... [8] maoy kaliwatan sa uhong kay sakop sa division nga Ascomycota, ug nga una nga gihulagway ni T.T. Hebert, ug nga gihatagan sa eksakto nga ngalan ni Margaret E. Barr ni adtong 1977. Ang Magnaporthe grisea kay sakop sa henero nga Magnaporthe, ug pamilya nga Magnaporthaceae.[9][10] Walay nalista nga matang nga sama niini.[9]. ...
Maltosa, atau gula gandum, adalah disakarida yang terbentuk dari dua unit glukosa bergabung dengan ikatan α(1 → 4), terbentuk dari reaksi kondensasi. Para isomaltose isomer memiliki dua molekul glukosa dihubungkan melalui ikatan α(1 → 6). Maltosa adalah anggota kedua dari seri biokimia penting dari rantai glukosa. Maltosa adalah disakarida dihasilkan ketika amilase memecah pati. Hal ini ditemukan dalam biji berkecambah seperti gandum. Hal ini juga dihasilkan ketika glukosa terbakar.[2] Maltosa dapat dipecah menjadi dua molekul glukosa dengan hidrolisis. Dalam organisme hidup, enzim maltase dapat mencapai ini dengan sangat cepat. Di laboratorium pemanasan dengan asam yang kuat untuk beberapa menit akan mendapatkan hasil yang sama. ...
68.0 68.1 Bisby F.A., Roskov Y.R., Orrell T.M., Nicolson D., Paglinawan L.E., Bailly N., Kirk P.M., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Ouvrard D. (red.) (2011). Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life: 2011 Annual Checklist.. Species 2000: Reading, UK.. Retrieved on 24 september 2012. ...
ପ୍ରକ୍ରିୟାକରଣ ହୋଇଥିବା ଖାଦ୍ୟରେ ଭିଟାମିନ ଖ କମ ଥାଏ । ଏହି କାରଣ ଯୋଗୁ ଅଟାରେ ଭିଟାମିନ ମିଶେଇବା ନିୟମ ଆମେରିକା ସହ ଅନେକ ଦେଶରେ ଅଛି । ଏହି ଅଟାକୁ ଏନ୍‌ରିଚ୍‌ଡ୍ ଫ୍ଲୋର୍ ବା ଉନ୍ନତ ଅଟା କୁହାଯାଏ । କେତେକ ଜୀବ ଯଥା ଟୁର୍କି, ଟୁନା ମାଂସରେ ଓ କଲିଜାରେ ଭିଟାମିନ ଖ ବହୁତ ଥାଏ [୧]। ଅଣପ୍ରକ୍ରିୟାକୃତ ଶସ୍ୟ, ଆଳୁ, ପାଚିଲା କଦଳି, କାପ୍ସିକମ, ବିନ୍, ଲେଣ୍ଟିଲ, ମୋଲାସେସ୍, ମଦ୍ୟ ପ୍ରସ୍ତୁତକାରୀ ଇଷ୍ଟ(Yeast) ଇତ୍ୟାଦି ଖ ଭିଟାମିନର ଉତ୍ତମ ଉତ୍ସ [୨]। ବିଅର୍ ପାନ କଲେ ...
... , commonly known as the violet webcap or violet cort, is a fungus in the webcap genus Cortinarius native across the Northern Hemisphere. The fruit bodies are dark purple mushrooms with caps up to 15 cm (6 in) across, sporting gills underneath. The stalk measures 6 to 12 centimetres (2 1⁄3 to 4 2⁄3 in) by 1 to 2 centimetres (3⁄8 to 3⁄4 in), sometimes with a thicker base. The dark flesh has a smell reminiscent of cedar wood. Forming symbiotic (mycorrhizal) relationships with the roots of various plant species, C. violaceus is found predominantly in conifer forests in North America and deciduous forests in Europe. Though they are edible, the appearance of these mushrooms is more distinctive than their taste. The species was first described by Carl Linnaeus in 1753, and has undergone several name changes. It is the type species of the genus Cortinarius, but is readily distinguished from other species in the genus by its dark colouration and distinct cystidia. There are ...
An autonomously replicating sequence (ARS) contains the origin of replication in the yeast genome. It contains four regions (A, B1, B2, and B3), named in order of their effect on plasmid stability. The A-Domain is highly conserved, any mutation abolishes origin function. Mutations on B1, B2, and B3 will diminish, but not prevent functioning of the origin. Element A is highly conserved, consisting of the consensus sequence: 5'- T/A T T T A Y R T T T T/A -3' (where Y is either pyrimidine and R is either purine). When this element is mutated, the ARS loses all activity. As seen above the ARS are considerably A-T rich which makes it easy for replicative proteins to disrupt the H-bonding in that area. ORC protein complex (Origin Recognition Complex) is bound at the ARS throughout the cell cycle, allowing replicative proteins access to the ARS. Mutational analysis for the yeast ARS elements have shown that any mutation in the B1, B2 and B3 regions result in a reduction of function of the ARS element. ...
真菌界(學名:Fungi,複數可為fungi或funguses[3])又稱菌物界,是真核生物中的一大類群,包含酵母、黴菌之類的微生物以及為人熟知的菇類。真菌自成一界,獨立於植物、動物和其他真核生物。 ...
ପ୍ରକ୍ରିୟାକରଣ ହୋଇଥିବା ଖାଦ୍ୟରେ ଭିଟାମିନ ଖ କମ ଥାଏ । ଏହି କାରଣ ଯୋଗୁ ଅଟାରେ ଭିଟାମିନ ମିଶେଇବା ନିୟମ ଆମେରିକା ସହ ଅନେକ ଦେଶରେ ଅଛି । ଏହି ଅଟାକୁ ଏନ୍‌ରିଚ୍‌ଡ୍ ଫ୍ଲୋର୍ ବା ଉନ୍ନତ ଅଟା କୁହାଯାଏ । କେତେକ ଜୀବ ଯଥା ଟୁର୍କି, ଟୁନା ମାଂସରେ ଓ କଲିଜାରେ ଭିଟାମିନ ଖ ବହୁତ ଥାଏ [୧]। ଅଣପ୍ରକ୍ରିୟାକୃତ ଶସ୍ୟ, ଆଳୁ, ପାଚିଲା କଦଳି, କାପ୍ସିକମ, ବିନ୍, ଲେଣ୍ଟିଲ, ମୋଲାସେସ୍, ମଦ୍ୟ ପ୍ରସ୍ତୁତକାରୀ ଇଷ୍ଟ(Yeast) ଇତ୍ୟାଦି ଖ ଭିଟାମିନର ଉତ୍ତମ ଉତ୍ସ [୨]। ବିଅର୍ ପାନ କଲେ ...
ശാഖകളോടുകൂടിയ ഏകകോശജീവികളുടെ ഒരു സമൂഹമാണു് ആക്റ്റിനോമൈസീറ്റ്. ബാക്ടീരിയയുമായി അടുത്ത ബന്ധമുളള ഇവയെ ഉയർന്ന ഇനം ശാഖിത (branched) ബാക്ടീരിയയായി തെറ്റിദ്ധരിക്കാറുണ്ടു്. ഫംഗസു(fungus)കൾക്കും ബാക്ടീരിയയ്ക്കും മധ്യവർത്തിയായ ഒരു പ്രത്യേക വിഭാഗമായും വ്യവഹരിക്കപ്പെട്ടിരുന്നു. ഫംഗസുകളുടെയും ബാക്ടീരിയയുടെയും ആദിപ്രരൂപ(prototype)ത്തിന്റെ സ്ഥാനവും ഇവയ്ക്കു ...
... is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the EXO1 gene. This gene encodes a protein with 5' to 3' exonuclease activity as well as an RNase H activity (endonuclease activity cleaving RNA on DNA/RNA hybrid). It is similar to the Saccharomyces cerevisiae protein Exo1 which interacts with Msh2 and which is involved in DNA mismatch repair and homologous recombination. Alternative splicing of this gene results in three transcript variants encoding two different isoforms. ExoI is essential for meiotic progression through metaphase I in the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae and in mouse. Recombination during meiosis is often initiated by a DNA double-strand break (DSB) as illustrated in the accompanying diagram. During recombination, sections of DNA at the 5' ends of the break are cut away in a process called resection. In the strand invasion step that follows, an overhanging 3' end of the broken DNA molecule "invades" ...
68.0 68.1 Bisby F.A., Roskov Y.R., Orrell T.M., Nicolson D., Paglinawan L.E., Bailly N., Kirk P.M., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Ouvrard D. (red.) (2011). Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life: 2011 Annual Checklist.. Species 2000: Reading, UK.. Retrieved on 24 september 2012. ...
As proteínas MSH4 e MSH5 forman unha estrutura heterooligomérica (heterodímero) en lévedos e humanos.[3][4][5] No lévedo Saccharomyces cerevisiae MSH4 e MSH5 actúan especificamente para facilitar sobrecruzamentos entre cromosomas homólogos durante a meiose.[3] O complexo MSH4/MSH5 únese a unións de Holliday dobres e estabilízaas, e promociona a súa resolución en produtos de sobrecruzamento. Un mutante hipomórfico (parcialmente funcional) de MSH4 en S. cerevisiae mostrou un 30% de redución en todo o xenoma no número de sobrecruzamentos, e un gran número de meioses sen intercambio de cromosomas.[6] Non obstante, este mutante dá lugar a patróns de viabilidade de esporas que suxiren que a segregación de cromosomas sen intercambio ocorría eficazmente. Así, en S. cerevisiae, unha segregación cromosómica correcta aparentemente non depende enteiramente dos sobrecruzamentos cos seus pares homólogos. O xene him-14 do verme Caenorhabditis elegans codifica un ortólogo de MSH4.[7] A ...
Song, L. (2006). „A soluble form of phosphatase in Saccharomyces cerevisiae capable of converting farnesyl diphosphate into E,E-farnesol". Appl. Biochem. Biotechnol. 128: 149-158. PMID 16484724 ...