Loading...
*  Genetically modified canola
The Royal Society review (2002) concluded that the risks to human health associated with the use of specific viral DNA ... from online summary prepared by ISAAA)" "Crops and foods produced using recombinant DNA techniques have been available for ...
*  CD4
While CD4 counts are not a direct HIV test-e.g. they do not check the presence of viral DNA, or specific antibodies against HIV ... If a patient's viral load becomes undetectable after 2 years then CD4 counts might not be needed if they are consistently above ... HIV-1 uses CD4 to gain entry into host T-cells and achieves this through its viral envelope protein known as gp120. The binding ... It is not necessary to schedule CD4 counts with viral load tests and the two should be done independently when each is ...
*  Zygotic induction
... viral DNA) keeps the viral genes turned off so that virus is not produced. When DNA is transferred to the recipient cell by ... bacterial cell carrying the silenced DNA of a bacterial virus in its chromosome transfers the viral DNA along with its own DNA ... the viral genes in the transferred DNA are immediately turned on because the recipient cell lacks the repressor. As a result, ... to another bacterial cell lacking the virus, causing the recipient of the DNA to break open. In the donor cell, a repressor ...
*  Hpunalikevirus
... and uses viral exolysin to degrade the cell wall enough to eject the viral DNA into the host cytoplasm via contraction of its ... Once the viral genes have been replicated, the procapsid is assembled and packed. The tail is then assembled and the mature ... "Viral Zone". ExPASy. Retrieved 11 February 2015. ICTV. "Virus Taxonomy: 2013 Release". Retrieved 11 February 2015. NCBI. " ...
*  Biotechnology
The Royal Society review (2002) concluded that the risks to human health associated with the use of specific viral DNA ... Genetically modified crops ("GM crops", or "biotech crops") are plants used in agriculture, the DNA of which has been modified ... Genetically modified foods are foods produced from organisms that have had specific changes introduced into their DNA with the ... from online summary prepared by ISAAA)" "Crops and foods produced using recombinant DNA techniques have been available for ...
*  Genetically modified crops
The Royal Society review (2002) concluded that the risks to human health associated with the use of specific viral DNA ... The Royal Society review (2002) concluded that the risks to human health associated with the use of specific viral DNA ... The DNA separates from the metal and is integrated into plant DNA inside the nucleus. This method has been applied successfully ... circular DNA fragment (plasmid). When Agrobacterium infects a plant, it transfers this T-DNA to a random site in the plant ...
*  Transduction
... the transfer of viral, bacterial, or both bacterial and viral DNA from one cell to another using a bacteriophage vector Tbx18 ...
*  Bioscience Resource Project
... such as plant transformation and the use of viral DNA to engineer virus resistance, that are used to produce GM crops for ... "DNA Deniers", Open Helix Blog Post in Dec 2010, by Mary Carmichael. Heritibility and Genes as Causes, Discover Magazine Blog ... Article Content: In 2010, Independent Science News published "The Great DNA Data Deficit: Are Genes for Disease a Mirage?" The ... CBSnews.com For examples of reporting on conflicts of interest see Independent Science News articles: "The Great DNA Data ...
*  Idoxuridine
It is a nucleoside analogue, a modified form of deoxyuridine, similar enough to be incorporated into viral DNA replication, but ...
*  HIV disease progression rates
... and thus viral load as they may encode proteins that are able to trans-activate the expression of the HIV-1 pro-viral DNA. ... Co-infection with DNA viruses such as HTLV-1, herpes simplex virus-2, varicella zoster virus and cytomegalovirus may enhance ... LTNP are not a homogeneous group regarding both viral load and specific immune responses against HIV-1. Some LTNPs are infected ... This activation facilitates the three key stages of the viral life cycle: entry to the cell; reverse transcription and proviral ...
*  Human herpesvirus 7
There are a number of key differences between the genome of HHV-7 and that of HHV-6, but the importance of them for viral DNA ... The genome of HHV-7 is very similar to that of HHV-6, although it is about 10% smaller, with a DNA genome of about 145,000 base ... March 2004). "Detection of Human Herpesvirus 7 DNA by Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification". Journal of Clinical Microbiology ... "The blood DNA virome in 8,000 humans". PLOS Pathogens. 13 (3): e1006292. doi:10.1371/journal.ppat.1006292. ISSN 1553-7374. ...
*  Lamivudine/zidovudine
The drug is then incorporated to the end of the growing chain of the viral DNA causing the chain to be terminated, where ... nucleotides can no longer be added to the growing viral DNA. Lamividuine and zidovudine combination therapy is believed to work ...
*  TP53
... the two viral oncoproteins that are preferentially retained and expressed in cervical cancers by integration of the viral DNA ... "DNA end-independent activation of DNA-PK mediated via association with the DNA-binding protein C1D". Genes & Development. 12 ( ... In its anti-cancer role, p53 works through several mechanisms: It can activate DNA repair proteins when DNA has sustained ... if DNA damage proves to be irreparable. It is essential for the senescence response to short telomeres. Activated p53 binds DNA ...
*  Human Microbiome Project
... and high viral DNA load in the nasal microbiome of children with unexplained fevers. Other studies using the HMP data and ... All the DNA, human and microbial, were analyzed with DNA sequencing machines. The microbial genome data were extracted by ...
*  Baltimore classification
... transcribed prior to the synthesis of viral DNA, and 2) late mRNA, transcribed from progeny DNA. Viruses in this category ... The mRNA is transcribed in the normal way from viral DNA using the host transcriptase enzymes, into two types of mRNA's: 1) ... The pregenome RNA serves as template for the viral reverse transcriptase for production of the DNA genome. Baltimore D (1971 ... "Virus Taxonomy Portal." (Website.) Viral Bioinformatics Resource Center & Viral Bioinformatics - Canada. Retrieved on 2007-09- ...
*  Elephant endotheliotropic herpesvirus
... chain reaction test on a blood sample from affected animals will confirm a suspected case by identifying the viral DNA, though ... Zong, J-C; Latimer E; Heaggans SY; Richman LK & Hayward GS (2008). Viral Gene Subtyping of Eighteen North American Cases of ... "Kinetics of viral loads and genotypic analysis of elephant endotheliotropic herpesvirus-1 infection in captiveAsian elephants ( ...
*  C2likevirus
... and viral exolysin degrades the cell wall enough to eject the viral DNA into the host cytoplasm via long flexible tail ejection ... Replication follows the DNA strand displacement, via replicative transposition model. DNA templated transcription is the method ... "Viral Zone". ExPASy. Retrieved 18 February 2015. ICTV. "Virus Taxonomy: 2013 Release". Retrieved 18 February 2015. NCBI. " ... Both complete genomes are available here Viral replication is cytoplasmic. The virus attaches to the host cell's adhesion ...
*  Genetically modified food
The Royal Society review (2002) concluded that the risks to human health associated with the use of specific viral DNA ... The Royal Society review (2002) concluded that the risks to human health associated with the use of specific viral DNA ... There is a vanishingly small amount of protein or DNA from the original crop in vegetable oil. Vegetable oil is made of ... The agency considers the mushroom exempt because the editing process did not involve the introduction of foreign DNA. The most ...
*  Sol Spiegelman
... it was the combination of viral DNA and viral RNA which helped to lay the groundwork for advances in recombinant DNA technology ... 78:3548-9. Gillespie D; Spiegelman S (July 1965). "A quantitative assay for DNA-RNA hybrids with DNA immobilized on a membrane ... In 1962, he improved a technique that allowed the detection of specific RNA and DNA molecules in cells. Called nucleic acid ... He investigated how cells form enzymes, DNA and RNA structures, virology and the molecular basis of cancer. He is credited with ...
*  Lytic cycle
Once the viral DNA has taken control it induces the host cell's machinery to synthesize viral DNA, protein and starts ... The location of viral DNA in the lysogenic phage cycle is within the host DNA, therefore in both cases the virus/phage ... the viral DNA exists as a separate molecule within the bacterial cell, and replicates separately from the host bacterial DNA. ... The virus's nucleic acid uses the host cell's metabolic machinery to make large amounts of viral components. In the case of DNA ...
*  Retrograde tracing
... strain of pseudorabies blocks anterograde spread of the virus and allows for additional manipulations to the viral DNA such as ... This viral spread can be visualized through methods including addition of a fluorescence gene such as green fluorescent protein ... Anterograde tracing Neural pathway Viral neuronal tracing O'Donnell, P., LavĂ­n, A., Enquist, L. W., Grace, A. A., Card, J. P. ( ... Retrograde tracing can be achieved through various means, including the use of viral strains as markers of a cell's ...
*  Management of HIV/AIDS
... transcribed into DNA. Since the conversion of RNA to DNA is not done in the mammalian cell it is performed by a viral protein ... which is responsible for integration of viral DNA into the DNA of the infected cell. There are several integrase inhibitors ... Untreated mothers with a viral load >100,000 copies/ml have a transmission risk of over 50%. The risk when viral loads are < ... or baseline viral load, reduce the mutation rate of the virus, and reduce the size of the viral reservoir (See section below on ...
*  MW polyomavirus
Studies of the presence of viral DNA, indicating active viral replication, suggest MWPyV prevalence in the range of 1-10% of ... At around 4.9 kilobase pairs in length, it contains genes for the small tumor antigen and large tumor antigen and three viral ... In studies that profile polyomavirus seroprevalence, or prevalence of detectable antibodies against viral proteins indicating ... children, with low or no detection of active viral replication in adults. As with many recently discovered human polyomaviruses ...
*  L5likevirus
... and ejects the viral DNA into the host cytoplasm via long flexible tail ejection system. Viral replication is cytoplasmic. ... DNA-templated transcription is the method of transcription. Once the viral genes have been replicated, the procapsid is ... "Viral Zone". ExPASy. Retrieved 1 July 2015. ICTV. "Virus Taxonomy: 2014 Release". Retrieved 1 July 2015. NCBI. "L5likevirus ...
*  Schizot4virus
... and uses viral exolysin to degrade the cell wall enough to eject the viral DNA into the host cytoplasm via contraction of its ... DNA-templated transcription is the method of transcription. Once the viral genes have been replicated, the procapsid is ... "Viral Zone". ExPASy. Retrieved 1 July 2015. ICTV. "Virus Taxonomy: 2015 Release". Retrieved 4 March 2017. NCBI. "Schizot4virus ... Viral replication is cytoplasmic. The virus attaches to the host cell using its terminal fibers, ...