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*  Carnosinemia
... a type of enzyme that splits dipeptides into their two amino acid constituents). Carnosine is a dipeptide composed of beta- ... It is a dimer, and hydrolyzes both carnosine and anserine, preferring dipeptides that have a histidine monomer in the c- ... Lenney JF (1990). "Separation and characterization of two carnosine-splitting cytosolic dipeptides from hog kidney (carnosinase ... based in part on its ability to hydrolyze a range of dipeptide substrates, including those belonging to prolinase. 2. Serum ...
*  Membrane dipeptidase
This enzyme catalyses the following chemical reaction Hydrolysis of dipeptides (e.g., leukotriene D4, cystinyl-bis-glycine, ... Membrane dipeptidase (EC 3.4.13.19, renal dipeptidase, dehydropeptidase I (DPH I), dipeptidase, aminodipeptidase, dipeptide ...
*  PEPD
Along with prolinase, prolidase are the only known enzymes that can break down dipeptides to yield free proline. Prolidase ... Xaa-Pro dipeptidase is a cytosolic dipeptidase that hydrolyzes dipeptides with proline or hydroxyproline at the carboxy ... Additionally, it also participates in the process of recycling proline from Xaa-Pro dipeptides for collagen resynthesis. ... the differential expression of prolidase and its substrate specificity for dipeptides with proline at the carboxyl end suggests ...
*  Cathepsin C
... catalyses excision of dipeptides from the N-terminus of protein and peptide substrates, except if (i) the amino ...
*  DPP3
... cleaving Xaa-Pro dipeptides from the N-termini of proteins. Increased activity of this protein is associated with endometrial ...
*  Dipeptide
For instance, alanine dipeptide is CH3CONHCH(CH3)CONHCH3. Steane, Richard. "Hydrolysis of a dipeptide". BioTopics. Retrieved 28 ... Dietary proteins are digested to dipeptides and amino acids, and the dipeptides are absorbed more rapidly than the amino acids ... A dipeptide is a sometimes ambiguous designation of two classes of organic compounds: Its molecules contain either two amino ... Dipeptides activate G-cells found in the stomach to secrete gastrin. The Bergmann azlactone peptide synthesis is a classic ...
*  Muramyl dipeptide
... is constituent of both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria composed of N-acetylmuramic acid linked by ... Dipeptide Mifamurtide, a synthetic analogue for the treatment of osteosarcoma Inohara, N.; Ogura, Y.; Fontalba, A.; Gutierrez, ... 2004 Nov 9;14(21):1929-34., Martinon F, Agostini L, Meylan E, Tschopp J. Identification of bacterial muramyl dipeptide as ... "Host Recognition of Bacterial Muramyl Dipeptide Mediated through NOD2. Implications for Crohn's Disease". Journal of Biological ...
*  2,5-Diketopiperazine
Dipeptides substituted with an amine at one terminus and an ester at the other 1 can spontaneously cyclize to form a 2,5- ... These cyclic dipeptides incorporate both donor and acceptor groups for hydrogen bonding and are small, conformationally ... The Ugi reaction using an isonitrile, amino acid, aldehyde and amine, can produce a dipeptide in equally high yield and optical ... The most commonly used synthesis of 2,5-diketopiperazines 3 is amide bond formation by cyclisation of dipeptide 1 or 2. These ...
*  Streptomyces michiganensis
Xue, Jinghua; Wu, Min (27 March 2015). "Cyclic Dipeptides from Streptomyces michiganensis". Chemistry of Natural Compounds. 51 ...
*  Thermolysin
Trusek-Holownia A. (2003). "Synthesis of ZAlaPheOMe, the precursor of bitter dipeptide in the two-phase ethyl acetate-water ... Yagasaki, Makoto; Hashimoto, Shin-ichi (November 2008). "Synthesis and application of dipeptides; current status and ...
*  Aspartame
... is a methyl ester of the aspartic acid/phenylalanine dipeptide. A panel of experts set up by the European Food Safety ... Aspartame is a methyl ester of the dipeptide of the natural amino acids L-aspartic acid and L-phenylalanine. Under strongly ... Aspartame's major decomposition products are its cyclic dipeptide (in a 2,5-diketopiperazine, or DKP, form), the de-esterified ... 3.0.CO;2-9. Yagasaki, Makoto; Hashimoto, Shin-ichi (November 2008). "Synthesis and application of dipeptides; current status ...
*  Mycolysin
Blumberg, S.; Tauber, Z. (1983). "Inhibition of metalloendopeptidases by 2-mercaptoacetyl-dipeptides". Eur. J. Biochem. 136: ...
*  Fine chemical
At the low end are the dipeptides. The most important drugs with a dipeptide (L-alanyl-L-proline) moiety are the "-pril" ... is a dipeptide. At the high end there is the anticoagulant hirudin, MW ≈ 7000, which is composed of 65 amino acids. Apart from ...
*  Self-assembling peptide
Nanotubes formed from dipeptides are the widest amongst peptide nanotubes. An example of a dipeptide that has been studied is ... Nanotubes formed from dipeptides are stable under extreme conditions. Dry nanotubes do not degrade until 200 °C; nanotbes ... Nanostructures can be made by dissolving dipeptides in 1,1,1,3,3, 3-hexafluoro-2-propanol at 100 mg/ml and then diluting it ... Research has already shown that cationic dipeptides NH2-Phe-Phe-NH2 nanovesicles, which are about 100 nm in diameter, can be ...
*  Thioamide
Collective Volume, 9, p. 99 Artis, Dean R.; Lipton, Mark A. (1998). "Conformations of Thioamide-Containing Dipeptides: A ...
*  Dipeptidase
... s are secreted onto the brush border of the villi in the small intestine, where they cleave dipeptides into their ... Dipeptidases are also found within the enterocytes themselves, performing cytosolic digestion of absorbed dipeptides. They are ... Dipeptidases hydrolyze bound pairs of amino acids, called dipeptides. ...
*  Panspermia
In March 2013, a simulation experiment indicate that dipeptides (pairs of amino acids) that can be building blocks of proteins ... March 5, 2013). "On the Formation of Dipeptides in Interstellar Model Ices". The Astrophysical Journal. 765 (2): 111. Bibcode: ...
*  Supramolecular assembly
By self-assembling of dendritic dipeptides, hollow cylinders can be produced. The cylindrical assemblies possess internal ... "Self-assembly of amphiphilic dendritic dipeptides into helical pores". Nature. 430 (7001): 764. Bibcode:2004Natur.430..764P. ...
*  Peptide
A dipeptide has two amino acids. A tripeptide has three amino acids. A tetrapeptide has four amino acids. A pentapeptide has ... The shortest peptides are dipeptides, consisting of 2 amino acids joined by a single peptide bond, followed by tripeptides, ...
*  Glutaurine
The dipeptide γ-glutamyltaurine (γ-GT; glutaurine, Litoralon) was discovered in the parathyroid in 1980, and later in the ...
*  Dimer (chemistry)
Amino acids can also form dimers, which are called dipeptides. An example is glycylglycine, consisting of two glycine molecules ...
*  Chemotaxis
Tap and Tsr recognize dipeptides and serine as chemoattractants, respectively. Chemoattractants or chemorepellents bind MCPs at ...
*  Organocopper compound
Synthesis of Z-Fluoro alkene dipeptide isosteres,. Other effort to make this a more selective reactions includes the use of ... fluoroalkene dipeptide isosteres utilizing organocopper reagents under redoctive-oxidative alkylation (R-OA) conditions. ...
*  Solid-phase synthesis
The solid phase now bears a dipeptide. This cycle is repeated to form the desired peptide chain. After all reactions are ...
*  Tetrapeptide
Dipeptide Tripeptide Pentapeptide Decapeptide cyclic peptide "Elamipretide". AdisInsight. Retrieved 24 April 2017. Kloner, RA; ...