Type 1 cystatins are also known as Stefins (after the Stefan Institute where they were first discovered ) The Type 2 cystatins ... Cystatins show similarity to fetuins, kininogens, histidine-rich glycoproteins and cystatin-related proteins. Cystatins mainly ... The cystatins are a family of cysteine protease inhibitors which share a sequence homology and a common tertiary structure of ... Cystatins at the US National Library of Medicine Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) This article incorporates text from the public ...
Magister, Špela; Kos, Janko (2012-12-20). "Cystatins in Immune System". Journal of Cancer. 4 (1): 45-56. doi:10.7150/jca.5044. ...
Cystatins are proteins that inhibit cysteine proteases. Research are ongoing to evaluate the potential of using cystatins in ... Tremblay J, Goulet MC, Michaud D (November 2019). "Recombinant cystatins in plants". Biochimie. 166: 184-193. doi:10.1016/j. ... Homology with animal cystatins and transient expression in the ripening process of rice seeds". The Journal of Biological ...
There are three inhibitory families in the superfamily, including the type 1 cystatins (stefins), type 2 cystatins and the ... Barka T, Asbell PA, van der Noen H, Prasad A (1991). "Cystatins in human tear fluid". Curr. Eye Res. 10 (1): 25-34. doi:10.3109 ... "Cystatin E is a novel human cysteine proteinase inhibitor with structural resemblance to family 2 cystatins". J Biol Chem. 272 ...
There are three inhibitory families in the superfamily, including the type 1 cystatins (stefins), type 2 cystatins and the ... Cystatin-S is a protein that in humans is encoded by the CST4 gene. The cystatin superfamily encompasses proteins that contain ... Determination of cystatins, albumin, amylase and IgA". J. Periodont. Res. 31 (1): 57-65. doi:10.1111/j.1600-0765.1996.tb00464.x ... Dickinson DP, Zhao Y, Thiesse M, Siciliano MJ (1995). "Direct mapping of seven genes encoding human type 2 cystatins to a ...
There are three inhibitory families in the superfamily, including the type 1 cystatins (stefins), type 2 cystatins and ... "Entrez Gene: CSTB cystatin B (stefin B)". Pavlova, Alona; Björk Ingemar (Sep 2003). "Grafting of features of cystatins C or B ... Järvinen M, Rinne A, Hopsu-Havu VK (1988). "Human cystatins in normal and diseased tissues--a review". Acta Histochem. 82 (1): ... Turk V, Bode W (1991). "The cystatins: protein inhibitors of cysteine proteinases". FEBS Lett. 285 (2): 213-9. doi:10.1016/0014 ...
... cystatins". Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications. 154 (2): 765-72. doi:10.1016/0006-291X(88)90206-9. PMID ...
Turk V, Stoka V, Turk D (May 2008). "Cystatins: biochemical and structural properties, and medical relevance". Frontiers in ... Turk V, Bode W (July 1991). "The cystatins: protein inhibitors of cysteine proteinases". FEBS Letters. 285 (2): 213-9. doi: ... Derived from the cysteine protease inhibitor family of cystatins, which function in nature as cysteine protease inhibitors, ... is closely related to that of oryzacystatin-I but different from those of animal cystatins". FEBS Letters. 278 (1): 87-90. doi: ...
There are three inhibitory families in the superfamily, including the type 1 cystatins (stefins), type 2 cystatins, and ... "Entrez Gene: CSTA cystatin A (stefin A)". Pavlova, Alona; Björk Ingemar (Sep 2003). "Grafting of features of cystatins C or B ... Järvinen M, Rinne A, Hopsu-Havu VK (1988). "Human cystatins in normal and diseased tissues--a review". Acta Histochem. 82 (1): ... Davies ME, Barrett AJ (1984). "Immunolocalization of human cystatins in neutrophils and lymphocytes". Histochemistry. 80 (4): ...
... s are related to cystatins through their similar glycosylated regions. During the contact activation system (CAS), ...
Similarity to the disulfide bridge structures of cystatins and kininogens". J. Biol. Chem. 264 (24): 14121-8. PMID 2760061. ...
There are three inhibitory families in the superfamily, including the type 1 cystatins (stefins), type 2 cystatins and the ... Like other type 2 cystatins, it has two disulfide bonds. Around 50% of the molecules carry a hydroxylated proline. Cystatin C ...
There are three inhibitory families in the superfamily, including the type 1 cystatins (stefins), type 2 cystatins and the ... Dickinson DP, Zhao Y, Thiesse M, Siciliano MJ (1995). "Direct mapping of seven genes encoding human type 2 cystatins to a ... Isemura S, Saitoh E, Sanada K, Minakata K (1992). "Identification of full-sized forms of salivary (S-type) cystatins (cystatin ... Takahashi M, Honda Y, Ogawa K, Barka T (1993). "Immunofluorescence localization of cystatins in human lacrimal gland and in the ...
Johnsson M, Richardson CF, Bergey EJ, Levine MJ, Nancollas GH (1992). "The effects of human salivary cystatins and statherin on ... Sabatini LM, Warner TF, Saitoh E, Azen EA (1990). "Tissue distribution of RNAs for cystatins, histatins, statherin, and proline ...
Pavlova A, Björk I (September 2003). "Grafting of features of cystatins C or B into the N-terminal region or second binding ... Sloane BF (April 1990). "Cathepsin B and cystatins: evidence for a role in cancer progression". Seminars in Cancer Biology. 1 ( ...
These will inhibit the breakdown of the proteins in group 3. Cystatins are not a gene product previously found in viruses to ...
The toxins that have been confirmed to be within the venom are cystatins, peroxiredoxin, and galectin. Galectin induces cell ... death in its victims and cystatins inhibit defense enzymes. In humans, these toxins lead to increased blood flow in the ...
The enzymes lysozyme and peroxidase, defensins, cystatins and an antibody, IgA, are all antibacterial. Thrombospondin and some ...
The Affimer protein scaffold is derived from the cysteine protease inhibitor family of cystatins. Within the protein scaffold ...
There are three inhibitory families in the superfamily, including the type 1 cystatins (stefins), type 2 cystatins and the ... Dickinson DP, Zhao Y, Thiesse M, Siciliano MJ (1995). "Direct mapping of seven genes encoding human type 2 cystatins to a ...
There are three inhibitory families in the superfamily, including the type 1 cystatins (stefins), type 2 cystatins and the ... This gene is located in the cystatin locus and encodes a protein similar to type 2 cystatins. The protein exhibits highly ... Dickinson DP, Zhao Y, Thiesse M, Siciliano MJ (1995). "Direct mapping of seven genes encoding human type 2 cystatins to a ...
... relationship to cystatins and the tumor suppressor TIG1." Structure 13(2), 309-317, 2005. Cho et al.: "Hypermethylation of CpG ...
There are three inhibitory families in the superfamily, including the type 1 cystatins (stefins), type 2 cystatins and the ...
LCN1 shares three sequence motifs with cystatins which enables LCN1 to act in a similar manner to cystatins as a cysteine ...
... (Vietnamese: [tɨəŋ]) is the name applied to a variety of condiments a kind of fermented bean paste made from soybean and commonly used in Vietnamese cuisine. Originally, the term tương refers to a salty paste made from fermented soybeans, which is popular in vegetarian meals, particularly those prepared and eaten by Vietnamese Buddhist monks. It is also the most typical dipping sauce for summer rolls (gỏi cuốn). The paste, which is generally dark brown in color, is produced by adding the fungus Aspergillus oryzae to roasted soybeans, which are then allowed to naturally ferment in a jar with water until it develops an umami flavor. Other ingredients, such as glutinous rice or maize powder, salt, or water, may also be used. Tương is similar to the Chinese yellow soybean paste, though the latter is generally saltier and thicker in texture. Tương may range in consistency from a thick paste to a thin liquid. Some varieties, such as that prepared in Central Vietnam, are watery, ...
... (醬油) is considered almost as old as soy paste-a type of fermented paste (Jiang, 醬) obtained from soybeans-which had appeared during the Western Han dynasty (206 BC - 220 AD) and was listed in the bamboo slips found in the archaeological site Mawangdui (馬王堆).[6][5] There are several precursors of soy sauce that are associated products with soy paste. Among them the earliest one is Qingjiang (清醬) that had appeared in AD 40 and was listed in Simin Yueling (四民月令).[7] Others are Jiangqing (醬清), Chizhi (豉汁) and Chiqing (豉清) which are recorded in Qimin Yaoshu (齊民要術) in AD 540.[7] By the time of the Song dynasty (960-1279 AD), the term soy sauce (醬油) had become the accepted name for the liquid condiment,[7] which are documented in two books: Shanjia Qinggong (山家清供)[9] and Pujiang Wushi Zhongkuilu (浦江吳氏中饋錄)[10] during the Song dynasty (960-1279 AD). Like many salty condiments, soy sauce was originally
SBAs have a molecular weight of 120 kDa and an isoelectric point near pH 6.0[2] SBA preferentially binds to oligosaccharide structures with terminal α-helix or β-sheet linked N-acetylgalactosamine, and to a lesser extent, galactose residues. Binding can be blocked by substitutions on penultimate sugars, such as fucose attached to the penultimate galactose in blood group B. Soybean lectin has a metal binding site, which is conserved among beans.[3] SBA binds to intestinal epithelial cells, causing inflammation and intestinal permeability, and is a major factor in acute inflammation from raw soybean meal fed to animals.[4] Studies on rats fed SBA had complex changes: With increasing doses of soybean agglutinin, the activities of aspartate aminotransferase linearly increased in plasma and decreased plasma insulin content without decrease in blood glucose levels. Consumption of soybean agglutinin resulted in a depletion of lipid and an overgrowth of small intestine and pancreas in rats. Meanwhile, ...
By layering and bunching the sheets in a certain manner, an imitation of chicken breast can be created with yuba. The effect is completed by frying the "skin" side of the tofu chicken until it is crispy. If stuffed with vegetables, it becomes tofu duck. Likewise various other meat alternatives have been made in this way, especially by Buddhist vegetarian restaurants in areas of Chinese culture.[3] The world's first meat analogs were developed in China, probably by Buddhist cooks in temples and monasteries.[4] The earliest process for making these meatless meats consisted of rolling thin sheets of doufupi, literally tofu skin, around a filling of minced, smoked, or other seasoned pieces of tofu skin, tying closed the bundle with string, and steaming until a meaty texture and flavor developed.[4] ...
The Tofurky roast is found in health food grocery stores; however, availability is limited in some areas. Inside the box, it comes in the form of a small but dense roast, wrapped tightly in a disposable casing, and is something of a rounded loaf in shape. It comes stuffed with mushrooms, herbs, and wild rice. Though the roast can be purchased separately, it is also offered as part of a meal with cranberry-apple-potato dumplings, gravy, and "wishstix"[4] made from Tofurky Jurky, a meatless jerky product. The Whole Foods store chain is a major seller of Tofurky products. Tofurky is a popular meat alternative[5] amongst many vegetarians, who avoid turkey for ethical and/or personal reasons. The product is free from turkey and other meat products. ...
While relatively flavourless when eaten on its own, it can be used in stews such as the Korean biji-jjigae or in porridges.[6] It's used as an addition to baked goods such as breads, cookies and muffins, and can create a crumbly texture in these foods.[4]:168 In Japan it is used in a side dish called unohana which consists of okara cooked with soy sauce, mirin, sliced carrots, burdock root and shiitake mushrooms.[7] Okara can be used to make tempeh, by fermenting with the fungus Rhizopus oligosporus.[4]:168 using a tempeh starter,[8] It can make press cake tempeh using ingredients such as brown rice, bulgur wheat, soybeans and other legume and grain combinations. [9] Okara is also eaten as red oncom by the Sundanese people on Java in Indonesia after fermentation by Neurospora.[10] Okara is eaten in the Shandong cuisine of eastern China by steaming a wet mixture of okara that has been formed into blocks of zha doufu (also known as xiao doufu or cai doufu).[11]:172 The product is sometimes used as ...