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*  Pacheco's disease
Katoh, H; Ogawa, H; Ohya, K; Fukushi, H (September 2010). "A review of DNA viral infections in psittacine birds". The Journal ...
*  BEN domain
Abhiman S, Iyer LM, Aravind L (February 2008). "BEN: a novel domain in chromatin factors and DNA viral proteins". ... E5R protein from Chordopoxvirus virosomes, which is found in cytoplasmic sites of viral DNA replication. Several proteins of ... a poxviral early virosomal protein and in polydnaviral proteins also suggests a possible role in the organisation of viral DNA ... It has been suggested to mediate protein-DNA and protein-protein interactions during chromatin organization and transcription. ...
*  Autoradiograph
RNA or DNA viral sequences can also be located in this fashion. These probes are usually labeled with 32P, 33P, or 35S. In the ... "DNA elongation rates and growing point distributions of wild-type phage T4 and a DNA-delay amber mutant". J Mol Biol. 106 (4): ... The rate of DNA replication in a mouse cell growing in vitro was measured by autoradiography as 33 nucleotides per second. The ... Radioactive precursors of DNA and RNA, [3H]-thymidine and [3H]-uridine respectively, may be introduced to living cells to ...
*  BZLF1
... the viral polymerase accessory factor. It has been shown to induce DNA damage response associated with the activation of EBV ... Wang'ondu et al.(2015). DNA Damage Signaling Is Induced in the Absence of Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV) Lytic DNA Replication and in ... Replication of Epstein-Barr Viral DNA. Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Biology. Vol5, iss1. Schepers, A.; Pich, D.; ... BZLF1 (also known as Zta, EB1) is an immediate-early viral gene of the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) of the Herpes Virus Family, ...
*  Quantile normalization
Amaratunga, D.; Cabrera, J. (2001). "Analysis of Data from Viral DNA Microchips". Journal of the American Statistical ...
*  DNA virus
All know viral DNA polymerases belong to the DNA pol families A and B. All possess a 3'-5'-exonuclease domain with three ... A DNA virus is a virus that has DNA as its genetic material and replicates using a DNA-dependent DNA polymerase. The nucleic ... The terminase-viral DNA complex docks on the portal vertex. The pentameric motor processively translocates DNA until the head ... This is normally created from the viral DNA with the assistance of the host's own DNA polymerase. In the 9th edition of the ...
*  Extrachromosomal DNA
... viral dsRNA by TLR3, viral ssRNA by TLR7/TLR8, viral or bacterial unmethylated DNA by TLR9. TLR9 has evolved to detect CpG DNA ... Viral DNA is an example of extrachromosomal DNA. Understanding viral genomes is very important for understanding the evolution ... Extrachromosomal DNA was found to be structurally different from nuclear DNA. Cytoplasmic DNA is less methylated than DNA found ... It is also referred to as extranuclear DNA or cytoplasmic DNA. Most DNA in an individual genome is found in chromosomes but DNA ...
*  Virophage
... s are small, double stranded DNA viral phages that require the co-infection of another virus. The co-infecting viruses ... In metagenomic analysis, DNA data is sequenced and ran through multiple bioinformatic algorithms which, based on what is being ... Virophages have small double stranded DNA genomes that are either circular or linear in shape. The size of these genomes can ... Virophages rely on the viral replication factory of the co-infecting giant virus for their own replication. One of the ...
*  Active transport
This forces the viral DNA into the host cell. Biologists distinguish two main types of endocytosis: pinocytosis and ...
*  Molluscum contagiosum virus
... characterization of viral DNA and clinical features". Epidemiol. Infect. 99 (2): 563-7. doi:10.1017/S0950268800068072. PMC ... A poxvirus causes a very similar disease in equids (horses and donkeys). DNA studies suggest that this virus and the human ... The genome is a non-segmented single molecule of linear, double-stranded DNA of 180000-200000 nucleotides. It is covalently ... giving rise to a large amount of viral shedding in a short period of time. Approximate measurements of the virus are 200 nm in ...
*  Duck plague
Immature capsids are formed from coiled DNA. L genes are transcribed "after the synthesis of DNA and viral protein onset". ... Multiple necessary viral proteins are located within the envelope. DNA and proteins enter the host cell nucleus and turn-off ... The E genes are also transcribed before viral DNA replication, but are dependent on the IE gene products. After entering the ... Envelope fusion with the plasma membrane of the host cell causes separation of the nucleocapsid from viral DNA and proteins. ...
*  Cotesia congregata
An average female wasp will produce over 600 ng of viral DNA in each ovary, more than enough for her lifetime. An average ... I. Ovary morphogenesis, amplification of viral DNA and ecdysteroid titres". Journal of General Virology. 84 (5): 1141-1150. doi ... I. Ovary morphogenesis, amplification of viral DNA and ecdysteroid titres". Journal of General Virology. 84 (5): 1141-1150. doi ... of the DNA is noncoding. The genome is arranged in 30 circles of DNA, which range in size from 5,000 to 40,000 base pairs. Of ...
*  Raccoonpox virus
Once uncoated, the viral DNA is expressed and replication follows. Replication of the RCN genome occurs through the strand ... RCN is a double-stranded DNA virus. It is an orthopoxvirus in the family Poxviridae and subfamily Chordopoxvirinae. DNA ... Assembly and Release: Viral assembly occurs in the cytoplasm. The release of the mature virus particle always results in lysing ... RCN viral vectors have the potential to replace expensive and labor-intensive pesticide applications in disease prevention. ...
*  Gardasil
Since VLPs lack the viral DNA, they cannot induce cancer. They do, however, trigger an antibody response that protects vaccine ...
*  Φ29 DNA polymerase
Johne R, Müller H, Rector A, van Ranst M, Stevens H (2009). "Rolling-circle amplification of viral DNA genomes using phi29 ... motif of phi29 DNA polymerase as a metal ligand during both TP-primed and DNA-primed DNA synthesis". J Mol Biol. 283 (3): 633- ... "Highly efficient DNA synthesis by the phage Φ29 DNA polymerase. Symmetrical mode of DNA replication". J. Biol. Chem. 264 (15): ... Xu Y, Gao S, Bruno JF, Luft BJ, Dunn JJ (2008). "Rapid detection and identification of a pathogen's DNA using Phi29 DNA ...
*  Toll-like receptor
... bacterial and viral TLR 8: single-stranded RNA, bacterial and viral, phagocytized bacterial RNA. TLR 9: CpG DNA TLR 10: unknown ... or the unmethylated CpG islands of bacterial and viral DNA; and also of the CpG islands found in the promoters of eukaryotic ... In the case of a viral factor, the infected cell may shut off its protein synthesis and may undergo programmed cell death ( ... DNA; as well as certain other RNA and DNA molecules. For most of the TLRs, ligand recognition specificity has now been ...
*  Gammaherpesvirinae
Viral DNA injection through nuclear pore complex (NPC) into nucleus • Assembly of nucleocapsids and encapsidation of viral ... Promoter activation mediated by these proteins has also a strong effect on DNA synthesis from the origins of lytic DNA ... Although the first ORF in these gammaherpesviruses have oncogenic potential, other viral genes may also play a role in viral ... At the left end of each viral genome are located ORFs encoding distinct transforming proteins.The Gammaherpes viral genes are ...
*  Resistance mutation
In the herpes virus, drugs mainly target the viral DNA polymerase. As a result, mutations in the viral DNA polymerase that make ... As a result, the viral DNA cannot be incorporated into the host genome. Protease Inhibitors cause the immature formation of two ... Mutations in viral reverse transcriptase can cause the enzyme to not incorporate these nonfunctional analogs, in favor for ... If this mutation occurs, transcription will not be halted, and viral proteins can be created. A study of hepatitis B in a ...
*  Nucleoside analogue
... but they act as chain terminators and stop viral DNA polymerase. They are not specific to viral DNA and also affect ... because DNA production by reverse transcriptase is very different from normal human DNA replication, so it is possible to ... Since nucleoside analogues require two phosphorylations to be activated, one carried out by a viral enzyme and the other by ... include a range of antiviral products used to prevent viral replication in infected cells. The most commonly used is acyclovir ...
*  Orbital lymphoma
Recent studies[by whom?] have detected the presence of viral DNA in ocular lymphoma cells. This implies that pathogens play a ...
*  Virome
Over 125,000 partial DNA viral genomes, including the largest phage yet identified, increased the number of known viral genes ... Virome refers to the collection of nucleic acids, both RNA and DNA, that make up the viral community associated with a ... Breitbart, M; Rohwer, F (November 2005). "Method for discovering novel DNA viruses in blood using viral particle selection and ... The isolate viral host information was projected onto a group, resulting in host assignments for 2.4% of viral groups. Then the ...
*  Iridocorneal endothelial syndrome
1994) Detection of herpes simplex viral DNA in the iridocorneal endothelial syndrome. Archives of Ophthalmology, 112(12), 1601- ... Herpesvirus DNA has been identified in some patients following keratoplasty, suggesting the possibility that herpes simplex ...
*  Merkel cell polyomavirus
... within the cell and its DNA is packaged into viral capsids and transmitted to other cells. In tumors, the viral DNA has broken ... Detection of viral DNA is performed by PCR or by Southern blot. Caution is needed in interpreting results from PCR since it is ... The viral T antigen has truncation mutations that leave the T antigen unable to initiate DNA replication needed to propagate ... In this method, all mRNAs from a tumor are converted into cDNAs and sequenced to a depth likely to sequence a viral cDNA if it ...
*  Iridoviridae
Parental DNA produces a genome which is then the template for replication in the cytoplasm. Large concatemers of viral DNA are ... The viral DNA is transported to the host cell nucleus, where it is transcribed by host RNA polymerase II modified by the virus ... "Viral Zone". ExPASy. Retrieved 15 June 2015. MicrobiologyBytes: Iridoviruses, archived from the original on February 24, 2007, ... retrieved 2007-03-06 Viral Bioinformatics Resource Center & Viral Bioinformatics - Canada, University of Victoria, archived ...
*  Mulikevirus
Once in the cell, the viral DNA is protected from degradation by the host nucleases. The viral DNA is then circularized and ... The viral genome is copied 50-100 times in the host chromosome via replicative transposition. DNA-templated transcription is ... The virus attaches to the host cell lipopolysaccharides using its terminal fibers, and ejects the viral DNA into the host ... Once the viral genes have been replicated, the procapsid is assembled and packed. The tail is then assembled and the mature ...