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*  1924 in science
The term "ectogenesis" is coined by British scientist J.B.S. Haldane to describe the growth of mammalian embryos in artificial ...
*  Mammalian embryogenesis
The difference between a mammalian embryo and an embryo of a lower chordate animal is evident starting from blastula stage. Due ... Thus, to develop such a complex and advanced brain in the end, the mammalian embryo needed to start this process earlier and to ... One such difference is that in mammalian embryos development of the central nervous system and especially the brain tends to ... the developing mammalian embryo at this stage is called a blastocyst, not a blastula, which is more generic term. There are ...
*  Tetraploid complementation assay
The tetraploid complementation assay is a technique in biology in which cells of two mammalian embryos are combined to form a ... Such a tetraploid embryo can develop normally to the blastocyst stage and will implant in the wall of the uterus. The ... The embryo will then develop normally; the fetus is exclusively derived from the ES cell, while the extra-embryonic tissues are ... Normal mammalian somatic cells are diploid: each chromosome (and thus every gene) is present in duplicate (excluding genes from ...
*  C16orf71
HIFs promote clotting and restoration of various epithelial tissues and are vital in the development of mammalian embryos, ... These highly dynamic structures are located in interchromatin regions of the nucleoplasm in mammalian cells and have been ... Protein sequences of the gene's mammalian orthologs were analyzed to reveal similar results, while distant reptilian and avian ...
*  Aortic sac
The aortic sac or aortic bulb is a dilated structure in mammalian embryos, lined by endothelial cells located just above ( ...
*  Iodoacetic acid
"Quantitative Structure-Activity Relationships for the Developmental Toxicity of Haloacetic Acids in Mammalian Whole Embryo ...
*  Ashok Agarwal
"Cryopreservation of Mammalian Gametes and Embryos: Methods and Protocols". "The Diagnosis and Treatment of Male Infertility: A ... ISBN 978-3-319-48425-9 Cryopreservation of Mammalian Gametes and Embryos: Methods and Protocols. Editors: Zsolt Peter Nagy, ...
*  Chemically defined medium
Summers, M.C.; Biggers, J. (2003). "Chemically defined media and the culture of mammalian preimplantation embryos: historical ...
*  Elizabeth Robertson
... establishing the pathways involved in early body planning of the mammalian embryo." Fellow of the Royal Society, since 2003 ...
*  Walter Heape
... famous for the first successful mammalian embryo transfer. Until the age of seventeen, Walter Heape, born to a wealthy family, ... Centenary of his embryo transfer experiments" (PDF). J. Reprod. Fert. 93: 173-186. Marshall, F. H. A. (1929). "Walter Heape, ... In 1906 Heape was elected F.R.S. By focusing on Heape's embryo transfer experiments we should not conclude that this work was ... From 1879 to 1882 Heape concentrated under Balfour on mammalian embryology until Balfour's death age 30 in a mountain climbing ...
*  Hybrid inviability
1974) recognizes that the development of embryos in the mammalian placenta requires regulatory compatibility. Both the ... This mammalian characteristic suggests that, although mammals are genetically similar, dramatic changes in regulatory genes ... Most often, the hybrid embryo dies before birth. However, sometimes, the offspring develops fully with mixed traits, forming a ... The barrier emerges from the cumulative effect of parental genes; these conflicting genes interfere with the embryo's ...
*  C-Met inhibitor
... embryo and normal mammalian development, organ morphogenesis. c-Met dysregulation can be due to overexpression, gene ...
*  Embryonic stem cell
... s, derived from the blastocyst stage early mammalian embryos, are distinguished by their ability to ... In vitro fertilization generates multiple embryos. The surplus of embryos is not clinically used or is unsuitable for ... She showed that embryos could be cultured in vitro and that ES cells could be derived from these embryos. In 1998, a ... which causes the embryos to remain free in the uterus. After 4-6 days of this intrauterine culture, the embryos are harvested ...
*  RNA silencing
Svoboda P (2008). "RNA silencing in mammalian oocytes and early embryos". Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology. 320: ... The cited study predicted that approximately one third of mammalian genes were to be regulated by, in this case, miRNAs. RNAi ... miRBase.org Friedman RC, Farh KK, Burge CB, Bartel DP (Jan 2009). "Most mammalian mRNAs are conserved targets of microRNAs". ... induce sequence-specific silencing in mammalian cells". Genes & Development. 16 (8): 948-58. doi:10.1101/gad.981002. PMC 152352 ...
*  Nucleosome
Clarke HJ (1992). "Nuclear and chromatin composition of mammalian gametes and early embryos". Biochemistry and Cell Biology = ... in mammalian cells approximately 2 m of linear DNA have to be packed into a nucleus of roughly 10 µm diameter). Nucleosomes are ... "Proximity of H2A.Z containing nucleosome to the transcription start site influences gene expression levels in the mammalian ...
*  Gail R. Martin
... also took the lead in studying the role of negative feedback mechanisms for regulating FGF signaling in the mammalian embryo ... She is known for her pioneering work on the isolation of pluripotent stem cells from normal embryos, for which she coined the ... This work laid the groundwork for the future isolation of pluripotent stem cells from normal mouse and human embryos. In 1976, ... Crossley P.H.; Martinez S.; Martin G.R. (1996). "Midbrain development induced by FGF* in the chick embryo". Nature. 380: 66-68 ...
*  Harald Jockusch
... and animal cells Gene mapping and comparative genomics in vertebrates Topography of tissue formation in the mammalian embryo ...
*  Antifreeze
... and mammalian embryos. Once antifreeze has been mixed with water and put into use, it periodically needs to be maintained. If ...
*  Teratology
Along with this new awareness of the in utero vulnerability of the developing mammalian embryo came the development and ... Teratogens are substances that may cause birth defects via a toxic effect on an embryo or foetus. The term teratology stems ...
*  James G. Wilson
Wilson's 6 principles Along with this new awareness of the in utero vulnerability of the developing mammalian embryo came the ...
*  Brigid Hogan
... of mammalian embryo manipulation techniques. She has served as President of the American Society for Developmental Biology and ... "Scientist At Work: Brigid Hogan; In the Ethics Storm on Human Embryo Research", The New York Times, Nicholas Wade, 28 September ... Co-Chair for Science of the 1994 NIH Human Embryo Research Panel and a member of the 2001/2002 National Academies Panel on ... royalsociety.org/events/2014/embryos-organs/ Croonian Lecture 2008 Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Symposium Lecture 2014 ...
*  Gábor Vajta
OPS is the first purpose-developed tool for mammalian embryo and oocyte vitrification that has resulted in many breakthroughs ... US20090119787 "Futi on Embryo Plus" "Futi on BBC" "Danish piglets" Kragh, P. M.; Nielsen, A. L.; Li, J.; Du, Y.; Lin, L.; ... Vajta, G.; Holm, P.; Greve, T.; Callesen, H. (1997). "The submarine incubation system, a new tool for in vitro embryo culture: ... HMC is a radical technical modification of Somatic cell nuclear transfer of the original mammalian nuclear transfer technology ...
*  Gastrulation
... are able to show a number of processes of early mammalian embryo development such as symmetry-breaking, polarisation of gene ... Before gastrulation, the embryo is a continuous epithelial sheet of cells; by the end of gastrulation, the embryo has begun ... The proximal-distal axis is formed when the cells of the embryo form the "egg cylinder," which consists of the extraembryonic ... Each layer gives rise to specific tissues and organs in the developing embryo. The ectoderm gives rise to epidermis, the ...
*  Histone
Clarke HJ (1992). "Nuclear and chromatin composition of mammalian gametes and early embryos". Biochemistry and Cell Biology = ... Stewart GS, Wang B, Bignell CR, Taylor AM, Elledge SJ (Feb 2003). "MDC1 is a mediator of the mammalian DNA damage checkpoint". ... Bekker-Jensen S, Mailand N (Dec 2010). "Assembly and function of DNA double-strand break repair foci in mammalian cells". DNA ... "Apoptotic phosphorylation of histone H2B is mediated by mammalian sterile twenty kinase". Cell. 113 (4): 507-17. doi:10.1016/ ...
*  Sammy Lee (scientist)
This led Lee to work on gap junctions in early mammalian embryos (in the Anatomy & Embryology department at UCL), where work ... Lee also had a keen interest in ethics and expressed this at UCL by running a course titled "Ethics of Fertility and Embryo ... Lee also wrote an article in the Sunday Times (10 November 2002) in the aftermath of a number of high-profile embryo transfer ... Lee changed his focus to embryos, when he realised that many of the questions framed by his Neuroscience research were rooted ...
*  New Zealand lesser short-tailed bat
After mating, the embryo enters a state of delayed implantation through the winter, so a single young is born in the summer. ... Mammalian Species: Number 790: pp. 1-8. doi:10.1644/790.1. Lloyd, B.D. (2001). "Advances in New Zealand mammalogy 1990- 2000: ...