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*  Protein primary structure
... a subcellular organelle of the eukaryotic cell. Many other chemical reactions (e.g., cyanylation) have been applied to proteins ... CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link) Hausman, Robert E.; Cooper, Geoffrey M. (2004). The cell: a molecular approach. ... Protein biosynthesis is most commonly performed by ribosomes in cells. Peptides can also be synthesized in the laboratory[ ... In biological systems, proteins are produced during translation by a cell's ribosomes. Some organisms can also make short ...
*  Eukaryotic Cell (journal)
Eukaryotic Cell was an academic journal published by the American Society for Microbiology (ASM). The journal published ... findings from basic research studies of simple eukaryotic microorganisms. In January 2016, EC was merged into the cross- ...
*  Peranema
"Photoreceptor for Curling Behavior in Peranema trichophorum and Evolution of Eukaryotic Rhodopsins". Eukaryotic Cell. 4 (10): ... The cell is spindle or cigar-shaped, somewhat pointed at the anterior end. It has a pellicle with finely-ridged microtubules (a ... At the anterior of the cell, there is a narrow aperture, opening into a flask-shaped "reservoir", from which the organism's two ... It does not float freely, like the trailing flagella of Dinema and Entosiphon, but adheres to the outside of the cell membrane ...
*  Pathogenic fungus
Eukaryotic Cell. 4 (8): 1420-33. doi:10.1128/EC.4.8.1420-1433.2005. PMC 1214536 . PMID 16087747. Alspaugh JA, Granger DL (1991 ... Infecting C. neoformans cells are usually phagocytosed by alveolar macrophages in the lung. The invading C. neoformans cells ... Studies have shown that hosts with higher levels of immune response cells such as monocytes/macrophages, dendritic cells, and ... Th1-type cell-mediated immunity (CMI) is required for clearance of a fungal infection. Candida albicans is a kind of diploid ...
*  PGRMC1
Eukaryotic Cell. 2 (2): 306-17. doi:10.1128/EC.2.2.306-317.2003. PMC 154842 . PMID 12684380. Craven RJ, Mallory JC, Hand RA ( ... Hand RA, Craven RJ (Oct 2003). "Hpr6.6 protein mediates cell death from oxidative damage in MCF-7 human breast cancer cells". ... PGRMC1 also promotes survival in human cancer cells after treatment with chemotherapy. In contrast, PGRMC1 promotes cell death ... Yeast cells lacking the DAP1 gene are sensitive to DNA damage, and heme-binding is essential for damage resistance. Dap1 is ...
*  Reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction
Eukaryotic Cell. 11 (7): 932-42. doi:10.1128/EC.05319-11. PMC 3416500 . PMID 22544908. Schmittgen TD, Livak KJ (2008). " ... RT-PCR can also be very useful in the insertion of eukaryotic genes into prokaryotes. Because most eukaryotic genes contain ... Circulating tumor cells produce unique mRNA transcripts depending on the type of cancer. The goal is to determine which mRNA ... used qRT-PCR to measure expression of Gal genes in yeast cells. First, Lin et al. engineered a mutation of a protein suspected ...
*  Effector (biology)
ISBN 1-4292-7634-7. Cambronne, E. D.; Roy, C. R. (2006). "Recognition and Delivery of Effector Proteins into Eukaryotic Cells ... Steinberg, G. (2007). "Hyphal growth: a tale of motors, lipids, and the spitzenkörper". Eukaryotic Cell. 6 (3): 351-360. doi: ... Bacterial effector proteins are injected by bacterial cells, usually pathogens, into the cells of their host. The injection is ... It has been shown that cytoplasmic effectors can move through a few layers of plant cells, probably a way to prepare them for ...
*  Aspergillus lentulus
nov., a new sibling species of A. fumigatus". Eukaryotic Cell. 4 (3): 625-632. doi:10.1128/EC.4.3.625-632.2005. Swilaiman SS, ... Eukaryotic Cell. 12 (7): 962-9. doi:10.1128/EC.00040-13. PMC 3697472 . PMID 23650087. ...
*  Yarrowia
Eukaryotic Cell. 4 (2): 356-64. doi:10.1128/EC.4.2.356-364.2005. Papanikolaou S, Aggelis G (2010). "Yarrowia lipolytica: A ...
*  Tellurium
Eukaryotic Cell. 9 (10): 1635-47. doi:10.1128/EC.00078-10. PMC 2950436 . PMID 20675578. Chasteen, Thomas G.; Bentley, Ronald ( ... National Renewable Energy Laboratory lab tests of tellurium demonstrated some of the greatest efficiencies for solar cell ... which accumulates and causes a characteristic and often dramatic darkening of cells. In yeast, this reduction is mediated by ...
*  Acytostelium
Eukaryotic Cell. 6 (1): 110-6. doi:10.1128/EC.00233-06. PMC 1800358 . PMID 17056743. ...
*  C-5 sterol desaturase
Eukaryotic cell. 5 (12): 2184-2188. doi:10.1128/EC.00274-06. PMC 1694807 . PMID 17056742. Miyazaki Taiga; Miyazaki Yoshitsugu; ... In fungi C5SD catalyzes the dehydration of episterol as a step in the synthesis of ergosterol, a sterol that regulates cell ... This patient was also found to have low levels of blood cholesterol and high levels of lathosterol in cell membranes when ... Cholesterol serves multiple roles in the cell including modulating membrane fluidity serving as a precursor to steroid hormones ...
*  Transcriptomics technologies
Eukaryotic Cell. 3 (2): 536-45. doi:10.1128/EC.3.2.536-545.2004. PMC 387656 . PMID 15075282. Mok S, Ashley EA, Ferreira PE, Zhu ... The flow cell is imaged up to four times during each sequencing cycle, with tens to hundreds of cycles in total. Flow cell ... disease is expanding rapidly due to the ability to dissect immune cell populations and to sequence T cell and B cell receptor ... "Massively parallel single-cell RNA-seq for marker-free decomposition of tissues into cell types". Science. 343 (6172): 776-9. ...
*  Spitzenkörper
Steinberg, G. (2007). "Hyphal growth: a tale of motors, lipids, and the Spitzenkörper". Eukaryotic Cell. 6 (3): 351-360. doi: ... Eukaryotic cell. 4 (2): 225-229. doi:10.1128/EC.4.2.225-229.2005. PMC 549335 . PMID 15701784. Webster, John; Weber, R. W. S. ( ...
*  Retinal
Eukaryotic Cell. American Society for Microbiology. 6 (4): 650-657. doi:10.1128/EC.00392-06. PMC 1865656 . PMID 17293483. Kloer ... In cone cells the disks are defined by the cell's plasma membrane so that the N-terminus head extends outside of the cell. ... In rod cells the opsin molecules are embedded in the membranes of the disks which are entirely inside of the cell. The N- ... 6 occur in rod cell outer segments; Steps 1, 2, and 7 occur in retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) cells. RPE65 isomerohydrolases ...
*  Intracellular
Eukaryotic Cell. 3 (2): 359-68. PMC 387655 . PMID 15075266. doi:10.1128/ec.3.2.359-368.2004. Intracellular at the US National ... "inside the cell". It is used in contrast to extracellular (outside the cell). The cell membrane (and, in many organisms, the ... In most organisms, for example, a Na+/K+ ATPase maintains a high potassium level inside cells while keeping sodium low, leading ... In cell biology, molecular biology and related fields, the word intracellular means " ...
*  Germination
Eukaryotic Cell. 4 (5): 911-919. doi:10.1128/EC.4.5.911-919.2005. PMC 1140100 . PMID 15879525. Sowing Seeds A survey of seed ... One of these cells is a tube cell. Once the pollen grain lands on the stigma of a receptive flower (or a female cone in ... A variety of cells can be formed from the germinating conidia. The most common are germ tubes which grow and develop into ... Another type of cell is a conidial anastomosis tube (CAT); these differ from germ tubes in that they are thinner, shorter, lack ...
*  Tremella
Eukaryotic Cell. 8 (3): 353-361. doi:10.1128/EC.00373-08. PMC 2653247 . PMID 19151324. http://www.indexfungorum.org/Names/ ... These spores are smooth, globose to ellipsoid, and germinate by hyphal tube or by yeast cells. Conidiophores are often present ... Tremella species produce hyphae that are typically (but not always) clamped and have haustorial cells from which hyphal ... producing conidiospores that are similar to yeast cells. Species are mainly parasitic on wood-rotting fungi in the phyla ...
*  Aspergillus
Eukaryotic Cell. 5 (4): 650-7. doi:10.1128/EC.5.4.650-657.2006. PMC 1459663 . PMID 16607012. Machida, M; Gomi, K, eds. (2010). ... Eukaryotic Cell. 12 (7): 962-9. doi:10.1128/EC.00040-13. PMC 3697472 . PMID 23650087. Arabatzis M, Velegraki A (2013). "Sexual ... These findings with Aspergillus species are consistent with accumulating evidence, from studies of other eukaryotic species, ...
*  Fungus
... each of which with a long history of use to investigate issues in eukaryotic cell biology and genetics, such as cell cycle ... Daniels KJ, Srikantha T, Lockhart SR, Pujol C, Soll DR (May 2006). "Opaque cells signal white cells to form biofilms in Candida ... In contrast, similar-looking organisms, such as filamentous green algae, grow by repeated cell division within a chain of cells ... Eukaryotic Cell. 4 (8): 1420-33. doi:10.1128/EC.4.8.1420-1433.2005. PMC 1214536 . PMID 16087747. Lin X, Hull CM, Heitman J ( ...
*  Cladosporium sphaerospermum
Eukaryotic Cell. 11 (5): 705-706. doi:10.1128/EC.00081-12. Qiu-Xia, Chen; Chang-Xing, Li; Wen-Ming, Huang; Jiang-Qiang, Shi; ... The addition of lactophenol blue with this test turns the chitin in the cell wall blue but leaves the budding conidia and ...
*  Acetyl-CoA
Eukaryotic Cell. 9 (7): 1039-1048. doi:10.1128/EC.00080-10. ISSN 1535-9778. PMC 2901662 . PMID 20495057. Wellen, Kathryn E.; ... All cells with mitochondria can take ketone bodies up from the blood and reconvert them into acetyl-CoA, which can then be used ... Unlike free fatty acids, ketone bodies can cross the blood-brain barrier and are therefore available as fuel for the cells of ... This acetylation affects cell growth, mitosis, and apoptosis. Allosteric regulator Acetyl-CoA serves as an allosteric regulator ...
*  Zinc finger
Eukaryotic Cell. 4 (12): 2057-65. doi:10.1128/EC.4.12.2057-2065.2005. PMC 1317489 . PMID 16339723. Akhtar A, Becker PB ( ... An ongoing clinical trial is evaluating Zinc finger nucleases that disrupt the CCR5 gene in CD4+ human T-cells as a potential ... Kim HJ, Lee HJ, Kim H, Cho SW, Kim JS (July 2009). "Targeted genome editing in human cells with zinc finger nucleases ... Tebas P, Stein D (2009). "Autologous T-Cells Genetically Modified at the CCR5 Gene by Zinc Finger Nucleases SB-728 for HIV". ...
*  Plant-fungus horizontal gene transfer
Eukaryotic Cell. 5 (9): 1517-31. doi:10.1128/EC.00106-06. PMC 1563581 . PMID 16963634. Emiliani G, Fondi M, Fani R, Gribaldo S ... Horizontal gene transfer could bypass eukaryotic barrier features like linear chromatin-based chromosomes, intron-exon gene ... The Plant Cell. 21 (7): 1897-911. doi:10.1105/tpc.109.065805. PMID 19584142. Jain R, Rivera MC, Lake JA (March 1999). " ... The Plant Cell. 21 (7): 1897-911. doi:10.1105/tpc.109.065805. PMC 2729602 . PMID 19584142. Rosewich UL, Kistler HC (2000). " ...
*  DNA condensation
Eukaryotic Cell. 9 (10): 1577-87. doi:10.1128/EC.00026-10. PMC 2950428 . PMID 20400466. Marinov GK, Lynch M. "Diversity and ... Eukaryotic DNA with a typical length of dozens of centimeters should be orderly packed to be readily accessible inside the ... In other eukaryotes, DNA is arranged in the cell nucleus with the help of histones. In this case, the basic level of DNA ... During the cell division, chromatin compaction increases even more to form chromosomes, which can cope with large mechanical ...
*  UCKL1
Maruyama K, Sugano S (1994). "Oligo-capping: a simple method to replace the cap structure of eukaryotic mRNAs with ... BMC Cell Biol. 3: 23. doi:10.1186/1471-2121-3-23. PMC 126255 . PMID 12199906. Deloukas P, Matthews LH, Ashurst J, et al. (2002 ...
*  Pseudo-response regulator
Eukaryotic Cell. 5 (8): 1184-1193. doi:10.1128/EC.00133-06. ISSN 1535-9778. PMC 1539135 . PMID 16896204. McClung, C. Robertson ... The Plant Cell. 16 (suppl 1): S18-S31. doi:10.1105/tpc.015958. ISSN 1532-298X. PMC 2643402 . PMID 15037730. Alabadı́, David; ... The Plant Cell. 22 (3): 594-605. doi:10.1105/tpc.109.072892. ISSN 1532-298X. PMC 2861452 . PMID 20233950. Golembeski, Greg S.; ... Plant Cell Physiology. 41: 1002-1012. Pokhilko, Alexandra; Fernández, Aurora Piñas; Edwards, Kieron D.; Southern, Megan M.; ...