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*  Body composition
... measurement with dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) is used increasingly for a variety of clinical and ... Unfortunately, BIA is highly sensitive to hydration status and water intake. Drinking water dilutes the electrolytes in the ...
*  Fibre supplements
Powdered guar gum, a soluble fibre, was shown to be associated with a significantly lower energy intake in obese subjects who ... 2005). "Dietary Reference Intakes for energy, carbohydrates, fiber, fat, fatty acids, cholesterol, protein and animo acids". ... A similar reduction of energy intake through fibre supplementation was observed in another study. A dose of guar gum was ... 1994 Jul 2;344(8914):39-40 Heaton, K.W. (1973). "Food fibre as an obstacle to energy intake". Lancet. 2: 1418-1421. doi:10.1016 ...
*  List of countries by food energy intake
According to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, the average minimum daily energy requirement is about ...
*  Vigilance (behavioural ecology)
When foraging time is limited, vigilant animals are left with a reduced energy intake. Optimality models can be used to predict ... Small food items are consumed immediately to maximise energy intake, as they require little handling time so the cost of ... leading to foragers facing a trade-off between energy intake and safety from predation. As time allocated to scanning reduces ... Although there is an energetic cost to transporting food, large food items have a high contribution to nutrient intake so the ...
*  Alcohol and weight
Klesges RC, Mealer CZ, Klesges LM (April 1994). "Effects of alcohol intake on resting energy expenditure in young women social ... Lands WE (November 1995). "Alcohol and energy intake". Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 62 (5 Suppl): 1101S-1106S. PMID 7484928. Liu S, ... Melanocortins, a group of signaling proteins, are found to be involved in both excessive food intake and alcohol intake. ... Some physiological substrates that underlie food intake and alcohol intake have been identified. ...
*  Diet and obesity
Evidence has shown that larger portions of energy-dense foods lead to greater energy intake and thus to greater rates of ... There exists a strong correlation between the consumption of liquid calories and total energy intake. Individuals do not tend ... Wright JD, Kennedy-Stephenson J, Wang CY, McDowell MA, Johnson CL (February 2004). "Trends in intake of energy and ... The dietary energy supply is the food available for human consumption, usually expressed in kilocalories per person per day. It ...
*  Monell Chemical Senses Center
Friedman, M. I. (1997). An energy sensor for control of energy intake. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society, 56, 41-50. ...
*  Calorie restriction
... they are not about caloric intake to begin with, as body weight is influenced by many factors other than energy intake, ... Mattson MP (2005). "Energy intake, meal frequency, and health: a neurobiological perspective". Annu. Rev. Nutr. (Review). 25: ... Calorie restriction, or caloric restriction, or energy restriction, is a dietary regimen that reduces calorie intake without ... "Energy restriction and potential energy restriction mimetics". Nutrition Research Reviews. 28 (2): 1-21. doi:10.1017/ ...
*  Night eating syndrome
"Neuroendocrine profiles associated with energy intake, sleep, and stress in the night eating syndrome". Journal of Clinical ... Stunkard A.J.; Grace W.J.; Wolff H.G. (1955). "The night-eating syndrome; a pattern of food intake among certain obese patients ... Night eating syndrome (NES) is an eating disorder, characterized by a delayed circadian pattern of food intake. Although there ... the amount of food consumed in the evening/night is not necessarily objectively large nor is a loss of control over food intake ...
*  Appetite
... exists in all higher life-forms, and serves to regulate adequate energy intake to maintain metabolic needs. It is ... This explains why in clinical depression and stress, energy intake can change quite drastically. A limited or excessive ... Lowering food intake can lower leptin levels in the body, while increasing the intake of food can raise leptin levels. Later ... Appetitive and consummatory behaviours are the only processes that involve energy intake, whereas all other behaviours affect ...
*  Weight management
Lower energy and fat intake were observed under short-term conditions; however, the effect of the spice was reduced over ... Resistant starch dilutes energy density of food intake, has a bulking effect similar to non-fermentable fiber, and increases ... Compared to having no soup, it has been shown that eating soup reduces total energy intake of a meal. When soup is consumed ... Studies have shown that portion size influences energy intake. People who are presented with larger portions do not report to ...
*  Diabetic diet
Care should be taken to avoid excess energy intake." Sucrose does not increase glycemia more than the same number of calories ... Likewise, people with diabetes may be encouraged to reduce their intake of carbohydrates that have a high glycemic index (GI), ... The American Diabetes Association in 1994 recommended that 60-70% of caloric intake should be in the form of carbohydrates. As ... This is because although lowering carbohydrate intake will help reduce blood glucose levels, a low-carbohydrate diet conflicts ...
*  Let's Move!
... behavioral factors including energy intake, physical activity and sedentary behavior; and environmental factors. Overweight and ...
*  Female athlete triad
Energy availability is defined as energy intake minus energy expended. Energy is taken in through food consumption. Our bodies ... Athletes at greatest risk for low energy availability are those who restrict dietary energy intake, who exercise for prolonged ... Disordered eating is defined among this situation due to the low caloric intake or low energy availability. While most athletes ... Having low dietary energy from excessive exercise and/or dietary restrictions leaves too little energy for the body to carry ...
*  Childhood obesity in Australia
"Parental influence on children's food preferences and energy intake (EUFIC)". www.eufic.org. Retrieved 2015-09-01. "Department ... of an individuals total daily energy intake (aged between 2-16 years old). With no more than 20% being recommended daily, it is ... Adults should provide their children with a moderate to low fat diet by limiting the amount of energy dense meals they feed ... In this way, ancestors would eat whenever possible and efficiently store the energy absorbed as fat to use when resources were ...
*  Soft drink
Almiron-Roig; Flores; Drewnowski (2004). "No difference in satiety or in subsequent energy intakes between a beverage and a ... High caloric intake contributes to obesity if not balanced with exercise, with a large amount of exercise being required to ... The likely reason for the difference in weight gain is that people who consumed the jelly beans lowered their caloric intake at ... In 2017, the United Arab Emirates imposed a 50% tax on soft drinks and energy drinks to curb excess consumption of the ...
*  Fast food
"Effects of Fast-Food Consumption on Energy Intake and Diet Quality Among Children in a National Household Survey". Pediatrics ... The intake of fast food is increasing worldwide. A study done in the city of Jeddah has shown that current fast food habits are ... Calorie for calorie, foods sold in fast food restaurants, costs less and is more energy-dense, and is made mostly of products ... QSR magazine - publication that covers the fast food industry A copy of the Caesar Barber lawsuit Caloric Intake from Fast Food ...
*  Don Gorske
... this does not take into account his energy intake from fluids. The USDA recommends about 2,200 calories per day. Gorske ... He claims the Big Mac constitutes 90% of his total solid food intake. He is featured in the documentaries Super Size Me (2004) ...
*  Expected satiety
Some researchers also suggest that expected satiety is an important mediator of energy intake. They argue that within-meal ... they may be especially suited to diets that are designed to reduce energy intake. ... Hogenkamp, P.S. (2012). "Expected satiation after repeated consumption of low- or high-energy-dense soup". British Journal of ... Higgs, S. (2002). "Memory for recent eating and its influence on subsequent food intake". Appetite. 39 (2): 159-66. doi:10.1006 ...
*  Nutrition
Recommended intake volumes in the elderly are the same as for adults as despite lower energy consumption, the water requirement ... and carbohydrate intake, intake of saturated and trans fatty acids, and low intake of vitamins/minerals-contribute to the ... The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends that added sugars should represent no more than 10% of total energy intake. ... Some of the amino acids are convertible (with the expenditure of energy) to glucose and can be used for energy production, just ...
*  Alp Ikizler
Protein and energy intake in advanced chronic kidney disease: how much is too much. Semin Dial, 20(1), 5-11, 2007 Ikizler, TA. ... Protein and energy: recommended intake and nutrient supplementation in chronic dialysis patients. Semin Dial, 17(6), 471-8, ... Increased resting energy expenditure in patients with end-stage renal disease. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr, 27(1), 36-42, 2003 ... Bioelectrical impedance vs air displacement plethysmography and dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry to determine body composition ...
*  Leptin
... to food intake rather than fat stores. It controls food intake and energy expenditure by acting on receptors in the mediobasal ... and energy flux (how much energy is consumed and expended) much more than energy status (fat levels). When energy balance is ... Leptin may also act directly on bone metabolism via a balance between energy intake and the IGF-I pathway. There is a potential ... Treatment with metreleptin led to "rapid change in eating behavior, a reduction in daily energy intake, and substantial weight ...
*  Meat
2005) found an apparent association of colorectal cancer with red meat consumption after adjustment for age and energy intake. ... "Some individuals, especially teen boys and adult men, also need to reduce overall intake of protein foods by decreasing intakes ... Fat in meat can be either adipose tissue, used by the animal to store energy and consisting of "true fats" (esters of glycerol ... The energy balance of corn ethanol: an update. USDA Agricultural Economic Report 814. Martinez-Hurtado, J L (November 2013). " ...
*  Teleost leptins
The teleost and mammalian leptins appear to have similar functions, namely, regulation of energy intake and expenditure. The ... A similar study on grass carp showed that chronic injection of species-specific Lep did not affect long-term food intake and ... The biological importance of long form LepR via the JAK/STAT pathway in maintaining body weight and energy homeostasis has been ... de Pedro N, Martínez-Alvarez R, Delgado MJ (March 2006). "Acute and chronic leptin reduces food intake and body weight in ...
*  Weight loss effects of water
"Impact of water intake on energy intake and weight status: a systematic review". Nutrition Reviews. 68 (9): 505-21. doi:10.1111 ... but it is plausible that consuming water with meals may reduce total energy intake and aid weight loss, particularly if water ...
*  Retarder (mechanical engineering)
By doing this, the engine acts as an air compressor, with the energy coming from the transmission used to compress the air, ... The engine braking generated by creating partial vacuum with a closed throttle at each intake stroke in petrol/gasoline engines ... While this has the drawback of not re-utilizing the energy created while traveling downhill, it does create a powerful and safe ... A hybrid vehicle drivetrain uses electrical retardation to assist the mechanical brakes, while recycling the energy. The ...
*  Breast enlargement
Increasing the food energy intake by eating more and/or more energetic foods. By increasing your food energy intake, more ...