Environmental pollution[edit]. Literature published in 2004 suggests that along with previously established pollution ... Environmental Science and Pollution Research. 9 (2): 143. doi:10.1007/BF02987462. ISSN 0944-1344.. ... Environmental considerations[edit]. REEs are naturally found in very low concentration in the environment. Near mining and ... Another additive of REE mining that contributes to REE environmental contamination is cerium oxide (CeO. 2) which is produced ...
Environmental issues. Pollution. The lower reaches of the Periyar are heavily polluted. Industries in the Eloor industrial zone ... Environmental protection efforts. Efforts have been made to prevent soil erosion on the banks of river periyar at Aluva ... Salinity intrusion and pollution dispersion problems arose in the lower reaches of the Periyar due to non-availability of ... Pollution of the river and surrounding wetlands has almost wiped out traditional occupations, including fishing and farming.[73 ...
Environmental pollution[edit]. Literature published in 2004 suggests that along with previously established pollution ... "Environmental Science and Pollution Research. 9 (2): 143-8. doi:10.1007/BF02987462. ISSN 0944-1344. PMID 12008295. S2CID ... "Environmental Geochemistry and Health. 39 (6): 1469-1486. doi:10.1007/s10653-017-9982-x. ISSN 0269-4042. PMID 28550599. S2CID ... Environmental considerations[edit]. REEs are naturally found in very low concentration in the environment. Near mining and ...
Johnsen, A. R.; Wick, L. Y.; Harms, H. (2005). "Principles of microbial PAH-degradation in soil". Environmental Pollution. 133 ... Harvey, R. G. (1998). "Environmental Chemistry of PAHs". PAHs and Related Compounds: Chemistry. The Handbook of Environmental ... ATSDR, Environmental Medicine; Environmental Health Education (2011-07-01). "Toxicity of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs ... Environmental Pollution. 133 (1): 71-84. doi:10.1016/j.envpol.2004.04.015. ISSN 0269-7491. PMID 15327858.. ...
Natural resources and environmental pollution[edit]. Critics argue it is not possible to uphold NAP when protecting the ... Zwolinski also notes that the NAP is incompatible with any practice that produces any pollution, because pollution encroaches ... "Law, Property Rights, and Air Pollution (Cato Journal, Vol. 2, No. 1, Spring 1982, pp. 55-99)" (PDF). Archived from the ... because pollution necessarily violates the NAP by encroaching (even if slightly) on other people's property, consistently ...
Environmental Pollution. Springer Science & Business Media. ISBN 9789400739123. .. CS1 maint: uses editors parameter (link). ... Ecological and Environmental Physiology of Insects. Ecological and Environmental Physiology Series. 3. Oxford biological.. ...
Environmental Pollution. 16. pp. 101-127. doi:10.1007/978-90-481-3509-7_6. ISBN 978-90-481-3508-0. ISSN 1566-0745.. ... "Environmental Health Perspectives. 120 (3): a110-a116. doi:10.1289/ehp.120-a110. PMC 3295368. PMID 22382274.. ... National Center for Environmental Assessment. "Toxicological Reviews of Cyanobacterial Toxins: Anatoxin-a" NCEA-C-1743 ... 2008). "β-N-methylamino-L-alanine (BMAA) in novel South African cyanobacterial isolates". Ecotoxicology and Environmental ...
Because of modern environmental pollution, fluoride and aluminium also sometimes occur in tea. Certain types of brick tea made ...
Brack, C. L. (2002-03-01). "Pollution mitigation and carbon sequestration by an urban forest". Environmental Pollution. 116: ... Environmental impact[edit]. Urban forests play an important role in benefitting the environmental conditions of their ... Drummond, José (1996). "The Garden in the Machine: An Environmental History of Brazil's Tijuca Forest". Environmental History. ... "Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability. Open Issue. 14: 101-108. doi:10.1016/j.cosust.2015.05.001. ISSN 1877-3435.. ...
"Environmental Pollution. 187 (Supplement C): 193-201. doi:10.1016/j.envpol.2014.01.015.. ... "Environmental Health Perspectives. 118 (5): A210-A214. doi:10.1289/ehp.118-a210. ISSN 0091-6765. PMC 2866706 . PMID 20435558.. ... The continuous discarding of incompletely treated water may interact with other environmental chemicals and lead to uncertain ... "The environmental side effects of medication". EMBO Reports. 5 (12): 1110-1116. doi:10.1038/sj.embor.7400307. ISSN 1469-221X ...
Environmental Pollution. 149: 131-140. doi:10.1016/j.envpol.2007.01.044.. *^ "Electronic Waste Dump of the World". Sometimes- ... Informal processing of e-waste in developing countries can lead to adverse human health effects and environmental pollution. ... "Kwiat_Environmental Educatioin". Learning Ace.. [permanent dead link]. *^ "Benefits of Recycling". hardrawgathering.co.uk. ... and disposal has led to a number of environmental problems such as groundwater contamination, atmospheric pollution, and water ...
... water pollution, and farm subsidies. In recent years there has been a backlash against the external environmental effects of ... Avery, D.T. (2000). Saving the Planet with Pesticides and Plastic: The Environmental Triumph of High-Yield Farming. ... The Electronic Journal of Environmental, Agricultural and Food Chemistry.. *^ R. Pillarisetti; Kylie Radel (June 2004). " ... Main article: Environmental impact of pesticides. Pesticide use has increased since 1950 to 2.5 million short tons annually ...
Environmental Pollution. 241: 194-199. doi:10.1016/j.envpol.2018.05.057. ISSN 0269-7491. PMID 29807279.. ... "Environmental Research Letters. 12 (11): 110201. Bibcode:2017ERL....12k0201J. doi:10.1088/1748-9326/aa94ff. ISSN 1748-9326.. ... "Environmental Research Letters. 11 (2): 024007. Bibcode:2016ERL....11b4007H. doi:10.1088/1748-9326/11/2/024007. ISSN 1748-9326. ... Environmental impacts of deep-sea ocean sequestration[edit]. Researchers are studying how ecosystems are affected before and ...
Environmental Pollution. 149 (2): 131-140. doi:10.1016/j.envpol.2007.01.044. PMID 17412468.. ... Environmental and health issues[edit]. The environmental behaviour of flame retardants has been studied since the 1990s. Mainly ... U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (2005). Environmental Profiles of Chemical Flame-Retardant Alternatives for Low-Density ... Environmental Pollution. 169: 217-229. doi:10.1016/j.envpol.2012.04.009. PMID 22578798.. ...
Environmental Pollution. 220 (Pt B): 981-984. doi:10.1016/j.envpol.2016.11.059. ISSN 0269-7491. PMID 27890586.. ... Other applications for bacteriophages are as biocides for environmental surfaces, e.g., in hospitals, and as preventative ...
Kampa, Marilena; Castanas, Elias (2008). "Human health effects of air pollution". Environmental Pollution. 151 (2): 362-367. ... New York State Environmental Conservation, Environmental Impacts of Acid Deposition: Lakes [1] Archived 2010-11-24 at the ... Environmental Pollution. 159 (10): 2251-2264. doi:10.1016/j.envpol.2010.08.002. PMID 20828899.. ... causing nitrate pollution. Some other non-point sources for nitrate pollution in groundwater are originated from livestock ...
Environmental Pollution. 157 (11): 2903-2927. doi:10.1016/j.envpol.2009.05.015.. ... "Environmental Health Perspectives. 114 (12): 1803-1806. doi:10.1289/ehp.9374. ISSN 0091-6765. PMC 1764160 . PMID 17185266.. ... Effects of Surfactants on the Toxicity of Glyphosate, with Specific Reference to Rodeo (PDF), Syracuse Environmental Research ... Glyphosate: Human Health and Ecological Risk Assessment (PDF), Syracuse Environmental Research Associates, Inc.(SERA), ...
"Environmental Pollution. 220: 1333-1341. doi:10.1016/j.envpol.2016.11.001.. This scientific article needs additional citations ... Volume 1, 1.1 experimental methods, 1.2 surface science under environmental conditions. Wandelt, K. (Klaus), 1944-. Amsterdam, ... Organotin compounds were once widely used in anti-fouling paints but have since been banned due to environmental concerns.[25] ...
... are a potential pollution source of environmental antibiotics.[80] Animal waste is often recycled and used as fertilizer for ... Environmental Pollution. 158 (9): 2992-2998. doi:10.1016/j.envpol.2010.05.023. PMID 20580472.. ... "Environmental Health Perspectives. 121 (6): a182-a189. doi:10.1289/ehp.121-a182. ISSN 0091-6765. PMC 3672924. PMID 23732659.. ... "Applied and Environmental Microbiology. 80 (12): 3562-3567. doi:10.1128/AEM.00600-14. ISSN 0099-2240. PMC 4054130. PMID ...
Environmental Pollution. 142 (1): 34-38. doi:10.1016/j.envpol.2005.09.007. Fransson, Petra MA; Taylor, Andy FS; Finlay, Roger D ... Environmental Pollution. 218: 176-185. doi:10.1016/j.envpol.2016.08.009. Luo, Zhi-Bin; et al. (2011). "The ectomycorrhizal ... One type of pollution that poses considerable challenges and threats to plants is the concentration of heavy metals in the soil ... Heavy metal pollution and genetic adaptations in ectomycorrhizal fungi. In: Avery S.V., Stratford M., Van West P. (eds) Stress ...
at the northwestern Uruguayan soils". Environmental Pollution. 127 (1): 49-55. doi:10.1016/S0269-7491(03)00258-6. ISSN 0269- ... Many environmental NGOs have criticised the use of exotic tree species for forestry in Latin America.[71] ... Moreover, recently Jackson and Jobbagy have proposed another adverse environmental impact that may result from Eucalyptus ... "Eucalyptus Plantations in Sri Lanka: Environmental, Social, Economic and Policy Issues - H.M. Bandaratillake".. ...
Environmental Pollution. 188: 45-9. doi:10.1016/j.envpol.2014.01.019. PMID 24553245.. ... "Reducing marine pollution from single-use plastics (SUPs): A review". Marine Pollution Bulletin. 137: 157-171. doi:10.1016/j. ... Environmental issues[edit]. Production[edit]. Polystyrene foams are produced using blowing agents that form bubbles and expand ... "Environmental Health Perspectives. 116 (6): 740-5. doi:10.1289/ehp.10724. PMC 2430229. PMID 18560529.. ...
Environmental Pollution. 138 (2): 201-11. doi:10.1016/j.envpol.2005.04.013. PMID 15967553.. ... "Environmental Health Perspectives. 112 (2): 126-31. doi:10.1289/ehp.6207. JSTOR 3435552. PMC 1241820. PMID 14754565.. ... "Environmental Science & Technology. 36 (13): 286A-293A. doi:10.1021/es0223426. PMID 12144261. Lay summary - ScienceDaily (30 ... "Advances in Environmental Research. 8: 5-19. doi:10.1016/S1093-0191(02)00141-7. Retrieved 30 May 2017.. ...
Environmental impact[edit]. Air pollution[edit]. *2006 CO2 Emissions: 7,064,920 tons ... In July 2010 a settlement agreement was reached between the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and Hoosier Energy to reduce ... The settlement includes a civil penalty and a commitment to upgrade the air pollution controls at two power plants in Indiana, ... U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. "Hoosier Energy Agreement Marks 20th Settlement Under EPA's Power Plant Enforcement ...
Environmental Protection and Pollution Reductions. Springer Netherlands. pp. 141-156. doi:10.1007/978-1-4020-6515-6. ISBN 978-1 ... "Environmental Science & Technology. 37 (19): 4463-4467. Bibcode:2003EnST...37.4463H. doi:10.1021/es034193c. Retrieved 2013-03- ...
Environmental Science and Pollution Research. 19 (4): 1066-1083. doi:10.1007/s11356-011-0671-5. PMID 22139299.. ... "Applied and Environmental Microbiology. 74 (3): 564-569. doi:10.1128/AEM.01768-07. PMC 2227722. PMID 18065627.. ... "Applied and Environmental Microbiology. 75 (8): 2304-2311. doi:10.1128/AEM.02522-08. PMC 2675233. PMID 19218403.. ... Bankar AV, Kumar AR, Zinjarde SS (2009). "Environmental and industrial applications of Yarrowia lipolytica". Applied ...
"Environmental Science and Pollution Research. doi:10.1007/s11356-017-0341-3. PMID 29124633.. ... "United States Environmental Protection Agency. 2015. Retrieved 9 May 2016.. This article incorporates text from this source, ... U.S. Environmental Protection Agency ban on use on crops grown for human consumption (2009) carbofuran (banned in granular form ...
kurstaki on the hymenopterous parasitic wasp Trichogramma chilonis". Environmental Science and Pollution Research. 23 (4): 3097 ... the accumulation and persistence of the Btk toxins could eventually lead to environmental hazards or the selection of Btk- ...
Environmental Science and Pollution Research. 21 (24): 13909-13928. doi:10.1007/s11356-014-3240-x. Retrieved 15 August 2018.. ... Interior landscape plants for indoor air pollution abatement: final report.[permanent dead link] NASA. September, 1989. pp 11- ... "Water, Air, & Soil Pollution. 157 (1-4): 193-207. doi:10.1023/B:WATE.0000038896.55713.5b.. ... A study of interior landscape plants for indoor air pollution abatement: an interim report. NASA. September, 1989. ...
Environmental Science and Pollution Research. doi:10.1007/s11356-014-3240-x. Retrieved 14 March 2016.. ... A Study from Department of Plant and Environmental Science at the University of Copenhagen from 2014 shows the plant is able to ...
"Citizens League for Environmental Action Now". January 8, 2004. Archived from the original on December 15, 2004. Retrieved ... The industries located along the ship channel and the bay are a major cause of the pollution.[25] ... Field Trip Guidebook on Environmental Impact of Clays along the Upper Texas Coast. Prepared by Theron D. Garcia, Douglas W. ...
"International Journal of Environmental Studies. 69 (3): 407-426. doi:10.1080/00207233.2012.677581. PMC 3962073. PMID 24683269. ... The International Convention for Prevention of Pollution from Ships (MARPOL), adopted by the IMO, has mandated that marine ... environmental groups, such as Pacific Environment, Ratepayers for Affordable Clean Energy (RACE), and Rising Tide had moved to ... the FERC concluded its environmental assessment of the Cove Point LNG project, which found that the proposed natural gas export ...
Priya Reddy; Prescott College Environmental studies (2010). Sustainable Agricultural Education: An Experiential Approach to ... Fukuoka claimed that his approach prevents water pollution, biodiversity loss and soil erosion, while providing ample amounts ...
Service, U. S. Fish and Wildlife (1975). Final environmental statement for the issuance of annual regulations permitting the ... Mallards are causing severe "genetic pollution" to South Africa's biodiversity by breeding with endemic ducks[113] even though ... Channel Improvements, Columbia and Lower Willamette River Federal Navigation Channel, (OR, WA): Environmental Impact Statement ... Adams, Mary (October 1995). Ecosystem Matters: Activity and Resource Guide for Environmental Educators. DIANE Publishing. ISBN ...
JEL: Q5 - Environmental economics JEL: Q50 - Geral. JEL: Q51 - Valuation of Environmental Effects. JEL: Q52 - Pollution Control ... JEL: Q53 - Air Pollution; Water Pollution; Noise; Hazardous Waste; Solid Waste • Recycling. JEL: Q54 - Climate; Natural ... JEL: K32 - Environmental, Health, and Safety Law. JEL: K33 - International Law. JEL: K34 - Tax Law. JEL: K35 - Personal ... JEL: Q56 - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental accounting. JEL: Q57 - Ecological ...
Technoscience and Environmental Justice: Expert Cultures in a Grassroots Movement. MIT Press. pp. 1-18. ISBN 978-0262015790.. ... Many technological processes produce unwanted by-products known as pollution and deplete natural resources to the detriment of ... Technoscience and Environmental Justice: Expert Cultures in a Grassroots Movement. MIT Press. pp. 229-48. ISBN 978-0262015790. ... Eslamian, Saeid (2014). Handbook of Engineering Hydrology: Environmental Hydrology and Water Management. Boca Raton, Florida: ...
Also, traffic and environmental experts criticise the late completion dates for the fast connection to the Berlin Hauptbahnhof ... There are also concerns at increased accidents and air pollution.[363] The traffic volumes would also cause frequent closings ... With regard to land-use planning and noise pollution, rural Sperenberg and Jüterbog were considered more suitable for ...
"Applied and Environmental Microbiology. 76 (3): 769-775. doi:10.1128/AEM.00698-09. PMC 2813020 . PMID 19966019.. ... Environmental stress tolerance[edit]. Abiotic stresses like frost, drought and increased salinity are a limiting factor to the ... Center for Environmental Risk Assessment. "GM Crop Database: Event 1345-4". International Life Sciences Institute.. ... Craig Freudenrich; Dora Barlaz; Jane Gardner (2009). AP Environmental Science. Kaplen inc. pp. 189-190. ISBN 978-1-4277-9816-9. ...
Environmental Tobacco Smoke. From the 11th Report on Carcinogens of the National Institutes of Health. Retrieved 6 August 2007 ... A 2004 study showed New Jersey bars and restaurants had more than nine times the levels of indoor air pollution of neighbouring ... "Study Finds That New Jersey Bars and Restaurants Have Nine Times More Air Pollution than Those in Smoke-Free New York". ... The city's Department of Health found in a 2004 study that air pollution levels had decreased sixfold in bars and restaurants ...
In 1992 she co authored Towards a Green World: Should environmental management be built on legal conventions or human rights? ... an analysis of urban India's water supply and pollution. ... director of the Society for Environmental Communications, and ... In 1991 she co-authored the publication Global Warming in an Unequal World: A case of environmental colonialism[8] ... In 2000, she co-edited the publication Green Politics: Global Environmental Negotiations,[9] which looks at the emerging ...
See also: Extinction risk from global warming, Ocean acidification, Marine pollution, and Social and environmental impact of ... "Environmental Science: Systems and Solutions (5th ed.). Jones & Bartlett Learning. ISBN 978-1-4496-6139-7. .. ... Other, related human causes of the extinction event include deforestation, hunting, pollution,[66] the introduction in various ... A June 2020 study published in PNAS posits that the contemporary extinction crisis "may be the most serious environmental ...
1999). Pollution Prevention: The Waste Management Approach to the 21st Century. CRC Press. p. 15 Section 27. ISBN 978-1-56670- ... Environmental Health & Public Safety (North Carolina State University). Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 June 2011.. ... Argonne National Laboratory, Environmental Science Division. August 2005. Retrieved 7 February 2012.. ... Journal of Environmental Science and Health, Part A. 16 (5): 549-567. doi:10.1080/10934528109375003.. ...
United States Environmental Protection Agency *Scott Pruitt, Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency ... v. Connecticut that it was not for the courts to decide appropriate levels of pollution.[18] ... The first, which opened the way for the others, was Massachusetts v. Environmental Protection Agency, 549 U.S. 497 (2007). In ... The lawsuit is at the leading edge of an area of environmental law referred to as "atmospheric trust litigation", a concept ...
According to the EPA it was the largest environmental fine ever made against a coal company: "This is the largest one, period. ... "Coal firm to pay record fine for water pollution". Yahoo News (AP). Retrieved March 7, 2014 ... According to the EPA, it was the largest environmental fine ever made against a coal company: "This is the largest one, period ... the Wyoming Department of Environmental Quality agreed to accept $61 million in place of the firm's $411 million in self- ...
"Environmental Technology. 30 (1): 27-36. doi:10.1080/09593330802422803. PMID 19213463.. *^ Lim JL, Okada M (2005). " ... Ca have also been prepared for specific application in air pollution control especially in museums and galleries. Due to its ... Environmental applications[edit]. Activated carbon is usually used in water filtration systems. In this illustration, the ... Process Safety and Environmental Protection. 79 (4): 211-217. doi:10.1205/095758201750362253.. ...
Concerns regarding the safety and environmental impact of large-scale chemical manufacturing facilities were also raised during ... pollution control, and resource conservation. They may be involved in designing and constructing plants as a project engineer. ... affected the reputation of the trade as industrial safety and environmental protection were given more focus.[25] In response, ...
... air pollution, and epilepsy. Annual health awards were given by the DGWHO and the President of WHA.[26] ... economic and environmental root causes of antimicrobial resistance and other human health problems, to continue expanding ...
An ecological cascade effect is a series of secondary extinctions that is triggered by the primary extinction of a key species in an ecosystem. Secondary extinctions are likely to occur when the threatened species are: dependent on a few specific food sources, mutualistic (dependent on the key species in some way), or forced to coexist with an invasive species that is introduced to the ecosystem. Species introductions to a foreign ecosystem can often devastate entire communities, and even entire ecosystems. These exotic species monopolize the ecosystem's resources, and since they have no natural predators to decrease their growth, they are able to increase indefinitely. Olsen et al.[1] showed that exotic species have caused lake and estuary ecosystems to go through cascade effects due to loss of algae, crayfish, mollusks, fish, amphibians, and birds. However, the principal cause of cascade effects is the loss of top predators as the key species. As a result of this loss, a dramatic increase ...
P. Crabbè (2000). Implementing ecological integrity: restoring regional and global environmental and human health. North ... and pollution.[156] Indeed, some analysts claim that overpopulation's most serious impact is its effect on the environment.[124 ... A July 2017 study published in Environmental Research Letters argued that the most significant way individuals could mitigate ... "The Environmental Politics of Population and Overpopulation". University of California, Berkeley. 2012. Retrieved July 19, 2013 ...
Post-accident environmental damage mitigation is facilitated by the fact that low-concentration methanol is biodegradable, of ... and dramatically reduces long term groundwater pollution caused by fuel spills. Unlike benzene-family fuels, methanol will ... and with sufficient dilution will rapidly biodegrade with little to no environmental damage due to toxicity. A methanol spill ...
Genetic pollutionEdit. Main article: Genetic pollution. Native species can be threatened with extinction[113] through the ... Tolerance of a wide range of environmental conditions (Ecological competence). *Ability to live off of a wide range of food ... Genetic Pollution from Farm Forestry using eucalypt species and hybrids; A report for the RIRDC/L&WA/FWPRDC]; Joint Venture ... Joe Roman, a Harvard and University of Vermont conservation biologist who is the recipient of the Rachel Carson Environmental ...
a b Shu-qin, L., Jun-hua, Y. (2002). Environmental Benefits of underground coal gasification. Journal of Environmental Sciences ... the Australian Government's proposed Carbon Pollution Reduction Scheme.[citation needed] ... Environmental and social impacts[edit]. Eliminating mining eliminates mine safety issues.[29] Compared to traditional coal ... Energy & Environmental Research Centre (EERC) - UCG overview. *CO2SINUS CO2 Storage in in situ Converted Coal Seams - Research ...
Effluent taxes and marketable pollution permits represent a better approach to pollution control than imposition of pollution ... Much environmental economics concerns externalities or "public bads". Policy options include regulations that reflect cost- ... Pollution can be a simple example of market failure. If costs of production are not borne by producers but are by the ... For example, air pollution may generate a negative externality, and education may generate a positive externality (less crime, ...
DeLong EF; Pace NR (2001). "Environmental diversity of bacteria and archaea". Syst. Biol. 50 (4): 470-8. doi:10.1080/ ... and even cause pollution. ... to detect prokaryotes from environmental samples (such as water ... Robertson, C.E.; Harris, J.K.; Spear, J.R.; Pace, N.R. (December 2005). "Phylogenetic diversity and ecology of environmental ... and the growth of these organisms in abandoned mines can contribute to acid mine drainage and other environmental damage.[182] ...
Bailey, Christopher J. (1998). Congress and Air Pollution: Environmental Policies in the USA. Manchester University Press. p. ... Michael Kraft (2015). Environmental Policy and Politics. University of Wisconsin-Green Bay. p. 102. ISBN 978-1-317-34862-7. .. ... Peter J. Jacques; Riley E. Dunlap; Mark Freeman, The organisation of denial: Conservative think tanks and environmental ... "The Trump Administration Is Reversing 100 Environmental Rules. Here's the Full List". Retrieved July 3, 2020.. ...
Air pollution[edit]. Main articles: Biomass § Environmental damage, and Ethanol_fuel § Air_pollution ... "Environmental Protection Agency.. *^ Thomas F. McGowan, Michael L. Brown, William S. Bulpitt, James L. Walsh, Jr. (Editors) ... The Environmental Protection Agency has acknowledged in April 2007 that the increased use of bio-ethanol will lead to worse air ... 2006). "Ethanol can Contribute to Energy and Environmental Goals". Science. 311 (5760): 506-8. doi:10.1126/science.1121416. ...
In the Amazon Basin of Brazil, a seasonally flooded forest is known as a várzea, a use that now is becoming more widespread[citation needed] for this type of forest in the Amazon (though generally spelled varzea when used in English). Igapó, another word used in Brazil for flooded Amazonian forests, is also sometimes used in English. Specifically, varzea refers to whitewater-inundated forest, and igapó to blackwater-inundated forest.. Peat swamp forests are swamp forests where waterlogged soils prevent woody debris from fully decomposing, which over time creates a thick layer of acidic peat.. ...