Loading...
*  Streptococcus
... bacterial pneumonia, endocarditis, erysipelas, and necrotizing fasciitis (the 'flesh-eating' bacterial infections). However, ... On blood agar, this appears as wide areas clear of blood cells surrounding bacterial colonies. Gamma-hemolytic species cause no ... "Bacterial Infection (Streptococcus) in Dogs". petmd.com. Retrieved 12 December 2014. "Bacteria-Firmicutes-Bacilli- ... S. pneumoniae (sometimes called pneumococcus), is a leading cause of bacterial pneumonia and occasional etiology of otitis ...
*  Streptococcus dysgalactiae
Skerman, V.B.D.M.; Sneath, P.H.A. (1980). "Approved list of bacterial names". Int J Syst Bacteriol. 30: 225-420. doi:10.1099/ ... Less commonly it can present as pneumonia, endocarditis, genital or intraabdominal infections. Primary bacteraemia, infection ... In 1980, they were even removed from the List of Approved Bacterial species. Three years later, though, DNA hybridization ... S. dysgalactiae has been particularly linked to mastitis occurring during the summer time ("Summer mastitis"), and bacterial ...
*  Staphylococcus aureus
In particular, S. aureus is one of the most common causes of bacteremia and infective endocarditis. Additionally, it can cause ... This pigment acts as a virulence factor, primarily by being a bacterial antioxidant which helps the microbe evade the reactive ... S. aureus produces various enzymes such as coagulase (bound and free coagulases) which clots plasma and coats the bacterial ... Joint replacements put a person at particular risk of septic arthritis, staphylococcal endocarditis (infection of the heart ...
*  Viridans streptococci
They are the most common causes of subacute bacterial endocarditis. Viridans streptococci are identified in cases of neonatal ... If they are introduced into the bloodstream, they have the potential of causing endocarditis, in particular in individuals with ... coli) have been associated with endocarditis (3). Although infection with S. bovis group organisms occurs with higher frequency ... "Viridans and bovis group streptococci that cause infective endocarditis in two regions with contrasting epidemiology". ...
*  Streptococcus equinus
In 1993, a case was reported of a farmer with documented aortic valve disease who developed bacterial endocarditis due to S. ... It is the principal Streptococcus found in the alimentary canal of a horse, and makes up the majority of the bacterial flora in ... S. equinus is one of the rare Gram-positive bacteria that may cause bacteremia and endocarditis in humans, but infection with ... Elliott PM, Williams H, Brooks IAB (1993). "A case of infective endocarditis in a farmer caused by Streptococcus equinus". ...
*  Subacute bacterial endocarditis
... (also called endocarditis lenta) is a type of endocarditis (more specifically, infective ... Subacute bacterial endocarditis can be considered a form of type III hypersensitivity. Among the signs of subacute bacterial ... Diagnosis of subacute bacterial endocarditis can be done by collecting three blood culture specimens over a 24-hour period for ... On the other hand, in cases of acute bacterial endocarditis, the organism can colonize on the healthy heart valve, causing the ...
*  Moritz Litten
Litten's sign: (Roth's spots) in bacterial endocarditis. Humboldt University Zeno.org (translated biography) Patent foramen ...
*  Cefalexin
It may be used to prevent bacterial endocarditis. It can also be used for the prevention of recurrent urinary-tract infections ... It may also be used for certain types of pneumonia, strep throat, and to prevent bacterial endocarditis. Cefalexin is not ... However, some bacterial cells have the enzyme β-lactamase, which hydrolyzes the beta-lactam ring, rendering the drug inactive. ... It kills gram-positive and some gram-negative bacteria by disrupting the growth of the bacterial cell wall. Cefalexin is a beta ...
*  Haemophilus haemolyticus
MILLER, C. PHILIP (1923-12-01). "SUBACUTE BACTERIAL ENDOCARDITIS DUE TO A HEMOLYTIC HEMOPHILIC BACILLUS". Archives of Internal ... H. haemolyticus is generally nonpathogenic, however there have been two cases of H.haemolyticus causing endocarditis There is ... "Hemophilus Hemolyticus Endocarditis". The American Journal of Pathology. 9 (3): 381-392.1. ISSN 0002-9440. PMC 2062709 . PMID ...
*  Osler's node
The nodes are commonly indicative of subacute bacterial endocarditis. 10-25% of endocarditis patients will have Osler's nodes.[ ... They are associated with a number of conditions, including infective endocarditis, and are caused by immune complex deposition ... Osler's nodes can also be seen in Systemic lupus erythematosus Marantic endocarditis Disseminated gonococcal infection Distal ... citation needed] Other signs of endocarditis include Roth's spots and Janeway lesions. The latter, which also occur on the ...
*  Lactococcus garvieae
Bacterial endocarditis from L. garvieae is extremely rare and may actually be underreported due to its morphologic and ... In Canada, patients have been found with bacterial endocarditis. It is speculated that the infection followed the consumption ... As few as 10 bacterial cells per fish can cause an infection. L. garvieae is isolated in saltwater fish in the Far East and ... A patient with L. garvieae septicaemia in absence of infective endocarditis was successfully treated with a combination of ...
*  David L. Reich
Rhee AJ, Fischer GW, Reich DL (2010). "Manifestation of Aortic Root Abscess From Acute Bacterial Endocarditis". J Cardiothorac ...
*  HACEK organisms
Raza, SS; Sultan, OW; Sohail, MR (Aug 2010). "Gram-negative bacterial endocarditis in adults: state-of-the-heart". Expert ... of cases of infective endocarditis involving native valves and are the most common gram-negative cause of endocarditis among ... International Collaboration on Endocarditis Prospective Cohort Study, Investigators (2013). "HACEK infective endocarditis: ... The incidence of endocarditis due to H. influenzae declined after the introduction of the Hib vaccine. Haemophilus haemolyticus ...
*  Antibiotic prophylaxis
Dermatologic surgeons commonly use antibiotic prophylaxis to prevent bacterial endocarditis. Based on previous studies, though ... A Guideline From the American Heart Association Rheumatic Fever, Endocarditis, and Kawasaki Disease Committee, Council on ... Visibly worse are postoperative bacterial infections at the site of implanted foreign bodies (sutures, ostheosynthetic material ... the risk of endocarditis following cutaneous surgery is low and thus the use of antibiotic prophylaxis is controversial. ...
*  Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus
"Teicoplanin pharmacokinetics in intravenous drug abusers being treated for bacterial endocarditis". Antimicrob. Agents ... Bacterial sepsis occurs with most (75%) of cases of invasive MRSA infection. In 2009, there were an estimated 463,017 ... For bacteremia and endocarditis, vancomycin or daptomycin is considered. For children with MRSA infected bone or joints, ... "FDA Approves Teflaro for Bacterial Infections". Schentag JJ, Hyatt JM, Carr JR, Paladino JA, Birmingham MC, Zimmer GS, Cumbo TJ ...
*  Infectious intracranial aneurysm
In most cases the infection originates from left-sided bacterial endocarditis. Other common sources include cavernous sinus ... Positive bacterial cultures from blood or the infected aneurysm wall itself may confirm the diagnosis, however blood cultures ... The term mycotic aneurysm, initially attributed to Osler and used to describe bacterial intracranial aneurysms, is a misnomer. ... Most IIAs are caused by bacterial infection, most commonly Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus species. ...
*  Carbomycin
... has been successful in treating neither staphylococcal sepsis nor bacterial endocarditis. In 1954, carbomycin was ...
*  Clostridium innocuum
One case of fatal bacterial endocarditis was also found in the literature. This is possibly the only confirmed case of C. ... Cutrona, AF; Watanakunacorn (Nov 1995). "Clostridium innocuum endocarditis". Clin Infect Dis. 21 (5): 1306-1307. doi:10.1093/ ... Type strain of Clostridium innocuum at BacDive - the Bacterial Diversity Metadatabase Biology portal. ... innocuum endocarditis involving the pulmonary and tricuspid valves resulting in multiple emboli and death. In a study that ...
*  Urinary cast
They can also be associated with renal infarction and subacute bacterial endocarditis. They are a yellowish-brown color and are ...
*  Osler's sign
The term "Osler's sign" can also refer to nodes associated with acute bacterial endocarditis. The term Osler's node is ...
*  Roth's spot
They are usually caused by immune complex mediated vasculitis often resulting from bacterial endocarditis. Roth's spots may be ... subacute bacterial endocarditis, pernicious anemia, ischemic events, hypertensive retinopathy and rarely in HIV retinopathy. ...
*  Clarithromycin
It may also be used to prevent bacterial endocarditis in those who cannot take penicillin. It is effective against upper and ... Clarithromycin, sold under the brand name Biaxin among others, is an antibiotic used to treat various bacterial infections. ... Clarithromycin is primarily used to treat a number of bacterial infections including pneumonia, Helicobacter pylori, and as an ...
*  Lactococcus lactis
Stuttgart: Gustav Fischer Verlag; 1990:127 Mannion PT, Rothburn MM (November 1990). "Diagnosis of bacterial endocarditis caused ... Type strain of Lactococcus lactis at BacDive - the Bacterial Diversity Metadatabase. ... "Genes but Not Genomes Reveal Bacterial Domestication of Lactococcus Lactis". PLoS ONE. 5 (12): e15306. doi:10.1371/journal.pone ...
*  Mitral valve repair
In rare instances the mitral valve can be destroyed by infection or a bacterial endocarditis. Mitral regurgitation may also ...
*  Enterococcus
Important clinical infections caused by Enterococcus include urinary tract infections, bacteremia, bacterial endocarditis, ... New epidemiological evidence has shown that enterococci are major infectious agent in chronic bacterial prostatitis.[citation ...
*  List of ICD-9 codes 390-459: diseases of the circulatory system
Acute and subacute endocarditis (421.0) Endocarditis, acute, bacterial (422) Acute myocarditis (422.9) Other and unspecified ...
*  Streptococcus gordonii
Generally harmless in the mouth, S. gordonii can cause acute bacterial endocarditis upon gaining access systemically. S. ... Type strain of Streptococcus gordonii at BacDive - the Bacterial Diversity Metadatabase Biology portal. ... of the bacterial biofilm that forms on clean tooth surfaces. ...