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*  Protein toxicity
... dietary protein restriction is a common treatment for patients with renal disease in which proteinuria is present. Protein ... Protein toxicity occurs when an individual with impaired kidney function consumes protein rich diet. Specifically proteins from ... there is no need for concern that an increased dietary protein intake will lead to protein toxicity and decreased renal ... damage caused by mis-folded proteins Martin, W; Armstrong, Rodriquez (December 2005). "Dietary protein intake and renal ...
*  Protein metabolism
... and the breakdown of proteins (and other large molecules) by catabolism. Dietary proteins are first broken down to individual ... Protein metabolism denotes the various biochemical processes responsible for the synthesis of proteins and amino acids, ... Protein biosynthesis relies on four processes: amino acid synthesis RNA synthesis transcription translation Protein anabolism ... Digestion of Dietary Proteins Mehta, S. Metabolism of amino acids- bimolecular ping pong mechanism of transamination. ...
*  Fibre supplements
2005). "Dietary Reference Intakes for energy, carbohydrates, fiber, fat, fatty acids, cholesterol, protein and animo acids". ... Whole, dietary forms of fibre are more difficult to ingest and absorb than milled and refined food products. This is because ... Dietary insoluble fiber has long been shown to exacerbate Irritable Bowel Syndrome symptoms. It has been suggested that the ... doi:10.1007/s00394-003-0438-y. Vitanzo Jr, P. C.; Hong, E. S. (2000). "Does a high-fiber dietary supplement of wheat bran ...
*  Cystatin C
King AJ, Levey AS (May 1993). "Dietary protein and renal function". J. Am. Soc. Nephrol. 3 (11): 1723-37. PMID 8329667. ... it prevents the breakdown of proteins outside the cell by a specific type of protein degrading enzymes). Cystatin C belongs to ... Cystatin: a protein that flips out! QUite Interesting PDB Structure article at PDBe The MEROPS online database for peptidases ... Cystatin C was first described as 'gamma-trace' in 1961 as a trace protein together with other ones (such as beta-trace) in the ...
*  Almond butter
... also provides dietary protein. Almond butter is an alternative to peanut butter for those with peanut allergies ...
*  Amino acid score
Report of an FAO Expert Consultation (2013). "Dietary protein quality evaluation in human nutrition". FAO (Food and Agriculture ... Amino acid score, in combination with protein digestibility, is the method used to determine if a protein is complete. PDCAAS ... and DIAAS are the two major protein standards which determine the completeness of proteins by their unique composition of ...
*  Wheat gluten (food)
"Dietary protein quality evaluation in human nutrition. Report of an FAO Expert Consultation" (PDF). ISBN 978-92-5-107417-6. ... Wheat gluten proteins are deficient in lysine, which is an essential amino acid. Wheat gluten first appeared during the 6th ... In strip form, it can be packed to be eaten right out of the package as a high-protein snack. Shaped seitan products, in the ... Wheat gluten is a food made from gluten, the main protein of wheat. It is made by washing wheat flour dough with water until ...
*  Wheat
... such as protein, dietary fiber, manganese, phosphorus and niacin (table). Several B vitamins and other dietary minerals are in ... Its 13% protein content is mostly gluten (75-80% of the protein in wheat). Wheat proteins have a low quality for human ... high in protein, specifically, gluten protein. Hard Red Spring - Hard, brownish, high-protein wheat used for bread and hard ... "Dietary protein quality evaluation in human nutrition" (PDF). Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. 2013. ...
*  Cereal
Edwards, J.S.; Bartley, E.E.; Dayton, A.D. (1980). "Effects of Dietary Protein Concentration on Lactating Cows". Journal of ... The amount of crude protein found in grain is measured as the grain crude protein concentration. Cereals contain exogenous ... It is high in fiber and protein. Its flour is often used to make injera. It can also be eaten as a warm breakfast cereal ... These modern high yield-cereal crops have low quality proteins, with essential amino acid deficiencies, are high in ...
*  Catecholamine
Tyrosine is also ingested directly from dietary protein. Catecholamine-secreting cells use several reactions to convert ... Catecholamines are derived from the amino acid tyrosine, which is derived from dietary sources as well as synthesis from ... In mammals, tyrosine can be formed from dietary phenylalanine by the enzyme phenylalanine hydroxylase, found in large amounts ... Catecholamines are water-soluble and are 50%-bound to plasma proteins in circulation. Included among catecholamines are ...
*  Isovaleric acidemia
Treatment consists of dietary protein restriction, particularly leucine. During acute episodes, glycine is sometimes given, ... They are often triggered by an infection or by eating an increased amount of protein-rich foods. The disorder has an autosomal ... or dietary deficiency of biotin. Some patients with isovaleric acidemia may benefit from supplemental biotin. Biotin deficiency ... plays an essential role in breaking down proteins from the diet. Specifically, the enzyme is responsible for the third step in ...
*  Tubuloglomerular feedback
Modification of tubuloglomerular feedback signal by dietary protein. American Journal of Physiology. Renal, Fluid & Electrolyte ... cAMP PGI2 high-protein diet The threshold at which the loop of Henle flow rate initiates feedback responses is affected. A high ... The increased load on the kidney of high-protein diet is a result of an increase in reabsorption of NaCl. Factors that increase ... and dietary salt intake". American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology. 286: F1054-8. doi:10.1152/ajprenal.00336.2003. PMID ...
*  Tryptophan
... is present in most protein-based foods or dietary proteins. It is particularly plentiful in chocolate, oats, dried ... Institute of Medicine (2002). "Protein and Amino Acids". Dietary Reference Intakes for Energy, Carbohydrates, Fiber, Fat, Fatty ... Amino acids, including tryptophan, are used as building blocks in protein biosynthesis, and proteins are required to sustain ... effects of dietary protein intake". The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 39 (5): 722-9. PMID 6538743. Fernstrom JD, ...
*  Heterocyclic amine
Louis ED, Zheng W, Applegate L, Shi L, Factor-Litvak P (August 2005). "Blood harmane concentrations and dietary protein ... Other sources of protein (milk, eggs, tofu, and organ meats such as liver) have very little or no HCA content naturally or when ...
*  Casein
Dec 1997). "Slow and fast dietary proteins differently modulate postprandial protein accretion". Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 94 ( ... Manninen, A.H. (2002). "Protein metabolism in exercising humans with special reference to protein supplementation. Master ... of the proteins in cow's milk and between 20% and 45% of the proteins in human milk. Casein has a wide variety of uses, from ... uses the term caseinogen for the uncoagulated protein and casein for the coagulated protein. As it exists in milk, it is a salt ...
*  Sports nutrition
Category:Dietary supplements Energy bar Protein Sports drink Multivitamin Bodybuilding Bodybuilding supplements High-protein ... proteins and fats. Dietary supplements contain one or more dietary ingredients (including vitamins; minerals; amino acids; ... Dietary protein intake for well-trained athletes should occur before, during and after physical activity as it is advantageous ... The main use for athletes to take dietary proteins are for hormones, oxygen transport, cellular repair, enzymes and conversion ...
*  Hummingbird
One study of Anna's hummingbirds found that dietary protein was an influential factor in feather color, as birds receiving more ... 77 (1). Meadows MG, Roudybush TE, McGraw KJ (2012). "Dietary protein level affects iridescent coloration in Anna's hummingbirds ... Additionally, birds on a high-protein diet grew yellower (higher hue) green tail feathers than birds on a low-protein diet. ... protein grew significantly more colorful crown feathers than those fed a low-protein diet. ...
*  Aging in dogs
"Dietary Protein for Dogs and Cats - The Importance of Digestible Proteins". November 8, 2016. Retrieved November 22, 2017. ... Some important nutrients and ingredients in which senior dog diets include are: Good sources of protein to meet higher protein ... Wander, R. C.; Hall, J. A.; Gradin, J. L.; Du, S. H.; Jewell, D. E (June 1997). "The ratio of dietary (n-6) to (n-3) fatty ... and may develop dietary or skin problems or go deaf. In some cases incontinence may develop and breathing difficulties may ...
*  Food
Kwashiorkor and marasmus are childhood disorders caused by lack of dietary protein. Many individuals limit what foods they eat ... Cooking certain proteins, such as egg whites, meats, and fish, denatures the protein, causing it to firm. There is ... Dietary habits are the habitual decisions a person or culture makes when choosing what foods to eat. Many cultures hold some ... Dietary choices can also define cultures and play a role in religion. For example, only kosher foods are permitted by Judaism, ...
*  Biotin
It is also important in freeing biotin from dietary protein-bound biotin. General symptoms include decreased appetite and ... Any other proteins binding to the biotinylated molecule will also stay with the bead and all other unbound proteins can be ... In bacteria, biotin is attached to biotin carboxyl carrier protein (BCCP) by biotin protein ligase (BirA in E. coli). The ... including protein localization, protein interactions, DNA transcription, and replication. Biotinidase itself is known to be ...
*  Argininosuccinic aciduria
Long-term management involves dietary protein restriction as well as arginine supplementation. In those with frequent episodes ... It processes excess nitrogen, generated when protein is used by the body, to make a compound called urea that is excreted by ... oral proteins must be avoided and intravenous (I.V.) lipids, glucose and insulin (if needed) should be given to promote ... of metabolic decompensation or with hyperammonemia even when following a protein-restricted diet, daily oral nitrogen ...
*  Nyala
The diet grew richer in fiber content and dietary proteins were less. The reverse occurred in the rainy season. As the rainy ... A study made in Mkhuze Game Reserve and Ndumu Game Reserve in Natal, focused on the dietary habits of the impala and the nyala ... The diet contained more proteins than fibers. Another study was done to find whether the sexual dimorphism in the nyala ...
*  Indole-3-acetic acid
Oct 2015). "The Influence of Dietary Protein Intake on Mammalian Tryptophan and Phenolic Metabolites". PLOS ONE. 10 (10): ... Aux/IAA proteins bind to auxin response factor (ARF) proteins, forming a heterodimer, suppressing ARF activity. In 1997 it was ... and correlation with protein intake has been confirmed in 2015. Humans did not excrete IAA. As all auxins, IAA has many ... IAA enters the plant cell nucleus and binds to a protein complex composed of a ubiquitin-activating enzyme (E1), a ubiquitin- ...
*  Thiolase
Symptoms can be initiated by a dietary protein load, infection or fever. Symptoms progress from vomiting to dehydration and ... Mammalian nonspecific lipid-transfer protein (nsL-TP) (also known as sterol carrier protein 2) is a protein which seems to ... Price AC, Choi KH, Heath RJ, Li Z, White SW, Rock CO (March 2001). "Inhibition of beta-ketoacyl-acyl carrier protein synthases ... exist in two different forms: a 14 Kd protein (SCP-2) and a larger 58 Kd protein (SCP-x). The former is found in the cytoplasm ...
*  Kidney stone disease
High dietary intake of animal protein, sodium, refined sugars, fructose and high fructose corn syrup, oxalate, grapefruit juice ... Low urinary citrate excretion is also commonly found in those with a high dietary intake of animal protein, whereas vegetarians ... Cystine stone formation can be treated with urine alkalinization and dietary protein restriction. People afflicted with ... Diets in Western nations typically contain a large proportion of animal protein. Consumption of animal protein creates an acid ...
*  Environmental vegetarianism
He "depicted grain-fed livestock farming as a costly and nonsustainable way to produce animal protein", but "distinguished ... "The potential to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in the UK through healthy and realistic dietary change". Climatic Change. 129 ... of articles making the vital connection between meat and climate change Ecological footprint calculator Two fields are dietary ...
*  Osteoporosis
High dietary protein from animal sources: Research has found an association between diets high in animal protein and increased ... Conversely, some have identified low protein intake as a positive factor, protein is among the causes of dietary acidity. ... Bonjour JP (2005). "Dietary protein: An essential nutrient for bone health". Journal of the American College of Nutrition. 24 ( ... Kerstetter JE, Kenny AM, Insogna KL (2011). "Dietary protein and skeletal health: A review of recent human research". Current ...