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*  West Nile fever
Vertical transmission, the transmission of a viral or bacterial disease from the female of the species to her offspring, has ... Journal of Infectious Diseases. 203 (1): 75-84. doi:10.1093/infdis/jiq003. PMC 3086439 . PMID 21148499. Medicine portal Viruses ... Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) (2002). "Possible West Nile virus transmission to an infant through breast- ... "West Nile Virus". Division of Vector-Borne Diseases, U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). CDC-West Nile Virus ...
*  Arbovirus
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) (2002). "Possible West Nile virus transmission to an infant through breast- ... Bowen, R. A.; Nemeth, N. M. (2007). "Experimental infections with West Nile virus". Current Opinion in Infectious Diseases. 20 ... Vector control measures, especially mosquito control, are essential to reducing the transmission of disease by arboviruses. ... D., professor Arthropod-borne and Infectious Diseases Laboratory, College of Veterinary Medicine and Biolmedical Sciences, ...
*  Lister Institute of Preventive Medicine
Until the 1970s the Institute maintained laboratories and conducted research on infectious disease and vaccines. It was funded ... He made outstanding contributions to the study of plague and its transmission and he created a new post of resident ... "War on Disease - A History of the Lister Institute" - review in the ''British Medical Journal'' 1971, accessed 7 January 2012 ... The institute played a major part in defining the role of vitamins in post-war nutritional deficiency diseases that were ...
*  List of Legionnaires' disease outbreaks
This is a list of Legionnaires' disease outbreaks; Legionnaire's is a potentially fatal infectious disease caused by gram ... In 2000, ASHRAE issued guidelines to maintain water systems and to decrease the chances of Legionnaires' disease transmission. ... disease by serological assays". BMC Infectious Diseases. 15: 163. doi:10.1186/s12879-015-0903-2. PMC 4383209 . PMID 25887275. ... Stout, Janet E; Yu, Victor L (2003). "Hospital-acquired Legionnaires' disease: New developments". Current Opinion in Infectious ...
*  Rectal douching
Prevalence of Infection and Factors Related to Transmission". Journal of Infectious Diseases. 146 (1): 7-15. doi:10.1093/infdis ... BMC Infectious Diseases. 14 (1): 95. doi:10.1186/1471-2334-14-95. ISSN 1471-2334. Noor, SW; Rosser, BR (May 2014). "Enema use ... Research into rectal microbicide to prevent the transmission of HIV increased interest into researching safer and more gentle ... Sexually Transmitted Diseases: 1. doi:10.1097/OLQ.0b013e3181bf9b2d. ISSN 0148-5717. Anal Sex Prep, a video explanation by ...
*  Fifth disease
Individuals with fifth disease are most infectious before the onset of symptoms. Typically, school children, day-care workers, ... When symptoms are evident, there is little risk of transmission; therefore, symptomatic individuals don't need to be isolated. ... The name "fifth disease" comes from its place on the standard list of rash-causing childhood diseases, which also includes ... Not to be confused with sixth disease. See Exanthema subitum. Erythema infectiosum or fifth disease is one of several possible ...
*  Belem Prison
Wilder, Russell M. (1911). "The problem of transmission in typhus fever". The Journal of Infectious Diseases. 9 (1): 9-101. doi ... The living conditions of Belem were notorious for enabling the spread of infectious diseases. Many of the outbreaks consisted ... during its time of operation due to its prevalence of infectious diseases. Over population and overall dirty conditions of the ... prison were the number one source of the spread of Diseases such a Typhus and Influenza. The other issue is that the people who ...
*  Helen Purdy Beale
... or several infectious agents leading to similar disease symptoms? (2) What was(were) the infectious agent(s)? (3) Was there a ... whose research focus was on the cause and transmission method of yellows disease in plants. At the time, tobacco mosaic disease ... The disease was highly infectious and easily spread to a healthy plant simply by touching the leaf with infected leaf sap. ... Key research questions were: (1) Were all cases of tobacco mosaic disease caused by the same infectious agent, ...
*  Coronaviridae
"Tracking MERS-CoV Transmission , NIH: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases". www.niaid.nih.gov. Retrieved 2016 ... Although most diseases are mild, sometimes they can cause more severe situations in humans, such as, for example, the infection ... The assembly of infectious coronavirus particles requires the selection of viral genomic RNA from a cellular pool that contains ... Inter-human transmission appears to be via direct contact with low communicability; long term interaction with an infected ...
*  Ebola virus disease
... in countries without widespread Ebola disease transmission: direct contact with a person showing symptoms of the disease while ... Non-infectious diseases that may result in symptoms similar to those of EVD include acute promyelocytic leukemia, hemolytic ... "Ebola (Ebola Virus Disease) Transmission". CDC. 5 November 2014. Archived from the original on 6 November 2014. Retrieved 7 ... 2007). Emerging infectious diseases trends and issues (2nd ed.). New York: Springer. p. 141. ISBN 9780826103505. Archived from ...
*  Liver disease
"Vertical transmission of hepatitis C virus: systematic review and meta-analysis". Clinical Infectious Diseases. 59 (6): 765-73 ... Liver disease (also called hepatic disease) is a type of damage to or disease of the liver. There are more than a hundred ... Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is a spectrum of disease associated with obesity and metabolic syndrome. Hereditary diseases ... Alcoholic liver disease is a hepatic manifestation of alcohol overconsumption, including fatty liver disease, alcoholic ...
*  Charles R. Wira
... international meetings sponsored by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases on prevention of HIV transmission ... The Biology of HIV Transmission Think Tank, NIH in Washington, DC; NIH AIDS Women, Girls and HIV Conference in Washington, DC; ...
*  Endemic (epidemiology)
... including the virulence of the disease and its mode of transmission. If a disease is in endemic steady state in a population, ... Epidemic Infectious disease Pandemic Mathematical modelling in epidemiology Syndemic. ... For an infection that relies on person-to-person transmission to be endemic, each person who becomes infected with the disease ... So, for a disease to be in an endemic steady state it is: R 0 × S = 1 {\displaystyle R_{0}\times S=1} In this way, the ...
*  Avian nephritis virus
The disease is mainly transmitted horizontally by the oro-faecal route, but rarely vertical transmission may occur. Clinical ... Causes: Infectious Stunting Syndrome - ISS - Baby Chick Nephritis - BCN. The virus has been reported in Japan, Europe, USA and ... Adequate nutrition and a stress-free environment should decrease the amount of clinical disease seen in flocks. Avian Nephritis ... policy and thorough disinfection of housing between batches should be employed to control disease. ...
*  Transmission-based precautions
For most infectious diseases, this duration reflects known patterns of persistence and shedding of infectious agents associated ... droplet transmission and airborne transmission. Transmission-based precautions are used when the route(s) of transmission is ( ... For some diseases that have multiple routes of transmission (e.g., SARS), more than one transmission-based precautions category ... Airborne precautions prevent transmission of infectious agents that remain infectious over long distances when suspended in the ...
*  DMOZ - Health: Conditions and Diseases: Infectious Diseases: Viral: Hemorrhagic Fevers: Ebola
Factsheet including information on the disease, its transmission, symptoms, diagnosis, therapy, containment and the history of ... Information about the deadly disease from the National Center for Infectious Diseases. ... Learn about the transmission process and incubation period of viruses through this fact sheet on a deadly type of hemorrhagic ... News, research and analysis about the disease, from leading academics and researchers worldwide. ...
*  DMOZ - Health: Conditions and Diseases: Infectious Diseases: Bacterial: Staphylococcal: MRSA
Concise factsheet on this disease, its transmission, the UK death rate and how the NHS is combating the infection. (July 24, ... Disease statistics and basics, plus information for schools, health professionals, correctional facilities, and athletic ... Organization with the purpose to raise public awareness about the disease and influence the government and healthcare sectors. ... Article with facts about the disease in the Journal of the American Medical Association. (October 17, 2007) ...
*  Sperm
... the infectious proteins would still have to cross the blood-testis barrier to make transmission possible. Sperm were first ... motivated by a risk of transmission of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease, although such a risk is insignificant, since artificial ... The prevalence of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease for donors is at most one in a million, and if the donor was a carrier, ... insemination is very different from the route of transmission of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease. ...
*  Marine fungi
Transmission among animals in the open sea may naturally limit the spread of fungal diseases. Infectious fungi known from ... "A Review of Potential Infectious Disease Threats to Southern Resident Killer Whales (Orcinus orca)" (PDF). Fungal infections of ... a mosquito-borne infectious disease of humans and other animals. Lichens are mutualistic associations between fungi, usually an ... Mortalities from fungal disease have been reported in captive killer whales; it is thought that stress due to captive ...
*  Canine leishmaniasis
"Vectorborne Transmission of Leishmania infantum from Hounds, United States". Emerging Infectious Diseases. 21 (12): 2209-2212. ... Although in utero transmission is likely the predominant method of disease spread amount the L. infantum Mon1 strain, it is ... International Journal of Infectious Diseases. 13 (4): 513-7. doi:10.1016/j.ijid.2008.08.023. PMID 19095480. Duprey Z.H.; et al ... This mode of transmission seems to be unique to the L. infantum Mon1 strain found in the United States. ...
*  Lassa fever
Transmission from person to person has also been established, presenting a disease risk for healthcare workers in the clinical ... Emerging infectious diseases: trends and issues. New York: Springer Pub., 2002. ISBN 978-0826102508. ... Researchers at the USAMRIID facility, where military biologists study infectious diseases, have a promising vaccine candidate. ... The Journal of Infectious Diseases. 184 (3): 345-349. doi:10.1086/322033. PMID 11443561. Preston, Richard (2002). The demon in ...
*  Elizabethkingia anophelis
February 2015). "Evidence for Elizabethkingia anophelis Transmission from Mother to Infant, Hong Kong". Emerging Infectious ... The genus Elizabethkingia, named for former US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) microbiologist Elizabeth O. ... The possibility of a role for mosquitoes in the maintenance and transmission of E. anophelis remains unclear. A 2014 study ... "Multistate Outbreak of Infections Caused by Elizabethkingia anophelis". Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). March ...
*  History of emerging infectious diseases
RC Rendtorff in an EPA Symposium on the Waterborne Transmission of Giardiasis - in 1979 In 1954-55, an outbreak of Giardia ... "Nationally Notifiable Infectious Diseases - 2007". Center for Disease Control. 2007. Archived from the original on 2007-06-24. ... In some infectious diseases, the severity of symptoms has been shown to be dependent on specific genetic traits of the host. 4 ... But investigation by the Center for Disease Control could not identify an infectious cause. The discovery of the cause was made ...
*  Infectious Diseases Institute
as well as Prevention of Mother to Child HIV Transmission. As a national referral centre, IDI manages complicated HIV cases. ... Infectious Diseases Institute website Infectious Diseases Institute video Infectious Diseases Institute, College of Health ... Infectious Diseases Institute Limited (IDIL) (operating as IDI) is registered as a non-profit company limited by guarantee ... The Infectious Diseases Institute (IDI), established within Makerere University, is a Ugandan not-for-profit organization which ...
*  Ebola virus epidemic in Sierra Leone
Breast milk may contain the virus for two weeks after recovery, and transmission of the disease to a consumer of the breast ... "Infectious disease: Ebola's lost ward". Nature News & Comment. "Sierra Leone Declares Emergency as Ebola Spreads". VOA. ... This may aid the transmission of Ebola, because those that die from Ebola disease are thought to have high concentrations of ... The disease is thought to have originated when a child in a bat-hunting family contracted the disease in Guinea in December ...
*  Dengue fever
... an analysis from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013". The Lancet. Infectious Diseases. doi:10.1016/S1473-3099(16)00026-8. ... In 1906, transmission by the Aedes mosquitoes was confirmed, and in 1907 dengue was the second disease (after yellow fever) ... Infectious Diseases. 16 (8): 935-41. doi:10.1016/S1473-3099(16)00146-8. PMID 27091092. Shepard DS, Undurraga EA, Halasa YA ( ... August 2009). "Emerging infectious disease agents and their potential threat to transfusion safety". Transfusion. 49 Suppl 2: ...
*  Recombinant DNA
... which carried a very high risk of transmission of blood borne infectious diseases, for example HIV and hepatitis B. DrugBank ... HIV testing page from US Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Golden rice A recombinant variety of rice that has been engineered ... This unsafe practice led to some patients developing Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease. Recombinant HGH eliminated this problem, and is ...