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*  Prenatal nutrition
... are based on physiological fetal development, which include blastogenesis, embryonic stage and fetal stage. Blastogenesis is ... This is a rather critical time for healthy fetal development as infants rely heavily on maternal stores and nutrient for ... In the second trimester and third trimester (late embryonic and fetal stages), the fetus undergoes rapid weight growth and the ... Many factors, including maternal, placental, and fetal factors, contribute to the cause of impaired fetal growth. There are a ...
*  Osteonectin
"Distribution of osteonectin mRNA and protein during human embryonic and fetal development". The Journal of Histochemistry and ... Metsäranta M, Young MF, Sandberg M, Termine J, Vuorio E (Sep 1989). "Localization of osteonectin expression in human fetal ...
*  Hemoglobin
... variants are a part of the normal embryonic and fetal development. They may also be pathologic mutant forms of ... As a result, fetal blood in the placenta is able to take oxygen from maternal blood. Hemoglobin also carries nitric oxide (NO) ... The development of α and β genes created the potential for hemoglobin to be composed of multiple subunits, a physical ... This means that the oxygen binding curve for fetal hemoglobin is left-shifted (i.e., a higher percentage of hemoglobin has ...
*  Fibrillin 1
"Fibrillin-1 and fibrillin-2 in human embryonic and early fetal development". Matrix Biology. 21 (8): 637-646. Votteler M; ... While expression of fibrillin-2 decreases significantly after fetal development, the expression of fibrillin-1 continues into ... "Elastogenesis at the onset of human cardiac valve development". Development. 140: 2345-2353. doi:10.1242/dev.093500. PMID ... The FBN-1 gene is involved in a variety of embryonic developmental programs. The microfibrils that are made from fibrillin-1 ...
*  FGF18
"Expression of fibroblast growth factors 18 and 23 during human embryonic and fetal development". Gene Expr. Patterns. 5 (4): ... including embryonic development, cell growth, morphogenesis, tissue repair, tumor growth, and invasion. It has been shown in ... Development. 127 (9): 1833-43. PMID 10751172. Hartley JL, Temple GF, Brasch MA (2001). "DNA Cloning Using In Vitro Site- ... signaling pathways and possible functions during embryogenesis and post-natal development". Histol. Histopathol. 22 (1): 97-105 ...
*  Dolly (sheep)
Niemann H; Tian XC; King WA; Lee RS (February 2008). "Epigenetic reprogramming in embryonic and foetal development upon somatic ... 1997). "Viable offspring derived from fetal and adult mammalian cells". Nature. 385 (6619): 810-3. Bibcode:1997Natur.385..810W ... showed that genes in the nucleus of such a mature differentiated somatic cell are still capable of reverting to an embryonic ... cells need to go through during cloning is not perfect and embryos produced by nuclear transfer often show abnormal development ...
*  Factor X
"Blood coagulation factors in human embryonic-fetal development: preferential expression of the FVII/tissue factor pathway". ... ISBN 978-1-4511-1805-6. Turpie AG (June 2007). "Oral, direct factor Xa inhibitors in development for the prevention and ...
*  Transgender pregnancy
Persons assigned male at birth generally do not have the anatomy needed for natural embryonic and fetal development. Today, ...
*  Barton Springs salamander
... may hinder embryonic and fetal development as well as decrease oxygen consumption in adults. Apart from prenatal developments, ...
*  Dominant white
No aborted fetuses were found, suggesting that death occurred early on in embryonic or fetal development and that the fetus was ... These messages are used during embryonic development to signal the migration of early melanocytes (pigment cells) from the ... The development of an organism from single-celled to fully formed is a process with many, many steps. Even beginning with ... All horses possess the KIT gene, as it is necessary for survival even at the earliest stages of development. The presence or ...
*  TBX2
This gene plays a significant role in embryonic and fetal development through control of gene expression, and also has ... which allow for patterning and proliferation during organogenesis in fetal development. During fetal development, the ... In heart development, Tbx2 is up-regulated by BMP2 to stimulate atrioventricular development. The development of a Tbx2 ... Tbx2 has implications in limb development, atrioventricular development of the heart, and development of the anterior brain ...
*  Drugs in pregnancy
Any drug that acts during embryonic or fetal development to produce a permanent alteration of form or function is known as a ... Pregnancy and fetal development progress through various changes. The period of one week from fertilisation to implantation of ... Prenatal alcohol exposure can lead to fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASDs). The most severe form of FASD is fetal alcohol ... From the third month to the end of nine months is the period of fetal maturation. Intake of drugs during this period may modify ...
*  Ferroportin
... noted an increased incidence of spina bifida occurring after low maternal intake of iron during embryonic and fetal development ... suggesting that the Fpn1 protein encoded is necessary and essential for normal embryonic development. Fpn1 is expressed in the ... Development. 137 (18): 3079-88. doi:10.1242/dev.048744. PMC 2926957 . PMID 20702562. Felkner MM, Suarez L, Brender J, Scaife B ... "The iron exporter ferroportin 1 is essential for development of the mouse embryo, forebrain patterning and neural tube closure ...
*  Great cerebral vein
The congenital malformation develops during weeks 6-11 of fetal development as a persistent embryonic prosencephalic vein of ... Vidyasagar C (April 2005). "Persistent embryonic veins in the arteriovenous malformation of the diencephalon". Acta ...
*  Polyamines in plant stress
... angiogenesis and fetal development. Even though polyamines carry out important roles like soothing and ameliorating in rice ... They also carry out significant effects on embryo/fetus proliferation, implantation, embryonic diapause, placentation, ... Functions in embryo/fetal development, KEAI 3(1): 7-10 Cobbet Christopher, Phytochelatins and Their Roles in Heavy Metal ... For example, Arabidopsis showed much lower activity in seed development when a specific gene of was impaired. With both genes ...
*  Transplacental carcinogenesis
"Physiological processes such as fetal nutrition and fetal development progress directly from embryonic/fetal tissue-directed ... Because the binding of these receptors is unanticipated by the regulated activity of the fetal cells it can be inferred that ... "The association of in utero exposure to such carcinogens and the subsequent development of cancer has been reported for all ... In addition to receptor binding, it has also been proven that fetal tissues are suspected as "privileged targets of neoplastic ...
*  Hemoglobinopathy
Hemoglobin variants are a part of the normal embryonic and fetal development, but may also be pathologic mutant forms of ...
*  W. Ann Reynolds
... where she also conducted research on embryonic and fetal development, child nutrition, and pancreatic disease. She was named ... She accepted a one-year position as director of the university's Center for Community Outreach and Development from 2002 to ...
*  Microcephaly
... and the condition can arise during embryonic and fetal development due to insufficient neural stem cell proliferation, impaired ... Severely impaired intellectual development is common, but disturbances in motor functions may not appear until later in life.[ ... Development of motor functions and speech may be delayed. Hyperactivity and intellectual disability are common occurrences, ... Both these individuals were cited as influences on the development of the long-running comic strip character Zippy the Pinhead ...
*  Cherry hemangioma
... which usually occurs during embryonic and fetal development). One study published in 2010 found that a regulatory nucleic acid ... The underlying cause for the development of cherry angiomas is not understood. Cherry angioma may occur through two different ... important for the development of senile hemangioma, induced cell proliferation of the endothelial cells. They also found that ...
*  Causes of schizophrenia
... it has been suggested that the physiological hypoxia that prevails in normal embryonic and fetal development, or pathological ... Fetal hypoxia has been found to predict unusual movements at age 4 (but not age 7) among children who go on to develop ... Fetal hypoxia, in the presence of certain unidentified genes, has been correlated with reduced volume of the hippocampus, which ... In addition, there is some evidence that exposure to toxins such as lead can also increase the risk of later development of ...
*  Ventricular zone
Neurogenesis, or the generation of neurons, occurs in the VZ during embryonic and fetal development as a function of the Notch ... In the embryonic cerebral cortex, the SVZ contains intermediate neuronal progenitors that continue to divide into post-mitotic ... Rakic, P (May 1972). "Mode of cell migration to the superficial layers of fetal monkey neocortex". The Journal of Comparative ... The balance between the rates of stem cell proliferation and neurogenesis changes during development, and species from mouse to ...
*  Monorchism
This can be due to: One testicle not descending into the scrotum during normal embryonic or fetal development (3-4% of 'normal ... One testicle may disappear during development (the so-called vanishing testis) due to some intrauterine insult. This is thought ...
*  List of MeSH codes (G07)
... embryonic and fetal development MeSH G07.574.500.325.089 --- ectogenesis MeSH G07.574.500.325.180 --- embryonic development ... fetal development MeSH G07.574.500.325.235.374 --- fetal movement MeSH G07.574.500.325.235.750 --- fetal organ maturity MeSH ... human development MeSH G07.574.374.500 --- adolescent development MeSH G07.574.374.750 --- child development MeSH G07.574.500 ... musculoskeletal development MeSH G07.574.500.325.377.625.100 --- bone development MeSH G07.574.500.325.377.625.100.175 --- ...
*  Anamniotes
The name refers to the amnion, an embryonic membrane produced during the fetal development of amniotes which serves to ... allowing the embryo to complete embryonic development without being poisoned by their own waste products. During their ... As the name suggests, anamniotes do not develop an amnion during fetal life and are able to exchange oxygen, carbon dioxide and ... development, all anamniote classes pass through a stage which resembles fish, thus indicating their close physiological ...
*  Development of the reproductive system
... and which with the exception of the ducts disappear almost entirely before the end of fetal life. These embryonic structures ... The development of the reproductive system is a part of prenatal development, and concerns the sex organs. It is a part of the ... There are also developments of other tissues from the mesonephric duct that persist, e.g. the development of the suspensory ... The following developments occur in both males and females, although a difference in the development between the sexes already ...