*  Outline of diabetes
Patients should monitor for signs and symptoms of type 2 diabetes mellitus (see below). Symptoms of type II diabetes mellitus ... Other types of diabetes: Congenital diabetes - Cystic fibrosis-related diabetes - Steroid diabetes - Monogenic diabetes - ... Main types of diabetes: Diabetes mellitus type 1 - disease that results in autoimmune destruction of insulin-producing beta ... Diabetes mellitus type 2 - metabolic disorder that is characterized by high blood glucose in the context of insulin resistance ...
*  Diabetes Control and Complications Trial
... found similar results for people with type 2 diabetes. Between the two studies, the treatment of people with diabetes was ... treatment of diabetes on the development and progression of long-term complications in insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus". N ... American Diabetes Association Diabetes 42: 1555-1558. Lipids Online Complications of Diabetes "DCCT and EDIC: The Diabetes ... Patients with type 2 diabetes were excluded from the study, as were those who had been diagnosed less than one year ago or more ...
*  Insulin analog
... for patients with diabetes mellitus type 2" while others have examined the same issue in type 1 diabetes. Subsequent meta- ... Hanefeld M, Bramlage P. 2013 Insulin use early in the course of type 2 diabetes mellitus: the ORIGIN trial. Curr Diab Rep. 2013 ... "Long-acting insulin analogues versus NPH insulin (human isophane insulin) for type 2 diabetes mellitus". Cochrane Database of ... Banerjee S, Tran K, Li H, Cimon K, Daneman D, Simpson S, Campbell K. "Short-acting insulin analogues for diabetes mellitus: ...
*  Diabetic neuropathy
Diabetic neuropathies are nerve damaging disorders associated with diabetes mellitus. These conditions are thought to result ... The progression of neuropathy is dependent on the degree of glycemic control in both Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes. Duration of ... Forbes, JM; Coughlan MT; Cooper ME (June 2008). "Oxidative stress as a major culprit in kidney disease in diabetes". Diabetes. ... 1995). "The effect of intensive diabetes therapy on the development and progression of neuropathy. The Diabetes Control and ...
*  Intensive insulin therapy
... or flexible insulin therapy is a therapeutic regimen for diabetes mellitus treatment. This newer ... treatment for a select group of patients but simply as standard care for most patients with type 1 diabetes. The insulin pump ... As a result, diabetes specialists have expended increasing effort to help most people with diabetes achieve blood glucose ... The Diabetes Control and Complications Trial Research Group. (1993). "The effect of intensive treatment of diabetes on the ...
*  Lifestyle causes of diabetes mellitus type 2
... of cases of type 2 diabetes; chronic obesity leads to increased insulin resistance that can develop into type 2 diabetes, most ... A number of lifestyle factors are known to be important to the development of diabetes mellitus type 2 including: obesity, ... type 2 diabetes mellitus, and cardiovascular disease risk". Circulation. 121 (11): 1356-1364. doi:10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA. ... "Sugar-sweetened beverages and risk of metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes: a meta-analysis". Diabetes Care. 33 (11): 2477- ...
*  Framingham Risk Score
... and it excluded diabetes, because Type 2 diabetes meanwhile was considered to be a CHD Risk Equivalent, having the same 10-year ... diabetes mellitus Chronic Kidney Disease The Framingham/ATP III criteria were used to estimate CHD risk in the USA. Data from ... no study had shown them to be at equivalent risk for CHD as those with previously diagnosed coronary disease or Type 2 diabetes ... Patients with Type 1 diabetes were considered separately with slightly less aggressive goals; while at increased risk, ...
*  Outline of cardiology
One very common cause is diabetes mellitus in which microangiopathy results in diabetic nephropathy, diabetic retinopathy, and ... Dissection of the ascending aorta (type A) is a surgical emergency while dissection of the descending aorta (type B) can ... EKG calipers - A type of divider caliper that can be used to measure intervals and compare intervals on EKGs. Special rulers ... Many types of arrhythmia have no symptoms. When symptoms are present these may include palpitations or feeling a pause between ...
*  Diabetes mellitus type 1
This distinguishes type 1's origin from type 2. Type 2 diabetes is characterized by insulin resistance, while type 1 diabetes ... Other charities include the American Diabetes Association, Diabetes UK, Diabetes Research and Wellness Foundation, Diabetes ... Diabetes mellitus type 1 (also known as type 1 diabetes) is a form of diabetes mellitus in which not enough insulin is produced ... Diabetes mellitus type 1 at Curlie (based on DMOZ) Kids and Teens: Type 1 Diabetes at Curlie (based on DMOZ) National Institute ...
*  Genetic causes of diabetes mellitus type 1
Diabetes mellitus type 1 Pociot, F., & McDermott, M. (2002). Genetics of type 1 diabetes mellitus. Genes and Immunity, 3, 235- ... Additionally, nearly 30% of Type I Diabetes patients are heterozygous for several HLA-DQ2 (specifically HLA-DQ2/DQ8) alleles. ... The largest contribution to the pathogenesis of Type 1 Diabetes comes from a single locus called IDDM1, which comes from ... Further discussion and research of the functional genomics of the pathogenesis of Type 1 Diabetes will be necessary in future ...
*  List of people with diabetes mellitus type 1
Diabetes mellitus type 1, also known as type 1 diabetes, or T1DM (formerly known as insulin-dependent diabetes or juvenile ... Whereas type 2 diabetes is typically diagnosed in middle age and treated via diet, oral medication and/or insulin therapy, type ... "Types of Diabetes". NIDDK. February 2014. Archived from the original on 16 August 2016. Retrieved 31 July 2016. Kordel, Rajesh ... "Sotomayor's diabetes: 'She overcomes it every day'", CNN.com, May 27, 2009. O'Donnell, Erin. "Sam Talbot Shares Diabetes- ...
*  HYMAI
"Assessment of the role of common genetic variation in the transient neonatal diabetes mellitus (TNDM) region in type 2 diabetes ... Mackay DJ, Temple IK (2010). "Transient neonatal diabetes mellitus type 1". Am J Med Genet C Semin Med Genet. 154C (3): 335-42 ... Overexpression of HYMAI and the protein-coding gene PLAG1 causes transient neonatal diabetes mellitus type 1 (TNDM1). Long ... a comparative genomic and tagging single nucleotide polymorphism approach". Diabetes. 55 (8): 2272-6. doi:10.2337/db06-0216. ...
*  Geri Winkler
In September 1984, he was diagnosed with diabetes mellitus type 1. In April 1987, he ran the Vienna marathon, marking the first ...
*  PTPRN2
R-PTP-N2 functions as an autoantigen in diabetes mellitus type 1. ENSG00000282185 GRCh38: Ensembl release 89: ENSG00000155093, ... PTPRN and PTPRN2 (this gene) are both found to be major autoantigens associated with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. Due ... as an autoantigen in insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus: precursor of the 37-kDa tryptic fragment". Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S ... "Autoantigens in insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus: molecular cloning and characterization of human IA-2 beta". Proc Assoc Am ...
*  Acetohexamide
... is a first-generation sulfonylurea medication used to treat diabetes mellitus type 2, particularly in people whose diabetes ... For this reason, acetohexamide is not used to treat diabetes mellitus type 1. Oral hypoglycemic drugs, including acetohexamide ...
*  James M. Honeycutt
Disability On September 10, 1972; Honeycutt was diagnosed with Diabetes mellitus type 1 insulin-dependent diabetes at age 15. ... According to research, certain types of music can reduce the levels of stress, depression or anxiety. He found that if driver ... Imagined interactions are a type of daydreaming that have definitive attributes and serve a number of functions including ... Imagined interactions are a type of social cognition and mental imagery theoretically grounded in symbolic interactionism and ...
*  Pioglitazone
... is used to lower blood glucose levels in the treatment of diabetes mellitus type 2 (T2DM) either alone or in ... It is ineffective and possibly harmful in diabetes mellitus type 1 and diabetic ketoacidosis. Its safety in pregnancy, ... Tablets for Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus" (PDF). Retrieved 2012-04-04. R. Baselt, Disposition of Toxic Drugs and Chemicals in Man, ... who were taking Actos for a long time to aid in type 2 diabetes mellitus, significantly increased risk of bladder cancer ...
*  Stuart Turner (baseball)
He was diagnosed with diabetes mellitus type 1 while he was in the seventh grade. Turner and his wife, Danielle, welcomed their ... "Minnesota Twins' catching prospect Stuart Turner not letting diabetes divert career". FOX Sports. Retrieved June 30, 2015. ... Retrieved July 1, 2013. "2013 MLB draft: Ole Miss catcher Stuart Turner goes to Twins in third round , gulflive.com". Blog. ... Retrieved July 1, 2013. "Ole Miss catcher Stuart Turner wins 2013 Johnny Bench Award - KWCH". Articles.kwch.com. June 27, 2013 ...
*  Urine test strip
The control of urinary ketone is particularly useful in managing and monitoring diabetes mellitus type 1. Ketonuria indicates ... of type I diabetics and around 20% of type II diabetics suffer in time from a nephropathy, and early recognition of diabetes is ... If the blood glucose level increases, as happens in diabetes mellitus, the capacity of the convoluted tubule to reabsorb ... Specific carbohydrate metabolism disorders able to be identified include Diabetes Mellitus, Glucosuria and Ketonuria. Under ...
*  Florence Pat Haseltine
Faustman specializes in diabetes mellitus type 1 (formerly called juvenile diabetes) and other autoimmune diseases. She was a ... Denise Faustman who is currently doing ground-breaking research on Type 1 Diabetes. Dr. ...
*  Glucagon
... induces lipolysis in humans under conditions of insulin suppression (such as diabetes mellitus type 1). Glucagon ... Cortisol Diabetes mellitus Glucagon-like peptide-1 Glucagon-like peptide-2 Insulin Islets of Langerhans Pancreas Proglucagon ... It may occur alone or in the context of multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1. In the 1920s, Kimball and Murlin studied ... Layden BT, Durai V, Lowe WL (2010). "G-Protein-Coupled Receptors, Pancreatic Islets, and Diabetes". Nature Education. 3 (9): 13 ...
*  Immune system
Common autoimmune diseases include Hashimoto's thyroiditis, rheumatoid arthritis, diabetes mellitus type 1, and systemic lupus ... Type IV hypersensitivity (also known as cell-mediated or delayed type hypersensitivity) usually takes between two and three ... Alternatively, using a type III secretion system, they may insert a hollow tube into the host cell, providing a direct route ... Type I hypersensitivity is mediated by IgE, which triggers degranulation of mast cells and basophils when cross-linked by ...
*  Peripheral neuropathy
Most commonly autonomic neuropathy is seen in persons with long-standing diabetes mellitus type 1 and 2. In most-but not all- ... In people with diabetes mellitus, mononeuritis multiplex typically is encountered as acute, unilateral, and severe thigh pain ... More than one type of nerve may be affected at the same time. Peripheral neuropathies may be classified according to the type ... When peripheral neuropathy results from diabetes mellitus or prediabetes, blood sugar management is key to treatment. In ...
*  HLA-DQ
Two autoimmune diseases in which HLA-DQ is involved are coeliac disease and diabetes mellitus type 1. DQ is one of several ... which includes ambiguous Type I/Type II diabetes). 95% of Celiac Disease patients are positive for DQ2 or DQ8. Klitz W, Maiers ... For most modern typing the DQ2, DQ4 - DQ9 set is used. Genetic Typing. With the exception of DQ2 (*02:01) which has a 98% ... It is an αβ heterodimer of type MHC class II. The α and β chains are encoded by two loci, HLA-DQA1 and HLA-DQB1, that are ...
*  Autonomic neuropathy
Most commonly autonomic neuropathy is seen in persons with long-standing diabetes mellitus type 1 and 2. In most-but not all- ... Some common causes of autonomic neuropathy include:[citation needed] Diabetes, which is the most common cause of autonomic ... Other chronic illnesses, such as Parkinson's disease, multiple sclerosis and some types of dementia. Autonomic neuropathy may ...
*  Cushing's syndrome
... leading to high blood sugar and insulin resistance which can lead to diabetes mellitus. Insulin resistance is accompanied by ... Cushing's disease is a specific type of Cushing's syndrome caused by a pituitary tumor leading to excessive production of ACTH ... or depression Muscle and bone weakness Memory and attention dysfunction Osteoporosis Diabetes mellitus Hypertension Immune ... Some of these are associated with inherited disorders such as multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 and Carney complex. Diagnosis ...
*  Coeliac disease
It is associated with other autoimmune diseases, such as diabetes mellitus type 1 and thyroiditis, among others. Coeliac ... diabetes mellitus type 1, hypothyroidism, primary biliary cholangitis, microscopic colitis, gluten ataxia, psoriasis, vitiligo ... Karell K, Louka AS, Moodie SJ, Ascher H, Clot F, Greco L, Ciclitira PJ, Sollid LM, Partanen J (2003). "HLA types in celiac ... TGA and EMA testing are the most sensitive serum antibody tests, but as a negative HLA-DQ type excludes the diagnosis of ...