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*  Protein primary structure
Somewhat unusually, this modification occurs in the Golgi apparatus, not in the endoplasmic reticulum. Similar to ... typically occurring in the endoplasmic reticulum, a subcellular organelle of the eukaryotic cell. Many other chemical reactions ...
*  Endoplasmic reticulum
The rough endoplasmic reticulum is especially prominent in cells such as hepatocytes. The smooth endoplasmic reticulum lacks ... There are two types of endoplasmic reticulum: rough and smooth. The outer (cytosolic) face of the rough endoplasmic reticulum ... there are dilated areas like the sacs of rough endoplasmic reticulum. The network of smooth endoplasmic reticulum allows for an ... The surface of the rough endoplasmic reticulum (often abbreviated RER or Rough ER) (also called granular endoplasmic reticulum ...
*  Endoplasmic-reticulum-associated protein degradation
... (ERAD) designates a cellular pathway which targets misfolded proteins of ... Vembar SS, Brodsky JL (December 2008). "One step at a time: endoplasmic reticulum-associated degradation". Nat. Rev. Mol. Cell ... VCP/p97 transports substrates from the endoplasmic reticulum to the cytoplasm with its ATPase activity. The ubiquitination of ... Endoplasmic reticulum JUNQ and IPOD Oxidative folding Proteasome Protein folding Ubiquitination Multilayered Mechanism of CD4 ...
*  Endoplasmic reticulum membrane protein complex
The endoplasmic reticulum membrane protein complex (EMC) is a putative endoplasmic reticulum-resident membrane protein (co-) ... "A conserved endoplasmic reticulum membrane protein complex (EMC) facilitates phospholipid transfer from the ER to mitochondria ... "A conserved endoplasmic reticulum membrane protein complex (EMC) facilitates phospholipid transfer from the ER to mitochondria ... "The Toxicity of a Novel Antifungal Compound Is Modulated by Endoplasmic Reticulum-Associated Protein Degradation Components". ...
*  Endoplasmic reticulum stress in beta cells
Eizirik DL, Cardozo AK, Cnop M (2008) The role for endoplasmic reticulum stress in diabetes mellitus. Endocr Rev 29:42-61 ... Pirot P, Eizirik DL, Cardozo AK (2006) Interferon-gamma potentiates endoplasmic reticulum stress-induced death by reducing ... They are therefore particularly sensitive to endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and the subsequent unfolded protein response ( ... Reduced endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-to-Golgi protein trafficking contributes to ER stress in lipotoxic mouse beta cells by ...
*  Glossary of biology
endodermis . endoplasmic reticulum . endosperm . endosymbiotic theory . endotherm . entomology Entomology is the study of ...
*  Endomembrane system
The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is a synthesis and transport organelle that branches into the cytoplasm in plant and animal ... The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is a membranous synthesis and transport organelle that is an extension of the nuclear envelope. ... The rough endoplasmic reticulum is so named because the cytoplasmic surface is covered with ribosomes, giving it a bumpy ... The endoplasmic reticulum membrane allows molecules to be selectively transferred between the lumen and the cytoplasm, and ...
*  Cell membrane
For this to occur, an N-terminus "signal sequence" of amino acids directs proteins to the endoplasmic reticulum, which inserts ... Cooper, Geoffrey M. (2000). "The Endoplasmic Reticulum". The Cell: A Molecular Approach. 2nd edition. Sinauer Associates. Xu, ... and only the outer membrane is continuous with the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) membrane. Like the ER, the outer membrane also ...
*  PPIB
Along with PPIC, PPIB localizes to the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), where it maintains redox homeostasis. Depletion of these two ... Hasel KW, Glass JR, Godbout M, Sutcliffe JG (1991). "An endoplasmic reticulum-specific cyclophilin". Mol. Cell. Biol. 11 (7): ... Ishikawa Y, Bächinger HP (Nov 2013). "An additional function of the rough endoplasmic reticulum protein complex prolyl 3- ... PPIB localizes to the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and participates in many biological processes, including mitochondrial ...
*  Biological membrane
... smooth and rough endoplasmic reticulum; sarcoplasmic reticulum; Golgi apparatus; lysosome; mitochondrion (inner and outer ... In eucaryotic cells, new phospholipids are manufactured by enzymes bound to the part of the endoplasmic reticulum membrane that ...
*  Atheroma
Oh J, Riek AE, Weng S, Petty M, Kim D, Colonna M, Cella M, Bernal-Mizrachi C (2012). "Endoplasmic reticulum stress controls M2 ... Hotamisligil GS (2010). "Endoplasmic reticulum stress and atherosclerosis". Nature Medicine. 16 (4): 396-9. doi:10.1038/nm0410- ...
*  DiOC6
... (3,3′-dihexyloxacarbocyanine iodide) is a fluorescent dye used for the staining of a cell's endoplasmic reticulum, ... DiI 3,3′-Dihexyloxacarbocyanine iodide at Sigma-Aldrich Terasaki M. (1989). "Fluorescent labeling of endoplasmic reticulum". ...
*  Eukaryote
"Endoplasmic Reticulum (Rough and Smooth)". British Society for Cell Biology. Retrieved 12 November 2017. "Golgi Apparatus". ... Various tube- and sheet-like extensions of the nuclear membrane form the endoplasmic reticulum, which is involved in protein ... In 1987 and later papers, Thomas Cavalier-Smith proposed instead that the membranes of the nucleus and endoplasmic reticulum ... It includes the rough endoplasmic reticulum where ribosomes are attached to synthesize proteins, which enter the interior space ...
*  Foam cell
Oh, J., Riek, A.E., Weng, S., Petty, M., Kim, D., Colonna, M., Cella, M., Bernal-Mizrachi, C. (2012). "Endoplasmic reticulum ... Hotamisligil, G.S. (2010). "Endoplasmic reticulum stress and atherosclerosis". Nature Medicine. 16(4): 396-399. PMC 2897068 . ... Free cholesterol is transported to the endoplasmic reticulum where it is re-esterified by ACAT1 (acyl-CoA: cholesterol ...
*  Differential centrifugation
... vesicles of disrupted endoplasmic reticulum); and Ribosomes and cytosol. High g-force makes sedimentation of small particles ...
*  Signal recognition particle
Gilmore R, Blobel G, Walter P (November 1982). "Protein translocation across the endoplasmic reticulum. I. Detection in the ... Walter P, Ibrahimi I, Blobel G (November 1981). "Translocation of proteins across the endoplasmic reticulum. I. Signal ... Endoplasmic reticulum) membrane. This occurs via the interaction and docking of SRP with its cognate SRP receptor that is ... that recognizes and targets specific proteins to the endoplasmic reticulum in eukaryotes and the plasma membrane in prokaryotes ...
*  Signal peptide
SSCRs promote nuclear mRNA export and the proper localization to the surface of the endoplasmic reticulum. In addition SSCRs ... Walter P, Ibrahimi I, Blobel G (Nov 1981). "Translocation of proteins across the endoplasmic reticulum. I. Signal recognition ... Gilmore R, Blobel G, Walter P (Nov 1982). "Protein translocation across the endoplasmic reticulum. I. Detection in the ... These proteins include those that reside either inside certain organelles (the endoplasmic reticulum, golgi or endosomes), ...
*  ICMT
This enzyme localizes to the endoplasmic reticulum. Alternative splicing may result in other transcript variants, but the ... "Mammalian prenylcysteine carboxyl methyltransferase is in the endoplasmic reticulum". J Biol Chem. 273 (24): 15030-4. doi: ...
*  Peter Walter
Walter P, Ibrahimi I, Blobel G (November 1981). "Translocation of proteins across the endoplasmic reticulum. I. Signal ... Ron, D.; Walter, P. (2007). "Signal integration in the endoplasmic reticulum unfolded protein response". Nature Reviews ... which is one of three known sensors of the folding capacity within the endoplasmic reticulum lumen responsible for initiating a ... "Signal recognition particle contains a 7S RNA essential for protein translocation across the endoplasmic reticulum". Nature. ...
*  Transitional epithelium
These cells' cytoplasm is rich in tonofilaments and mitochondria; however, they contain few rough endoplasmic reticulum. The ...
*  CYP2A13
This protein localizes to the endoplasmic reticulum. Although its endogenous substrate has not been determined, it is known to ...
*  Very long chain fatty acid
Their biosynthesis occurs in the endoplasmic reticulum. VLCFA's can represent up to a few percent of the total fatty acid ...
*  CYP2S1
This protein localizes to the endoplasmic reticulum. In rodents, the homologous protein has been shown to metabolize certain ...
*  Magnesium in biology
In addition, it seems likely that the other subcellular organelles (e.g., Golgi, endoplasmic reticulum, etc.) also require Mg2+ ...
*  CYP2A7
This protein localizes to the endoplasmic reticulum; its substrate has not yet been determined. This gene, which produces two ...
*  GANC
"Folding of the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 envelope glycoprotein in the endoplasmic reticulum". Biochimie. 83 (8): 783- ...
*  CYP17A1
This protein localizes to the endoplasmic reticulum. It has both 17α-hydroxylase and 17,20-lyase activities, and is a key ... CYP17A1 is a member of the cytochrome P450 superfamily of enzymes localized in the endoplasmic reticulum. Proteins in this ...