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*  Insulin index
The Insulin Index is not the same as a glycemic index (GI), which is based exclusively on the digestible carbohydrate content ... They also conclude that insulin indices may be useful for dietary management and avoidance of non-insulin-dependent diabetes ... and some foods cause a disproportionate insulin response relative to their carbohydrate load. Holt et al. have noted that the ... but high-protein foods and bakery products that are rich in fat and refined carbohydrates "elicit insulin responses that were ...
*  Fibre supplements
2005). "Dietary Reference Intakes for energy, carbohydrates, fiber, fat, fatty acids, cholesterol, protein and animo acids". ... Whole, dietary forms of fibre are more difficult to ingest and absorb than milled and refined food products. This is because ... Dietary insoluble fiber has long been shown to exacerbate Irritable Bowel Syndrome symptoms. It has been suggested that the ... doi:10.1007/s00394-003-0438-y. Vitanzo Jr, P. C.; Hong, E. S. (2000). "Does a high-fiber dietary supplement of wheat bran ...
*  Glycemic
However, evaluating the impact of a single dietary change on health is notoriously complex, and opinions on the relevance of GI ... In 1981, the idea of classifying carbohydrates according to their Glycemic Index was first published. Since then, many studies ... The presence of fat or soluble dietary fiber can slow the gastric emptying rate, thus lowering the glycemic response. In ... This is particularly so after consumption of meals rich in certain carbohydrates. Glycemic management refers to the selection ...
*  DMOZ - Health: Nutrition: Dietary Options: Low Carbohydrate Diets
Information and resources for those following a low-carbohydrate or carbohydrate-controlled diet. ... Wikipedia - Low-carbohydrate Diet An article on the trend of low-carbohydrate diets, including arguments for and against, ... Reviews low carbohydrate diets, including recipes. Also carbohydrate calculators, and chat rooms. ... Information and resources for those following a low-carbohydrate or carbohydrate-controlled diet. ...
*  Diabetes management
"Dietary carbohydrate restriction". nutritionjrnl. nutritionjrnl.com. Retrieved 14 November 2015. http://www.dmsjournal.com/ ... The main goal of diabetes management is, as far as possible, to restore carbohydrate metabolism to a normal state. To achieve ... Insulin resistance, in contrast, can be corrected by dietary modifications and exercise. Other goals of diabetes management are ... www.mountsinai.org/about-us/newsroom/press-releases/diabetic-kidney-failure-may-be-reversed-with-low-carbohydrate-diet http:// ...
*  Mochi
"Dietary carbohydrate composition". www.fao.org. Retrieved 2016-03-11. "07-2: Structure of Starches , CHEM 005". online.science. ... 22.0 grams of carbohydrates, 0 grams of dietary fiber, 6.0 grams of sugar and 1.0 gram of protein. Nutritionally, mochi is ... Elsevier Publications, Carbohydrate Polymers. 35, 119-134. Ghaeb, M., Tavanai, H., & Kadivar, M. (2015). Electrosprayed maize ... composed primarily of carbohydrates, most of which take the form of starch. Amylose and amylopectin are both components of ...
*  Human nutrition
Insoluble dietary fiber consists mainly of cellulose, a large carbohydrate polymer that is indigestible by humans, because ... Soluble dietary fiber comprises a variety of oligosaccharides, waxes, esters, resistant starches, and other carbohydrates that ... Furthermore, recent studies declared that increasing dietary intake of carbohydrates, proteins and Vitamin D may be part of ... Westman, EC (May 2002). "Is dietary carbohydrate essential for human nutrition?". The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. ...
*  Simin Liu
Dietary glycemic load and type 2 diabetes: modeling the glucose-raising potential of carbohydrates for prevention. Am J Clin ... Dietary Carbohydrates I. In: UpToDate: Rose, BD (Ed), UpToDate; 2006-2016. Chao C, Liu S. Diabetes Mellitus Treatment. In: ... Dietary carbohydrates, fiber, and breast cancer risk. Am J Epidemiol 2004;159:732-9. PMID 15051582 Schaumberg DA, Liu S, Seddon ... Partial List: Dietary carbohydrates, glycemic index and glycemic load (including food groups) in relation to health outcomes ...
*  Diseases of affluence
Kopp, Wolfgang (May 2006). "The atherogenic potential of dietary carbohydrate". Preventive Medicine. 42 (5): 336-42. doi: ... Tekol, Yalcin (April 2008). "Maternal and infantile dietary salt exposure may cause hypertension later in life". Birth Defects ... Leach, Jeff D. (January 2007). "Evolutionary perspective on dietary intake of fibre and colorectal cancer". European Journal of ...
*  Sucrose
Wolever, Thomas M. S. (2006). The Glycaemic Index: A Physiological Classification of Dietary Carbohydrate. CABI. p. 64. ISBN ... Wolever, Thomas M. S. (2006). The Glycaemic Index: A Physiological Classification of Dietary Carbohydrate. CABI. p. 65. ISBN ... Gray GM (1971). "Intestinal Digestion and Maldigestion of Dietary Carbohydrate". Annual Review of Medicine. 22: 391-404. doi: ... thus providing only carbohydrate as dietary nutrient and 390 kilocalories per 100 g serving (USDA data, right table). There are ...
*  Ruminant
Only small amounts of glucose are absorbed from dietary carbohydrates. Most dietary carbohydrates are fermented into VFAs in ... Protein and nonstructural carbohydrate (pectin, sugars, and starches) are also fermented. Though the rumen and reticulum have ... a stipulation preserved to this day in Jewish dietary laws. The verb 'to ruminate' has been extended metaphorically to mean to ...
*  Xylitol
Wolever, Thomas M. S. (2006). The Glycaemic Index: A Physiological Classification of Dietary Carbohydrate. CABI. p. 64. ISBN ... In the human gut xylitol is not absorbed as well as glucose or fructose; the unabsorbed xylitol acts as a dietary soluble fiber ... Wrolstad, Ronald E. (2012). Food Carbohydrate Chemistry. John Wiley & Sons. p. 176. ISBN 9780813826653. Retrieved 2012-10-20. ...
*  Pleistocene human diet
"The Importance of Dietary Carbohydrate in Human Evolution". Q. Rev. Biol. 90: 251-268. doi:10.1086/682587. Greaves, R.D.; ... The most prevalent dietary adaptation since the Neolithic is lactase persistence, an adaptation that allows humans to digest ... The degree to which these remains reflect a ritual behavior, regular diet or isolated instances of dietary distress is not ... In addition to the exploitation of tubers, another dietary innovation (this far) of Homo sapiens is the introduction of coastal ...
*  Baby food
July 2012). "The role and requirements of digestible dietary carbohydrates in infants and toddlers". Eur J Clin Nutr. 66 (7): ... About 40% of the food energy in these milks comes from carbohydrates, mostly from a simple sugar called lactose. As shown in ... December 2010). "Nutrient intakes of US infants, toddlers, and preschoolers meet or exceed dietary reference intakes". J Am ... Toddlers and preschoolers generally ate too little dietary fiber, and preschoolers generally ate too much saturated fat, ...
*  Sucrase-isomaltase
The enzyme's purpose is to digest dietary carbohydrates such as starch, sucrose and isomaltose. By further processing the ...
*  Gallstone
Tsai, C.-J.; Leitzmann, M. F.; Willett, W. C.; Giovannucci, E. L. (2005-06-01). "Dietary carbohydrates and glycaemic load and ... Prevention is by maintaining a healthy weight and eating a diet high in fiber and low in simple carbohydrates. If there are no ... 4 Water , Dietary Reference Intakes for Water, Potassium, Sodium, Chloride, and Sulfate , The National Academies Press. p. 124 ... a high intake of carbohydrate, a high glycemic load, and high glycemic index diet. Wine and whole-grained bread may decrease ...
*  Carbohydrate
... and the chemistry of the carbohydrate. The USDA's Dietary Guidelines for Americans 2010 call for moderate- to high-carbohydrate ... Low-carbohydrate diet Carbohydrates are a common source of energy in living organisms; however, no single carbohydrate is an ... It also includes dietary fiber which is a carbohydrate but which does not contribute much in the way of food energy (calories ... Carbohydrate Nomenclature Carbohydrates detailed Carbohydrates and Glycosylation - The Virtual Library of Biochemistry, ...
*  Carbohydrate loading
Most dietary carbohydrates consist of varying proportions of two simple sugars, glucose and fructose. Fructose may be ... The composition of carbohydrates in the athlete's diet during carbohydrate loading is as important as their share of the ... Carbohydrate loading is also used in healthcare to optimise the condition of patients prior to colorectal surgery. Carbohydrate ... which is the objective of carbohydrate loading). Consequently, sources of high-fructose carbohydrates, such as fruit and sweets ...
*  Diabetes mellitus type 1
January 2015). "Dietary carbohydrate restriction as the first approach in diabetes management: critical review and evidence ... A low-carbohydrate diet, exercise, and medications is useful in type 1 DM. There are camps for children to teach them how and ... Nevertheless, dietary management of both these diseases is challenging and these patients have poor compliance of the diet. ... Research is ongoing into the role of possible environmental triggers and protective factors, including dietary agents such as ...
*  Western pattern diet
Institute of Medicine (2005). Dietary Reference Intakes for Energy, Carbohydrate, Fiber, Fat, Fatty Acids, Cholesterol, Protein ... "Source of Dietary Carbohydrate Affects Life Span of Fischer 344 Rats Independent of Caloric Restriction". The Journals of ... Complex carbohydrates such as starch are believed to be more healthy than the sugar so frequently consumed in the Standard ... Heidemann, C.; Schulze, M. B.; Franco, O. H.; Van Dam, R. M.; Mantzoros, C. S.; Hu, F. B. (2008). "Dietary Patterns and Risk of ...
*  Wolfgang J. Lutz
The body's primary response to an increase in dietary carbohydrate is to increase insulin production. Wolfgang Lutz ... This caused him, as early as the 1950s, to instigate a diet for long-term use that he felt to be low enough in carbohydrate to ... His book with Christian Allan: Life without Bread: How a low-carbohydrate diet can save your life is still in print after 16 ... Hens like humans had moved from a largely animal to a largely carbohydrate diet and suffered similar changes in their arterial ...
*  John Yudkin
Yudkin showed that in most patients weight could be well controlled by restricting dietary carbohydrate. ''This Slimming ... The second analysis, that of historical trends in the UK, found no good relationship with any single dietary factor. Instead, ... Barker, T. C.; Oddy, D. J. (1970). The Dietary Surveys of Dr Edward Smith 1862-3. London: Queen Elizabeth College. -; Edelman, ... One implication of the finding that carbohydrate restriction in obese patients causes them to lose weight is that excessive ...
*  Appetite
Kaplan, Randall J.; Greenwood, Carol E. (2002-07-01). "Influence of dietary carbohydrates and glycaemic response on subjective ... The short-term reservoir stores carbohydrates, and the long-term reservoir stores fat. A number of variables have been found to ...
*  Jasus edwardsii
C. A. Radford; I. D. Marsden; W. Davison; A.G. Jeffs (2007). "Effects of dietary carbohydrate on growth of juvenile New Zealand ... A study has shown that mussels provide the best food along with a carbohydrate source in the form of agar, allowing faster grow ... Cedric J. Simon (2009). "The effect of carbohydrate source, inclusion level of gelatinised starch, feed binder and fishmeal ...
*  Triglyceride
Parks, E. J. (2002). "Dietary carbohydrate's effects on lipogenesis and the relationship of lipogenesis to blood insulin and ... Diets that are high in refined carbohydrates, with carbohydrates accounting for more than 60% of the total energy intake, can ... "Dietary Glycemic Load and Index and Risk of Coronary Heart Disease in a Large Italian Cohort". Archives of internal medicine. ... They contain more than twice as much energy (approximately 9 kcal/g or 38 kJ/g) as carbohydrates (approximately 4 kcal/g or 17 ...
*  Health in Bahrain
These unhealthy eating habits are reinforced in school canteens, where high fat and high carbohydrate foods such as pizza, ... Between meal times, children prefer French fries, chocolate, and soda, which lack micronutrients and dietary fiber. Bahrain ...
*  Glossary of diabetes
Dietary fibers, when eaten together with carbohydrates, delay the uptake of the carbohydrates. Fluorescein angiography A method ... Diabetes mellitus A disease that occurs when the body is not able to use dietary carbohydrates (e.g., sugar, starch, ...) as it ... Ingested carbohydrate calories in non glucose forms are, in a special sense, invisible to the body. There has been recent ... Sucrose Sugar A class of carbohydrates that taste sweet. Sugar is a quick and easy fuel for the body to use. Types of sugar are ...