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*  Cytokinin
The ratio of auxin to cytokinin plays an important role in the effect of cytokinin on plant growth. Cytokinin alone has no ... Cytokinin signaling in plants is mediated by a two-component phosphorelay. This pathway is initiated by cytokinin binding to a ... Cytokinins have recently been found to play a role in plant pathogenesis. For example, cytokinins have been described to induce ... When cytokinin is added, the cells expand and differentiate. When cytokinin and auxin are present in equal levels, the ...
*  Cytokinin dehydrogenase
Galuszka P, Frébort I, Šebela M, Sauer P, Jacobsen S, Peč P (2001). "Cytokinin oxidase or dehydrogenase? Mechanism of cytokinin ... In enzymology, a cytokinin dehydrogenase (EC 1.5.99.12) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction N6- ... and cytokinin oxidase/dehydrogenase abbreviated as CKX. As of late 2007, 6 structures have been solved for this class of ... reduced acceptor The 3 substrates of this enzyme are cytokinin (here represented by N6-dimethylallyladenine), electron acceptor ...
*  Cytokinin 7-beta-glucosyltransferase
In enzymology, a cytokinin 7-β-glucosyltransferase (EC 2.4.1.118) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction UDP-glucose ... Entsch B; Letham DS (1979). "Enzymic glucosylation of the cytokinin, 6-benzylaminopurine". Plant Sci. Lett. 14 (2): 205-212. ... Other names in common use include uridine diphosphoglucose-zeatin 7-glucosyltransferase, and cytokinin 7-glucosyltransferase. ... of an enzyme forming glucosides of cytokinins". Biochim. Biophys. Acta. 570 (1): 124-39. doi:10.1016/0005-2744(79)90207-9. PMID ...
*  Cytokinin signaling and response regulator protein
Type-C cytokinin response regulators are unique in that their expression is not induced by cytokinins like type-A cytokinin ... Type A cytokinin response regulators serve as negative regulators for cytokinin signaling. Cytokinin causes the rapid induction ... Expression of type A cytokinin response regulators decreases sensitivity to cytokinins, and a lack of type-A cytokinin response ... A cytokinin signaling and response regulator protein is a plant protein that is involved in a two step cytokinin signaling and ...
*  Symbiotic bacteria
In this connection, cytokinins have been found to play a role in the development of root fixing nodules. It appears that not ... Frugier, Florian; Kosuta, Sonja; Murray, Jeremy D.; Crespi, Martin; Szczyglowski, Krzystztof (March 2008). "Cytokinin". Trends ... only must the plant have a need for nitrogen fixing bacteria, but they must also be able to synthesize cytokinins which promote ...
*  Peter K. Hepler
and cytokinin action. In 1975, Hepler was the fourth recipient of the Jeanette Siron Pelton Award given by the Botanical ... Saunders, M. J.; P. K. Hepler (1982). "Calcium ionophore A23187 stimulates cytokinin-like mitosis in Funaria". Science. 217: ... Saunders, M. J.; P. K. Hepler (1981). "Localization of membrane-associated calcium following cytokinin treatment in Funaria ...
*  Zeatin 9-aminocarboxyethyltransferase
Other names in common use include beta-(9-cytokinin)-alanine synthase, beta-(9-cytokinin)alanine synthase, O-acetyl-L-serine ... doi:10.1016/0031-9422(83)83008-8. Mok DWS; Mok MC (2001). "Cytokinin metabolism and action". Annu. Rev. Plant Physiol. Plant ... Entsch B, Parker CW, Letham DS (1983). "An enzyme from lupin seeds forming alanine derivatives of cytokinins". Phytochemistry. ...
*  Gynura procumbens
... for cytokinin-like compounds". Bioinformation. 5 (5): 191-197. ISSN 0973-2063. Retrieved 8 October 2017. Rosidah, null; Yam, ...
*  Plant hormone
The correlation of auxins and cytokinins in the plants is a constant (A/C = const.)[citation needed]. Cytokinins or CKs are a ... Cytokinins and auxins often work together, and the ratios of these two groups of plant hormones affect most major growth ... Cytokinins counter the apical dominance induced by auxins; they in conjunction with ethylene promote abscission of leaves, ... The correlation of auxins and cytokinins in the plants is a constant (A/C = const.).[citation needed] Ethylene is a gas that ...
*  Taphrina caerulescens
Taphrina species have been shown to produce cytokinin. A layer of asci emerge within the lesions on the bottom of the leaf. ...
*  Zeatin
... belongs to the family of plant-growth hormones called cytokinins and was discovered in immature corn kernels from the ... David W. S. Mok; Machteld C. Mok (1994). Cytokinins: Chemistry, Activity, and Function. CRC Press. p. 8. ISBN 0-8493-6252-0. ( ... http://www.sigmaaldrich.com/catalog/product/sigma/d7660 Cytokinins. ...
*  Sporulation in Bacillus subtilis
Similarly, in Dictyostelium discoideum (slime mold), SDF-2 and cytokinins are secreted during late development to trigger ... Anjard, C.; Loomis, W. F. (2008). "Cytokinins induce sporulation in Dictyostelium". Development. 135 (5): 819-27. doi:10.1242/ ...
*  Coconut milk
Although there are many factors that attribute coconut milk to plant growth, the main cause is the existence of a cytokinin ... Mok, David W. S.; Mok, Machteld C. (1994). Cytokinins: Chemistry, Activity, and Function. CRC Press. ISBN 0-8493-6252-0. Bajaj ...
*  Plant senescence
Withdrawal of cytokinin, or if the cell cannot perceive the cytokinin, it may then undergo apoptosis or senescence. In addition ... Cytokinins help to maintain the plant cell and expression of cytokinin biosynthesis genes late in development prevents leaf ... Ivanova M., and Rost T.L., (1998). Cytokinins and the Plant Cell Cycle: Problems and Pitfalls of Proving their function. Plant ... Parallels to cell division - the theory, perhaps even more controversially, asserts that just as both auxin and cytokinin seem ...
*  Chemoreceptor
These include auxin, abscisic acid, gibberellin, cytokinin, and ethylene. Once bound, hormones can induce, inhibit, or maintain ...
*  1,3-Diphenylurea
The cytokinin effect of DPU is considered low as compared to that of adenine derivatives such as zeatin. Nevertheless, there ... Effect of cytokinin-active phenylurea derivatives on shoot multiplication. T. Genkov and I. Ivanova, Bulg. J. Plant Physiol., ... Folke Skoog discovered the effects of cytokinins using coconut milk in the 1940s at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. 1,3- ... 1,3-Diphenylurea is a phenylurea-type cytokinin, a type of plant hormone that induces flower development. ...
*  Kinetin
1994). Cytokinins: chemistry, activity and function. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press. ISBN 978-0-8493-6252-1. Barciszewski, J.; ... Kinetin (/'kaɪnɪtɪn/) is a type of cytokinin, a class of plant hormone that promotes cell division. Kinetin was originally ...
*  Callus (cell biology)
Specific auxin to cytokinin ratios in plant tissue culture medium give rise to an unorganized growing and dividing mass of ... Beutelmann, P.; Bauer, L. (1 January 1977). "Purification and identification of a cytokinin from moss callus cells". Planta. ... cytokinins, and gibberellins, to initiate callus formation or somatic embryogenesis. Callus initiation has been described for ...
*  Hormone
Plant hormones include abscisic acid, auxin, cytokinin, ethylene, and gibberellin. Many hormones and their structural and ...
*  Agar
Birgit Hadeler; Sirkka Scholz; Ralf Reski (1995). "Gelrite and agar differently influence cytokinin-sensitivity of a moss". ...
*  Apical dominance
When the shoot is cut off, the lateral bud begins to lengthen which is mediated by a release of cytokinin. Once the apical ... These stages can also be defined by the hormones that are regulating the process which are as follows: Stage I, cytokinin ... cytokinin released resulting in outward growth of the lateral bud; and Stage IV, auxin is decreased and gibberellic acid is ... promoted, causing the lateral bud to form since cytokinin plays a role in cell division; Stage II, auxin is promoted, resulting ...
*  Streptomyces turgidiscabies
"Streptomyces turgidiscabies possesses a functional cytokinin biosynthetic pathway and produces leafy galls." Molecular plant- ...
*  Cis-zeatin O-beta-D-glucosyltransferase
Martin RC, Mok MC, Habben JE, Mok DW (2001). "A maize cytokinin gene encoding an O-glucosyltransferase specific to cis-zeatin ...
*  Ethylene
Auxins Cytokinins IAA Growth substances, Ethylene Yang, S. F.; Hoffman N. E. (1984). "Ethylene biosynthesis and its regulation ... ACC synthesis increases with high levels of auxins, especially indole acetic acid (IAA) and cytokinins. Ethylene is perceived ...
*  Agrobacterium tumefaciens
Genes for the production of cytokinins are also expressed. This stimulates cell proliferation and gall formation. The T-DNA ...