Mitochondrial DNA[edit]. In 2001, a method was devised by Jeffrey Wells and Felix Sperling to use mitochondrial DNA to ... Wells, D. and Sperling Felix A. H. "DNA-based identification of forensically important Chrysomyinae (Diptera: Calliphoridae)" ... One benefit of this would be that it is like other DNA-based techniques so most labs would be equipped to conduct similar ... "Application of DNA-based methods in forensic entomology" (PDF). Annual Review of Entomology. 53: 103-120. doi:10.1146/annurev. ...
... mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA), and Y-chromosomal DNA (Y-DNA). Autosomal DNA is a mixture from an individual's entire ancestry, Y- ... Testing was performed on the full 16,600 DNA units composing mitochondrial DNA (the 2006 Behar study had only tested 1,000 ... Female lineages: Mitochondrial DNA. Before 2006, geneticists had largely attributed the ethnogenesis of most of the world's ... In 2013, a study of Ashkenazi mitochondrial DNA by a team led by Martin B. Richards of the University of Huddersfield in ...
Mitochondrial DNA[edit]. According to an mtDNA study by Castri et al. (2008), which tested Maasai individuals in Kenya, the ... Autosomal DNA[edit]. The Maasai's autosomal DNA has been examined in a comprehensive study by Tishkoff et al. (2009) on the ... Y-DNA[edit]. A Y chromosome study by Wood et al. (2005) tested various Sub-Saharan populations, including 26 Maasai males from ... The third most frequently observed paternal DNA marker in the Maasai was haplogroup E-V38 (E-P1), which is very common in the ...
a b Schurr, Theodore G. & Wallace, Douglas C. (2002). Mitochondrial DNA Diversity in Southeast Asian Populations. Human Biology ... Mitochondrial DNA. Schurr & Wallace (2002) displayed the mtDNA haplogroup profile for a sample of 28 Vietnamese as follows: ... "Mitochondrial DNA polymorphism in the Vietnamese population". Eur. J. Immunogenet. 26 (6): 417-22. doi:10.1046/j.1365-2370.1999 ... Y-chromosome DNA. Kayser et al. (2006) found four members of O-M95, four members of O-M122(xM134), one member of C-M217, and ...
Mitochondrial DNA. 25 (3): 204-5. doi:10.3109/19401736.2013.796465. PMID 23795841.. ...
Mitochondrial DNA. Different mitochondrial DNA haplotypes in humans may increase or decrease rates of AIDS progression. ... "Mitochondrial DNA haplogroups influence AIDS progression". AIDS. 22 (18): 2429-2439. doi:10.1097/QAD.0b013e32831940bb. ISSN ... This process involves the virus transcribing its singe-stranded RNA genome into double-stranded DNA that is incorporated into ... Haplotypes associated with more loosely coupled mitochondrial respiration, with reduced ATP and ROS generation, have been ...
"Characterization of the mitochondrial genome of Rousettus leschenaulti". Mitochondrial DNA. 25 (6): 443-444. doi:10.3109/ ... Internal relationships of African Pteropodidae based on combined evidence of mitochondrial and nuclear DNA.[24] ... Colgan, D. J.; Flannery, T. F. (1995). "A Phylogeny of Indo-West Pacific Megachiroptera Based on Ribosomal DNA". Systematic ... A 2011 DNA study concluded that not all of these subfamilies were clades, or consisting of all the descendants of a common ...
... genetic analysis via DNA-DNA hybridization and mitochondrial cytochrome b DNA by Beth Slikas in 1997 found that it was basal ( ... based on complete mitochondrial genome". Mitochondrial DNA. 27 (1): 261-262. doi:10.3109/19401736.2014.883616. ISSN 1940-1736. ... Slikas, Beth (1997). "Phylogeny of the Avian Family Ciconiidae (Storks) Based on CytochromebSequences and DNA-DNA Hybridization ...
... spans about 90 million base pairs (the building material of DNA) and represents just under 3% of the total DNA in ... ACSM2B: encoding enzyme Acyl-coenzyme A synthetase ACSM2B, mitochondrial. *ACSM3: encoding enzyme Acyl-coenzyme A synthetase ... PDF: encoding enzyme Peptide deformylase, mitochondrial. *PDPR: encoding protein Pyruvate dehydrogenase phosphatase regulatory ...
... spans almost 200 million base pairs (the building material of DNA) and represents about 6.5 percent of the total ... LARS2: leucyl-tRNA synthetase, mitochondrial. *LIMD1: LIM domain-containing protein 1. *LINC00312: Long intergenic non-protein- ... C3orf14-Chromosome 3 open reading frame 14: predicted DNA binding protein.. *C3orf23: encoding protein Uncharacterized protein ...
DiMauro S (June 2007). "Mitochondrial DNA medicine". Biosci. Rep. 27 (1-3): 5-9. doi:10.1007/s10540-007-9032-5. PMID 17484047. ... Superoxide produced at the Qo site can be released both into the mitochondrial matrix and into the intermembrane space, where ... Muller FL, Liu Y, Van Remmen H (November 2004). "Complex III releases superoxide to both sides of the inner mitochondrial ... Han D, Williams E, Cadenas E (January 2001). "Mitochondrial respiratory chain-dependent generation of superoxide anion and its ...
Mitochondrial DNA mutations. *Genetic defects in insulin processing or insulin action *Defects in proinsulin conversion ... Genetic mutations (autosomal or mitochondrial) can lead to defects in beta cell function. Abnormal insulin action may also have ...
... spans more than 83 million base pairs (the building material of DNA) and represents between 2.5 and 3% of the ...
Mitochondrial DNA, maternally inherited to both sons and daughters, is used in an analogous way to trace the matrilineal line.[ ... The DNA in the human Y chromosome is composed of about 59 million base pairs.[5] The Y chromosome is passed only from father to ... James Schwartz, In Pursuit of the Gene: From Darwin to DNA, pages 170-172, Harvard University Press, 2009 ISBN 0674034910 ... A total of 120 subjects (women who had never had sons) were investigated, and it was found that 21% of them had male DNA. The ...
4 Mitochondrial DNA. 5 Matrix granule. 6 Ribosome. 7 ATP synthase. A crista (/ˈkrɪstə/; plural cristae) is a fold in the inner ... the pioneers of mitochondrial ultrastructural research proposed different models for the organization of the mitochondrial ... H+ ions passively pass into the mitochondrial matrix by the ATP synthase, and later help to re-form H2O (water). ... Griparic, L; van der Bliek, AM (April 2001). "The many shapes of mitochondrial membranes". Traffic (Copenhagen, Denmark). 2 (4 ...
Mitochondrial genome. Human mitochondrial DNA. Related topics. *Human genome *Human Genome Project ... Chromosome 17 spans more than 83 million base pairs (the building material of DNA) and represents between 2.5 and 3% of the ...
2001). "The DNA sequence and comparative analysis of human chromosome 20". Nature. 414 (6866): 865-871. doi:10.1038/414865a. ... Chromosome 20 spans around 63 million base pairs (the building material of DNA) and represents between 2 and 2.5 percent of the ... of the euchromatic DNA.[5] Since then, due to sequencing improvements and fixes, the length of chromosome 20 has been updated ... total DNA in cells. Chromosome 20 was fully sequenced in 2001 and was reported to contain over 59 million base pairs ...
Mutations in mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) and over 30 genes in nuclear DNA (gene SURF1[8] and some COX assembly factors) have been ... Mitochondria carry their own DNA, called mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA). The information stored in the mtDNA is used to produce ... in contrast to mitochondrial DNA's maternal pattern of inheritance. Leigh syndrome caused by nuclear DNA mutations is inherited ... Mitochondrial DNA mutations[edit]. Mitochondria are essential organelles in eukaryotic cells. Their function is to convert the ...
The most commonly studied human haplogroups are Y-chromosome (Y-DNA) haplogroups and mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) haplogroups, ... Cann RL, Stoneking M, Wilson AC (1987). "Mitochondrial DNA and human evolution". Nature. 325 (6099): 31-36. Bibcode:1987Natur. ... Map of the migration of modern humans out of Africa, based on mitochondrial DNA. Colored rings indicate thousand years before ... DNA molecule 1 differs from DNA molecule 2 at a single base-pair location (a C/T polymorphism). ...
Smith, Deborah R (2011). "Asian Honeybees and Mitochondrial DNA". Honeybees of Asia. pp. 69-93. doi:10.1007/978-3-642-16422-4_4 ...
Cann, R. L.; Stoneking, M.; Wilson, A. C. (1987). "Mitochondrial DNA and human evolution". Nature. 325 (6099): 31-36. doi: ... he focused on mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) - genes that are found in mitochondria in the cytoplasm of the cell outside the nucleus ... which led to his early use of DNA sequencing, and the then-nascent technique of PCR to obtain large DNA sets for genetic ... Matisoo-Smith E, Matisoo-Smith L, Horsburgh KA (2012). DNA for Archaeologists. California, US: Left Coast Press, Inc. pp. 14-16 ...
Mitochondrial and Nuclear DNA sequences" (PDF). Condor. 102 (4): 864-870. doi:10.1650/0010-5422(2000)102[0864:ampotd]2.0.co;2. ...
Numt, abbreviation of "nuclear mitochondrial DNA". *Parasite Eve, fiction about endosymbiosis. *Protocell ... If the edited mitochondrial sequence recombines with the mitochondrial genome, mitochondrial splice sites would no longer exist ... Some mitochondria and some plastids contain single circular DNA molecules that are similar to the DNA of bacteria both in size ... release DNA which is imported into the nucleus and incorporated into the nuclear DNA using non-homologous end joining (repair ...
Mitochondrial DNA[edit]. Mitochondrial DNA mtDNA represents the female lineage. The Iranian mitochondrial DNA shows more ... Y-chromosome DNA[edit]. Y-Chromosome DNA Y-DNA represents the male lineage, the Iranian Y-chromosome pool is as follows where ... In Iran outliers in the Y-chromosomes and Mitochondrial DNA gene pool are consisted by the north Iranian ethnicities, such as ... "Complete Mitochondrial DNA Diversity in Iranians". Retrieved 2 January 2015.. *^ Pilkington, H. (November 27, 2002). Islam in ...
In human mitochondrial genetics, Haplogroup D is a human mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) haplogroup. ... a b Chandrasekar A, Kumar S, Sreenath J, Sarkar BN, Urade BP, et al. (2009), "Updating Phylogeny of Mitochondrial DNA ... 2003). "Mitochondrial DNA sequence polymorphisms of five ethnic populations from northern China". Hum Genet. 113: 391-405. doi: ... 2010). "Philippine Mitochondrial DNA Diversity: A Populated Viaduct between Taiwan and Indonesia?". Mol. Biol. Evol. 27 (1): 21 ...
Trejo, T. (2005). "Global phylogeography of thresher sharks (Alopias spp.) inferred from mitochondrial DNA control region ... Analysis of mitochondrial DNA has shown that Atlantic and Indo-Pacific populations are somewhat genetically divergent from each ...
Y-DNA E subclades *^ C.A., Plaster (2011-09-28). "Variation in Y chromosome, mitochondrial DNA and labels of identity on ... "Ethiopian Mitochondrial DNA Heritage: Tracking Gene Flow Across and Around the Gate of Tears". Am. J. Hum. Genet. 75 (5): 752- ... "Mitochondrial DNA structure in the Arabian Peninsula". BMC Evolutionary Biology. 8 (1): 45. doi:10.1186/1471-2148-8-45. ISSN ... The Ethiopian Jews' autosomal DNA has been examined in a comprehensive study by Tishkoff et al. (2009) on the genetic ...
Sephardic signature in haplogroup T mitochondrial DNA. History and community: *European Sephardic Institute ... Modern DNA research has affirmed these classifications. For instance, Syrian Jews, while clustering within the various world ... Mark Hilton's research demonstrated in IPS DNA testing that the last name of marranos linked with the location of the local ... Similarly, the study showed that some 11% of the population has DNA associated with the Moors.[25] ...
In humans, mitochondrial DNA codes for 37 genes and with about 16,600 base pairs in a circle. Human mitochondrial DNA was the ... Mitochondrial DNA is only a small part of the DNA in a eukaryotic cell. Most of the DNA is in the cell nucleus on chromosomes. ... Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA or mDNA) is the DNA in mitochondria.[1] It is inherited only from mothers, though there are a few rare ... Retrieved from "https://simple.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Mitochondrial_DNA&oldid=6948468" ...
Bogenhagen DF, Rousseau D, Burke S (2008). "The layered structure of human mitochondrial DNA nucleoids". J. Biol. Chem. 283 (6 ... mitochondrial inner membrane. • mitochondrial envelope. • mitochondrial nucleoid. • extracellular exosome. • mitochondrion. ... This gene encodes the beta subunit of the mitochondrial trifunctional protein, a catalyst of mitochondrial beta-oxidation of ... Trifunctional enzyme subunit beta, mitochondrial (TP-beta) also known as 3-ketoacyl-CoA thiolase, acetyl-CoA acyltransferase, ...
Mitochondrial DNA and human history. The Human Genome. 2003-10-09 [2006-09-19]. (原始内容存档于2015-09-07) (英语).. ... 由於粒線體缺乏用來檢查複製錯誤的能力,因此粒線體DNA(mDNA)的變異速率比細胞核DNA(一般所指的DNA)更快。
An alternative (acidic) pathway of bile acid synthesis is initiated by mitochondrial sterol 27-hydroxylase (CYP27A1), expressed ... and also increase DNA damage.[38] Mice fed a diet with added DCA mimicking colonic DCA levels in humans on a high fat diet ...
... studies of mitochondrial control region and cytochrome b DNA sequences placed it near Capreolus within an Old World section of ... Douzery, E.; Randi, E. (November 1997). "The mitochondrial control region of Cervidae: evolutionary patterns and phylogenetic ... "New phylogenetic perspectives on the Cervidae (Artiodactyla) are provided by the mitochondrial cytochrome b gene". Proceedings ...
An analysis of mitochondrial DNA sequences published in 2003 confirmed that the black-billed magpie and the yellow-billed ... A more recent study using both mitochondrial and nuclear DNA found that magpies in east and northeast China are genetically ...
... s are differentiated in their mitochondrial DNA between North American and Eurasian populations,[17] but the nuclear ... Inferences from mitochondrial DNA". BMC Genetics. 12 (99): 99. doi:10.1186/1471-2156-12-99. PMC 3258206. PMID 22093799.. ... Mitochondrial DNA data for the D-loop sequence suggests that mallards may have evolved in the general area of Siberia. Mallard ... "Mitochondrial gene trees and the evolutionary relationship of Mallard and Black Ducks" (PDF). Evolution. 44 (4): 1109-1119. ...
Introns are common in chloroplast DNA molecules, while they are rare in prokaryotic DNA molecules (plant mitochondrial DNAs ... DNA replicationEdit. Leading model of cpDNA replicationEdit. Chloroplast DNA replication via multiple D loop mechanisms. ... Chloroplast DNA Interactive gene map of chloroplast DNA from Nicotiana tabacum. Segments with labels on the inside reside on ... Chloroplast DNA has long been thought to have a circular structure, but some evidence suggests that chloroplast DNA more ...
... comparative cytogenetics and analysis of mitochondrial DNA". The Journal of Heredity. 82 (6): 447-52. doi:10.1093/ ...
This was further confirmed by molecular studies of their DNA.[6] These also showed that the brolga is more closely related to ... "Mitochondrial genome sequences and the phylogeny of cranes (Gruiformes: Gruidae)". Auk. 127 (2): 440-452. doi:10.1525/auk. ...
J1 (Y-DNA). M. *Meselson-Stahl experiment. *Mitochondrial DNA. *Mobile genetic elements ... Pages in category "DNA". The following 33 pages are in this category, out of 33 total. ... Retrieved from "https://simple.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Category:DNA&oldid=4367965" ...
It was found recently that the pollen of conifers transfers the mitochondrial organelles to the embryo, a sort of meiotic drive ... but recent research into DNA sequences suggests that this interpretation leaves the Pinales without Taxales as paraphyletic, ...
Complete mitochondrial DNA of the hagfish, Eptatretus burgeri: the comparative analysis of mitochondrial DNA sequences strongly ... 28S and 18S ribosomal DNA sequences support the monophyly of lampreys and hagfishes. Molecular Biology and Evolution 15 (12): ...
A study of the maternal mitochondrial DNA of the black-backed jackal could find no evidence of genotypes from the most likely ... "Large sequence divergence among mitochondrial DNA genotypes within populations of eastern African black-backed jackals" (PDF). ... analysis of control region haplotypes of the mitochondrial DNA and sex chromosomes from Mexican wolves, a critically endangered ... However, DNA study shows that "the dingo originates from domesticated dogs, originally from East Asia"[16] (which reverted to ...
... but can also be used of organelles that contain their own DNA, as with the mitochondrial genome or the chloroplast genome. ... The genome of an organism is the whole of its hereditary information encoded in its DNA (or, for some viruses, RNA). This ... Note: The DNA from a single human cell has a length of ~1.8 m (but at a width of ~2.4 nanometers). ... However, no single haploid chromosome set defines even the DNA of a species. Because of the huge variety of alleles carried by ...
New World nine-primaried oscine relationships: Constructing a mitochondrial DNA framework. Auk 117:321-336. ... "Mitochondrial DNA Phylogenetic Definition of a Group of 'Arid-Zone' Carduelini Finches" (PDF). Open Ornithology Journal 1: 1-7 ... A mitochondrial cytochrome b phylogeny of cardueline finches. Journal für Ornithologie, 135: 31. ...
DNA binding. • sequence-specific DNA binding. • transcription factor activity, sequence-specific DNA binding. • ATPase binding ... mitochondrial outer membrane. • mitochondrion. • cell nucleus. • cytosol. Biological process. • regulation of transcription, ... DNA-templated. • cell-cell signaling. • negative regulation of gene expression. • transcription, DNA-templated. • transcription ... RNA polymerase II core promoter proximal region sequence-specific DNA binding. • steroid hormone receptor activity. • steroid ...
"Sister group relationship of turtles to the bird-crocodilian clade revealed by nuclear DNA-coded proteins". Molecular Biology ... "Complete mitochondrial genome suggests diapsid affinities of turtles". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA. 95 ...
Over 60 million Brazilians possess at least one Native South American ancestor, according to a recent mitochondrial DNA study.[ ... According to a DNA study from 2010, "a new portrayal of each ethnicity contribution to the DNA of Brazilians, obtained with ... "DNA de brasileiro é 80% europeu, indica estudo". Folha.uol.com.br. Retrieved 30 August 2017.. ... Similar DNA tests showed that people self-classified as mulatto or white and Black mix, span from 62% to 83% European (mostly ...
mitochondrial inner membrane. • cytoplasmic vesicle. • cytoplasm. • plasma membrane. • cell cortex. • integral component of ... cellular response to DNA damage stimulus. • heart looping. • blood vessel development. • membrane protein ectodomain ... mitochondrial transport. • post-embryonic development. • positive regulation of dendritic spine development. • ... positive regulation of transcription, DNA-templated. • heart development. • negative regulation of axonogenesis. • embryonic ...
DNA repair. • response to X-ray. • response to drug. • DNA unwinding involved in DNA replication. • cellular response to ... mitochondrial matrix. • nucleolus. • mitochondrion. • perinuclear region of cytoplasm. • chromatin. • condensed chromosome. • ... DNA binding. • DNA-dependent ATPase activity. • recombinase activity. • chromatin binding. • DNA polymerase binding. • protein ... DNA synthesis involved in DNA repair. • interstrand cross-link repair. • response to glucoside. • DNA recombinase assembly. • ...
... inferred from mitochondrial and nuclear DNA sequences". Systematic Biology. 55 (3): 454-470. doi:10.1080/10635150600697390. ...
Mitochondrial DNA comparison suggests the ancestors of modern rhinos split from the ancestors of Equidae around 50 million ... "The Complete Mitochondrial DNA Sequence of the Greater Indian Rhinoceros, Rhinoceros unicornis, and the Phylogenetic ... based on mitochondrial cytochrome b and 12s rRNA genes". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 19 (1): 34-44. doi:10.1006/mpev ...
... and other Accipitridae based on nuclear and mitochondrial DNA" (PDF). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 37 (2): 327-346. ... 2013). "DNA barcoding and evolutionary relationships in Accipiter Brisson, 1760 (Aves, Falconiformes: Accipitridae) with a ... and classification of the Accipitridae based on DNA sequences of the RAG-1 exon". Journal of Avian Biology. 38 (5): 587-602. ...
... and mitochondrial DNA sequence elements from cultured mouse and human fibroblasts". DNA Cell Biol. 20 (9): 531-54. doi:10.1089/ ...
An ancient DNA study published in 2015 characterized the rapidly evolving mitochondrial control region of one of these ... Studies of microsatellite and mitochondrial DNA in white-tailed eagles from north-central Europe have shown that the recovering ... A recent genetic study of mitochondrial DNA[25] is consistent with this idea. Greenlandic white-tailed eagles (proposed as H. a ... allozymes and mitochondrial DNA sequences. Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research, 34(2), 103-112. ...
... clues from interpolation analyses and high-resolution characterization of mitochondrial DNA lineages". BMC Evolutionary Biology ... In July 2012, Ancestry.com reported on historic and DNA research by its staff that discovered that Obama is likely a descendant ...
The MT-TI gene is located on the p arm of the mitochondrial DNA at position 12 and it spans 69 base pairs.[2] The structure of ... Mitochondrially encoded tRNA isoleucine also known as MT-TI is a transfer RNA which in humans is encoded by the mitochondrial ... July 1992). "Mitochondrial tRNA(Ile) mutation in fatal cardiomyopathy". Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications. ... December 1990). "Mitochondrial mutation in fatal infantile cardiomyopathy". Lancet. 336 (8728): 1452. doi:10.1016/0140-6736(90) ...
"Species-specific segregation of gender-associated mitochondrial DNA types in an area where two mussel species (Mytilus edulis ...
In 2016, a study of mitochondrial DNA sequences of both modern and ancient wolves generated a phylogenetic tree which indicated ... In tests performed on a sample from a taxidermied carcass of what was initially labelled as a chupacabra, mitochondrial DNA ... Wolf Phylogeography and Demographic History Based on the Mitochondrial Control Region". Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution. 4. ... "DNA results show chupacabra animal is mixture of coyote, Mexican wolf". Victoria Advocate ...