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*  Bodo saltans
... a species with non-catenated kinetoplast DNA. Jan 16th JBC Papers, American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology. ... Commonly, the molecules of mitochondrial DNA in eukaryotes are circular and replication and transcription result in topological ...
*  Guide RNA
All of these molecules are catenated into a giant network of DNA that is situated at the base of the flagellum in the inner ... The phrase "guide RNA" and "gRNA" are also used in DNA editing in the case of Cas9. Trypanosomatid protists and other ... Vargas-Parada, L. (2010). "Kinetoplastids and their networks of interlocked DNA". Nature Education. 3 (9): 63. Retrieved 2015- ...
*  Prokaryotic DNA replication
DNA replication initially produces two catenated or linked circular DNA duplexes, each comprising one parental strand and one ... DNA polymerase III holoenzyme is loaded into the DNA and replication begins. The catalytic mechanism of DNA polymerase III ... The rate of DNA replication in a living cell was first measured as the rate of phage T4 DNA elongation in phage-infected E. ... Prokaryotic DNA replication is the process by which a prokaryote duplicates its DNA into another copy that is passed on to ...
*  DNA nanotechnology
... requiring multiple ligations and solid-phase synthesis steps to create catenated polyhedra. Subsequent work yielded polyhedra ... DNA machines: Feng, L.; Park, S. H.; Reif, J. H.; Yan, H. (22 September 2003). "A two-state DNA lattice switched by DNA ... DNA nanotechnology is sometimes divided into two overlapping subfields: structural DNA nanotechnology and dynamic DNA ... Escher and an array of DNA six-arm junctions. Several natural branched DNA structures were known at the time, including the DNA ...
*  Type II topoisomerase
This occurs after DNA replication, where two single strands are catenated and can still replicate but cannot separate into the ... A strand of DNA, called the gate, or G-segment, is bound by a central DNA-binding gate (DNA-gate). A second strand of DNA, ... the ends of the DNA are separated, and a second DNA duplex is passed through the break. Following passage, the cut DNA is ... Type II topoisomerases cut both strands of the DNA helix simultaneously in order to manage DNA tangles and supercoils. They use ...
*  List of MeSH codes (D13)
... dna, catalytic MeSH D13.444.308.283 --- dna, circular MeSH D13.444.308.283.084 --- dna, catenated MeSH D13.444.308.283.170 --- ... dna adducts MeSH D13.444.308.142 --- dna, a-form MeSH D13.444.308.148 --- dna, algal MeSH D13.444.308.150 --- dna, antisense ... dna, fungal MeSH D13.444.308.315 --- dna, helminth MeSH D13.444.308.324 --- dna, intergenic MeSH D13.444.308.324.230 --- dna, ... dna transposable elements MeSH D13.444.308.568 --- dna, viral MeSH D13.444.308.574 --- dna, z-form MeSH D13.444.308.580 --- ...
*  Kinetoplast
It appears that DNA polymerase beta acts during kinetoplast DNA replication to repair oxidative DNA damages induced by ... The network of maxicircles and minicircles are catenated to form a planar network that resembles chain mail. Reproduction of ... DNA polymerase, DNA primase, and DNA ligase, which initiate repair of remaining discontinuities in the newly replicated ... DNA polymerase beta expressed in T. cruzi is employed in the removal of oxidative DNA damages by the process of base excision ...
*  Circular bacterial chromosome
DNA topoisomerase IV plays the major role in the separation of the catenated chromosomes, transiently breaking both DNA strands ... B sliding clap is the processivity subunit of DNA Pol III]. The RNA primer is removed and replaced with DNA by DNA polymerase I ... In order for DNA replication to continue, single stranded binding proteins are needed to prevent the single strands of DNA from ... DNA gyrase preliminary role is to introduce negative super coils into DNA, thereby relaxing positive supercoils that come into ...
*  Phosphorus
Examples include catenated derivatives of phosphine and organophosphines. Compounds containing P=P double bonds have also been ... It is used in life-science laboratories in applications in which lower energy beta emissions are advantageous such as DNA ... Phosphorus plays a major role in the structural framework of DNA and RNA. Living cells use phosphate to transport cellular ... Phosphates (compounds containing the phosphate ion, PO43−) are a component of DNA, RNA, ATP, and the phospholipids, which form ...
*  Trypanosoma
An adaptive benefit of meiosis for T. crucei and T. brucei may be the recombinational repair of DNA damages that are acquired ... is made up of a highly complex series of catenated circles and minicircles and requires a cohort of proteins for organisation ...
*  Sulfur
Homocysteine and taurine are other sulfur-containing acids that are similar in structure, but not coded by DNA, and are not ... its ability to catenate (bind to itself by formation of chains). Protonation of these polysulfide anions produces the ... DNA, RNA, alkaloids, and the other organic nitrogen compounds necessary for life. The sulfur cycle was the first of the ...