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*  Complementary DNA
In genetics, complementary DNA (cDNA) is DNA synthesized from a single stranded RNA (e.g., messenger RNA (mRNA) or microRNA) ... generating its complementary DNA based on the pairing of RNA base pairs (A, U, G and C) to their DNA complements (T, A, C and G ... This synthesizes one complementary strand of DNA hybridized to the original mRNA strand. To synthesize an additional DNA strand ... Complementary DNA is often used in gene cloning or as gene probes or in the creation of a cDNA library. When scientists ...
*  Haim Aviv
Ross J, Aviv H, Scolnick E, Leder P (January 1972). "In vitro synthesis of DNA complementary to purified rabbit globin mRNA". ... In cooperation with Edward Scolnick's lab he performed research which first made it possible to synthesize complementary DNA ( ... During the late 1970s, Aviv entered the field of Recombinant DNA (genetic engineering) and applied research, and produced a ... the first Israeli Biotechnology company focusing on Recombinant DNA (genetic engineering), which exists to this day. The ...
*  Variant of uncertain significance
Nucleotide sequences derived from complementary DNA". primary. The Journal of Biological Chemistry. 252 (14): 5040-53. PMID ... That is, a difference can be seen in the DNA sequence, but the differences have no effect on the growth or health of the person ... A recent study of the genes ATM, BRCA1, BRCA2, CDH1, CHEK2, PALB2, and TP53 found 15,311 DNA sequence variants in only 102 ... Less than 5% of the human genome encodes proteins, and the rest is associated with non-coding RNA molecules, regulatory DNA ...
*  Israel Hanukoglu
"Complementary DNA sequence of a human cytoplasmic actin. Interspecies divergence of 3' non-coding regions". Journal of ...
*  Actin
Hanukoglu I, Tanese N, Fuchs E (Feb 1983). "Complementary DNA sequence of a human cytoplasmic actin. Interspecies divergence of ... Its DNA sequence consists of seven exons that produce five known transcripts. The majority of these consist of point mutations ... ParM is an actin homologue that is coded in a plasmid and it is involved in the regulation of plasmid DNA. ParMs from different ... It also has two different DNA promoters. It has been noted that the sequences translated from this locus and from that of β- ...
*  Beta-actin
Hanukoglu I, Tanese N, Fuchs E (Feb 1983). "Complementary DNA sequence of a human cytoplasmic actin. Interspecies divergence of ...
*  PSAT1
Cloning and sequence analysis of the complementary DNA". Biochemistry. 26 (13): 3975-82. doi:10.1021/bi00387a035. PMID 3651428 ...
*  BCGF1
Zietkiewicz E, Makałowski W, Mitchell G, Labuda D (October 1996). "Complementary DNA for 12-kilodalton B cell growth factor: ... Kovanen PE, Harju L, Timonen T (October 1996). "Complementary DNA for 12-kilodalton B cell growth factor: misassigned". Science ... Zietkiewicz E, Makałowski W, Mitchell GA, Labuda D (August 1994). "Phylogenetic analysis of a reported complementary DNA ...
*  IL1RL1
1993). "Nucleotide sequence of a complementary DNA for human ST2". Biochim. Biophys. Acta. 1171 (2): 215-8. doi:10.1016/0167- ... "Nucleotide sequence of a complementary DNA for human ST2". Biochim. Biophys. Acta. 1171 (2): 215-8. doi:10.1016/0167-4781(92) ... Hartley JL, Temple GF, Brasch MA (2001). "DNA cloning using in vitro site-specific recombination". Genome Res. 10 (11): 1788-95 ...
*  Estrogen receptor alpha
"Sequence and expression of human estrogen receptor complementary DNA". Science. 231 (4742): 1150-4. doi:10.1126/science.3753802 ... Teo AK, Oh HK, Ali RB, Li BF (Oct 2001). "The Modified Human DNA Repair Enzyme O6-Methylguanine-DNA Methyltransferase Is a ... "Sequence and expression of human estrogen receptor complementary DNA". Science. 231 (4742): 1150-4. doi:10.1126/science.3753802 ... Thénot S, Bonnet S, Boulahtouf A, Margeat E, Royer CA, Borgna JL, Cavaillès V (Dec 1999). "Effect of ligand and DNA binding on ...
*  Calcyphosin
"Cloning and sequence analysis of human calcyphosine complementary DNA". Biochim Biophys Acta. 1352 (3): 249-52. doi:10.1016/ ... 2004). "The DNA sequence and biology of human chromosome 19". Nature. 428 (6982): 529-35. doi:10.1038/nature02399. PMID ...
*  Vincent Racaniello
Production of complementary DNA representing RNA viral sequences by recombinant DNA methods and uses therefor, retrieved 2014- ... Racaniello, Vincent R.; David Baltimore (1981-11-20). "Cloned Poliovirus Complementary DNA is Infectious in Mammalian Cells". ... As a post-doctoral fellow in David Baltimore's laboratory at MIT (1979-1982), Racaniello used recombinant DNA technology to ...
*  TPSAB1
Miller JS, Westin EH, Schwartz LB (1989). "Cloning and characterization of complementary DNA for human tryptase". J. Clin. ... "Cloning and characterization of a second complementary DNA for human tryptase". J Clin Invest. 86 (3): 864-70. doi:10.1172/ ...
*  Chicken as biological research model
"Purification of DNA complementary to nucleotide sequences required for neoplastic transformation of fibroblasts by avian ... Stehelin, D.; Varmus, H. E.; Bishop, J. M.; Vogt, P. K. (1976). "DNA related to the transforming gene(s) of avian sarcoma ... viruses is present in normal avian DNA". Nature. 260 (5547): 170-173. doi:10.1038/260170a0. Glick, B.; Chang, T.S.; Jaap, R.G ...
*  Transcriptomics technologies
RNA is first copied as complementary DNA (cDNA) by a reverse transcriptase enzyme before the resultant cDNA is sequenced. The ... June 1991). "Complementary DNA sequencing: expressed sequence tags and human genome project". Science. 252 (5013): 1651-6. PMID ... Libraries of silkmoth mRNA transcripts were collected and converted to complementary DNA (cDNA) for storage using reverse ... Shalon D, Smith SJ, Brown PO (July 1996). "A DNA microarray system for analyzing complex DNA samples using two-color ...
*  Serial analysis of gene expression
June 1991). "Complementary DNA sequencing: expressed sequence tags and human genome project". Science. 252 (5013): 1651-6. doi: ... In 1979 teams at Harvard and Caltech extended the basic idea of making DNA copies of mRNAs in vitro to amplifying a library of ... Transcriptomics RNA-Seq DNA microarrays Expressed sequence tags High-throughput sequencing Saha S, et al. (2002). "Using the ... The general goal of the technique is similar to the DNA microarray. However, SAGE sampling is based on sequencing mRNA output, ...
*  Expressed sequence tag
Because these clones consist of DNA that is complementary to mRNA, the ESTs represent portions of expressed genes. They may be ... Jun 1991). "Complementary DNA sequencing: expressed sequence tags and human genome project". Science. 252 (5013): 1651-6. doi: ... Gene expression Complementary DNA (cDNA) transcriptomics IMAGE cDNA clones Whole genome sequencing (WGS) ESTs Factsheet. ... In 1979 teams at Harvard and Caltech extended the basic idea of making DNA copies of mRNAs in vitro to amplifying a library of ...
*  CALM2
"Molecular analysis of human and rat calmodulin complementary DNA clones. Evidence for additional active genes in these species ...
*  CALM3
SenGupta B, Friedberg F, Detera-Wadleigh SD (1988). "Molecular analysis of human and rat calmodulin complementary DNA clones. ...
*  60S ribosomal protein L11
Cloning and determination of the primary structure of DNA complementary to the mRNA of human ribosomal protein L11]". Bioorg. ...
*  Allele-specific oligonucleotide
... is a short piece of synthetic DNA complementary to the sequence of a variable target DNA. It acts as a probe for the presence ... To test for the presence of the mutation in a DNA sample, an ASO probe would be synthesized to be complementary to the altered ... The normal DNA sequence G-A-G codes for the amino acid glutamate, while the mutation changes the middle adenine to a thymine, ... The sample's DNA strands are separated with alkali, and each ASO probe is applied to a different blot. After hybridization, a ...
*  TPSB2
"Cloning and characterization of a second complementary DNA for human tryptase". J. Clin. Invest. 86 (3): 864-70. doi:10.1172/ ...
*  Group II pyridoxal-dependent decarboxylases
"Characterization and expression of the complementary DNA encoding rat histidine decarboxylase". Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. ...
*  SOD3
Hjalmarsson K, Marklund SL, Engström A, Edlund T (September 1987). "Isolation and sequence of complementary DNA encoding human ...
*  Gene signature
The second study identified a technique that is now widely known as the microarray which quantifies complementary DNA (cDNA) ... "Quantitative monitoring of gene expression patterns with a complementary DNA microarray". Science. 270 (5235): 467-70. doi: ... Pressing forward, the latter technique has revolutionized research in genetics and DNA chip technology as it is a widely ... Kurian KM, Watson CJ, Wyllie AH (February 1999). "DNA chip technology". The Journal of Pathology. 187 (3): 267-71. doi:10.1002 ...