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*  Plant virus
3% require a reverse transcriptase enzyme to convert between RNA and DNA. 17% of plant viruses are ssDNA and very few are dsDNA ... Plant viruses are viruses that affect plants. Like all other viruses, plant viruses are obligate intracellular parasites that ... The first virus to be discovered (see below) was Tobacco mosaic virus (TMV). This and other viruses cause an estimated US$60 ... Generally TMV, potato viruses and cucumber mosaic viruses are transmitted via sap. Plant viruses need to be transmitted by a ...
*  Negative-sense single-stranded RNA virus
By binding to and inhibiting this function, STAT1 is never able to bind to the DNA and properly regulate the production of ... parainfluenza viruses, influenza viruses, Ebola virus, Marburg virus are included within the NSV. The life cycle of NSV has a ... includes Measles virus, Mumps virus, Nipah virus, Hendra virus, and NDV Family Pneumoviridae - includes RSV and Metapneumovirus ... Viruses of the family Tenuivirus only infect plants. A few viruses known to infect humans include Marburg virus, Ebola, measles ...
*  Ancestral reconstruction
Ancestral protein and DNA reconstruction allows for the recreation of protein and DNA evolution in the laboratory so that it ... RNA viruses such as the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) evolve at an extremely rapid rate, orders of magnitude faster than ... However, their most recent common ancestor is closer to each of the two viruses than they are to each other. Thus, a vaccine ... However, Rolland and colleagues did find that, in the case of HIV, the COT virus was functional when synthesized. Similar ...
*  Nudivirus
2011) A DNA Virus of Drosophila. Published online 2011 October 28 Yueh-Lung Wu, Carol P. Wu, Catherine Y. Y. Liu, Song-Tay Lee ... Unassigned Viruses. In: Virus Taxonomy: The Sixth Report of the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses. Springer-Verlag ... A nudivirus (family Nudiviridae) is a large, rod-shaped virus with a circular, double stranded DNA genome of 96-231 kb. The ... The virus genome, in proviral form, is integrated on wasp genome. However, the viruses are not embedded in inclusion bodies ( ...
*  Circoviridae
DNA templated transcription, with some alternative splicing mechanism is the method of transcription. The virus exits the host ... Animal viruses Breitbart, Mya; Delwart, Eric; Rosario, Karyna; Segal├ęs, Joaquim; Varsani, Arvind (1 August 2017). "ICTV Virus ... The same virus has been isolated from the faeces of healthy children and also from pigs and chickens. This suggests an ... Viruses in the family Circoviridae are non-enveloped, with icosahedral and round geometries, and T=1 symmetry. The diameter is ...
*  Mycovirus
So far there is only one true example of a single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) mycovirus. A geminivirus-related virus was found in ... Furthermore, the recent discovery of an ssDNA mycovirus tempted some researchers to suggest that RNA and DNA viruses might have ... However, many virus families containing mycoviruses have only sparsely been sampled. Mycovirology is the study of viruses ... Although the origin of viruses is still not well understood, recently presented data which suggest that viruses invaded the ...
*  Giant virus
A giant virus is a very large virus, some of which are larger than typical bacteria. They are giant nucleocytoplasmic large DNA ... Nucleocytoplasmic large DNA viruses Pandoravirus Klosneuvirus Cafeteria roenbergensis virus Reynolds, Kelly A. (2010). " ... Largest giant viruses with complete sequenced genomes The whole list is in the Giant Virus Toplist created by the Giant Virus ... "Distinct DNA Exit and Packaging Portals in the Virus Acanthamoeba polyphaga mimivirus". PLoS Biology. 6 (5): e114. doi:10.1371/ ...
*  Hepatitis B virus precore mutant
They are readily detectable by HBV DNA in serum, but hepatitis B e antigen (HbeAg) is absent. The X gene codes for HBxAg. The ... A precore mutant is a variety of hepatitis B virus that does not produce hepatitis B virus e antigen (HBeAg). These mutants are ... The mutations are changes in DNA bases from guanine to adenine at base position 1896 (G1896A), and from cytosine to thymine at ... ISBN 0-12-375147-0. Wei Y, Neuveut C, Tiollais P, Buendia MA (August 2010). "Molecular biology of the hepatitis B virus and ...
*  Mamavirus
... and other mimiviridae belong to nucleocytoplasmic large DNA virus (NCLDVs) family. Mamavirus can be compared to the ... A Virus gets a Virus". Nature Reviews. Radiolab: Shrink (podcast episode on "giant viruses" such as Mimivirus, Mamavirus and ... Mamavirus is a large and complex virus in the Group I family mimiviridae. The virus is exceptionally large, and larger than ... The core releases viral DNA and forms a cytoplasmic replication factory where DNA replication begins and transcription of late ...
*  Nucleocytoplasmic large DNA viruses
The nucleocytoplasmic large DNA viruses, are a new order of viruses that contain the Megavirales or giant viruses. There are ... Once the virus infects the host, the replication cycle takes place in the cytoplasm. Within the genome, DNA repair enzymes can ... Up to 50% of the DNA can be represented by guanine or cytosine. This virus is known to infect algae, which means it is found in ... Theses viruses have circular double stranded DNA that have a length of about 100-200 kilobase pairs. They infect lepidopteran ...
*  Positive-sense single-stranded RNA virus
Smith, Everett Clinton; Denison, Mark R.; Racaniello, Vincent (5 December 2013). "Coronaviruses as DNA Wannabes: A New Model ... A positive-sense single-stranded RNA virus (or (+)ssRNA virus) is a virus that uses positive sense, single-stranded RNA as its ... including many pathogens such as the hepatitis C virus, West Nile virus, dengue virus, and SARS and MERS coronaviruses, as well ... Positive-sense ssRNA viruses are the most common type of plant virus. Members of the (+)ssRNA picornavirus group are also ...
*  DNA virus
A DNA virus is a virus that has DNA as its genetic material and replicates using a DNA-dependent DNA polymerase. The nucleic ... Although Group VII viruses such as hepatitis B contain a DNA genome, they are not considered DNA viruses according to the ... A virus - Boiling Springs Lake virus - appears to have evolved by a recombination event between a DNA virus (circovirus) and an ... Satellite viruses are small viruses with either RNA or DNA as their genomic material that require another virus to replicate. ...
*  Sclerotinia sclerotiorum hypovirulence associated DNA virus 1
Although a number of viruses infect fungi, this virus is the only known example of a DNA virus infecting a fungus. The virions ... Sclerotinia sclerotiorum hypovirulence associated DNA virus 1 is a single stranded DNA virus with a circular genome that ... This virus appears to be related to but distinct from members of the Geminiviridae. Unlike geminiviruses, this virus does not ... a new family of widespread single-stranded DNA viruses". Arch Virol. 161 (9): 2633-2643. doi:10.1007/s00705-016-2943-3. PMID ...
*  Hepatitis B virus DNA polymerase
... is a hepatitis B viral protein. It encodes a DNA polymerase. Ono-Nita SK, Kato N, Shiratori Y ... March 1999). "YMDD motif in hepatitis B virus DNA polymerase influences on replication and lamivudine resistance: A study by in ... Shaw T, Mok SS, Locarnini SA (November 1996). "Inhibition of hepatitis B virus DNA polymerase by enantiomers of penciclovir ... vitro full-length viral DNA transfection". Hepatology. 29 (3): 939-45. doi:10.1002/hep.510290340. PMID 10051501. ...
*  Late protein
"DNA Virus Replication". Daniels R, Sadowicz D, Hebert DN (July 2007). "A very late viral protein triggers the lytic release of ... A late protein is a viral protein that is formed after replication of the virus. One example is VP4 from simian virus 40 (SV40 ... "The l2 minor capsid protein of low-risk human papillomavirus type 11 interacts with host nuclear import receptors and viral DNA ... "Organization of the major and minor capsid proteins in human papillomavirus type 33 virus-like particles". J. Gen. Virol. 76 (9 ...
*  Early protein
... this definition of these terms is commonly reserved for class I DNA viruses. (HIV has two stages of protein expression but ... It binds the viral origin of replication and recruits DNA polymerase and s/s DNA binding protein such that once its ... In some, simpler viruses, this pattern of expression is clearly defined, while in those with more complex genomes, such as the ... While many viruses (such as HIV)[1] are described as expressing early and late proteins, ...
*  Primer walking
Cann, Alan (1999). DNA Viruses: A Practical Approach. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-963718-0. Sterky, Fredrik; Lundeberg, ... The overall process is as follows: A primer that matches the beginning of the DNA to sequence is used to synthesize a short DNA ... The DNA of interest may be a plasmid insert, a PCR product or a fragment representing a gap when sequencing a genome. The term ... The end of the sequenced strand is used as a primer for the next part of the long DNA sequence, hence the term "walking". The ...
*  Capsomere
ISBN 978-0-7637-9064-6. Paul M. Lieberman (2005). "Visualization of Icosahedral Capsid of Herpes Simplex Virus-1". DNA Viruses ... DNA/RNA) of the virus, which subsequently enters the replication cycle. The capsomeres protect against physical, chemical, and ... This group comprises all those viruses which do not fit into either of the above two groups. When the viral particle has ... The capsomere is a subunit of the capsid, an outer covering of protein that protects the genetic material of a virus. ...
*  Densovirinae
The NS-1 protein has a superfamily 3 DNA helicase motif. These motifs are common in DNA viruses. The proteins that contain ... Densovirinae is a subfamily of single-stranded DNA viruses in the family Parvoviridae. The host range includes members of ... Densovirus-like viruses also infect and multiply in crabs and shrimp. Densoviruses are small (18-26 nanometers in diameter) and ...
*  Piers Nash
"Interaction of DNA virus proteins with host cytokines". In Cann, A. DNA Viruses: A Practical Approach. Practical Approach ... "Immunomodulation by viruses: The myxoma virus story". Immunological Reviews. 168: 103-20. doi:10.1111/j.1600-065X.1999.tb01286. ... Upton, C.; Macen, J.L.; Schreiber, M.; McFaddeni, G. (1991). "Myxoma virus expresses a secreted protein with homology to the ... 1996). "Virus-Encoded Serine Proteinase Inhibitor SERP-1 Inhibits Atherosclerotic Plaque Development After Balloon Angioplasty ...
*  Megavirus
... also joins a group of large viruses known as nucleocytoplasmic large DNA viruses (NCLDV), although this term appears ... Mimivirus - the giant virus that revolutionized virology Cafeteria roenbergensis virus - the largest marine virus Parvovirus - ... "Distinct DNA Exit and Packaging Portals in the Virus Acanthamoeba polyphaga mimivirus". PLoS Biology. 6 (5): e114. doi:10.1371/ ... Monier, Adam; Claverie, Jean-Michel; Ogata, Hiroyuki (2008). "Taxonomic distribution of large DNA viruses in the sea". Genome ...
*  Bacilladnavirus
strain TG07-C28 DNA virus (Csp05DNAV), C. setoensis DNA virus (CsetDNAV), and Thalassionema nitzschioides DNA virus (TnitDNAV ... Chaetoceros debilis DNA virus (CdebDNAV), C. tenuissimus DNA virus (CtenDNAV), C. lorenzianus DNA virus (ClorDNAV), C. sp. ... The name is derived from the phrase: ssDNA virus infecting Bacillariophytes. Although other single-stranded DNA viruses which ... Kimura, K; Tomaru, Y (2013). "Isolation and Characterization of a Single-Stranded DNA Virus Infecting the Marine Diatom ...
*  Begomovirus
They reduce virus DNA levels and symptom severity. The two components of the genome have very distinct molecular evolutionary ... leaf curl virus Okra leaf curl Cameroon virus Okra mottle virus Okra yellow crinkle virus Okra yellow mosaic Mexico virus Okra ... yellow mottle virus Sida yellow net virus Sida yellow vein Madurai virus Sida yellow vein Vietnam virus Sida yellow vein virus ... leaf curl virus Sweet potato mosaic virus Tobacco curly shoot virus Tobacco leaf curl Cuba virus Tobacco leaf curl Japan virus ...
*  Genomoviridae
... is a family of single stranded DNA viruses. The genomes of this family are small (2.2-2.4 kilobases in length). ... Krupovic M, Ghabrial SA, Jiang D, Varsani A (2016). "Genomoviridae: a new family of widespread single-stranded DNA viruses". ... The type species of the genus Gemycircularvirus-Sclerotinia sclerotiorum hypovirulence associated DNA virus 1-is currently the ... "Sequence-based taxonomic framework for the classification of uncultured single-stranded DNA viruses of the family Genomoviridae ...
*  Diachasmimorpha longicaudata
Non-poly-DNA viruses, their parasitic wasps and hosts. 51 (2): 235-241. doi:10.1016/j.jinsphys.2005.01.002. ... DlEPV has a double-stranded DNA genome of 250-300 kb A-T rich with more than 60 of the genome being A-T. During oviposition, ... These viruses are found within the adult wasps and retained in subsequent generations. This is the first symbiotic EPV ... Mwaengo, D. M.; Lawrence, P. O. (2003-06-01). "A putative DNA helicase and novel oligoribonuclease in the Diachasmimorpha ...
*  Camelpox
... the shell containing its DNA) into the cell's cytoplasm. The virus carries DNA polymerase which is used to transcribe its genes ... The Orthopox virus that causes Camelpox behaves very similarly to the virus that causes Smallpox. After the virus attaches to a ... The Camelpox Virus (CMPV) that causes Camelpox is an Orthopoxvirus that is very closely related to the Variola virus that ... "Orthopoxvirus". Virus Zone. Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics. Pfeffer, M (Jan 1998). "Fatal Form of Camelpox Virus Infection ...
*  Bidnaviridae
... is a family of single stranded DNA viruses. Members of this family infect invertebrates. These viruses were once ... A likely scenario has been proposed under which the ancestral parvovirus genome was integrated into a large virus-derived DNA ... Virus Taxonomy: Ninth Report of the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (2011) ISBN 978-0123846846 Krupovic M, ... eukaryotic single-stranded DNA viruses of the Bidnaviridae family from genes of four other groups of widely different viruses ...