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*  Hentriacontanonaene
All isolated bacteria that produced hentriacontanonaene also produced the polyunsaturated fatty acids eicosapentaenoic acid ( ... Production of monounsaturated and tri-unsaturated long-chain hydrocarbons in various microbial lineages has been attributed to ... A polyketide-like pathway responsible for the production of eicosapentaenoic acid provides the polyunsaturated precursor for ... EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA). Given its polyunsaturated nature it has been proposed that this molecule is produced as ...
*  Fatty acid metabolism
Oxidation of odd carbon chain length fatty acids Oxidation of unsaturated fatty acids Stryer, Lubert (1995). Biochemistry ( ... "Fatty Acid Biosynthesis." Trans Fatty Acids. Oxford: Blackwell Pub., 2008. 12. Print. "MetaCyc pathway: superpathway of fatty ... The fatty acids in the fats obtained from land animals tend to be saturated, whereas the fatty acids in the triglycerides of ... Fatty acids are broken down to acetyl-CoA by means of beta oxidation inside the mitochondria, whereas fatty acids are ...
*  List of unsaturated fatty acids
CAS Registry Number 6217-54-5. Herring acid (Herring's, Nisinic acid) is a 6,9,12,15,18,21-hexa unsaturated fatty acid with 24 ... List of saturated fatty acids Carboxylic acid List of carboxylic acids Dicarboxylic acid Simopoulos, Artemis P. (2002). "Omega‐ ... and is a trans-2-mono-unsaturated fatty acid. C3H5 CO2H, IUPAC organization name (E)-but-2-enoic acid, trans -but-2-enoic acid ... Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) has 22 carbons, is found in fish oil, is a 4,7,10,13,16,19-hexa unsaturated fatty acid. In the human ...
*  Cyclopropane fatty acid
CPAs are derived from unsaturated fatty acids by cyclopropanation. The methylene donor is a methyl group on S- ... Cyclopropene fatty acids are even rarer than CPAs. The best-known examples are malvalic acid and sterculic acid. Sterculic acid ... Cyclopropane fatty acids (CPA) are a subgroup of fatty acids that contain a cyclopropane group. Although they are usually rare ... Carbocyclic fatty acids in plants: Biochemical and molecular genetic characterization of cyclopropane fatty acid synthesis of ...
*  Omega-3 fatty acid
3 fatty acids from ALA may be impaired in aging. In foods exposed to air, unsaturated fatty acids are vulnerable to oxidation ... Omega−3 fatty acids-also called ω−3 fatty acids or n−3 fatty acids-are polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) with a double bond ( ... "Omega−3 fatty acids, fish oil, alpha-linolenic acid: Related terms". Omega−3 fatty acids, fish oil, alpha-linolenic acid. Mayo ... 3 fatty acids have a chain of 20 or more. Three omega−3 fatty acids are important in human physiology, α-linolenic acid (18:3, ...
*  Linoleate isomerase
This enzyme participates in linoleic acid metabolism. Kepler CR, Tove SB (1967). "Biohydrogenation of unsaturated fatty acids. ... This enzyme is also called linoleic acid isomerase. ...
*  Unsaturated fat
Examples of unsaturated fatty acids are palmitoleic acid, oleic acid, myristoleic acid, linoleic acid, and arachidonic acid. ... An unsaturated fat is a fat or fatty acid in which there is at least one double bond within the fatty acid chain. A fatty acid ... Iodine value - a chemical analysis method to determine the proportion of unsaturated fat. List of unsaturated fatty acids ... The greater the degree of unsaturation in a fatty acid (i.e., the more double bonds in the fatty acid) the more vulnerable it ...
*  Fatty acid synthesis
... the final product after elongation will be an unsaturated fatty acid. The two main unsaturated fatty acids made are ... results in 10-methylstearic acid Fatty acid Essential fatty acid Fatty acid metabolism Fatty acid synthase The position of the ... Fatty acid synthesis is the creation of fatty acids from acetyl-CoA and NADPH through the action of enzymes called fatty acid ... "Branched-chain Fatty Acids, Phytanic Acid, Tuberculostearic Acid Iso/anteiso- Fatty Acids." Lipid Library - Lipid Chemistry, ...
*  Fatty acid desaturase
This enzyme is responsible for the conversion of saturated fatty acids to unsaturated fatty acids in the synthesis of vegetable ... "convert oleic acid (18:1n-9) into linoleic acid (18:2n-6) and α-linolenic acid". These polyunsaturated fatty acids are ... A fatty acid desaturase is an enzyme that removes two hydrogen atoms from a fatty acid, creating a carbon/carbon double bond. ... Δ9 desaturase produces oleic acid by desaturating stearic acid, a saturated fatty acid either synthesized in the body from ...
*  Dodecenoyl-CoA isomerase
The metabolism of unsaturated fatty acid. 3. On the beta-oxidation of mono- and polyene-fatty acids. The mechanism of the ... This enzyme participates in fatty acid metabolism. As of late 2007, 12 structures have been solved for this class of enzymes, ...
*  Undecylenic acid
It is an unsaturated fatty acid. It is a colorless oil. Undecylenic acid is mainly used for the production of Nylon-11 and in ... via inhibition of fatty acid biosynthesis. The mechanism of action and effectiveness in fatty acid-type antifungals is ... Undecylenic acid is reduced to undecylene aldehyde, which is valued in perfumery. The acid is first converted to the acid ... Undecylenic acid is converted to 11-aminoundecanoic acid on an industrial scale. This aminocarboxylic acid is the precursor to ...
*  Trans-2-enoyl-CoA reductase (NADPH)
"Studies on the metabolism of unsaturated fatty acids. IX Stereochemical studies of the reaction catalyzed by trans-2-enoyl- ... This enzyme participates in fatty acid elongation in mitochondria and polyunsaturated fatty acid biosynthesis. As of late 2007 ...
*  Cis-2-enoyl-CoA reductase (NADPH)
"Studies on the metabolism of unsaturated fatty acids. IX Stereochemical studies of the reaction catalyzed by trans-2-enoyl- ...
*  2,4 Dienoyl-CoA reductase
Beta oxidation#.CE.B2-oxidation of unsaturated fatty acids 2,4-dienoyl-CoA reductase 1 PDB: 1w6u​; Alphey MS, Yu W, Byres E, Li ... DECR is one of three auxiliary enzymes involved in a rate-limiting step of unsaturated fatty acid oxidation in mitochondria. In ... such as oleic acid, palmitoleic acid, linoleic acid, and linolenic acid). Mutant subjects were also found to have poor ... 4-dienoyl CoA reductase shed new light on peroxisomal β-oxidation of unsaturated fatty acids". J. Biol. Chem. 287 (34): 28956- ...
*  Chenopodium pallidicaule
The lipids consist mainly of unsaturated fatty acids. Unlike quinoa, cañihua contains a lower amount of the bitter tasting ... Cañihua can be grown on any kind of moderately fertile soil, including shallow, acid, alkaline or saline soils. As an annual ...
*  List of vegetable oils
Brazil nut oil contains 75% unsaturated fatty acids composed mainly of oleic and linolenic acids, as well as the phytosterol, ... High in tocopherol, carotenoides and unsaturated fatty acids. Used medicinally. Tall oil, produced as a byproduct of wood pulp ... Fatty acid composition is similar to that of olive oil. Meadowfoam seed oil, highly stable oil, with over 98% long-chain fatty ... A further byproduct called tall oil fatty acid (TOFA) is a cheap source of oleic acid. Tamanu or foraha oil from the ...
*  Fatty acid metabolism regulator protein FadR
Bacteria regulate membrane fluidity by manipulating the relative levels of saturated and unsaturated fatty acids within the ... co-ordinately regulates the machinery required for fatty acid beta-oxidation and the expression of a key enzyme in fatty acid ... Transcriptional control of fatty acid metabolism in Escherichia coli". J. Biol. Chem. 276 (20): 17373-9. doi:10.1074/jbc. ... van Aalten DM, DiRusso CC, Knudsen J, Wierenga RK (October 2000). "Crystal structure of FadR, a fatty acid-responsive ...
*  Hydnocarpic acid
... is an unsaturated fatty acid. It differs from most fatty acids by having a cyclic ring system at the terminus ... Sengupta, A.; Gupta, J. K.; Dutta, J.; Ghosh, A. (1973). "The component fatty acids of chaulmoogra oil". Journal of the Science ...
*  Omega-6 fatty acid
"Balancing proportions of competing omega-3 and omega-6 highly unsaturated fatty acids (HUFA) in tissue lipids". Prostaglandins ... Essential fatty acid interactions Essential nutrients Linolenic acid Omega-3 fatty acid Omega-7 fatty acid Omega-9 fatty acid ... Omega-6 fatty acids (also referred to as ω-6 fatty acids or n-6 fatty acids) are a family of pro-inflammatory and anti- ... the shortest-chained omega-6 fatty acid, is one of many essential fatty acids and is categorized as an essential fatty acid ...
*  Hypochlorous acid
"Chlorohydrin formation from unsaturated fatty acids reacted with hypochlorous acid". Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics. ... Hypochlorous acid reacts with a wide variety of biomolecules, including DNA, RNA, fatty acid groups, cholesterol and proteins. ... The first reaction yields sulfenic acid (R-SOH) then sulfinic acid (R-SO2H) and finally R-SO3H. Sulfenic acids form disulfides ... Hypochlorous acid reacts with unsaturated bonds in lipids, but not saturated bonds, and the ClO− ion does not participate in ...
*  15-Hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid
"Redox-dependent anti-inflammatory signaling actions of unsaturated fatty acids". Annual Review of Physiology. 76: 79-105. doi: ... 13E-eicosatetraenoic acid (15(R)-HpETE). Human cells release arachidonic acid (i.e. 5Z,8Z,11Z,14Z-eicosatetraenoic acid) from ... "Oxidation of 15-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid and other hydroxy fatty acids by lung prostaglandin dehydrogenase". Archives of ... a metabolite of arachidonic acid. Various cell types metabolize arachidonic acid to 15(S)-hydroperoxyeicosatetraenoic acid (15( ...
*  Greek letters used in mathematics, science, and engineering
This nomenclature can be useful in describing unsaturated fatty acids. Blackboard bold letters used in mathematics English ... most often for amino acids right ascension in astronomy the brightest star in a constellation Iron ferrite and numerous phases ...
*  Avery August
This work resulted in the publication on methods to easily catalyze the insertion of deuterium into unsaturated fatty acids, ... "A facile catalytic deuteration of unsaturated fatty acids and phospholipids." (1993) Microchem. J. 47:224. Kuby Immunology, 6th ... August first worked in the catalytic synthesis of fatty acids and other lipids as an undergraduate student in Prof. Dea's ...
*  Alpinia nutans
... and arachidic acid (C-20, 22.4%). The total saturated fatty acids constitute 65.7% and unsaturated 34.3%. Spectroscopic ... tridecylic acid (C-13, 1.9%), undecylic acid (C-11, 3.1%) and pelargonic acid (C-9, 0.1%). Among the fatty acids containing ... which are less common in nature than fatty acids with even numbers of carbon atoms. The major one is pentadecanoic acid (C-15, ... Indrayan A.K.; Agrawal N.K.; Tyagi D.K. (2009). "Naturally occurring odd number fatty acids in the rhizome oil of Alpinia ...
*  Diesel fuel
The loss in power when using pure biodiesel is 5-7%. Unsaturated fatty acids are the source for the lower oxidation stability; ... Fatty-acid methyl ester (FAME), more widely known as biodiesel, is obtained from vegetable oil or animal fats (biolipids) which ... that in presence of water rapidly convert to sulfuric acid, one of the chemical processes that results in acid rain. However, ... As FAME contains low levels of sulfur, the emissions of sulfur oxides and sulfates, major components of acid rain, are low. Use ...
*  List of food additives
... high in squalene and unsaturated fatty acids - used in food and cosmetic industries. Amchur (mango powder) Ammonium acetate - ... Common food acids include vinegar, citric acid, tartaric acid, malic acid, fumaric acid, and lactic acid. Acidity regulators ... Citranaxanthin - color Citric acid - food acid Citric acid esters of mono- and diglycerides of fatty acids - emulsifier Citrus ... Acetic acid - acidity regulator Acetic acid esters of mono- and diglycerides of fatty acids - emulsifier Acetylated distarch ...
*  Tigriopus brevicornis
Rich presence of Highly Unsaturated Fatty Acids (HUFAs) when fed microalgae. This HUFA content can be maintained even after the ... The copepod's diet of phytoplankton who are rich in Highly Unsaturated Fatty Acids (HUFAs) allow them to synthesise this ... Copepods are rich in Highly Unsaturated Fatty Acids (HUFAs) which are essential for optimal fish larvae growth and development ...