deer in spring, the ... The black bear's generalist behavior allowed it to exploit a wider variety of foods and has been given as a reason why, of ...
*  Northern fur seal
Their feeding behavior is primarily solitary. Northern fur seals are preyed upon primarily by sharks and killer whales. ... R. Gentry: Behavior and Ecology of the Northern Fur Seal. Princeton University Press, 1998 ISBN 0-691-03345-5 "North Pacific ... Fur seals are opportunistic feeders, primarily feeding on pelagic fish and squid depending on local availability. Identified ...
*  Stork
Kahl, M. P. (January 1971). "Food and feeding behavior of Openbill Storks". Journal of Ornithology. 112 (1): 21-35. doi:10.1007 ... This can also include regular commutes from nesting sites to feeding areas. Wood storks have been observed feeding 130 km (81 ... They feed in small groups, sometimes African openbills ride on the backs of hippos while foraging. Having caught a snail it ... The characteristic feeding method involves standing or walking in shallow water and holding the bill submerged in the water. ...
*  Asian openbill
Kahl MP (1971). "Food and feeding behavior of Openbill Storks". Journal of Ornithology. 112 (1): 21-35. doi:10.1007/BF01644077 ... The Asian openbill feeds mainly on large molluscs, especially Pila species, and they separate the shell from the body of the ... They also feed on water snakes, frogs and large insects. When foraging on agricultural landscapes with a variety of habitats, ... During the warmer part of the day, Asian Openbills soar on thermals and have a habit of descending rapidly into their feeding ...
*  Cereal leaf beetle
Bieńkowski, A.O. (March 2010). "Feeding behavior of leaf beetles (Coleoptera, Chrysomelidae)". Entomological Review. SP MAIK ... Adults feed before winter and spend most of their overwintering time in protected areas such as wind rows, crop stubble, and ... A combination of both, however, incited a small feeding response. Most likely, a secondary compound in barley incites an eating ... For the adult individuals, which feed on leaves, a few options exist to control populations. The first is Hyalomyodes ...
*  Whitetip reef shark
doi:10.1111/j.1365-2699.2011.02660.x. Hobson, E.S. (1963). "Feeding Behavior in Three Species of Sharks". Pacific Science. 17: ... whitetip reef sharks do not become more excited when feeding in groups and are unlikely to be stirred into a feeding frenzy. ... Off Borneo, this species gathers around reef drop-offs to feed on food brought up by the rising current. Off Hawaii, they ... Whitetip reef sharks are well-suited to ecotourism diving, and with conditioning they can be hand-fed by divers. In Hawaiian ...
*  Mistletoe
Others have adapted patterns of feeding behavior; the bird grips the fruit in its bill and squeezes the sticky-coated seed out ... This behavior is probably far more widespread than currently recognized; more than 240 species of birds that nest in foliage in ... Most mistletoe seeds are spread by birds that eat the 'seeds' (in actuality drupes). Quite a range of birds feed on them, of ... seeds through their unusually shaped digestive tracts so fast that a pause for defecation of the seeds is part of the feeding ...
*  Frontonia
"Feeding Behavior of Frontonia leucas (Ehrenberg)." Revista Brasiliera de Zoologia 23 (3): 758-763 Devi, R. Vimala. 2007. " ... The mouth is supported by inconspicuous microtubular rods (nematodesmata), and may expand during feeding to as much as two- ...
*  Ammotrechidae
Martin H. Muma (1966). "Feeding behavior of North American Solpugida (Arachnida)". Florida Entomologist. 49 (3): 199-216. doi: ... They feed by masticating their prey and sucking out the liquids. They are preyed upon by other vertebrates. Species of ... Though they can be pests, they are considered beneficial because they feed on "scorpions, spiders and termites." This family is ... They are carnivores which feed mainly on other invertebrates. Ammotrechidae have relatively high metabolic rates, which allow ...
*  Hagfish
Like leeches, they have a sluggish metabolism and can survive months between feedings; their feeding behavior, however, appears ... This singular behavior may assist them in extricating themselves from the jaws of predatory fish or from the interior of their ... While polychaete marine worms on or near the sea floor are a major food source, hagfish can feed upon and often even enter and ... It is not certain if this constitutes actual breeding behavior. Hagfish do not have a larval stage, in contrast to lampreys, ...
*  Coral reef fish
Hobson, E.S. (1963). "Feeding Behavior in Three Species of Sharks". Pacific Science. 17: 171-194. Randall, J.E. (1977). " ... Some bottom feeding rays and sharks with crushing teeth feed on them, as does the Stokes' seasnake The most venomous known fish ... Herbivores feed on plants. The four largest groups of coral reef fishes that feed on plants are the parrotfishes, damselfishes ... The titan triggerfish can move relatively large rocks when feeding and is often followed by smaller fishes that feed on ...
*  Vipera ammodytes
Primarily feeds on small mammals and birds. Juveniles apparently prefer lizards. Feeding behavior is influenced by prey size. ...
*  Placiphorella
"Feeding Behavior of the Chiton Placiphorella" (PDF). J. Molluscan Stud. 35 (1): 23-26. 1962. ... Placiphorella, the veiled chiton, is a genus of polyplacophoran molluscs with precephalic tentacles, which are used in feeding ...
*  Michael Warren Schwartz
Assessment of feeding behavior in laboratory mice. Cell Metabolism. 12:10-17, 2010. PMC 2916675. Thaler JP, Yi C-X, Schur EA, ...
*  Openbill stork
doi:10.1111/j.1469-7998.1901.tb08551.x. Kahl, MP (1971). "Food and feeding behavior of Openbill Storks". Journal of Ornithology ... Both species feed predominantly on molluscs. The roof of the upper bill is fringed with plate like structures ("lamellae") in ...
*  Animal psychopathology
Evolutionary fitness drives feeding behavior in wild animals. The expectation is that farm animals also display this behavior, ... Chickens can display a type of pica when they are feed-deprived (feeding restriction has been adopted by the egg industry to ... Obsessive compulsive behavior in animals, often called "stereotypy" or "stereotypical behavior" can be defined as a specific, ... These behaviors sometimes share characteristics with obsessive-compulsive behavior, including a high degree of similarity in ...