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*  Plant virus
For infection to occur, the plant must be infected with all particles across the genome. For instance Brome mosaic virus has a ... 3% require a reverse transcriptase enzyme to convert between RNA and DNA. 17% of plant viruses are ssDNA and very few are dsDNA ... Plant viruses are viruses that affect plants. Like all other viruses, plant viruses are obligate intracellular parasites that ... The first virus to be discovered (see below) was Tobacco mosaic virus (TMV). This and other viruses cause an estimated US$60 ...
*  Negative-sense single-stranded RNA virus
... the pattern recognition receptors detect infection-associated molecules commonly associated with viruses, but some viruses ... By binding to and inhibiting this function, STAT1 is never able to bind to the DNA and properly regulate the production of ... parainfluenza viruses, influenza viruses, Ebola virus, Marburg virus are included within the NSV. The life cycle of NSV has a ... includes Measles virus, Mumps virus, Nipah virus, Hendra virus, and NDV Family Pneumoviridae - includes RSV and Metapneumovirus ...
*  Nudivirus
2011) A DNA Virus of Drosophila. Published online 2011 October 28 Yueh-Lung Wu, Carol P. Wu, Catherine Y. Y. Liu, Song-Tay Lee ... Without the virus infection, Phagocyte Hemocyte (blood cells) will encapsulate and kill the wasp egg but the immune suppression ... Unassigned Viruses. In: Virus Taxonomy: The Sixth Report of the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses. Springer-Verlag ... A nudivirus (family Nudiviridae) is a large, rod-shaped virus with a circular, double stranded DNA genome of 96-231 kb. The ...
*  Mycovirus
Secondly, mixed infection or unknown numbers of infecting viruses make it very difficult to associate a particular phenotypic ... So far there is only one true example of a single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) mycovirus. A geminivirus-related virus was found in ... Furthermore, the recent discovery of an ssDNA mycovirus tempted some researchers to suggest that RNA and DNA viruses might have ... However, many virus families containing mycoviruses have only sparsely been sampled. Mycovirology is the study of viruses ...
*  Hepatitis B virus precore mutant
... and can cause infections of prolonged duration and with a higher risk of liver cirrhosis. The mutations are changes in DNA ... A precore mutant is a variety of hepatitis B virus that does not produce hepatitis B virus e antigen (HBeAg). These mutants are ... They are readily detectable by HBV DNA in serum, but hepatitis B e antigen (HbeAg) is absent. The X gene codes for HBxAg. The ... ISBN 0-12-375147-0. Wei Y, Neuveut C, Tiollais P, Buendia MA (August 2010). "Molecular biology of the hepatitis B virus and ...
*  Positive-sense single-stranded RNA virus
Saxena, Pooja; Lomonossoff, George P. (4 August 2014). "Virus Infection Cycle Events Coupled to RNA Replication". Annual Review ... Smith, Everett Clinton; Denison, Mark R.; Racaniello, Vincent (5 December 2013). "Coronaviruses as DNA Wannabes: A New Model ... A positive-sense single-stranded RNA virus (or (+)ssRNA virus) is a virus that uses positive sense, single-stranded RNA as its ... including many pathogens such as the hepatitis C virus, West Nile virus, dengue virus, and SARS and MERS coronaviruses, as well ...
*  Adam Geballe
His current research involves translational control mechanisms and DNA infections and viruses mechanisms and genes. His highest ... 2016 May; 5 An Evolutionary View of the Arms Race between Protein Kinase R and Large DNA Viruses.Carpentier KS, Geballe ... 2016 Oct; 12 10: e1005966 The AIM2-like Receptors Are Dispensable for the Interferon Response to Intracellular DNA. Gray EE, ...
*  Cyclic GMP-AMP synthase
Mice lacking cGAS were more vulnerable to lethal infection by DNA viruses. In addition, cGAS has been shown to be an innate ... It binds to microbial DNA as well as self DNA that invades the cytoplasm, and catalyzes cGAMP synthesis. cGAMP then functions ... Sun, L; Wu, J; Du, F; Chen, X; Chen, ZJ (Dec 20, 2012). "Cyclic GMP-AMP synthase is a cytosolic DNA sensor that activates the ... Cyclic GMP-AMP synthase (cGAS, cGAMP synthase), belonging to the nucleotidyltransferase family, is a cytosolic DNA sensor that ...
*  Eva Gottwein
"The PYRIN domain-only protein POP3 inhibits ALR inflammasomes and regulates responses to infection with DNA viruses". Nature ... "The Mason-Pfizer monkey virus PPPY and PSAP motifs both contribute to virus release". Journal of Virology. 77 (17): 9474-9485. ... Her goal for the next few years is to learn more about the targetome of the KSHV microRNAs and identification of the virus' ... "Cumulative mutations of ubiquitin acceptor sites in human immunodeficiency virus type 1 Gag cause a late budding defect". ...
*  Animal virus
Canine parvovirus 2 is caused by a small DNA virus, and infections are often fatal in pups. The emergence of the parvovirus in ... Animal viruses are viruses that infect animals. Viruses infect all cellular life and although viruses infect every animal, ... Humans cannot be infected by plant or insect viruses, but they are susceptible to infections with viruses from other ... Chen, Y. P.; Siede, R. (2007). "Honey Bee Viruses". Advances in Virus Research Volume 70. Advances in Virus Research. 70. pp. ...
*  Umifenovir
... suggests that the drug's actions are more effective at preventing infections from RNA viruses than infections from DNA viruses ... 2007). "Antiviral activity of arbidol against influenza A virus, respiratory syncytial virus, rhinovirus, coxsackie virus and ... B and poliovirus infection of mammalian cells when introduced either in advance of viral infection or during infection. Side ... Umifenovir prevents contact between the virus and target host cells. Fusion between the viral capsid and the cell membrane of ...
*  Torque teno midi virus
2005). "New DNA viruses identified in patients with acute viral infection syndrome". Journal of Virology. 79 (13): 8320-8326. ... Transmitted Midi Virus or Torque Teno Midi Virus was first isolated in 2005 from patients with an acute viral infection ... Torque Teno Midi Virus (TTMDV) is a member of the genus Gammatorquevirus in the family Anelloviridae. TTMDV, which stands for ... Like other members of its family, TTMDV's genome is a circular single-stranded piece of DNA of a negative polarity. The genome ...
*  CccDNA
... was first described in bacteriophages, but it was also found in some cell cultures where an infection of DNA viruses ( ... cccDNA (covalently closed circular DNA) is a special DNA structure that arises during the propagation of some viruses in the ... The cccDNA of viruses is also known as episomal DNA or occasionally as a minichromosome. The existence of a cccDNA during the ... It is a double-stranded DNA that originates in a linear form that is ligated by means of DNA ligase to a covalently closed ring ...
*  Karyopherin alpha 2
"Phosphorylation-dependent human immunodeficiency virus type 1 infection and nuclear targeting of viral DNA". Proceedings of the ... Kino T, Pavlakis GN (Apr 2004). "Partner molecules of accessory protein Vpr of the human immunodeficiency virus type 1". DNA ... "Role of the basic domain of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 matrix in macrophage infection". Journal of Virology. 69 (6): ... KPNA2 protein interacts with the NLSs of DNA helicase Q1 and SV40 T antigen and may be involved in the nuclear transport of ...
*  KPNA4
"Phosphorylation-dependent human immunodeficiency virus type 1 infection and nuclear targeting of viral DNA". Proceedings of the ... "Role of the basic domain of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 matrix in macrophage infection". Journal of Virology. 69 (6): ... This protein is found to interact with the NLSs of DNA helicase Q1 and SV40 T antigen. KPNA4 has been shown to interact with ... Gallay P, Hope T, Chin D, Trono D (Sep 1997). "HIV-1 infection of nondividing cells through the recognition of integrase by the ...
*  Viral transformation
Many transforming infections by DNA tumor viruses are also cytocidal. Table 1: Cellular effects of viral infections Cytocidal ... Abortive infections do not produce infectious viruses. One example of a productive cytocidal infection is the herpes virus. ... usually in the case of RNA viruses) or persistent (usually in the case of DNA viruses). Cells with transforming infections ... There are two types of cytocidal infections, productive and abortive. In productive infections, additional infectious viruses ...
*  Herpes simplex research
... and DNA Vaccines for Herpes Simplex Virus 2 Infections in Mice and Guinea Pigs" (PDF). JOURNAL OF VIROLOGY. Retrieved May 20, ... "Immunization with a replication-defective herpes simplex virus 2 mutant reduces herpes simplex virus 1 infection and prevents ... Instead of introducing a weakened version of the herpes virus, this vaccine uses a small section of DNA to produce T-cells and ... "PaxVax Signs R&D Collaboration with UC San Diego to Develop a Vaccine to Prevent Herpes Simplex Virus Infections". paxvax.com. ...
*  Virophage
... s are small, double stranded DNA viral phages that require the co-infection of another virus. The co-infecting viruses ... The host amoeba also showed a partial recovery from the infection by the Samba virus. Virophages have small double stranded DNA ... The host range for virophages include giant viruses with double stranded DNA genomes. Virophages use the transcriptional ... Unlike satellite viruses, virophages have a parasitic effect on their co-infecting virus. Virophages have been known to render ...
*  Misconceptions about HIV/AIDS
1991). "Evaluation of screened blood donations for human immunodeficiency virus type 1 infection by culture and DNA ... 1990). "Infection with human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) among recipients of antibody-positive blood donations". ... 1989). "A prospective study of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 infection and the development of AIDS in subjects with ... HIV infections have a prolonged and variable course. The median period of time between infection with HIV and the onset of ...
*  RALB
... also promotes cell survival during infection by double-stranded DNA viruses by activating TBK1 to carry out an immune ...
*  Tony Minson
These large and complex enveloped DNA viruses commonly infect humans, causing a lifelong latent infection. Conditions ... His research in the early 1970s was in the field of plant viruses, including tobacco rattle virus and tobacco necrosis virus, ... Minson's group called the resulting virus a "disabled infectious single cycle" (DISC) virus; similarly disabled viruses are ... Minson has also worked in collaboration with Margaret Stanley on another DNA virus, human papillomavirus, which is associated ...
*  Rudivirus
Our knowledge of their biology and basic molecular processes, including infection, virus-host interactions, DNA replication and ... "A Novel Virus Family, the Rudiviridae: Structure, Virus-Host Interactions and Genome Variability of the Sulfolobus Viruses ... Massive degradation of the host chromosomes occurs because of virus infection and virion assembly occurs in the cytoplasm. ... Prangishvili D, Krupovic M (2012). "A new proposed taxon for double-stranded DNA viruses, the order "Ligamenvirales"". Arch ...
*  Karyopherin alpha 1
1996). "Phosphorylation-dependent human immunodeficiency virus type 1 infection and nuclear targeting of viral DNA". Proc. Natl ... Kino T, Pavlakis GN (2004). "Partner molecules of accessory protein Vpr of the human immunodeficiency virus type 1". DNA Cell ... "Role of the basic domain of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 matrix in macrophage infection". J. Virol. 69 (6): 3949-54. PMC ... Gallay P, Swingler S, Aiken C, Trono D (1995). "HIV-1 infection of nondividing cells: C-terminal tyrosine phosphorylation of ...
*  KPNA6
1996). "Phosphorylation-dependent human immunodeficiency virus type 1 infection and nuclear targeting of viral DNA". Proc. Natl ... "Role of the basic domain of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 matrix in macrophage infection". J. Virol. 69 (6): 3949-54. PMC ... Gallay P, Swingler S, Aiken C, Trono D (1995). "HIV-1 infection of nondividing cells: C-terminal tyrosine phosphorylation of ... nuclear localization signal of the matrix protein of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 allows the establishment of infection ...
*  KPNA5
1996). "Phosphorylation-dependent human immunodeficiency virus type 1 infection and nuclear targeting of viral DNA". Proc. Natl ... "Role of the basic domain of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 matrix in macrophage infection". J. Virol. 69 (6): 3949-54. PMC ... Gallay P, Hope T, Chin D, Trono D (1997). "HIV-1 infection of nondividing cells through the recognition of integrase by the ... Gallay P, Swingler S, Aiken C, Trono D (1995). "HIV-1 infection of nondividing cells: C-terminal tyrosine phosphorylation of ...
*  Camelpox
"Orthopoxvirus". Virus Zone. Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics. Pfeffer, M (Jan 1998). "Fatal Form of Camelpox Virus Infection ... the shell containing its DNA) into the cell's cytoplasm. The virus carries DNA polymerase which is used to transcribe its genes ... The Orthopox virus that causes Camelpox behaves very similarly to the virus that causes Smallpox. After the virus attaches to a ... The Camelpox virus is spread in three ways: direct contact, indirect contact, and insect vectors. In direct contact infection, ...
*  Spring viraemia of carp
Currently efforts have been made to prevent infection by the virus through the development of DNA vaccines and ... The virus has been shown to persist subclinically in fish populations up to 10 weeks following experimental infection. ... The virus has been implicated in several outbreaks of SVC throughout the past few decades. Originally the range of the virus ... In 2004 the virus was isolated from imported koi in Cedar Lake, Wisconsin. Additionally, the virus has been linked to an ...