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*  Avoidance response
Wynne, Solomon (1953). "TRAUMATIC AVOIDANCE LEARNING: THE OUTCOMES OF SEVERAL EXTINCTION PROCEDURES WITH DOGS". Skinner, B.F. ( ... Psychological Bulletin. 74 (4): 276-284. doi:10.1037/h0029789. PMID 5479591. Gannon, Steven. Roche, Bryan. Kanter, Jonathan. ... doi:10.1016/0028-3908(65)90005-5. Baum, M (1970). "Extinction of avoidance responding through response prevention (flooding)". ...
*  Memory consolidation
Finally, it is important to rule out alternative explanations, such as extinction learning by lengthening the reactivation ... at least five groups argued the notion that memory reconsolidation can be used to treat psychological problems. Three of these ... certain forms of memory reactivation could actually represent new extinction learning rather than activation of an old memory ... disruptions of reconsolidation might actually maintain the original memory trace but preventing the consolidation of extinction ...
*  Spontaneous recovery
... the extinction cue functions to retrieve a memory of extinction. Such an extinction memory is that in which the CS and US are ... Psychological Science 17(11): 1002-1008 Saywell N, Taylor D (2008). The role of the cerebellum in procedural learning - are ... introducing reinforced trials during extinction would result in the reinforced trials being associated both with extinction and ... The process of extinction is such that trials are not reinforced, so that the CR of the animal declines when presented with the ...
*  Aversives
Carrot and stick Extinction (psychology) Pavlovian-instrumental transfer Psychological manipulation Moser, Dan (1965). "Screams ...
*  Experiential avoidance
Baum, Morrie (1970). "Extinction of avoidance responding through response prevention (flooding)". Psychological Bulletin. 74 (4 ... Gradual removal of these defensive processes are thought to be a key aspect of treatment and eventually return to psychological ... Clark, D. M. (1988). "A cognitive model of panic". In Rachman, S.; Maser, J. Panic: Psychological Perspectives. Hillsdale: ... Acceptance Psychological (in) flexibility Disavowal (psychoanalysis) Hayes, S. C.; Strosahl, K. D.; Wilson, K. G. (1999). ...
*  Kenneth Spence
Cognitive and Drive Factors in the Extinction of the Conditioned Eyeblink in Human Subjects, 1966. Amsel, Abram (1995). " ... Spence, Kenneth (1937). "The differential response in animals to stimuli varying within a single dimension". Psychological ... Spence, Kenneth (1966). "Cognitive and drive factors in the extinction of the conditioned eyeblink in human subjects". ... Spence, Kenneth (1936). "The Nature of Discrimination Learning in Animals". Psychological Review. 43: 427-449. doi:10.1037/ ...
*  Yoga Vasistha
Liberation is extinction of all conditioning. Liberation is freedom from every kind of physical, psychological and psychic ...
*  Price gouging
... gouging assert that it can create an unrealistic psychological demand that can drive a non-replenishable item into extinction. ...
*  Neurobiological effects of physical exercise
Potential psychological mechanisms of action include learning and extinction, changes in body scheme and health attitudes/ ... Psychological stress induces the release of cortisol from the adrenal gland by activating the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal ... When compared to psychological or pharmacological therapies, exercise appears to be no more effective, though this conclusion ... For example, chronic psychological stress decreases BDNF expression which has detrimental effects on hippocampal volume and can ...
*  Fear-potentiated startle
The extinction of heightened FPS response to stimuli previously conditioned to be threatening has been linked to activity in ... Filion, D. L.; Dawson, M. E. & Schell, A. M. (1998). "The Psychological Significance of Human Startle Eyeblink Modification: A ... In addition, FPS response in research concerning fear conditioning (and extinction of a conditioned aversion to a previously ... Additionally, data has displayed a significantly reduced ability for the extinction of conditioned fear responses in combat ...
*  Methods used to study memory
Psychological Review, 100 (3), 546-567. Briggs, G. E. (1954). Acquisition, extinction, and recovery functions in retroactive ... The American Psychological Association uses a strict ethical code concerning research in psychology. A major complication that ... Lesion studies allow us to reduce the neural mechanisms of memory, and results from finely constructed psychological tests can ... physical or psychological) done to animals is outweighed by the benefits of the research. Keeping this in mind, we can use ...
*  Psychological trauma
Trauma processing: Systematic desensitization, response activation and counter-conditioning, titrated extinction of emotional ... Responses to psychological trauma: Response to Psychological trauma can be varied based on the type of trauma, sociodemographic ... In times of war, psychological trauma has been known as shell shock or combat stress reaction. Psychological trauma may cause ... assessment of psychological trauma might include the use of self-administered psychological tests. Individuals' scores on such ...
*  Human extinction
... see Psychological science volume 15 (2004): Decisions From Experience and the Effect of Rare Events in Risky Choice. The under- ... Human extinction needs to be differentiated from the extinction of all life on Earth (see also future of Earth) and from the ... Omnicide is human extinction as a result of human action. Most commonly it refers to extinction through nuclear warfare or ... Nick Bostrom argues that the lack of human extinction in the past is weak evidence that there will be no human extinction in ...
*  Education for Extinction
... "psychological and cultural mark" on Indian students even while they failed at assimilation. He uses published primary and ... Education for Extinction: American Indians and the Boarding School Experience, 1875-1928 is a 1995 history book by David ... Education for Extinction is an exhaustive history of assimilation era American Indian education, particularly its boarding ... Hendrick, Irving G. (May 1997). "Education for Extinction: American Indians and the Boarding School Experience, 1875-1928 by ...
*  Classical conditioning
The associative process described by the R-W model also accounts for extinction (see "procedures" above). The extinction ... Psychological Review, 74, 71-80 Schacter, Daniel L (2009). PSYCHOLOGY. Catherine Woods. p. 267. ISBN 978-1-4292-3719-2. Chan, C ... Recovery of responding after extinction: It appears that something remains after extinction has reduced associative strength to ... Extinction is complete when the strength of the CS reaches zero; no US is predicted, and no US occurs. However, if that same CS ...
*  Interference theory
Psychological review, 64(1), 49. Hilgard, Ernest R. (1987). Psychology in America : a historical survey. San Diego: Harcourt ... Briggs, G. E. (1954). "Acquisition, extinction, and recovery functions in retroactive inhibition". Journal of Experimental ... McGeoch, J.A. (1932). "Forgetting and the law of disuse". Psychological Review. 39 (4): 352-370. doi:10.1037/h0069819. Melton, ... Both Decay and Interference Theories are involved in psychological theories of forgetting. Decay and interference theory differ ...
*  Memory and social interactions
From a psychological standpoint, friends and foes have been defined in a number of ways, but do not have a consistent ... doi:10.3758/s13421-013-0304-y. Espejo, E. F. (2003). "Prefrontocortical Dopamine Loss in Rats Delays Long-Term Extinction of ... Gopie, N.; MacLeod, C. (2009). "Destination Memory: Stop Me if I've Told You This Before". Psychological Science. 20 (12): 1492 ... Bell, R.; Buchner, A. (3 December 2012). "How Adaptive Is Memory for Cheaters?". Current Directions in Psychological Science. ...
*  Fear conditioning
VanElzakker, M. B., Dahlgren, M. K., Davis, F. C., Dubois, S. & Shin, L. M. (2014). From Pavlov to PTSD: The extinction of ... Rosen, Jeffrey B.; Schulkin, Jay (1998). "From normal fear to pathological anxiety". Psychological Review. 105 (2): 325-50. doi ... Amygdala Classical conditioning Extinction (psychology) Eyeblink conditioning Fear processing in the brain Infralimbic cortex ... Research into the acquisition, consolidation and extinction of conditioned fear promises to inform new drug based and ...
*  Seveneves
It is strongly hinted that he viewed the Cloud Ark as a panacea for maintaining social order in the face of extinction, and is ... Her descendants are more attuned to and adept at social and psychological manipulation. Moira Crewe: A geneticist sent aboard ... and had previously worked on the de-extinction of the woolly mammoth. Due to the loss of the physical Human Genetic Archive, ...
*  Motivation
Psychological requirements comprise the fourth level, while the top of the hierarchy consists of self-realization and self- ... Depression is understood as a lack of reinforcement (especially positive reinforcement) leading to extinction of behavior in ... These three psychological needs motivate the self to initiate specific behaviour and mental nutriments that are essential for ... Social psychological research has indicated that extrinsic rewards can lead to overjustification and a subsequent reduction in ...
*  The Queer Story of Brownlow's Newspaper
Successful prophecies include lower birth rates, an emphasis on psychological motivation in fiction, mentions of geothermal ... the extinction of gorillas, and hints at some form of world government. An adaptation of the story formed part of the first ...
*  Anthony Marcel
Psychological Review, 109, 219-259. Marcel, A.J. (1998). Blindsight and shape perception: deficit of visual consciousness or of ... Neglect and Extinction? Neuropsychologia, 42, 1749-1767 Marcel, A.J., Mackintosh, B., Postma, P., Cusack, R., Vuckovich, J., ... Marcel, A.J. & Lambie J.A. (2004). How many selves in emotion experience? Psychological Review, 111, 820-826. Marcel, A.J., ... Awards: Anthony Marcel has been awarded a Fellowship of the Association for Psychological Science in recognition of his ...
*  Suicide in Iran
In the late 19th century, Sigmund Freud was the first to review suicide from a psychological point of view. He considered ... This instinct is the cause of extinction, grudge, and termination of generation (reproduction). On the other hand, the life ... Erwin Stengel is the first person to differentiate between suicide and suicide intention from a psychological point of view. ... "Freewill termination: A look into psychological and legislative aspects of suicide in Iran". magiran.com (in Persian). ...
*  Han Taiwanese
Hoklo Taiwanese has repalced Pazeh and driven it to near extinction. Aboriginal status has been requested by plains aboriginals ... psychological, social, environmental, and cultural factors. An association study by researchers at the Academia Sinica found ...
*  Subjective expected relative similarity (SERS)
Psychological Inquiry, 23(1), 48-54. Fischer, I. (2009). Friend or foe: subjective expected relative similarity as a ... pushes noncooperative opponents toward extinction, and promotes the development of cooperative populations. Game theory Nash ...
*  The Sekhmet Hypothesis
By 2000 Spence had rejected any solar links to the hypothesis suggesting it might best be treated as a psychological puzzle or ... ISBN 1-4012-0019-2. Morrison, Grant (2001). New X-Men: E is for Extinction. Marvel. p. 7. ISBN 0-7851-0811-4. Morrison, Grant ( ... For instance, a widely used psychological test in this country the Leary Interpersonal Analysis Grid (1957) divides the four ...
*  Dog training
It is not "punishment" in the common sense of the word, and does not mean physical or psychological harm and most certainly ... A behavior that has previously been developed may cease if reinforcement stops; this is called extinction. A dog that paws its ... Typical positive reinforcement events will satisfy some physiological or psychological need, so it can be food, a game, or a ... Opponents cite the risks of physical and psychological trauma associated with incorrect or abusive use. In one study laboratory ...