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*  Soluble cell adhesion molecules
Many studies have postulated that increased production of cell adhesion molecules (CAMs) on the vascular endothelium (blood ... Soluble forms of intercellular adhesion molecule-1, vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 and E-selectin (termed sICAM-1, sVCAM-1 ... October 2007). "High prevalence of low plasma thiamine concentration in diabetes linked to a marker of vascular disease". ... "Vitamin E supplementation reduces plasma vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 and von Willebrand factor levels and increases ...
*  Vascular disease
"The Vascular Endothelium and Human Diseases". International Journal of Biological Sciences. 9 (10): 1057-1069. doi:10.7150/ijbs ... The physical exam may be different depending on the type of vascular disease. In the case of a peripheral vascular disease the ... Cerebrovascular disease-a group of vascular diseases that affect brain function.[citation needed] Vascular disease is a ... A Collaborative Report from the American Association for Vascular Surgery/Society for Vascular Surgery,⁎ Society for ...
*  U. C. Chaturvedi
"Vascular endothelium: the battlefield of dengue viruses". Wiley Online Library. 53 (3): 287-299. doi:10.1111/j.1574-695X. ...
*  CGMP-dependent protein kinase
... including vascular SMCs and in platelets. Lower levels are present in vascular endothelium and cardiomyocytes. The enzyme is ... but not in cardiac and vascular myocytes. Specifically, in smooth muscle tissue, PKG promotes the opening of calcium-activated ...
*  Endothelial dysfunction
In vascular diseases, endothelial dysfunction is a systemic pathological state of the endothelium (the inner lining of blood ... Endothelial dysfunction starts with decreased levels of NO, which compromises the vascular bed (either all the vascular beds in ... "Potassium softens vascular endothelium and increases nitric oxide release". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. ... the endothelium is responsible for maintaining a relaxed vascular tone and low levels of oxidative stress by releasing ...
*  3-mercaptopyruvate sulfurtransferase
Shibuya N, Mikami Y, Kimura Y, Nagahara N, Kimura H (November 2009). "Vascular endothelium expresses 3-mercaptopyruvate ...
*  Endothelial NOS
NO produced by eNOS in the vascular endothelium plays crucial roles in regulating vascular tone, cellular proliferation, ... In the vascular endothelium, NO is synthesized by eNOS from L-arginine and molecular oxygen, which binds to the heme group of ... eNOS is primarily responsible for the generation of NO in the vascular endothelium, a monolayer of flat cells lining the ... Moreover, NO affects leukocyte adhesion to the vascular endothelium by inhibiting the nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB), which ...
*  Intercellular cleft
In Vascular endothelium in health and disease (Vol. 242, pp. 3-5). New York City, New York: Plenum Press. Capillaries. (n.d.). ... In capillary endothelium, plasma communicates with the interstitial fluid through the intercellular cleft. Blood plasma without ... The organization of the endocardial endothelium and the intercellular cleft help to establish the blood-heart barrier by ... Most notably, intercellular clefts are found between epithelial cells and the endothelium of blood vessels and lymphatic ...
*  Pathophysiology of multiple sclerosis
MS has an important vascular component. Postmortem studies of the BBB, especially the vascular endothelium, show immunological ... The importance of vascular misbehaviour in MS pathogenesis has also been independently confirmed by seven-tesla MRI. It is ... Possibly vascular problems may be an aggravating factor, like many others in MS. Indeed, the research, by demonstrating ... Monocyte migration and LFA-1-mediated attachment to brain microvascular endothelia is regulated by SDF-1alpha through Lyn ...
*  Endothelial stem cell
Endothelium dysfunction is a prototypical characteristic of vascular disease, common in patients with autoimmune diseases such ... Tal1 gene is specifically found in the vascular endothelium and developing brain.[5] This gene encodes the basic helix-loop- ... Lymphatic-specific vascular endothelial growth factors VEGF-C and VEGF-D function as ligands for the vascular endothelial ... The vascular system is made up of two parts: 1) Blood vasculature 2) Lymphatic vessels Both parts consist of ECs that show ...
*  Eddy (fluid dynamics)
2.0.CO;2. [permanent dead link] Chiu, Jeng-Jiann; Chien, Shu (2011-01-01). "Effects of Disturbed Flow on Vascular Endothelium: ... Chiu, Jeng-Jiann; Chien, Shu (2011-01-01). "Effects of Disturbed Flow on Vascular Endothelium: Pathophysiological Basis and ...
*  High-altitude pulmonary edema
An idiopathic non-inflammatory increase in the permeability of the vascular endothelium. Although higher pulmonary arterial ...
*  Cell therapy
2001). "Regeneration of ischemic cardiac muscle and vascular endothelium by adult stem cells". J Clin Invest. 107 (11): 1395- ... 2009). "Hepatocyte growth factor or vascular endothelial growth factor gene transfer maximizes mesenchymal stem cell-based ... interest in attempting to develop such products to treat conditions including Crohn's disease and a variety of vascular ...
*  Shiga-like toxin
The vascular endothelium has to continually renew itself, so this killing of cells leads to a breakdown of the lining and to ... The toxin acts on the lining of the blood vessels, the vascular endothelium. The B subunits of the toxin bind to a component of ... A specific target for the toxin appears to the vascular endothelium of the glomerulus. This is the filtering structure that is ...
*  Paxillin
"Leukocyte adhesion to vascular endothelium induces E-selectin linkage to the actin cytoskeleton". The Journal of Cell Biology. ...
*  Cell junction
The functional capacity of selectin is limited to leukocyte collaborations with vascular endothelium. There are three types of ... P-selectin deals with platelets and endothelium and E-selectin deals only with endothelium. They have extracellular regions ... Tedder TF, Steeber DA, Chen A, Engel P (July 1995). "The selectins: vascular adhesion molecules". FASEB J. 9 (10): 866-73. PMID ...
*  Actinin alpha 2
"Leukocyte adhesion to vascular endothelium induces E-selectin linkage to the actin cytoskeleton". The Journal of Cell Biology. ...
*  Ulex europaeus
"Ulex europaeus I lectin as a marker for vascular endothelium in human tissues". Laboratory Investigation; a Journal of ... This lectin is also used as a marker for human vascular endothelial cells, and as a tool for their isolation for in-vitro ... Vascular Pharmacology. 52 (5-6): 175-181. doi:10.1016/j.vph.2009.12.009. Jepson Manual Treatment USDA Plants Profile Washington ...
*  Stroke recovery
2001). "Regeneration of ischemic cardiac muscle and vascular endothelium by adult stem cells". Journal of Clinical ... endothelium, epithelium and neuroectodermal cells, suggesting pluripotency. These findings have led to MSCs being considered ...
*  Vinculin
"Leukocyte adhesion to vascular endothelium induces E-selectin linkage to the actin cytoskeleton". J. Cell Biol. 133 (2): 445-55 ...
*  Matrix gla protein
"A role for the endothelium in vascular calcification". Circ. Res. 113 (5): 495-504. doi:10.1161/CIRCRESAHA.113.301792. PMC ... The protein acts as an inhibitor of vascular mineralization and plays a role in bone organization. MGP is found in number body ...
*  Kimura's disease
The disease is manifested by an abnormal proliferation of lymphoid follicles and vascular endothelium. Peripheral eosinophilia ...
*  SCUBE1
"Identification of a novel family of cell-surface proteins expressed in human vascular endothelium". J. Biol. Chem. 277 (48): ... This protein is expressed in platelets and endothelial cells and may play an important role in vascular biology. GRCh38: ...
*  Mothers against decapentaplegic homolog 6
"Vascular MADs: two novel MAD-related genes selectively inducible by flow in human vascular endothelium". Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci ... "Vascular MADs: Two novel MAD-related genes selectively inducible by flow in human vascular endothelium". Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci ...
*  Troxipide
They also inhibit mast cell activation, and leukocyte and platelet adherence to the vascular endothelium. Thus, continuous ...
*  Catenin
Mice engineered to specifically have vascular endothelium cells deficient in β-catenin showed disrupted adhesion between ... Yi ZY, Feng LJ, Xiang Z, Yao H (2011). "Vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-1 activation mediates epithelial to ... conditional inactivation of the β-catenin gene in endothelial cells causes a defective vascular pattern and increased vascular ... vascular endothelial cells. Mice lacking plakoglobin have cell adhesion defects in many tissues, although β-catenin substitutes ...
*  Heart failure with preserved ejection fraction
This pro-inflammatory state may also induce changes in the vascular endothelium of the heart. Specifically, by reducing ... Specifically, loss of cardiac reserve, diminished vascular compliance, and diastolic dysfunction are characteristic of both ... which recruits lymphocytes into the tissue beneath the endothelium that subsequently release transforming growth factor beta, ...