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*  Immobilized enzyme
There are various ways by which one can immobilize an enzyme: Affinity-tag binding: Enzymes may be immobilized to a surface, e. ... An immobilized enzyme is an enzyme attached to an inert, insoluble material-such as calcium alginate (produced by reacting a ... Stability: Immobilized enzymes typically have greater thermal and operational stability than the soluble form of the enzyme. In ... An alternative to enzyme immobilization is whole cell immobilization. Immobilized enzymes are very important for commercial ...
*  Immobilized whole cell
The immobilized whole cell system is an alternative to enzyme immobilization. Unlike enzyme immobilization, where the enzyme is ... Multiple enzymes may be introduced into the reaction, thus eliminating the need for immobilization of multiple enzymes. ... the target cell is immobilized. Such methods may be implemented when the enzymes required are difficult or expensive to extract ... an example being intracellular enzymes. Also, if a series of enzymes are required in the reaction; whole cell immobilization ...
*  Succinyl coenzyme A synthetase
Wider de Xifra E, del C Batlle AM (Mar 1978). "Porphyrin biosynthesis: immobilized enzymes and ligands. VI. Studies on succinyl ... is an enzyme that catalyzes the reversible reaction of succinyl-CoA to succinate. The enzyme facilitates the coupling of this ... The enzyme then utilizes a histidine residue to remove the phosphate group from succinyl phosphate and generate succinate. ... EC 6.2.1.5 - ADP-forming - SUCLA2 EC 6.2.1.4 - GDP-forming - SUCLG1, SUCLG2 In mammals, the enzyme is a heterodimer of an α- ...
*  Streptomyces phaeochromogenes
Alfred, Olson (1974). Immobilized Enzymes in Food and Microbial Processes. Boston, MA: Springer US. ISBN 1-4684-2088-7. Atta-ur ...
*  Streptomyces flavovirens
Alfred, Olson (1974). Immobilized Enzymes in Food and Microbial Processes. Boston, MA: Springer US. ISBN 1-4684-2088-7. editors ...
*  Detoxification
D M Dulik & C Fenselau (1988-04-01). "Use of immobilized enzymes in drug metabolism studies". Fasebj.org. Retrieved 2013-04-21 ... "Comparison of the Levels of Enzymes Involved in Drug Metabolism between Transgenic or Gene-knockout and the Parental Mice". Tpx ... Enzymes that are important in detoxification metabolism include cytochrome P450 oxidases, UDP-glucuronosyltransferases, and ... implications for classification of non-mammalian members of an ancient enzyme superfamily". Biochem J. 360 (Pt 1): 1-16. doi: ...
*  Fine chemical
"Immobilized enzymes" are those fixed on solid supports. They can be recovered by filtration after completion of the reaction. ... Biocatalysis, a.k.a. biotransformation and bioconversion, makes use of natural or modified isolated enzymes, enzyme extracts, ... Companies specializing in making enzymes are Novozymes, Danisco (Genencor). Codexis is the leader in modifying enzymes to ... The enzyme systems triggered in the particular microorganism strain lead to the excretion of the desired product into the ...
*  Khem Shahani
4,279,998), "Regeneration of Immobilized Enzymes". Has two more patent applications pending on "Cofermentation of Whey and ... National Enzyme Company, Nutraceutical Corporation, Kovac, TwinLab, Arise & Shine, American Biologics, Cell Tech (now ... significance and role of proteins and enzymes in milk and other foods, whey utilisation, water quality, vitamins, antibiotics ...
*  Alkaline phosphatase
Iqbal, J (2011) "An enzyme immobilized microassay in capillary electrophoresis for characterization and inhibition studies of ... That same bovine enzyme has more than 70% homology with human placental enzyme. However, the human intestinal enzyme and the ... Due to the location of the enzyme, and the protein layout of the enzyme, the enzyme is in solution with a smaller amount of ... The optimal pH for the activity of the E. coli enzyme is 8.0 while the bovine enzyme optimum pH is slightly higher at 8.5. ...
*  Nafion
It is possible to immobilize enzymes within the Nafion by enlarging pores with lipophilic salts. Nafion maintains a structure ... and pH to provide a stable environment for the enzymes. Applications include catalytic oxidation of adenine dinucleotides. ...
*  List of Israelis
... immobilized enzymes; Japan Prize (1985) The fourth President of Israel List of Presidents of Israel Zvi Lipkin - physicist ... steroidogenic enzymes, Epithelial Sodium Channels (ENaC) Gavriel Iddan - inventor of capsule endoscopy Benjamin Kahn - marine ...
*  List of Israeli Ashkenazi Jews
... immobilized enzymes; Japan Prize (1985) and the fourth President of Israel Rafi Levine - molecular energy; 1988 winner of the ...
*  Methylsterol monooxygenase
Kawata, S.; Trzaskos, J.M.; Gaylor, J.L. (1986). "Affinity chromatography of microsomal enzymes on immobilized detergent- ... This enzyme catalyses the following chemical reaction 4,4-dimethyl-5alpha-cholest-7-en-3beta-ol + 3 NAD(P)H + 3 H+ + 3 O2 ⇌ {\ ... is an enzyme with systematic name 4,4-dimethyl-5alpha-cholest-7-en-3beta-ol,NAD(P)H:oxygen oxidoreductase (hydroxylating). ...
*  Cross-linked enzyme aggregate
See Immobilized enzyme for more information. There are several reasons for immobilizing an enzyme. In addition to more ... In biochemistry, a cross-linked enzyme aggregate is an immobilized enzyme prepared via crosslinking of the physical enzyme ... This discovery led to the development of a new family of immobilized enzymes: cross-linked enzyme aggregates (CLEAs). Since ... Consequently, there is an increasing interest in carrier-free immobilized enzymes, such as cross-linked enzyme crystals (CLECs ...
*  Klaus Mosbach
He has written and edited four volumes of methods in enzymology series on Immobilized Enzymes, by Academic press ( ... In Enzyme Engineering by the Engineering Foundation, New York, USA, "in recognition of outstanding contributions to the field ... of enzyme engineering".(previous winners: Dr. Chibata, subsequent to him Professors Katchalski-Katzir, Fukui, Klibanov, Lilly, ...
*  David N. Rahni
He has pioneered in the development of immobilized enzyme or antibody biosensors for clinical, environmental and forensic ...
*  Microreactor
Enzymes immobilized on solid supports are increasingly used for greener, more sustainable chemical transformation processes. ... "Continuous Flow Enzyme-Catalyzed Polymerization in a Microreactor". A Microfluidic High-Resolution NMR Flow Probe Jacob Bart†, ... "Continuous Flow Enzyme-Catalyzed Polymerization in a Microreactor". JACS. Schubert, K.; Brandner, J.; Fichtner, M.; Linder, G ... It is evident that similar microreactor based platforms can readily be extended to other enzyme-based systems, for example, ...
*  Biocatalysis
Immobilized enzymes demonstrate very high stability and re-usability and can be used to conduct reactions in continuous mode in ... List of enzymes Industrial enzymes Anthonsen, Thorlief (2000). "Reactions Catalyzed by Enzymes". In Adlercreutz, Patrick; ... Both enzymes that have been more or less isolated and enzymes still residing inside living cells are employed for this task. ... Enantioselectivity: Since almost all enzymes are made from L-amino acids, enzymes are chiral catalysts. As a consequence, any ...
*  Perstraction
Enzymes can be immobilized to the capsule membrane. In this case the capsule external diameter was 500 µm and internal diameter ... The product of enzyme-catalyzed reaction can be concentrated to capsules and the end-product inhibition is low. Enzyme ... An advantage is minimizing toxic damage to microorganisms or enzymes. Nevertheless, perstraction includes problems like ...
*  Xylose isomerase
The enzymes are generally immobilized to increase throughput; better ways to do this has been another research focus. Xylose ... Enzyme and Microbial Technology. 31: 67-76. doi:10.1016/s0141-0229(02)00074-1. Wong, Dominic W. S. (1995). Food Enzymes ... the process was not industrially viable as the enzymes were suspended in solution, and recycling the enzyme was problematic. An ... Xylose isomerase enzymes exhibit a TIM barrel fold with the active site in the centre of the barrel and a tetrameric quaternary ...
*  Robert B. Mellor
Reduction of nitrate and nitrite in water by immobilized enzymes. Nature, 355, 717-719. Nature Mellor, R.B.: The nodulation of ... Mellor was also interested in applied science and invented and a patented system to power immobilized oxido-reductase enzymes ...
*  S)-hydroxynitrile lyase
... mandelonitrile production using an immobilized enzyme reactor". Biosci. Biotechnol. Biochem. 72 (6): 1457-1463. doi:10.1271/bbb ... is an enzyme with systematic name (S)-cyanohydrin lyase (cyanide forming). This enzyme catalyses the following chemical ... Lys236 helps to orient the substrate while Thr11 serves to block the oxyanion hole that would convert the enzyme into an ... Dreveny I, Kratky C, Gruber K (2012). "Hydroxynitrile lyases with α/β-hydrolase fold: two enzymes with almost identical 3D ...
*  Xylem Inc.
They continued using immobilized enzyme techniques, for the first direct whole-blood L-lactate assays using immobilized enzyme ... including t the first immobilized-enzyme-activated polarographic sensor in 1972. They then developed further biomedical ... the first commercial alcohol measurement instrument using immobilized enzyme electrode technology in 1982. ...
*  Marek Trojanowicz
... where for the first time it was shown that enzyme immobilized in hydrophobic graphite paste maintain the biocatalytic activity ...
*  Biomolecular engineering
Examples of types of biomolecules that are immobilized are enzymes, organelles, and complete cells. Biomolecules can be ... These amino acids make it easier to covalently bond the enzyme to a solid surface, which allows for enzyme re-use and use of ... There is much to consider in this enzyme bioconjugation such as avoiding interference with the active site of the enzyme as ... Lequin, RM (December 2005). "Enzyme immunoassay (EIA)/enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)". Clinical Chemistry. 51 (12): ...