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*  Spatial memory
2007). "Learning Your Way Around Town: How Virtual Taxicab Drivers Learn to Use Both Layout and Landmark Information" (PDF). ... Cho, Y. H.; Kesner, R. P. (1996). "Involvement of entorhinal cortex or parietal cortex in long-term spatial discrimination ... Impairments in spatial memory is implicated in nonverbal learning disorder and other learning difficulties. Arithmetic word ... "Spatial working memory and arithmetic deficites in children with nonverbal learning difficulties". Journal of Learning ...
*  Olfaction
Time Needed To Identify Odors Reveals Much About Olfaction at sciencedaily.com Scents and Emotions Linked by Learning, Brown ... and implied that smell had a lower intensity discrimination. As the Epicurean and atomistic Roman philosopher Lucretius (1st ...
*  Recognition memory
... whether they are actively attempting to learn (intentional learning) or only learning passively, whether they were allowed to ... The mirror effect has been effective in tests of associative recognition, measures of latency responses, discriminations of ... Some groups learned their scuba lessons on land, and others learned in the water. Likewise, some groups were tested for their ... Knowlton, B. J.; Squire, L. R.; Gluck, M. A. (2004). "Probabilistic category learning in amnesia" (PDF). Learning and Memory. 1 ...
*  Discrimination learning
In psychology, discrimination learning is the process by which animals or people learn to respond differently to different ... so that learning is not now the central organizing topic that it was in the mid-20th century. Discrimination Learning at the US ... While interest in the learning of discriminations has continued in all those fields, from about 1980 onwards the phrase " ... Instead, investigations of the learning of discriminations have tended to be described in other terms such as pattern ...
*  Pain in amphibians
"Discrimination learning and extinction in toads". Psychonomic Science. 14 (1): 14-15. doi:10.3758/bf03336400. Daneri, M.F., ... The Biology of Learning: Report of the Dahlem Workshop on the Biology of Learning, Berlin. Springer-Verlag. Vitti, J. (2010). ... learn to avoid electric shocks in a T-maze. Furthermore, American bullfrogs (Rana catesbiana) learn to inhibit their high- ... This shows a learning phenomenon previously recorded in other taxa including mammals, birds, fish and invertebrates. It has ...
*  Allan R. Wagner
Wagner, A.R., Logan, F.A., Haberlandt, K., & Price, T. (1968). Stimulus selection in animal discrimination learning. Journal of ... In R. D. Hawkins and G. H. Bower (Eds.), Computational models of learning in simple neural systems: The psychology of learning ... Contemporary learning theories: Pavlovian conditioning and the status of traditional learning theories. (pp. 149-189). ... In R.R. Mowrer and S.B. Klien (Eds.) Handbook of Contemporary Learning Theories (pp. 23-64) Mahwah, NJ. Erlbaum. Wagner, A.R. ( ...
*  Relative validity
Wagner, A.R., Logan, F.A., Haberlandt, K. & Price, T. (1968). Stimulus selection in animal discrimination learning. Journal of ...
*  Paramecium
Armus, H.L., Montgomery, A.R., Jellison, J.L. (Fall 2006). "Discrimination Learning in Paramecia (P. caudatum)". Psychological ... This experiment has been cited as a possible instance of cell memory, or epigenetic learning in organisms with no nervous ... The question of whether paramecia exhibit learning has been the object of a great deal of experimentation, yielding equivocal ... CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link) Ginsburg, Simona; Jablonka, Eva (2009). "Epigenetic learning in non-neural ...
*  Viveka
Discrimination learning refers to learning to distinguish. Rao, K. Ramakrishna; Paranjpe, Anand C. (2016). Psychology in the ... According to Rao and Paranjpe, viveka can be explained more fully as: Sense of discrimination; wisdom; discrimination between ... right intuitive discrimination; ever present discrimination between the transient and the permanent. Viveka is the basis of the ... Viveka is a Sanskrit term that is sometimes translated as discernment or, in its more favorable sense, discrimination. ...
*  Kenneth Spence
From this and further research, Spence developed the continuous learning account of two-choice discrimination learning in rats ... The Nature of Discrimination Learning in Animals, 1936. The Differential Response in Animals to Stimuli Varying Within a Single ... Spence, Kenneth (1936). "The Nature of Discrimination Learning in Animals". Psychological Review. 43: 427-449. doi:10.1037/ ... Continuous Versus Non-continuous Interpretations of Discrimination Learning, 1940. The Nature of Theory Construction in ...
*  Harry Harlow
Discrimination learning by normal and brain operated monkeys. J Genet Psychol. 1952. Incentive size, food deprivation, and food ... What would later become known as learning sets, Harlow described as "learning to learn." In order to study the development of ... The effects of repeated doses of total-body x radiation on motivation and learning in rhesus monkeys. J Comp Physiol Psychol. ... Although Harlow, his students, contemporaries, and associates soon learned how to care for the physical needs of their infant ...
*  Behavior analysis of child development
From discrimination learning to cognitive development: A neobehavioristic odyessey. In W.K. Estes (Ed.) Handbook of learning ... and Discrimination Learning: A Developmental Analysis of Covert Conduct Problems". Slp-Aba. 1 (1): 43-65. Barry, L.M.; Haraway ... Consequently, the learned unit is identified by the opportunity to respond in addition to given reinforcement. One study ... In R.D. Peters & R.J. McMahon (Eds.) Social learning and systems approaches to marriage and family. (pp. 72-103). New York: ...
*  Lewis Petrinovich
The Effect of Strychnine Sulphate on Discrimination Learning in Rats. University of California, Berkeley. 1962. ...
*  Errorless learning
A simple discrimination learning procedure is one in which a subject learns to associate one stimulus, S+ (positive stimulus), ... Terrace, H.S. (1972). By-products of discrimination learning. In G.H. Bower (Ed.), The psychology of learning and motivation ( ... In other words, Terrace has claimed that the "by-products" of conventional discrimination learning do not occur with the ... In 1963, Herbert Terrace wrote a paper describing an experiment with pigeons which allows discrimination learning to occur with ...
*  Unihemispheric slow-wave sleep
"Monocular-unihemispheric sleep and visual discrimination learning in the domestic chick". Experimental Brain Research. 176 (1 ... Learning tasks, such as those including predator recognition, demonstrated the open eye could be preferential. This has also ...
*  William K. Summers
Oral tacrine administration in middle aged monkeys: Effect on discrimination learning. Soc for Neurosci Annual Meeting (20 Oct ...
*  Sleep in non-human animals
Mascetti, GG; Rugger, M; Vallortigara, G; Bobbo, D (2007). "Monocular-unihemispheric sleep and visual discrimination learning ... An observation of the Datta study is that the learning group spent 180% more time in SWS than did the control group during the ... Flies deprived of sleep require a longer time to learn this and also forget it more quickly. If an arthropod is experimentally ... During the posttrial sleep recording session, rats spent 25.47% more time in REM sleep after learning trials than after control ...
*  Water maze
... s have been used to test discrimination learning and spatial learning abilities. The Morris water navigation task is ... ISBN 978-0-86377-807-0. van Abeelen JH, Schetgens TM (March 1981). "Inheritance of discrimination learning ability and ... Hyde LA, Hoplight BJ, Denenberg VH (March 1998). "Water version of the radial-arm maze: learning in three inbred strains of ... and evidence as a test of egocentric learning and memory". Neurotoxicology and Teratology. 57: 1-19. doi:10.1016/j.ntt.2016.08. ...
*  Acetylcholine
Ridley, R.M.; Bowes, P.M.; Baker, H.F.; Crow, T.J. (1984). "An involvement of acetylcholine in object discrimination learning ... In animals, disruption of the supply of acetylcholine to the neocortex impairs the learning of simple discrimination tasks, ... ACh has an important role in the enhancement of alertness when we wake up, in sustaining attention and in learning and memory. ... Ridley, R.M.; Murray, T.K.; Johnson, J.A.; Baker, H.F. (June 1986). "Learning impairment following lesion of the basal nucleus ...
*  Neuroesthetics
This psychological phenomenon is typically known for its application in animal discrimination learning. In the peak shift ... The fact that the rat is responding more to a 'super' rectangle implies that it is learning a rule. This effect can be applied ...
*  Clark L. Hull
He also developed a discrimination learning theory. His discrimination theory suggests that there are gradients of excitatory ... He believed that reinforcement was not always necessary for learning to occur and that people can learn through latent learning ... Hull's primary interest was in theories of learning and behaviors that lead to learning. This was the goal of most of his ... Their book, Social Learning and Imitation, listed the four fundamentals necessary for instrumental learning. These were drive, ...
*  Richard C. Atkinson
Atkinson, Richard C. (1960), "A theory of stimulus discrimination learning", in Arrow, Kenneth J.; Karlin, Samuel; Suppes, ... Advances in computer-assisted instruction and methods for optimizing the learning process have been among the applied outcomes ... Atkinson, Richard C. (April 1968). "Computerized instruction and the learning process". American Psychologist. American ... The psychology of learning and motivation: advances in research and theory (volume 2), New York: Academic Press, pp. 89-195. ...
*  Negativity bias
Penney, Ronald K.; Lupton, A. A. (1961). "Children's discrimination learning as a function of reward and punishment". Journal ... Learning and memory are direct consequences of attentional processing: the more attention is directed or devoted toward ... Morristown, NJ: General Learning Press. Baumeister, Roy F.; Finkenauer, Catrin; Vohs, Kathleen D. (2001). "Bad is stronger than ... Research concerning the effects of punishment and reward on learning suggests that punishment for incorrect responses is more ...
*  Gordon music learning theory
... discrimination learning and inference learning. Discrimination learning is defined as the ability to determine whether two ... As aural/oral learning is the most basic element of discrimination learning, generalization is the basic element of inference ... Similar to discrimination learning, Gordon delineates separate categories of inference learning that students logically follow ... Students listen in the aural portion of discrimination learning, while performing represents the oral portion. At this stage, ...
*  Professional practice of behavior analysis
2006). "Rule-governance, correspondence training, and discrimination learning: a developmental analysis of covert conduct ... Skinner in learning experiments with rats and pigeons, to show how learning was influenced by rates of reinforcement.[citation ... Some behavioral counselors approach therapy from a social learning perspective but many held a position based on the use of ... Curriculum should carefully task analyze the skill needed to be learned and then ensure that proper tool skills have been ...
*  List of American and British defectors in the Korean War
I have spent my years in China learning a lot." The British Government refused to confirm the possibility of arrest and trial ... Adams, an African-American, cited racial discrimination in the United States as the reason he refused repatriation. While a ... saying they were sent to the farm because they could not learn Chinese. They returned to the United States together in July ...
*  Shea Zellweger
His doctoral dissertation focused on early visual stimulation experience and its later effects on discrimination learning. ... Serving as a system of highly abbreviated mini truth tables, Zellweger's claim is that XLA is not only much easier to learn. It ... In other words, after the simple and exact truth table code in the deep structure of XLA has been learned, operations performed ... At every level in the educational ladder, students of Zellweger's system learn in a natural and intuitive way through the use ...