*  Aldolase A
6-bisphosphate to glyceraldehydes-3-phosphate and dihydroxyacetone phosphate by aldol cleavage of the C3-C4 bond. As a result, ... 6-bisphosphate to glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate and dihydroxyacetone phosphate. Three aldolase isozymes (A, B, and C), encoded by ... "Modulation of the interaction between aldolase and glycerol-phosphate dehydrogenase by fructose phosphates". Biochim. Biophys. ... The numbering of the carbon atoms indicates the fate of the carbons according to their position in fructose 6-phosphate. ALDOA ...
*  Transaldolase
Then transaldolase catalyzes the condensation of glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate with the Schiff base of dihydroxyacetone, yielding ... erythrose 4-phosphate + fructose 6-phosphate The pentose phosphate pathway has two metabolic functions: (1) generation of ... Hydrolysis of the Schiff base liberates free fructose 6-phosphate, one of the products of the pentose phosphate pathway. ... The following chemical reaction is catalyzed by transaldolase: sedoheptulose 7-phosphate + glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate ⇌ {\ ...
*  Dihydroxyacetone phosphate
... (DHAP, also glycerone phosphate in older texts) is a biochemical compound involved in many metabolic ... Dihydroxyacetone phosphate lies in the glycolysis metabolic pathway, and is one of the two products of breakdown of fructose 1, ... 6-bisphosphate, along with glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate. It is rapidly and reversibly isomerised to glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate. ... DHAP is also the product of the dehydrogenation of L-glycerol-3-phosphate, which is part of the entry of glycerol (sourced from ...
*  Fructose 1-phosphate
Aldolase B converts it into glyceraldehyde and dihydroxyacetone phosphate (DHAP). Glyceraldehyde is then phosphorylated by ... Fructose-1-phosphate is a derivative of fructose. It is generated mainly by hepatic fructokinase but is also generated in ... It depletes intracellular phosphate reserves which leads to loss of ATP and inhibition of biosynthetic pathways. Symptoms of ... In hereditary fructose intolerance caused by defects in aldolase B, fructose 1-phosphate accumulates in the liver and causes a ...
*  Plasmalogen
Alkyl-dihydroxyacetone phosphate synthase and dihydroxyacetone phosphate acyltransferase form a protein complex in peroxisomes ... This enzyme acylates dihydroxyacetone phosphate (DHAP) at the sn-1 position. This is followed by the exchange of the acyl group ... An animal cell mutant with a deficiency in acyl/alkyl-dihydroxyace- tone-phosphate reductase activity. Effects on the ... There an acyl group is placed at the sn-2 position by an alkyl/acyl GPA acyltransferase and the phosphate group is removed by a ...
*  Ginkgotoxin
The first step of the biosynthesis involves ribulose 5-phosphate and dihydroxyacetone phosphate. They react in the presence of ... a synthase complex consisting of Pdx1 and Pdx2, and form pyridoxal phosphate. The second step is hypothetical and consists of ...
*  Hereditary fructose intolerance
Fructose-1-phosphate is metabolized by aldolase B into dihydroxyacetone phosphate and glyceraldehyde. HFI is caused by a ... If fructose is ingested, the enzymatic block at aldolase B causes an accumulation of fructose-1-phosphate. This accumulation ... After ingestion, fructose is converted to fructose-1-phosphate in the liver by fructokinase. Deficiencies of fructokinase cause ... and trapping of phosphate (fructokinase requires adenosine triphosphate (ATP)). The downstream effects of this enzyme block are ...
*  Acylglycerone-phosphate reductase
... palmitoyl dihydroxyacetone phosphate reductase, palmitoyl-dihydroxyacetone-phosphate reductase, acyldihydroxyacetone phosphate ... LaBelle EF Jr; Hajra AK (1972). "Enzymatic reduction of alkyl and acyl derivatives of dihydroxyacetone phosphate by reduced ... and palmitoyl dihydroxyacetone phosphate reductase. This enzyme participates in glycerophospholipid and ether lipid metabolism ... palmitoylglycerone phosphate + NADPH + H+ Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are 1-palmitoylglycerol 3-phosphate and NADP+ ...
*  Sulfoglycolysis
... retro-aldol cleavage of sulfofructose-1-phosphate to afford dihydroxyacetone phosphate and (S)-sulfolactaldehyde (catalyzed by ... Both pathways lead to the production of dihydroxyacetone phosphate in processes that consume ATP. Energy is formed in later ... phosphorylation of sulfofructose to sulfofructose-1-phosphate (catalyzed by sulfofructose kinase and using ATP as a co-factor ... sulfofructose-1-phosphate aldolase); reduction of sulfolactaldehyde to (S)-2,3-dihydroxypropane-1-sulfonate (catalyzed by ...
*  Fructose 1,6-bisphosphate
It is, in turn, broken down into two compounds: glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate and dihydroxyacetone phosphate. It is an allosteric ... Fructose 1,6-bis(phosphate) has also been implicated in the ability to bind and sequester Fe(II), a soluble form of iron whose ... The ability of fructose 1,6-bis(phosphate) to bind Fe(II) may prevent such electron transfers, and thus act as an antioxidant ... The numbering of the carbon atoms indicates the fate of the carbons according to their position in fructose 6-phosphate. Click ...
*  Triose
During glycolysis, fructose-1,6-bisphosphate is broken down into glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate and dihydroxyacetone phosphate. ... and dihydroxyacetone, the only ketotriose, which is symmetrical and therefore has no enantiomers. Trioses are important in ...
*  Glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate
Dihydroxyacetone phosphate (DHAP), catalyzed by triose phosphate isomerase. Compound C00111 at KEGG Pathway Database.Enzyme 5.3 ... Glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate, also known as triose phosphate or 3-phosphoglyceraldehyde and abbreviated as G3P, GA3P, GADP, GAP, ... The CAS number of glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate is 591-59-3 and that of D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate (one of the two optical ... D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate is also of some importance since this is how glycerol (as DHAP) enters the glycolytic and ...
*  Methylglyoxal pathway
Methylglyoxal is formed from dihydroxyacetone phosphate (DHAP) by the enzyme methylglyoxal synthase, giving off a phosphate ... The enzyme triose phosphate isomerase affects the levels of DHAP by converting glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate (GAP) into DHAP. The ... an inorganic phosphate is given off which can be used to replenish a low concentration of needed inorganic phosphate. The ... One believed purpose of the methylglyoxal pathway is to help release the stress of elevated sugar phosphate concentration. Also ...
*  Methylglyoxal
Here, methylglyoxal arises from nonenzymatic phosphate elimination from glyceraldehyde phosphate and dihydroxyacetone phosphate ...
*  Triosephosphate isomerase deficiency
A marked decrease in TPI activity and an accumulation of dihydroxyacetone phosphate have been detected in erythrocyte extracts ... TPI is a crucial enzyme of glycolysis and catalyzes the interconversion of dihydroxyacetone phosphate and glyceraldehyde-3- ... "Triose Phosphate Isomerase Deficiency Is Caused by Altered Dimerization-Not Catalytic Inactivity-of the Mutant Enzymes". PLoS ...
*  Glycerol kinase deficiency
The enzyme is used in the first step in turning glycerol into dihydroxyacetone phosphate (DHAP). It catalyzes the transfer of a ... phosphate. Then glycerol 3-phosphate, with the assistance of glycerol 3-phosphate dehydrogenase, can be dehydrogenated into ... The glucose first gathers a phosphate group from an ATP molecule in order to become glucose-6-phosphate. It is then changed ... 6-bisphosphate molecule breaks down into two molecules of dihydroxyacetone phosphate (DHAP), so from this point on whenever ATP ...
*  Colorimetric analysis
... glycerol-3-phosphate + ADP Glycerol-3-phosphate + oxygen --(enzyme glycerol-3-phosphate oxidase) --> dihydroxyacetone phosphate ... colored complex Phosphate (inorganic) Phosphate + ammonium molybdate + ammonium metavanadate ----> colored complex In enzymatic ... Abbreviations CHOD = cholesterol oxidase GOD = glucose oxidase GPO = glycerol-3-phosphate oxidase PAP = phenol + aminophenazone ...
*  Glycolysis
... which then is converted into glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate and dihydroxyacetone phosphate. The dihydroxyacetone phosphate can be ... Dihydroxyacetone phosphate + + Glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate Triosephosphate isomerase 2 × Glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate 2 × ... This is advantageous, as it directs dihydroxyacetone phosphate down the same pathway as glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate, simplifying ... Triosephosphate isomerase rapidly interconverts dihydroxyacetone phosphate with glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate (GADP) that proceeds ...
*  Citric acid cycle
In the liver the glycerol can be converted into glucose via dihydroxyacetone phosphate and glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate by way of ... in which pyridoxal phosphate is a cofactor. In this reaction the glutamate is converted into alpha-ketoglutarate, which is a ... and inorganic phosphate (Pi) into one equivalent of guanosine triphosphate (GTP). The NADH and FADH2 generated by the citric ...
*  Lactoylglutathione lyase
Methylglyoxal is formed spontaneously from dihydroxyacetone phosphate, enzymatically by triosephosphate isomerase and ... Phillips SA, Thornalley PJ (Feb 1993). "The formation of methylglyoxal from triose phosphates. Investigation using a specific ...
*  Quorum sensing
Transcription of the lsr operon is also thought to be inhibited by dihydroxyacetone phosphate (DHAP) through its competitive ... Glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate has also been shown to inhibit the lsr operon through cAMP-CAPK-mediated inhibition. This explains ...
*  Carbohydrate metabolism
... which enters the glycolysis pathway and is later cleaved into glyceraldehyde and dihydroxyacetone phosphate. Lactose, or milk ... This molecule can then be converted to glucose-6-phosphate, an intermediate in the glycolysis pathway. Glucose-6-phosphate can ... Enzymes located in certain tissues can add a phosphate group to fructose. This phosphorylation creates fructose-6-phosphate, an ... The phosphorylated galactose is then converted to glucose-1-phosphate, and then eventually glucose-6-phosphate, which can be ...
*  Triose phosphate translocator
It exports triose phosphate (Dihydroxyacetone phosphate) in exchange for inorganic phosphate and is therefore classified as an ... Walters, R.; Ibrahim, D.; Horton, P.; Kruger, N. (2004). "A mutant of Arabidopsis lacking the triose-phosphate/phosphate ... The imported phosphate is then used for ATP regeneration via the light-dependent-reaction; the ATP may then for example be used ... The triose phosphate translocator is an integral membrane protein found in the inner membrane of chloroplasts. ...
*  Glyceroneogenesis
6-bisphosphate is broken down to glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate and dihydroxyacetone phosphate. Dihydroxyacetone phosphate is ... With expense of NADH, dihydroxyacetone phosphate will convert to glycerol 3- phosphate (Figure 4), which is the final product ... glyceroneogenesis converts dihydroxyacetone phosphate to glycerol 3-phosphate. Alanine can also be used as a precursor of ... 3-bisphosphoglycerate and glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate as intermediates. When dihydroxyacetone phosphate is produced, ...
*  Methylotroph
... hexulose phosphate). One of these molecules of hexulose phosphate is converted into GAP and either pyruvate or dihydroxyacetone ... The dihydroxyacetone (DHA) pathway, also known as the xylulose monophosphate (XuMP) pathway, is found exclusively in yeast. ... DHA synthase acts as a transferase (transketolase) to transfer part of xylulose 5-phosphate to DHA. Then these 3 molecules of ... The other 2 molecules are used to regenerate xylulose 5-phosphate. As key players in the carbon cycle, methylotrophs work to ...
*  RNA world
... cyclic phosphates. A potential weakness of these routes is the generation of enantioenriched glyceraldehyde, or its 3-phosphate ... derivative (glyceraldehyde prefers to exist as its keto tautomer dihydroxyacetone).[citation needed] On August 8, 2011, a ... They consist of a nitrogenous base attached to a sugar-phosphate backbone. RNA is made of long stretches of specific ... Aminooxazolines can react with cyanoacetylene in a mild and highly efficient manner, controlled by inorganic phosphate, to give ...
*  Aldolase C
6-bisphosphate and fructose-1-phosphate to dihydroxyacetone phosphate and either glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate or glyceraldehyde, ... and dihydroxyacetone phosphate (DHAP) by aldol cleavage. As a result, it is a crucial player in ATP biosynthesis. As an ... It catalyzes the reversible conversion of fructose-1,6-bisphosphate to glyceraldehydes-3-phosphate (G3P), or glyceraldehyde, ... phosphate aldolase: linking isozyme structure with function". Protein Science. 13 (12): 3077-84. doi:10.1110/ps.04915904. PMC ...