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*  Bacterial DNA binding protein
... bacterial DNA binding proteins were thought to help stabilize bacterial DNA. Currently, many more functions of bacteria DNA ... Research suggests that bacterial DNA binding protein has an important role during DNA replication; the protein is involved in ... The functions of bacterial DNA-binding proteins are not limited to DNA replication. Researchers have been investigating other ... These proteins participate in all DNA-dependent functions; in these processes, bacterial DNA binding proteins have an ...
*  Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide
Other NAD-dependent enzymes include bacterial DNA ligases, which join two DNA ends by using NAD+ as a substrate to donate an ... Wilkinson A, Day J, Bowater R (2001). "Bacterial DNA ligases". Mol. Microbiol. 40 (6): 1241-8. doi:10.1046/j.1365-2958.2001. ... This contrasts with eukaryotic DNA ligases, which use ATP to form the DNA-AMP intermediate. In recent years, NAD+ has also been ... as well as acting as a substrate for bacterial DNA ligases and a group of enzymes called sirtuins that use NAD+ to remove ...
*  Multiple organ dysfunction syndrome
Mitochondrial DNA resembles bacterial DNA. If bacteria triggers leukocytes, mitochondrial DNA may do the same. When confronted ... mitochondrial DNA is the leading cause of severe inflammation due to a massive amount of Mitochondrial DNA that leaks into the ... 2014). "Mitochondrial DNA neutrophil extracellular traps are formed after trauma and subsequent surgery". Journal of Critical ... Simple intestinal obstruction causes bacterial translocation in man. Arch Surg 1989; 124: 699-701. PMID 2730322 McIlroy DJ; et ...
*  Leucine-responsive regulatory protein
Dorman, C. J.; Corcoran, C. P. (2008). "Bacterial DNA topology and infectious disease". Nucleic Acids Research. 37 (3): 672-678 ...
*  Iteron
... s are directly repeated DNA sequences which play an important role in regulation of plasmid copy number in bacterial ... Johan Paulsson; Dhruba K. Chattoraj (2006). "Origin inactivation in bacterial DNA replication control". Molecular Biology. 61 ( ... Dhruba K. Chattoraj (2000). "Control of plasmid DNA replication by iterons: no longer paradoxical". Molecular Biology. 37 (3): ... Peter P. Papp; Gauranga Mukhopadhyay; Dhruba K. Chattoraj (1994). "Negative control of plasmid DNA replication by iterons. ...
*  Toll-like receptor
... bacterial and viral TLR 8: single-stranded RNA, bacterial and viral, phagocytized bacterial RNA. TLR 9: CpG DNA TLR 10: unknown ... bacterial peptidoglycans TLR 3: double-stranded RNA TLR 4: lipopolysaccharides TLR 5: bacterial flagella TLR 6: bacterial ... Other molecules (bacterial lipopeptides, flagellin, and unmethylated DNA) were shown in turn to provoke host responses that are ... December 2000). "A Toll-like receptor recognizes bacterial DNA". Nature. 408 (6813): 740-5. doi:10.1038/35047123. PMID 11130078 ...
*  Fertility medication
The bacterial DNA is then called Recombinant DNA. Examples of recombinant FSH are Follistim and Gonal F, while Luveris is a ... There are also recombinant variants which are created by inserting the DNA coding for it into bacteriae. ...
*  Julius Marmur
This discovery was a cornerstone of the recombinant DNA revolution. DNA strand recombination was observed using bacterial DNA; ... DNA hybridization) and depended on salt- and GC-content, had a major impact on how scientists thought about DNA, and how DNA ... He received a master's degree from McGill and a PhD in bacterial physiology from Iowa State University. Marmur spent most of ... His discovery, while working in the laboratory of Paul Doty at Harvard University, that the denaturation of DNA was reversible ...
*  Q fever
Molecular detection of bacterial DNA is increasingly used. Culture is technically difficult and not routinely available in most ...
*  RuvABC
As such, RuvABC is critical to bacterial DNA repair. RuvA and RuvB bind to the four strand DNA structure formed in the Holliday ... The RuvAB complex can carry out DNA helicase activity, which helps unwind the duplex DNA. The binding of the RuvC protein to ... RuvA is a DNA-binding protein that binds Holliday junctions with high affinity. The structure of the complex has been variously ... Its crystal structure has been solved at 1.9A. RuvB is an ATPase that is only active in the presence of DNA and compared to ...
*  CpG Oligodeoxynucleotide
specifically identified bacterial DNA as the underlying component of the lysate that elicited the response. Then, in 1995 Krieg ... Bauer, S; Wagner, H (2002). "Bacterial CpG-DNA licenses TLR9". Current topics in microbiology and immunology. Current Topics in ... demonstrated that the CpG motif within bacterial DNA was responsible for the immunostimulatory effects and developed synthetic ... "CpG motifs in bacterial DNA trigger direct B-cell activation". Nature. 374 (6522): 546-9. doi:10.1038/374546a0. PMID 7700380. ...
*  Timeline of cancer treatment development
"CpG motifs in bacterial DNA trigger direct B-cell activation". Nature. 374 (6522): 546-9. doi:10.1038/374546a0. PMID 7700380. ... 2600 BC - Bacterial immunotherapy utilized by Egyptian pharaoh Imhotep who had a poultice, followed by incision, to facilitate ...
*  T independent antigen (TI)
An example of TI-1 antigen is lipopolysaccharide (LPS) or bacterial DNA. Second group of TI antigens consists mainly of highly ... However bacterial polysaccharides and lipopolysaccharides, and some polymeric proteins, can stimulate B lymphocytes without ...
*  Theta
... Type Replication: a type of bacterial DNA replication specific to circular chromosomes. Threshold value of an artificial ...
*  Uptake signal sequence
"Genome Dynamics of Short Oligonucleotides: The Example of Bacterial DNA Uptake Enhancing Sequences". PLoS ONE. 2 (8): e741. doi ... transformation is the process by which a recipient bacterial cell takes up DNA from a neighboring cell and integrates this DNA ... In N. meningitidis, DNA transformation requires the presence of short DUS (10-12 mers residing in coding regions) of the donor ... Frye SA, Nilsen M, Tønjum T, Ambur OH (2013). "Dialects of the DNA uptake sequence in Neisseriaceae". PLoS Genet. 9 (4). doi: ...
*  Fleroxacin
Like other quinolones and fluoroquinolones the compound eradicates bacteria by interfering with DNA replication (bacterial DNA ... Fleroxacin is a bactericidal drug that inhibits bacterial DNA gyrase and topoisomerase IV. ... bacterial enteritis, traveler's diarrhea, respiratory tract infections ( including exacerbation of chronic bronchitis). In ... "Mechanism of action of quinolones against Escherichia coli DNA gyrase". Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy. 37 (4): 839-45. ...
*  DnaG
... for DNA synthesis by bacterial DNA polymerase III (Pol III). DnaG is important in bacterial DNA replication because DNA ... further facilitating DNA binding. Based on previous studies of DNA binding by DNA Primases, it is thought that DNA binds to the ... DnaG is a bacterial DNA primase and is encoded by the dnaG gene. The enzyme DnaG, and any other DNA primase, synthesizes short ... DNA primases make RNA primers which are then used for DNA synthesis. The placement of the RNA primers is not random, suggesting ...
*  Enoxacin
... enoxacin functions by inhibiting bacterial DNA gyrase and topoisomerase IV. The inhibition of these enzymes prevents bacterial ... Quinolones and fluoroquinolones are bactericidal drugs, eradicating bacteria by interfering with DNA replication. Like other ... "Mechanism of action of quinolones against Escherichia coli DNA gyrase". Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. 37 (4): 839-45. doi: ... DNA replication, transcription, repair and recombination. Enoxacin is active against many Gram-positive bacteria. The quinolone ...
*  Quinolone antibiotic
Quinolones inhibit the bacterial DNA gyrase or the topoisomerase IV enzyme, thereby inhibiting DNA replication and ... Castora, F. J.; Vissering, F. F.; Simpson, M. V. (September 1983). "The effect of bacterial DNA gyrase inhibitors on DNA ... Naphthyridone and quinolone classes of antibiotics prevent bacterial DNA replication by inhibition of DNA unwinding events, and ... This modification, coupled with the constant action of the topoisomerase II in the bacterial cell, leads to DNA fragmentation ...
*  Nitrofurantoin
The drug works by damaging bacterial DNA, since its reduced form is highly reactive. This is made possible by the rapid ... Nitrofurantoin exerts greater effects on bacterial cells than mammalian cells because bacterial cells activate the drug more ... The efficacy of nitrofurantoin in treating UTIs combined with a low rate of bacterial resistance to this agent makes it one of ... "Drugs for bacterial infections". Treatment guidelines from the Medical Letter. 11 (131): 65-74. July 2013. PMID 23797768. " ...
*  Rifampicin
... inhibits bacterial DNA-dependent RNA synthesis by inhibiting bacterial DNA-dependent RNA polymerase. Crystal ... Rifampicin inhibits bacterial RNA polymerase, thus it is commonly used to inhibit the synthesis of host bacterial proteins ... RNA encoding for the recombinant gene is usually transcribed from DNA by a viral T7 RNA polymerase, which is not affected by ... The critical functional groups of rifampicin in its inhibitory binding of bacterial RNA polymerase are the four critical ...
*  RuvB-like 1
... homologous to the bacterial DNA helicase RuvB, acts as an autoantigen in human". Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 245 (3): 819-23 ... Possesses single-stranded DNA-stimulated ATPase and ATP-dependent DNA helicase (3' to 5') activity; hexamerization is thought ... a new RuvB-like DNA helicase, is included in a complex together with another RuvB-like DNA helicase, TIP49a". J. Biol. Chem. ... DNA Seq. 11 (1-2): 145-8. doi:10.3109/10425170009033982. PMID 10902922. Ikura T, Ogryzko VV, Grigoriev M, Groisman R, Wang J, ...
*  Archaeogenetics
Often other DNA, such as bacterial DNA, will be present in the original sample. To avoid contamination it is necessary to take ... The first phase is bacterial putrefaction, which is estimated to cause a 15-fold degradation of DNA. Phase 2 is when bone ... The best time to extract DNA from a fossil is when it is freshly out of the ground as it contains six times the DNA when ... Nuclear DNA in specific is used over mitochondrial and chloroplast DNA because of its faster mutation rate as well as its ...
*  Ada regulon
Jadwiga N & Elżbieta G (2007), Bacterial DNA repair genes and their eukaryotic homologues: 3. AlkB dioxygenase and Ada ... In DNA repair, the Ada Regulon is a set of genes whose expression is essential to adaptive response (also known as "Ada ... DNA bases damaged by alkylation are removed by distinct strategies. The alkylating agents from a group of mutagens and ... In case of the ada-alkB operon, and the aidB promoter, the N-terminal domain (AdaNTD) is involved in DNA binding and interacts ...
*  Gene density
... including that the fact that bacterial DNA has no introns. There are also fewer codons in bacterial genes. C-value enigma " ... Bacterial DNA has a gene density on the order of 500-1000 genes/Mb. This is due several factors, ...