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*  Tooth whitening
Excessive or long term use of abrasive toothpastes will cause dental abrasion, thinning the enamel layer and slowly darkening ... Bleaching agents are only allowed to be given via dental practitioners, dental therapists and dental hygienists. Bleaching is ... Extrinsic stains may settle more readily into these cracks, and a thin layer of enamel can be left. This thin enamel layer is ... Causes of intrinsic staining include: Dental caries (tooth decay) Dental trauma which may cause staining either as a result of ...
*  Bili light
... gaze abnormalities and dental enamel hypoplasia. The therapy uses a blue light (420-470 nm) that converts bilirubin into a form ...
*  Jalili syndrome
... reduced enamel layer prone to posteruptive failure; and abnormality of morphology involving dentine. The Jalili syndrome is ... and a five generation Lebanese family with two sisters and a male cousin presenting ocular and dental phenotypes akin to the ...
*  Tooth enamel
The enamel organ, including the dental papilla, and ameloblasts function similarly. The variations of enamel that are present ... The basic unit of enamel is called an enamel rod. Measuring 4-8 μm in diameter, an enamel rod, formally called an enamel prism ... The area around the enamel rod is known as interrod enamel. Interrod enamel has the same composition as enamel rod, however a ... The most popular example is the dental sealant. In the past, the process of placing dental sealants involved removing enamel in ...
*  Tooth discoloration
Dental caries (tooth decay) begins as an opaque white spot on the surface of the enamel. As demineralization progresses, the ... Enamel hypoplasia and enamel hypocalcification are examples of defective enamel that potentially gives a discolored appearance ... Teeth have a thin enamel layer on the outer surface. The enamel layer is whiter and semitransparent, and contributes blue, pink ... Amelogenesis imperfecta is a rare condition that affects the formation of enamel (amelogenesis). The enamel is fragile, the ...
*  Tooth
This small enamel layer is only seen in older whales where the cementum has been worn away to show the underlying enamel. The ... Hale, FA (2009). "Dental caries in the dog". Can. Vet. J. 50: 1301-4. PMC 2777300 . PMID 20190984. "Types of Teeth, Dental ... Enamel and dentin are produced by the enamel organ, and growth is dependent on the presence of stem cells, cellular ... ISBN 0-8343-0051-6 Dental Anatomy & Care for Rabbits and Rodents Brown, Susan. Rabbit Dental Diseases, hosted on the San Diego ...
*  Index of oral health and dental articles
Enamel cord • Enamel knot • Enamel lamellae • Enamel niche • Enamel organ • Enamel pearl • Enamel rod • Enamel spindles • ... Dental Council of India • Dental cyst • Dental dam • Dental disease • Dental drill • Dental emergency • Dental engine • Dental ... Dental lamina • Dental laser • Dental midline • Dental notation • Dental papilla • Dental pathology • Dental pellicle • Dental ... Dental arches • Dental assistant • Dental avulsion • Dental auxiliary • Dental barotrauma • Dental braces • Dental bur • Dental ...
*  AMBN
Bartlett JD, Simmer JP (1999). "Proteinases in developing dental enamel". Critical Reviews in Oral Biology and Medicine. 10 (4 ... Ameloblastin, also known as amelin, is a gene-specific protein found in tooth enamel. Although less than 5% of enamel consists ... This gene encodes the nonamelogenin enamel matrix protein ameloblastin. The encoded protein may be important in enamel matrix ... the function of ameloblastins is believed to be in controlling the elongation of enamel crystals and generally directing enamel ...
*  Biomimetic material
Dental enamel mineral (as well as dentin and bone) is made of hydroxylapatite with foreign ions incorporated in the structure. ... Mutations in enamel ECM proteins result in enamel defects such as amelogenesis imperfect. Type-I collagen is thought to have a ... Simmer, J.P. & Fincham, A. G. (1995). "Molecular Mechanisms of Dental Enamel Formation". Critical Reviews in Oral Biology & ... Robinson, C.; Kirkham, J.; Shore, R. (1995). Dental enamel formation to destruction. Boca Raton: CRC. ISBN 978-0849345890. ...
*  MMP20
Bartlett JD, Simmer JP (2000). "Proteinases in developing dental enamel". Crit. Rev. Oral Biol. Med. 10 (4): 425-441. doi: ... In general, MMP-20 functions in enamel are to cleave enamel matrix proteins at specific cleavage sites. GRCh38: Ensembl release ... Enamel in the absence of MMP-20 is hypoplastic (thin), contains less mineral (only one-third as much total mineral as wild type ... Matrix metalloproteinase-20 (MMP-20) also known as enamel metalloproteinase or enamelysin is an enzyme that in humans is ...
*  Human granulocytic anaplasmosis
Doxycycline compromises dental enamel during development. Although rifampin is indicated for post-delivery pediatric and some ...
*  Spinosaurus
"Prismatic dental enamel in theropod dinosaurs". Naturwissenschaften. 73 (6): 326-327. Bibcode:1986NW.....73..326B. doi:10.1007/ ... Isotope ratios from tooth enamel and from other parts of Spinosaurus (found in Morocco and Tunisia) and of other predators from ... These include: A 1986 paper described prismatic structures in tooth enamel from two Spinosaurus teeth from Tunisia. Buffetaut ( ...
*  Glossitis
"Dental Enamel Defects and Celiac Disease" (PDF). National Institute of Health (NIH). Retrieved Mar 7, 2016. Tooth defects that ... editor, Scott Stocking, associate editor, Jyothimai Gubili] (2004). Mosby's dental dictionary. St. Louis, Mo.: Mosby. ISBN 978- ... Indian Journal of Dental Research. 22 (3): 454-61. doi:10.4103/0970-9290.87070. PMID 22048588. Reamy, BV; Derby, R; Bunt, CW ( ... rough edges of teeth or dental appliances, or other trauma Tongue piercing Glossitis can be caused by the constant irritation ...
*  AMELX
"Partial rescue of the amelogenin null dental enamel phenotype". The Journal of Biological Chemistry. 283 (22): 15056-15062. doi ... This process involves the organization of enamel rods, the basic unit of tooth enamel, as well as the inclusion and growth of ... Salido EC, Yen PH, Koprivnikar K, Yu LC, Shapiro LJ (Feb 1992). "The human enamel protein gene amelogenin is expressed from ... Patir A, Seymen F, Yildirim M, Deeley K, Cooper ME, Marazita ML, Vieira AR (2008). "Enamel formation genes are associated with ...
*  Electron paramagnetic resonance
Gualtieri, G.; Colacicchia, S.; Sgattonic, R.; Giannonic, M. (2001). "The Chernobyl Accident: EPR Dosimetry on Dental Enamel of ... Radiation damage over long periods of time creates free radicals in tooth enamel, which can then be examined by EPR and, after ... Alternatively, material extracted from the teeth of people during dental procedures can be used to quantify their cumulative ...
*  Weekend effect
"A magnetic resonance spin label study of human dental enamel". Arch Oral Biol. 23: 85-90. doi:10.1016/0003-9969(78)90144-9. ... "Effects of zinc oxide-eugenol on leucocyte number and lipoxygenase products in artificially inflamed rat dental pulp". Arch ...
*  Enamel matrix derivative
Biochemistry and molecular biology of amelogenin proteins of developing dental enamel. Arch Oral Bio 1995;40:1-14 Boyan, BD, et ... In dentistry, enamel matrix derivative (EMD) is an extract of porcine fetal tooth material used to biomimetically stimulate the ... Hammarström, L. Enamel matrix, cementum development and regeneration. J Clin Perio 1997;24:658-68. Beertsen W,et al. The ... Porcine fetal enamel matrix derivative enhances bone formation induced by demineralized freeze dried bone allograft in vivo. J ...
*  Enamel infraction
... s are microcracks seen within the dental enamel of a tooth. They are commonly the result of dental trauma to ... Enamel infractions can also be found as a result of iatrogenic damage inadvertently caused by instrumentation during dental ... Enamel infractions are found more often in older teeth, as the accumulated trauma is greatest. ... the brittle enamel, which remains adherent to the underlying dentine. They can be seen more clearly when transillumination is ...
*  History of Isan
The skeletal and dental attributes examined include palaeodemographic parameters, dental caries, dental enamel hypoplasia, ... Expected temporal increases in dental enamel hypoplasia and adult cribra orbitalia are documented. However, the expected ... decline in adult stature and expected increases in dental caries, cribra orbitalia in subadults, skeletal infection, and ...
*  Amelogenesis imperfecta
"Enamel hypoplasia and anomalies of the enamel". Dent Clin North Am. 19 (1): 3-24. PMID 162891. Simmer JP, Hu JC (2001). "Dental ... Type 3 - Hypocalcified Enamel defect due to malfunction of enamel calcification, therefore enamel is of normal thickness but is ... Enamel differs in appearance from dentine radiographically as normal functional enamel. Type 2 - Hypomaturation Enamel has ... Hypoplastic Enamel of abnormal thickness due to malfunction in enamel matrix formation. Enamel is very thin but hard & ...
*  Cerebral organoid
The nervous system grows from the ectoderm (which also contributes dental enamel and the epidermis). Ectodermal cells were ...
*  Bioarchaeology
Studies of dental enamel hypoplasia are used to study child health. Unlike bone, teeth are not remodeled, so they can provide a ... Dental hypoplasias provide an indicator of health status during the time in childhood when the enamel of the tooth crown is ... Dental caries, commonly referred to as cavities or tooth decay, are caused by localized destruction of tooth enamel, as a ... The proportion of enamel crown formation time represented by this buried in enamel varies from up to 50 percent in molars to 15 ...
*  Ameloblast
Simmer, JP; Papagerakis, P; Smith, CE; Fisher, DC; Rountrey, AN; Zheng, L; Hu, JC (2010). "Regulation of dental enamel shape ... The angulation of the Tomes' process is significant in the orientation of enamel rods, the basic unit of tooth enamel.Distal ... The cells are part of the reduced enamel epithelium after enamel maturation and then are subsequently lost during tooth ... Ameloblasts are cells which secrete the enamel proteins enamelin and amelogenin which will later mineralize to form enamel, the ...
*  Toothpaste
The additional fluoride in toothpaste has beneficial effects on the formation of dental enamel and bones. Sodium fluoride (NaF ... Dental floss Fluoride therapy List of toothpaste brands Tube (container) American Dental Association Description of Toothpaste" ... like the dental polishing agents used in dentists' offices, also cause a small amount of enamel erosion which is termed " ... Toothpaste is used to promote oral hygiene: it serves as an abrasive that aids in removing the dental plaque and food from the ...
*  Hydroxylapatite
Carbonated calcium-deficient hydroxylapatite is the main mineral of which dental enamel and dentin are composed. ... This form of layered crack retardation is also seen in teeth enamel, where the hydroxyapatite prisms that make up an enamel rod ... Simmons, L. M.; Al-Jawad, M.; Kilcoyne, S. H.; Wood, D. J. (2011). "Distribution of enamel crystallite orientation through an ... It is also being used to repair early lesions in tooth enamel. In spite of attractive biological properties, hydroxylapatite, ...
*  John R. Lukacs
Much of this work focuses on odontometrics, dental morphology, development, and pathology. He has also performed dental ... 2001). Enamel hypoplasia in the deciduous teeth of great apes: variation in prevalence and timing of defects. [American Journal ... His research focuses on physical anthropology, dental evolution, paleopathology and dental anthropology. He has worked ... Ecology and Dental Anthropology (Kamla Raj, 1992). (1976). Dental anthropology and the biological affinities of an Iron Age ...
*  Amorphous calcium phosphate
Biogenic ACP has been found in the inner ear of embryonic sharks, mammalian milk and dental enamel. However whilst the ... Studies have shown that it does form a remineralized phase of hydroxyapatite consistent with the natural enamel. In addition, ... Amorphous calcium phosphate in combination with casein phosphopeptide has been used as a dental treatment to treat incipient ... ACP may also be a potential remineralizing agent in dental applications. Recently developed ACP-filled bioactive composites are ...