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*  Spatiotemporal gene expression
In the early embryonic development of the model organism Drosophila melanogaster, or fruit fly, wingless is expressed across ... For example, in the case of embryonic Drosophila development, the genes nanos and bicoid are asymmetrically expressed in the ... in Genevestigator Search for mammalian genes with particular expression patterns Expression patterns during Drosophila ...
*  Mir-133 microRNA precursor family
... have since been discovered in several other species including invertebrates such as the fruitfly Drosophila melanogaster. Each ...
*  Drosophila melanogaster
"A quick and simple introduction to Drosophila melanogaster". Drosophila Virtual Library. "FlyBase - A Database of Drosophila ... Drosophila melanogaster". "Drosophila Virtual Library". "The Berkeley Drosophila Genome Project". "FlyMove". - video resources ... Drosophila melanogaster is a species of fly (the taxonomic order Diptera) in the family Drosophilidae. The species is known ... Unlike mammals, Drosophila flies only have innate immunity and lack an adaptive immune response. The D. melanogaster immune ...
*  Drosophila melanogaster species group
The Drosophila melanogaster species group belongs to the subgenus Sophophora and contains 10 subgroups. The phylogeny in this ... questioning the Drosophila melanogaster species group boundaries. Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research ... melanogaster species subgroup D. rhopaloa species subgroup D. suzukii species subgroup D. takahashii species subgroup Bächli, G ...
*  Drosophila melanogaster species subgroup
The Drosophila melanogaster species subgroup contains 9 species, including the best known species Drosophila melanogaster and D ... The subgroup belongs to the Drosophila melanogaster species group within the subgenus Sophophora. melanogaster complex D. (S.) ... Genetic studies of two sister species in the Drosophila melanogaster subgroup, D. yakuba and D. santomea. Genetical Research 84 ... The population genetics of the origin and divergence of the Drosophila simulans complex species. Genetics 156: 1913-1931.. ...
*  Synonym (taxonomy)
Drosophila melanogaster)". Synonyms used in this way may not always meet the strict definitions of the term "synonym" in the ... much advertised name change should go through and the scientific name of the fruit fly were changed to Sophophora melanogaster ...
*  Countergradient variation
Drosophila melanogaster - body size; altitude Menidia menidia - growth; latitude Lithobates clamitans - developmental rate; ... Levins first used the term when describing patterns of body size across an altitudinal gradient in populations of Drosophila, ... Levins, Richard = (1969). "Thermal Acclimation and Heat Resistance in Drosophila Species". The American Naturalist. 103 (933): ...
*  MirGeneDB
Drosophila melanogaster) • Red flour beetle (Tribolium castaneum) Crustacea • Common water flea (Daphnia pulex) Chelicerata • ...
*  Lilian Vaughan Morgan
Morgan discovered the attached-X and ring chromosomes in Drosophila melanogaster. Normal Drosophila X-chromosomes have one ... Non-criss-cross inheritance in Drosophila melanogaster. Biol. Bull. 42:267-274. Morgan, L. V. 1925. Polyploidy in Drosophila ... Composites of Drosophila melanogaster. Carnegie Inst. of Wash. Publ. No. 399: 225-296. Morgan, L. V. 1931. Proof that bar ... Origin of attached-X chromosomes in Drosophila melanogaster and the occurrence of non-disjunction of X's in the male. Amer. ...
*  Brain
Konopka, RJ; Benzer, S (1971). "Clock Mutants of Drosophila melanogaster". Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 68 (9): 2112-6. ... Studies done on Drosophila, also show that most neuropil regions of the brain are continuously reorganized throughout life in ... ISBN 978-3-7643-5076-5. "Flybrain: An online atlas and database of the drosophila nervous system". Archived from the original ... In spite of the large evolutionary distance between insects and mammals, many aspects of Drosophila neurogenetics have been ...
*  Circadian rhythm
Konopka RJ, Benzer S; Benzer (September 1971). "Clock mutants of Drosophila melanogaster". Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 68 (9 ... The existence of circadian rhythm was independently discovered in the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster in 1935 by two German ... Dubowy, Christine; Sehgal, Amita (2017). "Circadian Rhythms and Sleep in Drosophila melanogaster". Genetics. 205 (4): 1373-1397 ... arrhythmic Drosophila melanogaster". Cell. 39 (2 Pt 1): 369-376. doi:10.1016/0092-8674(84)90015-1. PMID 6094014. Bargiello, T.A ...
*  Transgene
Multiple studies have been conducted concerning transgenesis in Drosophila melanogaster, the fruit fly. This organism has been ... "Transgenesis upgrades for Drosophila melanogaster". Development. 134: 3571-3584. doi:10.1242/dev.005686. PMID 17905790. ... The most practiced method used thus far to insert transgenes into the Drosophila genome utilizes P elements. The transposable P ... The transfer of transgenes into the Drosophila genome has been performed using various techniques, including P element, Cre- ...
*  Period (gene)
Period (per) is a gene located on the X chromosome of Drosophila melanogaster. Oscillations in levels of both per transcript ... per has been shown to be necessary and sufficient for long-term memory (LTM) formation in Drosophila melanogaster. per mutants ... Konopka RJ, Benzer S (September 1971). "Clock mutants of Drosophila melanogaster". Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 68 (9): 2112-6 ... Hao H, Allen DL, Hardin PE (July 1997). "A circadian enhancer mediates PER-dependent mRNA cycling in Drosophila melanogaster". ...
*  Model organism
The fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster is studied, again, because it is easy to grow for an animal, has various visible ... From 1910 to 1927, Thomas Hunt Morgan's work with the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster identified chromosomes as the vector of ... Among invertebrates, the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster is famous as the subject of genetics experiments by Thomas Hunt ... Chlamydomonas reinhardtii resources at the Joint Genome Institute James H. Sang (2001). "Drosophila melanogaster: The Fruit Fly ...
*  Neuroanatomy
Drosophila melanogaster is a popular experimental animal because it is easily cultured en masse from the wild, has a short ... Konopka, RJ; Benzer, S (1971). "Clock Mutants of Drosophila melanogaster". Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 68 (9): 2112-6. doi: ... Drosophila is being used as a genetic model for several human neurological diseases including the neurodegenerative disorders ... Thomas Hunt Morgan started to work with Drosophila in 1906, and this work earned him the 1933 Nobel Prize in Medicine for ...
*  Biology
Sang, James H. (2001). "Drosophila melanogaster: The Fruit Fly". In Reeve, Eric C. R. Encyclopedia of genetics. USA: Fitzroy ... Model organisms for developmental biology include the round worm Caenorhabditis elegans, the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster ...
*  Developmental biology
St Johnston D (2002). "The art and design of genetic screens: Drosophila melanogaster". Nat Rev Genet. 3: 176-188. doi:10.1038/ ... In Bate and Martinez-Arias (eds.), The Development of Drosophila melanogaster, Cold Spring Harbor Press Maves L., Schubiger G ... Invertebrates: Fruit fly: Drosophila melanogaster. Good embryo supply. Well developed genetics. Nematode: Caenorhabditis ... which generate the adult body parts of the fly Drosophila melanogaster. Plant development is the process by which structures ...
*  Pupa
Fruit Fly (Drosophila melanogaster) Pupa. An emperor gum moth caterpillar spinning its cocoon. Luna moth cocoon and pupa. ...
*  FlyBase
They were able to do this with the help of information on Drosophila melanogaster in FlyBase. Putative sequence identity was ... For the most extensively studied species and model organism, Drosophila melanogaster, a wide range of data are presented in ... FlyBase contains a complete annotation of the Drosophila melanogaster genome that is updated several times per year. It also ... Although there is a growing database in GenBank of ESTs from insects, most are from Drosophila melanogaster, with relatively ...
*  Circadian clock
Konopka RJ, Benzer S (Sep 1971). "Clock mutants of Drosophila melanogaster". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of ... The basic molecular mechanisms of the biological clock have been defined in vertebrate species, Drosophila melanogaster, plants ... locus in Drosophila melanogaster from forward genetic screens completed by Ron Konopka and Seymour Benzer in 1971. Through the ... In D. melanogaster, the gene cycle (CYC) is the orthologue of BMAL1 in mammals. Thus, CLOCK-CYC dimers activate the ...
*  Seymour Benzer
Konopka, R. J.; Benzer, S. (1971). "Clock Mutants of Drosophila melanogaster". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences ... To monitor Drosophila locomotor activity, Benzer and postdoctoral researcher, Yoshiki Hotta, designed a system using infrared ... In 1998, Benzer and his colleagues Yi-Jyun Lin and Laurent Seroude published findings of a long-life mutant in Drosophila, then ... Dudai, Y.; Jan, Y. N.; Byers, D.; Quinn, W. G.; Benzer, S. (1976). "Dunce, a Mutant of Drosophila Deficient in Learning". ...
*  Sleep in non-human animals
Huber, R; Hill, SL; Holladay, C; Biesiadecki, M; Tononi, G; Cirelli, C (2005). "Sleep Homeostasis in Drosophila Melanogaster ...
*  Ronald J. Konopka
He used ethyl methanesulfonate (EMS) to induce point mutations in the Drosophila melanogaster genome, and eventually isolated ... "Clock Mutants of Drosophila melanogaster". Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 68: 2112-6. doi:10.1073/pnas.68.9.2112. PMC 389363 . PMID ... a new circadian rhythm mutant in Drosophila melanogaster". Genetics. 125 (3): 557-78. PMC 1204083 . PMID 2116357. Konopka RJ, ... It was mapped to the 10E1-2 to 10F1 region of the D. melanogaster X chromosome, close to the miniature-dusky locus. Rosbash, ...
*  Margaret Bastock
THE COURTSHIP OF DROSOPHILA MELANOGASTER, 1955; doi 10.1163/156853955X00184; ISSN 0005-7959/EISSN: 1568-539X "A gene mutation ... She studied the relationship between behaviour, genetics and evolution using the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster. In 1956, ... She studied a mutation called yellow in Drosophila and showed that this gene or a closely linked gene affected the fly's mating ...
*  Providencia (bacterium)
Other strains (for example P. burhodogranariea and P. sneebia) are found in the haemolymph of Drosophila melanogaster fruit ... nov., isolated from wild Drosophila melanogaster". International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology. 59 (Pt 5 ...
*  Sequence motif
Akiyama Y; Hosoya T; Poole AM; Hotta Y (1996). "The gcm-motif: a novel DNA-binding motif conserved in Drosophila and mammals". ... melanogaster, Akiyama and others discovered a pattern which they called the GCM motif. It spans about 150 amino acid residues, ...
*  Gene
Adams, M. D. (24 March 2000). "The Genome Sequence of Drosophila melanogaster". Science. 287 (5461): 2185-2195. Bibcode:2000Sci ...