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*  Extrachromosomal DNA
Mutations in mtDNA or other cytoplasmic DNA will also be inherited from the mother. This uniparental inheritance is an example ... Cytoplasmic DNA is less methylated than DNA found within the nucleus. It was also confirmed that the sequences of cytoplasmic ... Inheritance of extrachromosomal DNA differs from the inheritance of nuclear DNA found in chromosomes. In humans, virtually all ... It is also referred to as extranuclear DNA or cytoplasmic DNA. Most DNA in an individual genome is found in chromosomes but DNA ...
*  John L. Jinks
Elected to Fellowship of the Royal Society in 1970 he is best known for his studies of cytoplasmic inheritance and quantitative ... Jinks, John L. (1978). Cytoplasmic inheritance. Burlington, N.C: Scientific Publications Division, Carolina Biological Supply ... cytoplasmic inheritance, and biometrical genetics. He was educated at Birmingham University and remained there for the majority ...
*  John Tooby
Cosmides, L. & Tooby, J. (1981). Cytoplasmic inheritance and intragenomic conflict. Journal of Theoretical Biology, 89, 83-129 ...
*  Intragenomic conflict
"Cytoplasmic inheritance and intragenomic conflict". Journal of Theoretical Biology. 89 (1): 83-129. doi:10.1016/0022-5193(81) ... Mitochondrias and chloroplasts are two examples of sets of cytoplasmic genes that commonly have exclusive maternal inheritance ... ISBN 0-674-01713-7. Cosmides, L. M. & J. Tooby (1981). "Cytoplasmic inheritance and intragenomic conflict". Journal of ... The cytoplasmic bacterium forces haploid cells to go through incomplete mitosis to produce diploid cells which therefore will ...
*  Douglas C. Wallace
1976). "Cytoplasmic inheritance in mammalian tissue culture cells". In Vitro. 12: 758-76. doi:10.1007/bf02835451. PMID 1035581 ... 1980). "Maternal inheritance of human mitochondrial DNA". Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 77: 6715-9. doi:10.1073/pnas.77.11.6715 ... 1975). "Cytoplasmic transfer of chloramphenicol resistance in human tissue culture cells". J Cell Biol. 67: 174-88. doi:10.1083 ... His dissertation was titled Cytoplasmic genetics in mammalian tissue culture cells. He remained at Yale University as a ...
*  Botany
Morgensen, H. L. (1996). "The Hows and Whys of Cytoplasmic Inheritance in Seed Plants". American Journal of Botany. 83 (3): 383 ... Inheritance in plants follows the same fundamental principles of genetics as in other multicellular organisms. Gregor Mendel ... The basic approach is to use similarities based on shared inheritance to determine relationships. As an example, species of ... As in other eukaryotes, the inheritance of endosymbiotic organelles like mitochondria and chloroplasts in plants is non- ...
*  Fritz von Wettstein
He worked especially on cytoplasmic inheritance in mosses and fireweed. Following Erwin Baur at the Kaiser Wilhelm Institut, ...
*  Peter Michaelis
Cytoplasmic inheritance in Epilobium and its theoretical significance. Adv Genet 6:288-402. Michaelis, P (1959) Cytoplasmic ... I. 375-385 Michaelis, P (1966) The proof of cytoplasmic inheritance in Epilobium (a historical survey as an example for the ... Michaelis worked primarily on the inheritance and segregation of cytoplasmic mutations in Epilobium, a genus related to ... but he rejected simplistic notions such as the plasma gene or that the cause of cytoplasmic inheritance was solely due to ...
*  Leda Cosmides
Cytoplasmic inheritance and intragenomic conflict. Journal of Theoretical Biology, 89, 83-129. Cosmides, L. & Tooby, J. (1987 ...
*  Transgenerational epigenetic inheritance
Beisson J, Sonneborn TM (February 1965). "Cytoplasmic Inheritance of the Organization of the Cell Cortex in Paramecium Aurelia ... Transgenerational epigenetic inheritance is the transmission of information from one generation of an organism to the next (i.e ... Charles Darwin thus did not know of Mendel's proposed "particulate inheritance" in which traits were not blended but passed to ... In modern terms, a nervous fluid transmitted to offspring would be a form of epigenetic inheritance. Lamarckism, as this body ...
*  Structural inheritance
Beisson J, Sonneborn TM (February 1965). "Cytoplasmic inheritance of the organization of the cell cortex in paramecium aurelia ... Structural inheritance or cortical inheritance is the transmission of an epigenetic trait in a living organism by a self- ... Structural inheritance has also been seen in the orientation of cilia in protozoans such as Paramecium and Tetrahymena, and ' ... Structural inheritance was discovered by Tracy Sonneborn, and other researchers, during his study on protozoa in the late 1930s ...
*  Jan Sapp
Sapp, Jan (1987). Beyond the Gene: Cytoplasmic Inheritance and the Struggle for Authority in Genetics. Monographs on the ...
*  Boris Ephrussi
Beyond the gene: cytoplasmic inheritance and the struggle for authority in genetics. New York, Oxford University Press. ... Nucleo-cytoplasmic relations in micro-organisms: their bearing on cell heredity and differentiation. Oxford. page vi. Ephrussi ... Nucleo-cytoplasmic relations in micro-organisms: their bearing on cell heredity and differentiation. Oxford. Lindegren, Carl C ... Following this he began work in France on yeast and cytoplasmic genetics. He began working at the Institut de Biologie ...
*  Extranuclear inheritance
... or cytoplasmic inheritance is the transmission of genes that occur outside the nucleus. It is found in ... http://www.tamu.edu/classes/magill/gene603/Lecture%20outlines/cytoplasmic%20inh/CYTOPLASMIC_INHERITANCE.html. ... Biparental inheritance occurs in extranuclear genes when both parents contribute organellar DNA to the offspring. It may be ... Symbiotic cytoplasmic bacteria are also inherited in organisms such as insects and protists. Three general types of ...
*  Mirabilis jalapa
Around 1900, Carl Correns used Mirabilis as a model organism for his studies on cytoplasmic inheritance. He used the plant's ... "Investigations of the inheritance of flower variegation in Mirabilis jalapa L. 1. General introduction and 2. Inheritance of ... Correns proposed that leaf colour in Mirabilis was passed on via a uni-parental mode of inheritance. Also, when red-flowered ... Miko, I. Non-nuclear genes and their inheritance. Nature Education 1(1), (2008) Pigments of centrospermae-V. : Betaxanthins ...
*  Carl Correns
He also discovered cytoplasmic inheritance, an important extension of Mendel's theories, which demonstrated the existence of ... In his 1909 paper, he established variegated leaf color as the first conclusive example of cytoplasmic inheritance. The ... This non-mendelian inheritance pattern was later traced to a gene named iojap which codes for a small protein required for ... In 1892, while at the University of Tübingen, Correns began to experiment with trait inheritance in plants. He focused mainly ...
*  Petite mutation
The inheritance pattern of genes existing in the cell organelles such as mitochondria which named cytoplasmic inheritance ... Petite mutants show extranuclear inheritance.The inheritance pattern varing with the type of petite involved. Segregational ... Induction of the cytoplasmic 'petite' mutation by chemical and physical agents in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Mutation Research ... "cytoplasmic Petites") which is a deletion mutation, or by mutations in nuclear-encoded genes involved in oxidative ...
*  Non-Mendelian inheritance
Extranuclear inheritance (also known as cytoplasmic inheritance) is a form of non-Mendelian inheritance first discovered by ... Non-Mendelian inheritance is a general term that refers to any pattern of inheritance in which traits do not segregate in ... These laws describe the inheritance of traits linked to single genes on chromosomes in the nucleus. In Mendelian inheritance, ... Genomic imprinting represents yet another example of non-Mendelian inheritance. Just as in conventional inheritance, genes for ...
*  List of geneticists
... focused on cytoplasmic inheritance Ivan Vladimirovich Michurin (1855-1935), Russian plant geneticist, scientific agricultural ... discovered inheritance of plasmids George Beadle (1903-1989), US Neurospora geneticist and Nobel Prize-winner Peter Emil Becker ... pioneer of cytoplasmic genetics, tumor suppressor genes Joseph Sambrook (born 1939), British viral geneticist Avery A. Sandberg ... "inheritance of acquired traits" Eric Lander (born 1957), American molecular geneticist, major contributor to Human Genome ...
*  Cytoplasmic male sterility
... and shows maternal inheritance. Manifestation of male sterility in CMS may be controlled either entirely by cytoplasmic factors ... Male sterility can be either cytoplasmic or cytoplasmic-genetic. Cytoplasmic male sterility (CMS) is caused by the extranuclear ... Cytoplasmic male sterility is an important part of hybrid maize production. The first commercial cytoplasmic male sterile, ... with Mendelian inheritance) and cytoplasmic (maternally inherited) genes. There are also restorers of fertility (Rf) genes that ...
*  Yuri Filipchenko
Filipchenko based macroevolution on cytoplasmic variability rather than genetic inheritance. Though evolution was embraced by ... He was also the first to publish a textbook on the subject of inheritance and genetics in Russia, which was called ... Filipchenko's investigations into genetics, craniometry, the inheritance of quantitative characters, and neurology eventually ... While microevolution was governed by a system of inheritance dictated by genetics, ...
*  CoRR hypothesis
The existence of these cytoplasmic genomes is consistent with, and counts as evidence for, the endosymbiont hypothesis. Most ... or maternal inheritance. CoRR does so by offering an answer to this question: why, in evolution, did some bacterial, ... The CoRR hypothesis states that the location of genetic information in cytoplasmic organelles permits regulation of its ... and thus why some characters are inherited through the cytoplasm in the phenomenon of cytoplasmic, non-Mendelian, uniparental, ...
*  Mother's curse
Because of maternal inheritance, mtDNA has no selection in males. Instead, mutations only deleterious to males could be ... "Effects of cytoplasmic genes on sperm viability and sperm morphology in a seed beetle: implications for sperm competition ... "Paternal inheritance of mitochondrial DNA in mice." (1991): 255-257. Schnable, Patrick S., and Roger P. Wise. "The molecular ... "Mitochondria, maternal inheritance, and male aging." Current Biology 22.18 (2012): 1717-1721. Dowling, Damian K., A. Larkeson ...
*  Epigenetics
Epigenetic inheritance of depression-related phenotypes has also been reported in a preclinical study. Inheritance of paternal ... Cox BS (1965). "[PSI], a cytoplasmic suppressor of super-suppression in yeast". Heredity. 20 (4): 505-521. doi:10.1038/hdy. ... Two important ways in which epigenetic inheritance can be different from traditional genetic inheritance, with important ... Transgenerational epigenetic inheritance of anxiety-related phenotypes has been reported in a preclinical study using mice. In ...
*  GRE Biochemistry, Cell and Molecular Biology Test
... nuclear and cytoplasmic interactions, growth factors and induction, environment, stem cells and polarity) A. Genetic ... Foundations Mendelian and non-Mendelian inheritance Transformation, transduction and conjugation Recombination and ...
*  Drosophila simulans
Cytoplasmic incompatibility causes egg and sperm cells to fail in creating viable offspring, a common feature in Wolbachia- ... Studies have provided evidences that paternal leakage is an integral part of the inheritance of this species. Wolbachia ... Through the analysis of cytoplasmic incompatibility and similar mitochondrial DNA, it has been shown that D. simulans and D. ... The mechanism by which Wolbachia is inherited through maternal heredity is called cytoplasmic incompatibility (CI). Wolbachia ...