In 2010, a study of four chloroplast DNA intergenic spacers showed that part of Clerodendrum was closer to the New world genera ... Inferred from Chloroplast DNA". Systematic Botany. 22 (2): 229-243. doi:10.2307/2419455. JSTOR 2419455. Dorothy A. Steane; ... and other Ajugoid genera inferred from nuclear and chloroplast DNA sequence data". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 32 (1 ... In 2004, a study of DNA sequences showed that the monospecific Australian genus Huxleya was embedded in a clade of Clerodendrum ...
David J. Bogler and Beryl B. Simpson (1995). "A Chloroplast DNA Study of the Agavaceae". Systematic Botany. 20 (2): 191-205. ...
Poaceae: Chloridoideae): Chloroplast DNA and Total Evidence". Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden. 84 (4): 841. doi:10.2307 ...
Niu, Ying-Feng; Liu, Jin (2020). "Complete chloroplast genome of Helicia nilagirica Bedd. and its phylogenetic analysis". ... Mitochondrial DNA Part B. 5 (1): 342-3. doi:10.1080/23802359.2019.1703587. PMC 7748602. PMID 33366548. Retrieved 18 January ... A study of the complete chloroplast genome suggest that the plant could be useful as rootstock or gene donor for the nut-crop ...
In Amphidinium, the chloroplast genome is made of minicircles that encode chloroplast proteins. Minicircles are small (~4kb) ... Kay, M.A., He, C.-Y, Chen, Z.-H. (2010). "A robust system for production of minicircle DNA vectors". Nature Biotechnology. 28 ( ... Barbrook, Adrian C.; Voolstra, Christian R.; Howe, Christopher J. (2014). "The Chloroplast Genome of a Symbiodinium sp. Clade ... Typical transgene delivery methods involve plasmids, which contain foreign DNA.) The smaller size of minicircles also extends ...
based on morphological anatomical and rbcL DNA sequence data". Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 122 (4): 279-300. doi:10.1111/j.1095- ... 8339.1996.tb02077.x. Zhang; Chi (2019). "The complete chloroplast genome of Peganum harmala". Mitochondrial DNA Part B. 4 (1): ... "Classification and differentiation of the genus Peganum indigenous to China based on chloroplast trnL‐F and psbA‐trnH sequences ...
ISBN 978-0-00-220212-1. Possingham, J.V.; Rose, R.J. (May 18, 1976). "Chloroplast Replication and Chloroplast DNA Synthesis in ... ISBN 978-0-300-08295-1. Heinhorst, S.; Cannon, G.C. (January 1993). "DNA Replication in Chloroplasts". Journal of Cell Science ... have unique organelles known as chloroplasts. Chloroplasts are thought to be descended from cyanobacteria that formed ... Chloroplasts and cyanobacteria contain the blue-green pigment chlorophyll a. Chlorophyll a (as well as its plant and green ...
Chloroplast and nuclear DNA exchanges among Begonia sect. Baryandra species(Begoniaceae) from Palawan Island,Philippines, and ... "Chloroplast and nuclear DNA exchanges among Begonia sect. Baryandra species (Begoniaceae) from Palawan Island, Philippines, and ...
... phylogeny based on chloroplast DNA sequences. Harvard Papers in Botany 6:481-499. Donoghue, M. J., C. D. Bell, & R. ...
Hughes M, Peng CI, Lin CW, Rubite RR, Blanc P, Chung KF (2018-05-02). "Chloroplast and nuclear DNA exchanges among Begonia sect ... Chloroplast and nuclear DNA exchanges among Begonia sect. Baryandra species(Begoniaceae) from Palawan Island,Philippines, and ...
Hughes M, Peng CI, Lin CW, Rubite RR, Blanc P, Chung KF (2018-05-02). "Chloroplast and nuclear DNA exchanges among Begonia sect ...
"Chloroplast Replication and Chloroplast DNA Synthesis in Spinach Leaves" (PDF). Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological ... "DNA Replication in Chloroplasts". Journal of Cell Science. 104 (104): 1. Retrieved July 2, 2013.. ... relying on DNA sequences as data. Molecular analysis of DNA sequences from most families of flowering plants enabled the ... Chloroplasts and cyanobacteria contain the blue-green pigment chlorophyll a.[77] Chlorophyll a (as well as its plant and green ...
2001). Chloroplast DNA phylogeny and biogeography of Lepidium (Brassicaceae). American Journal of Botany 88(11), 2051-63. ...
Chloroplast Chloroplast DNA RuBisCO NADPH dehydrogenase (quinone) Neyland, Ray; Lowell E. Urbatsch (1996). "The ndhF ... Its DNA fragment resides in the small single-copy region of the chloroplast genome, and is thought to encode a hydrophobic ... "Highly Variable Chloroplast Markers for Evaluating Plant Phylogeny at Low Taxonomic Levels and for DNA Barcoding". PLoS ONE. 7 ... The chloroplast NADH dehydrogenase F (ndhF) gene is found in all vascular plant divisions and is highly conserved. ...
More recently, a 2004 phylogenetic study, analyzing chloroplast DNA, confirmed a link with M. cervina, placing them in a sub- ... Bunsawat, Jiranan (2002). "Mentha (Lamiaceae) Phylogenetic Analysis Using Chloroplast TRNL-TRNF and Nuclear Ribosomal DNA ITS ... Evidence from Chloroplast DNA Sequences". Systematic Botany. 29 (4): 959-964. doi:10.1600/0363644042450973. ISSN 0363-6445. ...
Chloroplast and ribosomal DNA sequence analysis in 2011 supported monophyly with two clades, one of which includes some North ... These results were supported by extensive chloroplast DNA (cpDNA) and nrDNA sequencing which departed from prior morphological ... Dracunculus (Asteraceae) based on ribosomal and chloroplast DNA sequences". Taxon. 60 (3): 691-704. doi:10.1002/tax.603006. ... Based on Chloroplast DNA Restriction Site Variation". Systematic Botany. American Society of Plant Taxonomists. 24 (1): 69-84. ...
Generic limits in Rhamnus L. s.l. (Rhamnaceae) inferred from nuclear and chloroplast DNA sequence phylogenies. Archived 2011-08 ...
Evidence from Chloroplast DNA Sequences". Systematic Botany. 29 (4): 959-64. doi:10.1600/0363644042450973. JSTOR 25064024. ...
Evidence from Chloroplast DNA Sequences". Systematic Botany. 29 (4): 959-964. doi:10.1600/0363644042450973. JSTOR 25064024. ...
Asteraceae) inferred from chloroplast and nuclear DNA sequence data". Taxon 58(3):871-882. Vicki A. Funk and Raymund Chan. 2008 ... It was based on molecular phylogenetic analysis of chloroplast and nuclear DNA sequences. In this study, all of Roessler's ...
He continued work on the phylogeny of Clarkia, using restriction site mapping of chloroplast DNA and then in 1996 Ford and ... Systma, K. J.; Gottlieb, L. D. (1986). "Chloroplast DNA evidence for the origin of the genus Heterogaura from a species of ... Subsequent studies confirmed a sister species relationship using chloroplast DNA as well as nucleotide sequences of the gene ... It wasn't until 1986 that he applied a newer molecular technique: chloroplast DNA variation using Restriction fragment length ...
1991 - Edgard T. Wherry Award of the Botanical Society of America for the article Phylogenetic implications of chloroplast DNA ... "Phylogenetic Implications of Chloroplast DNA Variation in the Cyatheaceae. I.". Systematic Botany. 19 (1): 60-72. doi:10.2307/ ... "Structural rearrangements of the chloroplast genome provide an important phylogenetic link in ferns". Proceedings of the ... Phylogenetic distribution in vascular plants and DNA sequence from Polystichum acrostichoides (Pteridophyta) and Synechococcus ...
March 1998). "Chloroplast DNA characters, phylogeny, and classification of Lathyrus (Fabaceae)". American Journal of Botany. 85 ...
Bunsawat, Jiranan (2002). "Mentha (Lamiaceae) Phylogenetic Analysis Using Chloroplast TRNL-TRNF and Nuclear Ribosomal DNA ITS ... Evidence from Chloroplast DNA Sequences". Systematic Botany. 29 (4): 959-964. doi:10.1600/0363644042450973. ISSN 0363-6445. ...
Arabidopsis Biological Resource Center (seed and DNA stocks) Nottingham Arabidopsis Stock Centre (seed and DNA stocks) A. ... A. thaliana was used extensively in the study of the genetic basis of phototropism, chloroplast alignment, and stomal aperture ... The breakthrough year for A. thaliana as a model plant was 1986, in which T-DNA-mediated transformation and the first cloned A ... "T-DNA Express: Arabidopsis Gene Mapping Tool". signal.salk.edu. "Eurasian Arabidopsis Stock Centre (uNASC)". arabidopsis.info. ...
2003). "Phylogeny of Elatostema (Urticaceae) using chloroplast DNA data". Telopea. 10 (1): 235-246. doi:10.7751/telopea20035618 ... Hadiah JT, Conn BJ, Quinn CJ (2008). "Infra-familial phylogeny of Urticaceae, using chloroplast sequence data". Australian ... inferred from nuclear and plastid DNA regions". Taxon. 64 (1): 65-78. doi:10.12705/641.20.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors ...
"The complete chloroplast DNA sequences of the charophycean green algae Staurastrum and Zygnema reveal that the chloroplast ... "Chloroplast gene organization deduced from complete sequence of liverwort Marchantia polymorpha chloroplast DNA". Nature. 322 ( ... Robbens S, Derelle E, Ferraz C, Wuyts J, Moreau H, Van de Peer Y (April 2007). "The complete chloroplast and mitochondrial DNA ... Sugiura C, Kobayashi Y, Aoki S, Sugita C, Sugita M (September 2003). "Complete chloroplast DNA sequence of the moss ...
Rochaix, JD; Malnoe, P (1978). "Anatomy of the chloroplast ribosomal DNA of Chlamydomonas reinhardtii". Cell. 15 (2): 661-670. ... I-CreI is a form of selfish DNA. Because I-CreI has evolved to cut such a long sequence of DNA, unlike restriction ... I-CreI has evolved to cut a 22-nucleotide sequence of DNA that occurs in alleles of the 23S ribosomal RNA gene that lack the I- ... In order to use I-CreI as a tool in this fashion, it is necessary to make it recognize and cleave sequences of DNA different ...
Evidence from Chloroplast DNA Sequences". Systematic Botany. 29 (4): 959-964. doi:10.1600/0363644042450973. ISSN 0363-6445. ...
It was based on 2 regions of chloroplast DNA. These were the rbcL gene and the intergenic spacer between the transfer RNA genes ... Only a sampling of more species and more DNA from each will determine whether these groups are monophyletic or not. ... Stellera, for example, is nested within Wikstroemia, at least (see the phylogenetic tree below). A recent comparison of DNA ... nuclear ribosomal DNA) were used. All of the clades that were strongly supported in the previous study were recovered with even ...
This method was also used in Meselson and Stahl's famous experiment in which they proved that DNA replication is semi- ... The supernatant (suspension containing remaining organelles) is spun at a higher speed - chloroplasts settle out ... They used density gradient centrifugation to determine which isotope or isotopes of nitrogen were present in the DNA after ...
... a histone-like chloroplast protein (HC) coded by the chloroplast DNA that tightly packs each chloroplast DNA ring into a ... Chloroplast DNA Interactive gene map of chloroplast DNA from Nicotiana tabacum. Segments with labels on the inside reside on ... As in prokaryotes, genes in chloroplast DNA are organized into operons.[10] Introns are common in chloroplast DNA molecules, ... Chloroplast DNA has long been thought to have a circular structure, but some evidence suggests that chloroplast DNA more ...
DNA Plant Technology (DNAP), Agritope and Monsanto developed tomatoes that delayed ripening by preventing the production of ... Genetic material can also be inserted into a tomato cell's chloroplast and chromoplast plastomes using biolistics. Tomatoes ...
DNA samples of Cyanobacteria?Edit. Would Wikipedia ever collect DNA samples of simple organisms like the Cyanobacteria? - ... Anything with a chloroplast is photosynthetic. Maybe that will do for now. [email protected] 06:05, 7 April 2007 (UTC). ... They are also considerad the ancestors of chloroplasts in plants and algae.. Narayanese 16:47, 30 November 2007 (UTC). Sadly, I ... "This organization closely resembles that of chloroplasts, which are believed to be derived from endosymbiotic cyanobacteria. In ...
... not recognized by host spliceosomes because they are too small and therefore cannot be cut and later incorporated into host DNA ... Diagram of a four membraned chloroplast containing a nucleomorph.. Nucleomorphs are small, vestigial eukaryotic nuclei found ...
Phylogenetics of asterids based on 3 coding and 3 non-coding chloroplast DNA markers and the utility of non-coding DNA at ...
... but can also be used of organelles that contain their own DNA, as with the mitochondrial genome or the chloroplast genome. ... The genome of an organism is the whole of its hereditary information encoded in its DNA (or, for some viruses, RNA). This ... Note: The DNA from a single human cell has a length of ~1.8 m (but at a width of ~2.4 nanometers). ... However, no single haploid chromosome set defines even the DNA of a species. Because of the huge variety of alleles carried by ...
Early DNA-analysis showed that the Capparaceae-as defined at that moment-were paraphyletic, and it was suggested to assign the ... Hall, J.C.; Sytsma, K.J.; Iltis, H.H. (2002). "Phylogeny of Capparaceae and Brassicaceae based on chloroplast sequence data". ... Current insights in the relationships of the Brassicaceae, based on a 2012 DNA-analysis, are summarized in the following tree.[ ...
Molecular Phylogenetic Analysis Of Nuclear And Chloroplast Data Sets And A Revised Classification. - International Journal of ... Clade and a Clarification of the Phylogenetic Position of Bienertia and Alexandra Using Multiple DNA Sequence Datasets. - ...
... a comparison of chloroplast restriction site and DNA sequence data". American Journal of Botany. 86: 1014-1026. doi:10.2307/ ...
It is building a messenger RNA molecule from a DNA helix. Part of the enzyme was made transparent so the RNA and DNA can be ... Eukaryotic chloroplasts have an RNAP very similar to bacterial RNAP ("plastid-encoded polymerase"). Eukaryotic chloroplasts ... With the help of some other molecules, it makes messenger RNA from a strand of a DNA. This is its main function, but it does ... Herr A.J. et al (2005). "RNA polymerase IV directs silencing of endogenous DNA". Science 308 (5718): 118-20. doi:10.1126/ ...
... ramosum as assessed by random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD). Retrieved 14 October 2015.. in Zeder et al (2006, Chapter 10. ... based on nuclear ribosomal internal transcribed spacer and chloroplast rps16 sequences, focusing on the inclusion of species ... "Phylogeny and new intrageneric classification of Allium (Alliaceae) based on nuclear ribosomal DNA ITS sequences" (PDF). Aliso ...
It is building a messenger RNA molecule from a DNA helix. Part of the enzyme was made transparent so the RNA and DNA can be ... Eukaryotic chloroplasts have an RNAP very similar to bacterial RNAP ("plastid-encoded polymerase"). Eukaryotic chloroplasts ... With the help of some other molecules, it makes messenger RNA from a strand of a DNA. This is its main function, but it does ... X-ray crystallography of DNA and RNA polymerases show that, other than having a Mg2+ ion at the catalytic site, they are ...
Cyanobacteria and chloroplasts (Aphanocapsa, Oscillatoria, Nostoc, Synechococcus, Gleoebacter, Prochloron). *Spirochaetes and ... The complete DNA sequence is known for many bacterial strains.. Shape[change , change source]. Bacteria vary widely in size and ... They do have DNA, and their biochemistry is basically the same as other living things. They are amongst the simplest and the ... Bacteria do not have sexes, but they do transmit DNA by several kinds of horizontal gene transfer. This is how they share ...
These estimates are made using genetic mapping of plant chloroplasts.[12] A DNA study published in Nature in 2018 concludes ... A phylogenetic analysis of 34 chloroplast genomes elucidates the relationships between wild and domestic species within the ... Briggs, Helen (8 Feb 2018), "DNA Story of when life first gave us lemons," BBC, https://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment- ...
... inferred from chloroplast and nuclear DNA: insights into evolutionary history and conservation". BMC Evolutionary Biology. 12 ( ...
Evolutionary significance of the loss of the chloroplast--DNA inverted repeat in the Leguminosae subfamily Papilionoideae. ... Monophyly of aneuploid Astragalus: Evidence from nuclear ribosomal DNA internal transcribed spacer sequences. American J. Bot. ... A phylogeny of the chloroplast gene rbcL in the Leguminosae: taxonomic correlations and insights into the evolution of ...
Cyanobacteria and chloroplasts (Aphanocapsa, Oscillatoria, Nostoc, Synechococcus, Gleoebacter, Prochloron). *Spirochaetes and ... They do have DNA, and their biochemistry is basically the same as other living things. They are amongst the simplest and the ... Bacteria do not have sexes, but they do transmit DNA by several kinds of horizontal gene transfer. This is how they share ... All modern ideas start with the sequence analysis of DNA and RNA. In 1987, Carl Woese, the forerunner of the molecular ...
In wild-type S. cerevisiae, DNA damage rates increased 3-fold with age, but more than 5-fold in mutants deleted for either the ... Note that Cu-Zn SODs provide less protection than Fe SODs when localized in the chloroplast.[18][19][20] ... Superoxide is known to denature enzymes, oxidize lipids, and fragment DNA.[19] SODs catalyze the production of O2 and H2O2 from ... Iron or manganese - used by prokaryotes and protists, and in mitochondria and chloroplasts *Iron - Many bacteria contain a form ...
Main articles: RNA and DNA. The major difference between RNA and DNA is the presence of a hydroxyl group at the 2'-position of ... This forces an RNA double helix to change from a B-DNA structure to one more closely resembling A-DNA. ... DNA and proteins seemed the dominant macromolecules in the living cell, with RNA only aiding in creating proteins from the DNA ... The overall structure of RNA and DNA are immensely similar-one strand of DNA and one of RNA can bind to form a double helical ...
DNA. See deoxyribonucleic acid.. DNA replication. The chemical duplication or copying of a DNA molecule; the process of ... chloroplast. A type of highly specialized organelle in the cells of plants and algae, the main role of which is to conduct ... DNA sequencing. The process of determining the precise order of nucleotides within a DNA molecule.. drug. Any substance that ... One of the four nucleobases used in the nucleic acid DNA (but not in RNA). It is represented in DNA sequences by the letter T. ...
... s with recombinant DNA are introduced into the media containing animal cells and are fused by polyethylene glycol ( ... Molecular and electrophysiological characterization of a mechanosensitive channel expressed in the chloroplasts of ... Bacterial spheroplasts, with suitable recombinant DNA inserted into it, can be used to transfect animal cells. ... PEG). With this methodology, nearly 100% of the animal cells may take up the foreign DNA.[11] Upon conducting experiments ...
... a phylogenetic analysis based on DNA sequences from three chloroplast genes and morphology. Amer. J. Bot. 87: 1325-1341. ...
Homologs of the recA gene, including rad51, play a key role in homologous recombinational repair of DNA during meiosis. A rad51 ... The potent chloroplasts in the dark-green shoulders of the U phenotype are beneficial here, but have the disadvantage of ... The u genetic mutation encodes a factor that produces defective chloroplasts with lower density in developing fruit, resulting ... "Increasing tomato fruit quality by enhancing fruit chloroplast function. A double-edged sword?". Journal of Experimental Botany ...
... based on three chloroplast DNA regions: patterns in the evolution of floral symmetry and extrafloral nectaries". American ...
Aðalsteinn Sigurgeirsson & Alfred E. Szmidt (1993). "Phylogenetic and biogeographic implications of chloroplast DNA variation ... DNA analyses have shown that traditional classifications based on the morphology of needle and cone are artificial.[6][7] A ... "Picea glauca chloroplast, complete genome". 3 December 2015.. Cite journal requires ,journal=. (help). ... The nuclear,[50] mitochondrial[51][52] and chloroplast[53] genomes of British Columbia interior spruce have been sequenced. The ...
However, the problem with this theory is that it is still not known how each organism's DNA could be incorporated into one ... Although such symbiosis is theorized to have occurred (e.g. mitochondria and chloroplasts in animal and plant cells- ... Modern phylogenetics uses sophisticated techniques such as alloenzymes, satellite DNA and other molecular markers to describe ... separately replicating their DNA during mitosis of the host species. For instance, the two or three symbiotic organisms forming ...
... be co-located for redox regulation according to the CoRR hypothesis for the function of DNA in mitochondria and chloroplasts. ...
... a histone-like chloroplast protein (HC) coded by the chloroplast DNA that tightly packs each chloroplast DNA ring into a ... Chloroplast DNA Interactive gene map of chloroplast DNA from Nicotiana tabacum. Segments with labels on the inside reside on ... Chloroplast DNA (cpDNA) is the DNA located in chloroplasts, which are photosynthetic organelles located within the cells of ... Chloroplast DNA has long been thought to have a circular structure, but some evidence suggests that chloroplast DNA more ...