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*  Steen Willadsen
in The Freezing of Mammalian Embryos. Ciba Found. Symp. 52,NS., Eds. Elliott and Whelan, Elsevier/ Excpt. Medica/ N.Holland, ... Prior to the nuclear transfer experiments, Willadsen had developed methods for freezing sheep and cow embryos, and embryo ... Cloning of sheep and cow embryos. Genome 31, 956 - 962. Willadsen, S.M. (1977): Factors affecting the survival of sheep embryos ... to produce Dolly, the sheep, although in the latter case, nuclei from a mature sheep, i.e. not from sheep embryos, were used. ...
*  Roberts Rugh
"Can the mammalian embryo be killed by X‐irradiation?." Journal of Experimental Zoology 151.3 (1962): 227-243. Rugh, Roberts, et ... 1962). "Can the mammalian embryo be killed by X‐irradiation?." Journal of Experimental Zoology. (151)3): 227-243. Rugh, Roberts ... "Fractionated x-irradiation of the mammalian embryo and congenital anomalies." The American journal of roentgenology, radium ... 1960). "Fractionated x-irradiation of the mammalian embryo and congenital anomalies." The American Journal of Roentgenology, ...
*  Myc
"Myc-driven endogenous cell competition in the early mammalian embryo". Nature. 500 (7460): 39-44. doi:10.1038/nature12389. PMID ... Land H, Parada LF, Weinberg RA (1983). "Tumorigenic conversion of primary embryo fibroblasts requires at least two cooperating ...
*  Cell potency
"Derivation of pluripotent epiblast stem cells from mammalian embryos". Nature. 448 (7150): 191-5. doi:10.1038/nature05950. PMID ... These induced cells exhibit similar traits to those of embryonic stem cells (ESCs) but do not require the use of embryos. Some ... Lawson KA, Meneses JJ, Pedersen RA (1991). "Clonal analysis of epiblast fate during germ layer formation in the mouse embryo". ... Stem cells resembling totipotent blastomeres from 2-cell stage embryos can arise spontaneously in mouse embryonic stem cell ...
*  Rosa Beddington
Studies on cell fate and cell potency in the postimplantation mammalian embryo. 1981. Beddington, R. S. (1994). "Induction of a ... Beddington embarked on the study of anterior-posterior axial patterning in mammalian embryos, beginning with her doctoral ... Beddington, Rosa (1981). Studies on cell fate and cell potency in the postimplantation mammalian embryo (PhD thesis). ... "Studies on cell fate and cell potency in the postimplantation mammalian embryo" supervised by Richard Gardner and Virginia ...
*  Peter Rathjen
... isolation and application of pluripotent cells from the pre-gastrulation mammalian embryo. Sell. S. (ed) Stem Cell Handbook, ... In his final DPhil year he worked on the same mechanism in mammalian DNA. At Adelaide, Rathjen headed a research group looking ...
*  Magdalena Zernicka-Goetz
To achieve this, she was first to establish RNA interference in mammalian cells to determine cell fate in the mouse embryos. At ... These "synthetic embryos" recapitulate the natural architecture of the embryo and their patterns of gene expression leading to ... "Rhythmic actomyosin-driven contractions induced by sperm entry predict mammalian embryo viability". Nature Communications. 2: ... The knowledge she gained through her work on how the embryo develops during the blastocyst to gastrula transition, allowed her ...
*  Ectoderm specification
"Negative control of Smad activity by ectodermin/Tif1gamma patterns the mammalian embryo". Development. 137 (15): 2571-8. doi: ... The mRNA was then injected into several Xenopus embryos at a four-cell stage and looked in early blastula embryos for an ... The synthetic RNA was then injected into embryos and the animal caps of these collected embryos were obtained and submitted to ... resulting in embryos lacking of mesoderm development. This model was confirmed by the finding that ectodermin-/- embryos were ...
*  John Graham White
"Long-term two-photon fluorescence imaging of mammalian embryos without compromising viability". Nature Biotechnology. 17 (8): ...
*  Shell-less chick embryo culture
Scientists designed drug delivery tests in mammalian embryos to treat degenerative diseases. It was implemented in India to ... Chick embryos and other avian embryos have been biological models to visualize the developmental stages of embryos for ... Shell-less chick embryo culture is the process of growing chick embryos in vitro, without their protective egg shells, for ... Tahara Y, Obara K. (2014). "A novel shell-less culture system for chick embryos using a plastic film as culture vessels". The ...
*  Homeotic gene
October 2009). "Cdx and Hox genes differentially regulate posterior axial growth in mammalian embryos". Dev. Cell. 17 (4): 516- ... The bithorax complex consists of three main genes and is involved in the development of the back of the embryo, namely the ... During development (starting at the blastoderm stage of the embryo), these genes are constantly expressed to assign structures ... and is involved in the development of the front of the embryo, forming the segments of the head and thorax. ...
*  Janet Rossant
These trophoblast lineages are crucial for the survival of the mammalian embryo in utero. Rossant's work on mice lung tissue is ... The lab specifically focuses on how cells in the early mouse embryos decide their fate and how this information can be applied ... She then earned her PhD in mammalian development from University of Cambridge, England, in 1976. Rossant's lab is based in ... Rossant has discovered information on embryo development, how multiple types of stem cells are established, and the methods at ...
*  Archicortex
Archicortical precursor cells are also present in the dentate gyrus of the developing mammalian embryo. Paralimbic cortex ...
*  Albert von Kölliker
He soon passed on to the vertebrates, and studied the amphibians and mammalian embryos. He was among the first, if not the very ...
*  Ubiquitin
"Non-canonical ubiquitylation of the proneural protein Ngn2 occurs in both Xenopus embryos and mammalian cells". Biochemical and ... and the regulation of mitochondrial inheritance in mammalian embryos". Biology of Reproduction. 63 (2): 582-90. doi:10.1095/ ... "Ubiquitination of mammalian Pex5p, the peroxisomal import receptor". The Journal of Biological Chemistry. 282 (43): 31267-72. ...
*  Oct-4
"Formation of pluripotent stem cells in the mammalian embryo depends on the POU transcription factor Oct4". Cell. 95 (3): 379-91 ... Mouse embryos that are Oct-4-deficient or have low expression levels of Oct-4 fail to form the inner cell mass, lose ... Oct-4 transcription factor is initially active as a maternal factor in the oocyte but remains active in embryos throughout the ... a gene encoding a transcription factor expressed in the early embryo, is regulated via Oct-3/4 and Oct-6 binding to an octamer ...
*  Inner cell mass
One benefit to the regulative nature in which mammalian embryos develop is the manipulation of blastomeres of the ICM to ... Following fertilization in the oviduct, the mammalian embryo undergoes a relatively slow round of cleavages to produce an eight ... Formation of pluripotent stem cells in the mammalian embryo depends on the POU transcription factor Oct4. Cell 95:379-391. ... However, due to the variability and regulative nature of mammalian embryos, experimental evidence for establishing these early ...
*  Body cavity
Mammalian embryos develop two cavities: the intraembryonic coelom and the extraembryonic coelom (or chorionic cavity). The ... The lateral body wall folds, pulling the amnion in with it so that the amnion surrounds the embryo and extends over the ... The yolk sac is a membranous sac attached to the embryo, which provides nutrients and functions as the circulatory system of ...
*  Blastocoel
Unlike amphibian, echinoderm, mammalian, and avian embryos, zebrafish do not have a defined blastocoel. Rather, they have small ... The accumulation of sodium pulls in water osmotically, creating and enlarging the blastocoel within the mammalian embryo. The ... and mammalian blastoderm-stage embryos. A blastocoel (alt. spelling blastocoele, blastocele) is also termed the blastocyst ... An amphibian embryo in the 128- cell stage is considered a blastula as the blastocoel in the embryo becomes apparent during ...
*  Embryo transfer
Methods for the preservation of mammalian embryos by freezing. In: Mapletoft. History and bovine embryo transfer. Anim. Reprod ... In a survey of the North American embryo transfer industry, embryo transfer success rates from direct transfer of embryos were ... Embryo transfer refers to a step in the process of assisted reproduction in which embryos are placed into the uterus of a ... How embryo transfer works as part of fertility treatment The blastocyst transfer process - a form of embryo transfer One at a ...
*  Bio-MEMS
However, the efficiency of these technologies in cryopreservation and the in vitro production of mammalian embryos is low. ... Lam, Raymond H. W.; Kim, Min-Cheol; Thorsen, Todd (2009). "Culturing Aerobic and Anaerobic Bacteria and Mammalian Cells with a ...
*  Oogonium
In the blastocyst of the mammalian embryo, primordial germ cells arise from proximal epiblasts under the influence of extra- ... The regulation and differentiation of germ cells into primary gametocytes ultimately depends on the sex of the embryo and the ... These mitotically active germ cells found in mammalian adults were identified by tracking several markers that were common in ... it is concluded that adult mammalian females lack a population of germ cells that are able to renew or regenerate. But instead ...
*  Endothelial stem cell
... were first thought to arise from extraembryonic tissues because blood vessels were observed in the avian and mammalian embryos ... Avian embryos, Xenopus laevis embryos, are both fair models. However, zebrafish and mouse embryos have widespread use for ... Embryos lacking Tal1 fail to develop past embryonic day 9.5. However, the study found that Tal1 is actually required for ... In 1917, Florence Sabin first observer of blood vessels and red blood cells in the yolk sac of chick embryos occur in close ...
*  Ralph L. Brinster
While a PhD candidate in the 1960s, Brinster developed the first reliable in vitro culture system for early mammalian embryos. ... mammalian cloning, and knockout technology. This "Brinster Method" of embryo manipulation is so ubiquitous in modern biology ... techniques have been conserved to the present day and form the foundation for all experimentation with the mammalian embryo - ... Ralph Brinster is acknowledged as one of the seminal founders of the field of mammalian transgenesis. He is known throughout ...
*  Genital tubercle
It forms in the ventral, caudal region of mammalian embryos of both sexes, and eventually develops into a primordial phallus. ... ISBN 0-914168-99-1. The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill - Embryo images nr 024 Swiss embryology (from UL, UB, and ...
*  TENM3
Ben-Zur, T.; Feige, E.; Motro, B.; Wides, R. (2000). "The Mammalian Odz Gene Family: Homologs of a Drosophila Pair-Rule Gene ... However, they named this gene odd Oz (Odz) after the oddless pair-rule phenotype displayed in Odz mutant embryos, where every ... m3 regulates eye-specific patterning in the mammalian visual pathway and is required for binocular vision". PLoS Biology. 5 (9 ...