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*  NODAL
... nor the fruit fly Drosophila (an arthropod) have a copy of nodal. Although mouse and human only have one nodal gene, the ...
*  Let-7 microRNA precursor
There is only one single let-7 gene in the Drosophila genome, which has the identical mature sequence to the one in C.elegans. ... The let-7 family has a lot more members in vertebrates than in C.elegans and Drosophila. And the sequences, expression timing, ... link) Caygill E.E.; Johnston L.A. (2008). "Temporal Regulation of Metamorphic Processes in Drosophila by the let-7 and miR-125 ... Sokol NS, Xu P, Jan YN, Ambros V (2008). "Drosophila let-7 microRNA is required for remodeling of the neuromusculature during ...
*  Pyridoxal oxidase
Warner CK, Watts DT, Finnerty V (1980). "Molybdenum hydroxylases in Drosophila. I. Preliminary studies of pyridoxal oxidase". ... Hanly EW (1980). "Preliminary characterization and physical properties of pyridoxal oxidase activity from Drosophila ...
*  Molecular and epigenetic mechanisms of alcoholism
2014) using the Drosophila. The Drosophila gene that encodes BK channels is called slowpoke (slo). After ethanol sedation of ...
*  Pseudogene
The Drosophila jingwei gene produces a functional alcohol dehydrogenase enzyme in vivo. However, previous in silico analysis ... That appears to have happened during the evolution of Drosophila species, as described next. In 2016 it was reported that 4 ... Jeffs P, Ashburner M (May 1991). "Processed pseudogenes in Drosophila". Proceedings: Biological Sciences. 244 (1310): 151-9. ... in Drosophila melanogaster". Molecular Biology and Evolution. 17 (9): 1294-301. doi:10.1093/oxfordjournals.molbev.a026413. PMID ...
*  Lilian Vaughan Morgan
Morgan discovered the attached-X and ring chromosomes in Drosophila melanogaster. Normal Drosophila X-chromosomes have one ... Non-criss-cross inheritance in Drosophila melanogaster. Biol. Bull. 42:267-274. Morgan, L. V. 1925. Polyploidy in Drosophila ... Composites of Drosophila melanogaster. Carnegie Inst. of Wash. Publ. No. 399: 225-296. Morgan, L. V. 1931. Proof that bar ... Maintenance of a Drosophila stock center, in connection with investigations on the germinal material in relation to heredity. ...
*  Lateral accessory lobes
"Lateral Accessory Lobe". Drosophila Gross Anatomy Ontology. Leland Stanford Junior University. Retrieved 2017-11-04. National ... "Lateral Accessory Lobe Commissure". Drosophila Gross Anatomy Ontology. Leland Stanford Junior University. Retrieved 2017-11-04 ...
*  Dosage compensation
In Drosophila, for example, the sex lethal (SXL) gene acts as a key regulator of sexual differentiation and maturation in ... Sass G.L., Pannuti A., Lucchesi J.C. (2003). "Male-specific lethal complex of Drosophila targets activated regions of the X ... Mukherjee, A.S.; Beermann, W. (1965). "Synthesis of ribonucleic acid by the X-chromosomes of Drosophila melanogaster and the ... This mechanism is observed in Drosophila. The concept of dosage compensation actually originated from an understanding of ...
*  Brain
Studies done on Drosophila, also show that most neuropil regions of the brain are continuously reorganized throughout life in ... ISBN 978-3-7643-5076-5. "Flybrain: An online atlas and database of the drosophila nervous system". Archived from the original ... Konopka, RJ; Benzer, S (1971). "Clock Mutants of Drosophila melanogaster". Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 68 (9): 2112-6. ... In spite of the large evolutionary distance between insects and mammals, many aspects of Drosophila neurogenetics have been ...
*  DCHS1
Drosophila)". Matsuyoshi N, Imamura S (June 1997). "Multiple cadherins are expressed in human fibroblasts". Biochem. Biophys. ...
*  Circadian rhythm
Boothroyd, C.E.; Young, M.W. (2008). "The in(put)s and out(put)s of the Drosophila circadian clock". Annals of the New York ... Drosophila circadian rhythm is through a transcription-translation feedback loop. The core clock mechanism consists of two ... They went on to discover the key genes and neurones in Drosophila circadian system, for which Hall, Rosbash and Young received ... Clock genes are discovered from Drosophila, and they act together with the clock neurones. There are two unique rhythms, one ...
*  Methyl carbamate
... but it is mutagenic in Drosophila. Experimental evidence does show that it is a carcinogen in rats, and not carcinogenic in ... "Chemical mutagenesis testing in Drosophila. IX. Results of 50 coded compounds tested for the National Toxicology Program". ...
*  Transgene
The most practiced method used thus far to insert transgenes into the Drosophila genome utilizes P elements. The transposable P ... The transfer of transgenes into the Drosophila genome has been performed using various techniques, including P element, Cre- ... Multiple studies have been conducted concerning transgenesis in Drosophila melanogaster, the fruit fly. This organism has been ... Genetically modified mouse#cite note-8 Venken, K. J. T.; Bellen, H. J. (2007). "Transgenesis upgrades for Drosophila ...
*  Phosphatidic acid
P, Raghu (August 2012). "Lipid signaling in Drosophila photoreceptors". Biochim Biophys Acta. 1821 (8): 1154-1165. doi:10.1016/ ... PA plays very important role in Phototransduction in Drosophila The first three roles are not mutually exclusive. For example, ...
*  Nondisjunction
Thomas Hunt Morgan (August 31, 2012). Sex-Linked Inheritance in Drosophila. Ulan Press. pp. 10-11. Nagaoka, SI; Hassold, TJ; ... Calvin Bridges and Thomas Hunt Morgan are credited with discovering nondisjunction in Drosophila melanogaster sex chromosomes ...
*  Antagonistic Coevolution
In Drosophila species, a large group of enzymes known as serine proteases have been associated with female sperm storage organs ... It has been found in Drosophila that there is a positive correlation between the length of male sperm tails and the size of the ... When female Drosophila melanogaster are experimentally prevented from co-evolving with males, males rapidly adapt to the static ... In the case of Drosophila melanogaster, females will mate multiple times and then expel the excess sperm that she does not need ...
*  Female sperm storage
Male secretions, such as the glycoprotein ACP36D in Drosophila, can also play a role in preparing the female reproductive ... At the microscopic level, Drosophila males have differing sperm tail lengths that correspond to various sizes of female seminal ... When the nervous system of female fruit flies (Drosophila melanogaster) was replaced with a masculinized nervous system through ... Miller, G.T., and Pitnick, S (November 2002). "Sperm-female coeveolution in Drosophila." Science 298: 1230-1233. Wagner RH, ...
*  Sex linkage
Examples: female sterility in Drosophila; and many polymorphic characters in insects, especially in relation to mimicry. ... Sex-limited inheritance in Drosophila. Science 32: 120-122 Doncaster L. & Raynor G.H. 1906. Breeding experiments with ... VAJ Various failures in the SRY genes White eyes in Drosophila melanogaster flies- the first sex-linked gene discovered. Fur ...
*  Mohamed Noor
Recombination modulates how selection affects linked sites in Drosophila. PLoS Biology, 10: e1001423. abs. Duke University ... He specializes in Drosophila evolution. His team's research approaches have included both classical genetic mapping, as well as ... including a commercial kit for observing natural selection in Drosophila. Korunes, K. L., and M. A. F. Noor. 2017. Gene ...
*  GAL4/UAS system
For study in Drosophila, the GAL4 gene is placed under the control of a native gene promoter, or driver gene, while the UAS ... GAL4 and the UAS are very useful for studying gene expression in Drosophila as they are not normally present and their ... The GAL4-UAS system has also been employed to study gene expression in organisms besides Drosophila such as the African clawed ... Liu Y, Lehman M (2008). "A genomic response to the yeast transcription factor GAL4 in Drosophila". Fly (Austin). 2 (2): 92-8. ...
*  Mothers against decapentaplegic homolog 1
psmag.com "Interactive fly, Drosophila". "Entrez Gene: SMAD1 SMAD family member 1". Drosophila Mothers against dpp - The ... It was found that a mutation in the 'Drosophila' gene, MAD, in the mother, repressed the gene, decapentaplegic, in the embryo. ... SMAD1 belongs to the SMAD, a family of proteins similar to the gene products of the Drosophila gene 'mothers against ...
*  Model organism
Drosophila became one of the first, and for some time the most widely used, model organisms, and Eric Kandel wrote that ... The fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster is studied, again, because it is easy to grow for an animal, has various visible ... From 1910 to 1927, Thomas Hunt Morgan's work with the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster identified chromosomes as the vector of ... Among invertebrates, the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster is famous as the subject of genetics experiments by Thomas Hunt ...
*  X0 sex-determination system
Some Drosophila species have X0 males. These are thought to arise via the loss of the Y chromosome. Parthenogenesis with X0 sex ... 1-9 Patterson, J. T.; Stone, W. S. (1952). Evolution in the Genus Drosophila. New York: Macmillan. Hales, Dinah F.; Alex C. C. ...
*  Magnetoreception
Various Drosophila strains have been trained to respond to magnetic fields. In a choice test flies were loaded into an ... Drosophila melanogaster is another invertebrate which may be able to orient to magnetic fields. Experimental techniques such as ... These experiments used a 5 gauss magnetic field, 10 times the strength of the Earth's magnetic field). Drosophila has not been ... Cryptochromes are therefore thought to be essential for the light-dependent ability of the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster to ...
*  Amnesiac gene
The amnesiac (amn) gene in Drosophila is a mutant suppressor of the dunce gene. The gene produces a neuropeptide. By ... Feany MB, Quinn WG (May 1995). "A Neuropeptide Gene Defined by the Drosophila Memory Mutant amnesiac". Science. 268 (5212): 869 ... Quinn WG, Sziber PP, Booker R (January 1979). "The Drosophila memory mutant amnesiac". Nature. 277: 212-214. doi:10.1038/ ... suppressing dunce through mutagenesis, the amnesiac gene plays a role in reproduction of Drosophila because dunce is the ...