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*  Chondroitin sulfate
The method included using an enzyme to break the chondroitin into its individual unsaturated disaccharides, and then measuring ... In addition, a tetrasulfated disaccharide repeat unit has not been isolated to date from animal tissues Thus, chondroitin ... The resulting product contains 3 or 4 sulfate groups per disaccharide, and, therefore, its structure differs considerably from ... the resulting disaccharide is then referred to as dermatan sulfate. Chondroitin sulfate chains are linked to hydroxyl groups on ...
*  Trisaccharide
Similar to the disaccharides, each glycosidic bond can be formed between any hydroxyl group on the component monosaccharides. ...
*  Glycosaminoglycan
Based on core disaccharide structures, GAGs are classified into four groups. Heparin/heparan sulfate (HSGAGs) and chondroitin ... HA, a linear polysaccharide, is composed of repeating disaccharide units of →4)GlcAβ(1→3)GlcNAcβ(1→ and has a very high ... Glycosaminoglycans have high degrees of heterogeneity with regards to molecular mass, disaccharide construction, and sulfation ... Glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) or mucopolysaccharides are long unbranched polysaccharides consisting of a repeating disaccharide ...
*  Disaccharide
Disaccharides are one of the four chemical groupings of carbohydrates (monosaccharides, disaccharides, oligosaccharides, and ... "Nomenclature of Carbohydrates (Recommendations 1996)2-Carb-36 Disaccharides". "Disaccharides and Oligosaccharides". Retrieved ... There are two functionally different classes of disaccharides: Reducing disaccharides, in which one monosaccharide, the ... A disaccharide (also called a double sugar or biose) is the sugar formed when two monosaccharides (simple sugars) are joined by ...
*  Pectate disaccharide-lyase
The systematic name of this enzyme class is (1->4)-alpha-D-galacturonan reducing-end-disaccharide-lyase. Other names in common ... In enzymology, a pectate disaccharide-lyase (EC 4.2.2.9) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction Eliminative cleavage ...
*  Chitin disaccharide deacetylase
... at the US National Library of Medicine Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) Molecular and Cellular ... Chitin disaccharide deacetylase (EC 3.5.1.105, chitobiose amidohydolase, COD, chitin oligosaccharide deacetylase, chitin ...
*  Lipid-A-disaccharide synthase
In enzymology, a lipid-A-disaccharide synthase (EC 2.4.1.182) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction UDP-2,3-bis(3- ... Crowell DN, Reznikoff WS, Raetz CR (1987). "Nucleotide sequence of the Escherichia coli gene for lipid A disaccharide synthase ... Formation of lipid A disaccharides from monosaccharide precursors in extracts of Escherichia coli". J. Biol. Chem. 259 (8): ...
*  Unsaturated chondroitin disaccharide hydrolase
5-didehydro L-iduronic acid from chondroitin disaccharides, hyaluronan disaccharides and heparin disaccharides. Maruyama, Y., ... Unsaturated chondroitin disaccharide hydrolase (EC 3.2.1.180, UGL, unsaturated glucuronyl hydrolase) is an enzyme with ... CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link) Unsaturated chondroitin disaccharide hydrolase at the US National Library of ...
*  FODMAP
Tuck, CJ; Muir, JG; Barrett, JS; Gibson, PR (2014). "Fermentable oligosaccharides, disaccharides, monosaccharides and polyols: ... disaccharides (lactose), monosaccharides (fructose), and sugar alcohols (polyols), such as sorbitol, mannitol, xylitol and ... disaccharides, including lactose; monosaccharides, including fructose; polyols, including sorbitol, xylitol, and mannitol. ... "Comparison of diarrhea induced by ingestion of fructooligosaccharide idolax and disaccharide lactulose (role of osmolarity ...
*  Isomaltooligosaccharide
However, disaccharides, as well as longer polysaccharides (up to nine glucose units), are also present. The disaccharide ... Identification of the disaccharides. Arch Biochem Biophys 80(2):386-392 EU Register of nutrition and health claims made on ... Isomaltose, one of the α(1,6)-linked disaccharide components of IMO, has been identified as a natural constituent of honey. IMO ...
*  Dimer (chemistry)
This is applicable to disaccharides. For example, cellobiose is a dimer of glucose, even though the formation reaction produces ...
*  Sport dog nutrition
Carbohydrates provide a quick energy source, increased palatability as well as fiber in canine diets; if disaccharides and ...
*  Mannosyl-oligosaccharide glucosidase
Kojibiose, the disaccharide Glc-α(1→2)-Glc, acts as a weak inhibitor on plant, animal, and yeast MOGS. MOGS also acts to lesser ... Partial purification and inhibition by disaccharides". European Journal of Biochemistry / FEBS. 113 (1): 97-103. ISSN 0014-2956 ...
*  Human nutrition
Disaccharides include sucrose, lactose, and maltose; purified sucrose, for instance, is used as table sugar. Polysaccharides, ... Monosaccharides contain one sugar unit, disaccharides two, and polysaccharides three or more. Monosaccharides include glucose, ... disaccharides or polysaccharides depending on the number of monomer (sugar) units they contain. They are a diverse group of ...
*  Carbohydrate
The formula of unmodified disaccharides is C12H22O11. Although there are numerous kinds of disaccharides, a handful of ... Disaccharides can be classified into two types: reducing and non-reducing disaccharides. If the functional group is present in ... Lactose, a disaccharide composed of one D-galactose molecule and one D-glucose molecule, occurs naturally in mammalian milk. ... Other notable disaccharides include maltose (two D-glucoses linked α-1,4) and cellulobiose (two D-glucoses linked β-1,4). ...
*  Vicianose
... is a disaccharide. Vicianin is a cyanogenic glycoside containing vicianose. The enzyme vicianin beta-glucosidase uses ...
*  Sophorose
... is a disaccharide. It is one of the foremost parts of antibacterial, amphiphilic biosurfactant sophorolipid. It is a ...
*  Kojibiose
... is a disaccharide. It is a product of the caramelization of glucose. It is also present in honey (approx. 3%). ...
*  Sambubiose
... is a disaccharide. It is the β-D-xylosyl-(1→2)-β-D-glucose. Sambubiose is a component of some glycoside pigments. ...
*  Sugar alcohol
Both disaccharides and monosaccharides can form sugar alcohols; however, sugar alcohols derived from disaccharides (e.g. ...
*  Melibiulose
... is a disaccharide formed from fructose and galactose similar to melibiose Chemical structure from: Dierk Martin and ... Frieder W. Lichtenthaler (2006). "Versatile building blocks from disaccharides: glycosylated 5-hydroxymethylfurfurals". ...
*  Biomolecule
Disaccharides are formed when two monosaccharides, or two single simple sugars, form a bond with removal of water. They can be ... Examples of disaccharides include sucrose, maltose, and lactose. Polysaccharides are polymerized monosaccharides, or complex ...
*  Lactose
... is a disaccharide molecule; a sugar composed of galactose and glucose that is found in milk. Lactose makes up around 2- ... Lactose is a disaccharide derived from the condensation of galactose and glucose, which form a β-1→4 glycosidic linkage. Its ...
*  Vicianin
... is a cyanogenic disaccharide. The enzyme vicianin beta-glucosidase uses (R)-vicianin and H2O to produce mandelonitrile ...
*  Turanose
2000). "Glucose and disaccharide-sensing mechanisms modulate the expression of α-amylase in barley embryos". Plant Physiol. 123 ... Turanose is a reducing disaccharide. The D-isomer is naturally occurring. Its systematic name is α-D-glucopyranosyl-(1→3)-α-D- ...