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*  Electrical muscle stimulation
... (EMS), also known as neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) or electromyostimulation, is the ... This is distinct from transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS), in which an electric current is used for pain therapy ... Electrical muscle stimulation can be used as a training, therapeutic, or cosmetic tool. In medicine, EMS is used for ... It was discovered that the body functions induced by electrical stimulation caused long-term changes in the muscles. In the ...
*  Electroencephalography
The electric potential generated by an individual neuron is far too small to be picked up by EEG or MEG. EEG activity therefore ... Beck placed electrodes directly on the surface of brain to test for sensory stimulation. His observation of fluctuating brain ... The brain's electrical charge is maintained by billions of neurons. Neurons are electrically charged (or "polarized") by ... An additional notch filter is typically used to remove artifact caused by electrical power lines (60 Hz in the United States ...
*  Cortical stimulation mapping
... small characters through cortical stimulation. Electrical stimulation in the occipital lobe has also been known to produce ... Electrical stimulation in the occipital lobe has been found to cause visual illusions called phosphenes such as light, colors, ... Vagus nerve stimulation (VNS), transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) and transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS)". ... Somatosensory mapping involves measuring electrical responses on the surface of the brain as the result of the stimulation of ...
*  Gastric electrical stimulation
... is a pacemaker-like device with electrical connections to the surface of the stomach. The device ... Gastric electrical stimulation, also known as implantable gastric stimulation, is the use of specific devices to provide ... Levinthal, DJ; Bielefeldt, K (January 2017). "Systematic review and meta-analysis: Gastric electrical stimulation for ... Chiu, JD; Soffer, E (January 2015). "Gastric electrical stimulation for obesity". Current gastroenterology reports. 17 (1): 424 ...
*  Functional electrical stimulation
History of Functional Electrical Stimulation, 1998 Back From the Dead, Wired Magazine Functional electrical stimulation (FES) ... An electrical stimulation can artificially elicit this action potential by changing the electric potential across a nerve cell ... Functional electrical stimulation (FES) is a technique that uses low energy electrical pulses to artificially generate body ... Simulation of the three-dimensional electrical field in the course of functional electrical stimulation. Artificial Organs 26: ...
*  Electric acoustic stimulation
... above 1 kHz can be beyond the range of amplification possible via acoustic stimulation. Electric stimulation (CI), on the other ... Electric acoustic stimulation (EAS) is the use of a hearing aid and a cochlear implant together in the same ear. The hearing ... Gstoettner W., Helbig S., Maier N., Kiefer J., Radeloff A., Adunka O. (2006). Ipsilateral Electric Acoustic Stimulation of the ... The concept of combining simultaneous electric-acoustic stimulation (EAS) for the purposes of better hearing was first ...
*  Electrical brain stimulation
... (EBS), also referred to as focal brain stimulation (FBS), is a form of electrotherapy and ... Vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) Deep transcranial magnetic stimulation (Deep TMS) Strong electric currents may cause a localized ... Low Field Magnetic Stimulation (LFMS) Functional electrical stimulation (FES) Magnetic seizure therapy (MST) ... Electrical brain stimulation was first used in the first half of the 19th century by pioneering researchers such as Luigi ...
*  Lateral electrical surface stimulation
... is a neuromuscular stimulation treatment for idiopathic scoliosis. It is also known as ... It is a non-invasive scoliosis treatment that utilizes electrical muscle stimulation, which is also known as neurostimulation ... Eckerson, LF; Axelgaard, J (1984). "Lateral electrical surface stimulation as an alternative to bracing in the treatment of ... Axelgaard, J; Brown, JC (1983). "Lateral electrical surface stimulation for the treatment of progressive idiopathic scoliosis ...
*  Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation
... (TENS or TNS) is the use of electric current produced by a device to stimulate the ...
*  Implant (medicine)
"Gastric Electrical Stimulation". The Regents of The University of California. Retrieved 12 March 2016. "Chapter 1, Part 2, ...
*  Robert O. Becker
Electrical stimulation of partial limb regeneration in mammals. Becker RO, Spadaro JA. Bull N Y Acad Med. 1972 May;48(4):627-41 ... Mollon B, da Silva V, Busse JW, Einhorn TA, Bhandari M (November 2008). "Electrical stimulation for long-bone fracture-healing ... Kooistra BW, Jain A,1 and Hanson BP (April-June 2009). "Electrical stimulation: Nonunions". Indian J Orthop. 43 (2): 149-55. ... His work showed that living organisms and animals show a direct current of electric charge which is measurable from their body ...
*  Fisher Wallace Laboratories
"Chapter 11 Cranial Electric Stimulation". In Knotkova, Helena; Rasche, Dirk. Textbook of Neuromodulation: Principles, Methods ... February 17, 2012 Electrical Stimulators Need High-Risk Rating, Says FDA Panel Staff, Sleep Review. June 11, 2014 FDA To ... Rigorous clinical trial evidence is lacking on the use of cranial electrotherapy stimulation (CES) in acute depression. Thus, ... Kavirajan HC, Lueck K, Chuang K (2014). "Alternating current cranial electrotherapy stimulation (CES) for depression". Cochrane ...
*  Electrohydrodynamics
Patterson, Michael; Kesner, Raymond (1981). Electrical Stimulation Research Techniques. Academic Press. ISBN 0-12-547440-7. ... This coupling results in an electric body force in the bulk liquid, outside the electric double layer, that can generate ... These instabilities are caused by a coupling of electric fields and ionic conductivity gradients that results in an electric ... In such case, the moving structure acts as an electric motor Practical fields of interest of EHD are the common air ioniser, ...
*  Spinal cord injury
CS1 maint: Uses authors parameter (link) Young, W (2015). "Electrical stimulation and motor recovery". Cell transplantation. 24 ... epidural spinal stimulation, and wearable robotic exoskeletons. Spinal cord injury can be traumatic or nontraumatic, and can be ... treatment to speed it up include atropine and electrical cardiac pacing. Swelling can cause further damage to the spinal cord ...
*  Whitetip reef shark
"Behavioral response of sharks to electric stimulation". Bulletin of Seikai National Fisheries Research Institute. 78: 13-30. ... The whitetip reef shark is highly responsive to the olfactory, acoustic, and electrical cues given off by potential prey, while ... the mechanical stimulation from the moving amphipods are thought to have evoked this behavior through their similarity to ...
*  Coral reef fish
"Behavioral response of sharks to electric stimulation". Bulletin of Seikai National Fisheries Research Institute. 78: 13-30. ... The stargazer buries itself in sand and can deliver electric shocks as well as venom. It is a delicacy in some cultures (the ... The great hammerhead uses its hammer both to locate electrical signatures of stingrays buried in the sand and to pin them down ... The stargazer buries itself in sand and can deliver electric shocks as well as venom. Unlike the stonefish which can shoot ...
*  Alim Louis Benabid
Since electrical stimulation itself sometimes seemed to quiet tremor during the procedure, Benabid reasoned this might be a ... As described in a 2010 interview with Benabid in the medical journal Lancet, electrical stimulation was used during surgery to ... International Functional Electrical Stimulation Society (IFESS). January 19, 2012. Retrieved March 1, 2014. Benabid, A.L. ( ... As technology advanced to allow such stimulation to be continuously applied for a long time, DBS became widely adopted in the ...
*  Neural decoding
Rolston JD, Desai SA, Laxpati NG, Gross RE (October 2011). "Electrical stimulation for epilepsy: experimental approaches". ... Therefore, the main goal of neural decoding is to characterize how the electrical activity of neurons elicit activity and ... a neuron's electric potential fluctuates around its resting potential due to a constant influx and efflux of sodium and ... they may find what appears to be random electrical activity. These neurons are actually firing in response to the lower level ...
*  Secondary somatosensory cortex
using evoked potentials and electrical stimulation. Experiments involving ablation of the second somatosensory cortex in ... Areas S2 in the left and right hemispheres are densely interconnected, and stimulation on one side of the body will activate ... and motor areas of human cerebral cortex as determined by direct recording of evoked potentials and electrical stimulation". J ...
*  Voltage controlled resistor
High-Voltage Electric Stimulation Apparatus for Plants (2012). 西藏农牧科学院蔬菜研究所 China Patent CN 202285631 U Symons, Pete (2013). ... JFETs can withstand electrical, electromagnetic interference (EMI) and other high radiation shocks better than MOSFET circuits ...
*  Posterior parietal cortex
Electrical stimulation produces feelings of free will. ... "Movement Intention After Parietal Cortex Stimulation in Humans ...
*  National Institute of Rehabilitation Training and Research
Electrotherapy - Electrical stimulation, Interferential therapy, TENS etc. Actinotherapy - Ultraviolet, Infrared Radiation, ...
*  Artificial cardiac pacemaker
McWilliam JA (1899). "Electrical stimulation of the heart in man". Br Med J. 1 (1468): 348-50. doi:10.1136/bmj.1.1468.348. PMC ... "Electrical Stimulation of the Heart in Man - 1899", Accessed Jan 27, 2014. Lidwell M C, "Cardiac Disease in Relation to ... Lidwell may have been aware of this and did not proceed with his experiments in humans". In 1950, Canadian electrical engineer ... The most basic form monitors the heart's native electrical rhythm. When the pacemaker does not detect a heartbeat within a ...
*  Electrocorticography
Direct cortical electrical stimulation (DCES), also known as cortical stimulation mapping, is frequently performed in ... Electrical stimulation using cortical and acute depth electrodes is used to probe distinct regions of the cortex in order to ... Electrical stimulating currents applied to the cortex are relatively low, between 2 and 4 mA for somatosensory stimulation, and ... Baumeister AA (2000). "The Tulane Electrical Brain Stimulation Program a historical case study in medical ethics". J Hist ...
*  Veterinary acupuncture
Electroacupuncture: Electrical stimulation at an acupuncture point. This may by given on or through the surface of the skin. ... Stimulation of nerve fibres contributes to the release of cytokines and inflammatory mediators around the needle as part of a ... In addition, deactivation of the limbic system by acupuncture stimulation has been reported in human studies, possibly ... In response to needle stimulation, neuropeptides are released into the local blood flow. These neuropeptides include calcitonin ...
*  Atrioventricular node
The atrioventricular node, or AV node is a part of the electrical conduction system of the heart that coordinates the top of ... The AV node's normal intrinsic firing rate without stimulation (such as that from the SA node) is 40-60 times/minute. This ... Atrioventricular conduction disease (AV block) describes impairment of the electrical continuity between the atria and ... which conducts the normal electrical impulse from the atria to the ventricles. The AV node is quite compact (~1 x 3 x 5 mm). It ...
*  Pacemaker failure
Pacemaker crosstalk McWilliam, John A. (1889-02-16). "Electrical Stimulation of the Heart in Man". Br Med J. 1 (1468): 348-350 ... A pacemaker uses electrical impulses delivered by electrodes in order to contract the heart muscles. Failure of a pacemaker is ... one patient had ventricular tachycardia when using his electric razor and another patient had persistent pacing of the ...