In cross-sectional studies, a sample (or samples) is drawn from the relevant population and studied once.[2] A cross-sectional ... The three general types are cross-sectional, successive independent samples, and longitudinal studies.[2] ... Longitudinal studiesEdit. Longitudinal studies take measure of the same random sample at multiple time points.[2] Unlike with a ... However, longitudinal studies are both expensive and difficult to do. It's harder to find a sample that will commit to a months ...
... a cross sectional study". Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry. 64 (3): 375-378. doi:10.1136/jnnp.64.3.375. ... In their study, actors were instructed to vocalize an array of different emotions without words. The study showed that ... This has been determined in multiple studies, such as Hoekert et al.'s 2017 study on emotional prosody in schizophrenia, which ... In an fMRI study, men showed a stronger activation in more cortical areas than female subjects when processing the meaning or ...
A cross-sectional study". Trials. 12 (1): 58. doi:10.1186/1745-6215-12-58. PMC 3055831. PMID 21356072. Lachin JM (June 2000). " ... For example, if people who have a more refractory or serious problem tend to drop out of a study at a higher rate, even a ... ITT is also simpler than other forms of study design and analysis, because it does not require observation of compliance status ... which may break the random assignment to the treatment groups in a study. ITT analysis provides information about the potential ...
A cross-sectional study". F1000Research. 7 (7): 1030. doi:10.12688/f1000research.15479.2. ISSN 2046-1402. OCLC 7891654842. PMC ...
A cross-sectional study". Pan African Medical Journal. 24: 120. doi:10.11604/pamj.2016.24.120.8986. PMC 5012825. PMID 27642458 ... A study carried out in an isolated Inuit village showed that antibodies produced from subclinical wild virus infection ... Schnirring L (17 May 2019). "Four new polio cases in Pakistan as study tackles partial-dose vaccination". Center for Infectious ... 28". International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC). 11 May 2005. Archived from the original on 12 August 2006. Retrieved 7 ...
Bobak M, Skodova Z, Marmot M (2003). "Beer and obesity: a cross-sectional study". Eur J Clin Nutr. 57 (10): 1250-3. doi:10.1038 ... the INTERHEART study): case-control study". Lancet. 364 (9438): 937-52. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(04)17018-9. PMID 15364185.. ... the INTERHEART study): Case-control study". Lancet. 364 (9438): 937-52. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(04)17018-9. PMID 15364185.. ... A study has stated that 75% of patients treated for asthma in the emergency room were either overweight or obese.[35] ...
2016) How Do Urban Indian Private Practitioners Diagnose and Treat Tuberculosis? A Cross-Sectional Study in Chennai. PLOS ONE ... Studies have shown that faulty anti-TB prescriptions in the private sector in India ranges from 50% to 100% and this is a ...
Cross-sectional study using claims data]". Nervenarzt (in German). 79 (1): 67-72. doi:10.1007/s00115-007-2280-6. PMID 17457554 ... A randomized, cross-over, double-blind study versus placebo". European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology. 59 (3): 179-188. doi: ... One study found some slight selectivity for zopiclone on α1 and α5 subunits, although it is regarded as being unselective in ... One low-quality study found that zopiclone is ineffective in improving sleep quality or increasing sleep time in shift workers ...
Cross sectional study using data from the 2001 census". Retrieved 2006-07-16.. ...
CHEN, M; LANDER, T; MURPHY, C (May 2006). "Nasal health in Down syndrome: A cross-sectional study". Otolaryngology-Head and ... The amygdala (in olfaction) processes pheromone, allomone, and kairomone (same-species, cross-species, and cross-species where ... "An Experimental Study of the Ventral Striatum of the Golden Hamster. II. Neuronal Connections of the Olfactory Tubercle." Wiley ... Mori 2014, p. 182, "The Study of Humans Uncovers Novel Aspects in Brain Organization of Olfaction (Chapter 9.2)" ...
Garrett, M; McElroy, A M; Staines, A (2002-06-22). "Locomotor milestones and babywalkers: cross sectional study". BMJ : British ... overview of systematic reviews and a systematic review of primary studies". Accident Analysis and Prevention. 60: 158-171. doi: ...
A cross-sectional observational study in Europe". European Psychiatry. 45 (Supplement C): 136-138. doi:10.1016/j.eurpsy.2017.05 ...
Results from a large cross-sectional study". Journal of Psychosomatic Research. 67 (3): 189-197. doi:10.1016/j.jpsychores. ... This is consistent with previous studies that demonstrated high co-morbidity of somatic, depressive, and anxious symptoms (i.e ... "How to assess common somatic symptoms in large-scale studies: A systematic review of questionnaires". Journal of Psychosomatic ...
... a cross-sectional study". Medical Education. 39 (6): 594-604. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2929.2005.02176.x. ISSN 1365-2923.. ... This was tested in a recent study of college women who had identified studying as their primary stressor.[66] The women were ... Findings from a cross-sectional survey in England". European Journal of Cancer. 103: 308-316. doi:10.1016/j.ejca.2018.03.029. ... Studies consistently show that social support can protect against physical and mental consequences of stress.[58][59] This can ...
Cross-sectional and longitudional evidence from the Berlin Aging Study". Psychology and Aging. 15 (3): 511-526. doi:10.1037/ ... Wejbrandt A (2014). "Defining aging in cyborgs: A bio-techno-social definition of aging". Journal of Aging Studies. 31: 104-109 ... The Women's Health and Aging Study". Journal of Gerontology. 56A (10): 609. doi:10.1093/gerona/56.10.m609.. ... though the pattern between genders is not universal across all studies and some results suggest sex-based differences only ...
Chara PJ, Kuennen LM (February 1994). "Diverging gender attitudes regarding casual sex: a cross-sectional study". Psychol Rep. ... Gwen J. Broude, 'Male-Female Relationships in Cross-Cultural Perspective: A Study of Sex and Intimacy' Cross-Cultural Research ... A study published by the Archives of Sexual Behavior reported that sixty percent of college students have participated in a ... Hughes's study suggests that there were five main motivations to why college students wanted to be in a casual relationship.[13 ...
Cross-sectional and longitudional evidence from the Berlin Aging Study". Psychology and Aging. 15 (3): 511-26. doi:10.1037/0882 ... In 2016, in a study, the removal of those cells in mice has extended their lifespans by 20% to 30%.[77] Another study shows ... Cross-linkage: The idea that ageing results from accumulation of cross-linked compounds that interfere with normal cell ... while one study, by the University of Wisconsin, showed that caloric restriction does extend lifespan,[126] the second study, ...
A Cross Sectional Study". Thunderbird International Business Review. 48 (5): 623-642. doi:10.1002/tie.20113. Ian Bremmer and ... 6-20; and Stephen J. Kobrin "Political Risk: A Review and Reconsideration", Journal of International Business Studies, Vol. 10 ... 213-214) Jeffrey D. Simon, "A Theoretical Perspective on Political Risk", Journal of International Business Studies, Vol. 15, ...
A cross-sectional study". Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy. 11 (1): 40. doi:10.1186/s13011-016-0084-z. PMC ... A later study sponsored by the Office of National Drug Control Policy also took a close look at how movies and songs affect ... The study found that about three-fourths of the tracks lacked a direct reference to alcohol, tobacco, or illicit drugs. Of the ... The study detected "few references that could be considered either explicitly pro-use or anti-use". Of the small minority of ...
Mashal, Abdallah; Katz, Amos; Shvartzman, Pesach (2011). "Atrial fibrillation: A primary care cross-sectional study". Israel ... Jiangsu Furui Pharmaceuticals Co., Ltd is currently recruiting participants in their study.[needs update] Myocytes Ion channels ...
"Gripe Water Administration in Infants 1-6 months of Age-A Cross-sectional Study". J Clin Diagn Res. 9 (11): SC06-8. doi:10.7860 ... The study did not indicate the rate of constipation or vomiting prior to the use of GW to compare with during use.Constipation ... In a study of 350 infants conducted in Puducherry, India, two-thirds of mothers of infants ages 1 to 6 months admitted ... No evidence supports the efficacy of gripe water and one limited study in India questions whether the consumption of Gripe ...
... in a cross-sectional study.[citation needed] Baelum 1996 recalculated their previous data from Kenyan and Chinese populations ... As in other studies, a major portion of the total number of teeth lost was accounted for by a small group of persons. In this ... The study size was 560 persons and at the 48-month examination, 22% of persons and 1.8% of teeth had attachment loss incidence ... There was an apparent increase from 1% to 2% to 3% over the three study periods, which may have been due to an increase of ...
"Is there a north-south divide in social class inequalities in health in Great Britain? Cross sectional study using data from ... A Study of the Post-Reformation Catholic Survival and the Operation of the Recusancy Laws. London: Burns, Oates & Washbourne. ... a saltaire cross. Counties in the north of the area, such as Derbyshire, Leicestershire, Lincolnshire, Nottinghamshire, ...
A Cross-sectional Study in Iranian Population, n.d. "Classification and Assessment of Abnormal Behavior" (PDF). csun.edu. ... Mills, Daniel S. (2003-05-02). "Medical paradigms for the study of problem behaviour: a critical review". Applied Animal ...
Noree, Thinakorn; Hanefeld, Johanna; Smith, Richard (2016). "Medical tourism in Thailand: a cross-sectional study" (PDF). ... But the 2010 study of five private hospitals that serve more than 60% of foreign medical tourists concluded that there were ... Studying Muay Thai is a main activity for Thai sports tourism, which the government promotes. In 2016, there were 11,219 ... All numbers reported by the government must be viewed with some skepticism according to the authors of a 2010 study. The Thai ...
Noree, Thinakorn; Hanefeld, Johanna; Smith, Richard (2016). "Medical tourism in Thailand: a cross-sectional study" (PDF). ... These measures have only been partially successful: in 2009, a study found that there was one physician per 565 persons in ... local governments and the Red Cross. Different provinces in Thailand are arranged into different health districts by region. ...
Cross sectional study of political affiliation and physical activity". Christmas 2014: Going to Extremes. The BMJ. 349: g7073. ... The study's stated conclusion was that literal "armchair socialists" as a class do not exist as holders of political views ... In December 2014, The BMJ published a study, possibly satirical in intent and described as "lighthearted" in NHS Choices, with ...
Observational Studies. *Cross-sectional study. *Cohort study. *Natural experiment. *Quasi-experiment. Statistical inference ...
C21 - Modelos de corte transversal (Cross-sectional); Modelos espaciais; Treatment effect models; Regressões quantílicas ... JEL: L8 - Industry Studies: Services JEL: L80 - Geral. JEL: L81 - Retail and Wholesale Trade; Warehousing; e-Commerce. JEL: L82 ... C31 - Modelos de corte transversal (Cross-sectional); Modelos espaciais; Treatment effect models; Regressões quantílicas ... JEL: L6 - Industry Studies: Manufacturing JEL: L60 - Geral. JEL: L61 - Metals and Metal Products; Cement; Glass; Ceramics. JEL ...
... national cross sectional survey". BMJ. 335 (7619): 549. doi:10.1136/bmj.39315.670208.47. PMC 1976488. PMID 17827485.. ... studies arguing that all studies merited "scrutiny and a degree of skepticism", irrespective of their funding. He wished for ... Case Studies" (PDF). Department of Business Innovation and Skills. October 2009. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 March ... "studies with smaller population in the United States usually reported larger reductions, while larger studies reported ...
After studying law at the University of Virginia, Robinson returned to Arkansas, winning election to the Arkansas General ... Sectional. *College Democrats of America. *Democrats Abroad. *National Federation of Democratic Women ... Wedded to his job, he arrived early each day, stayed late, and studied legislation at home.[1] ... He attended the University of Arkansas and studied law at the University of Virginia. ...
Johnson, J.V., & Hall, E.M. (1988). Job strain, workplace social support, and cardiovascular disease: A cross-sectional study ... Self-report survey methodology is the most used approach in OHP research.[37] Cross-sectional designs are commonly used; case- ... At least five studies of men have linked effort-reward imbalance with CVD.[79] Another large study links ERI to the incidence ... In a massive (n , 197,000) longitudinal study that combined data from 13 independent studies, Kivimäki et al. (2012)[77] found ...
... a cross-sectional study from Northern India". Pediatric Research. 81 (1): 18-26. doi:10.1038/pr.2016.177. PMID 27632780.. ... Many of the traits that affect profitability in crosses of modern dairy breeds have not been studied in designed experiments. ... The preliminary studies show results inconsistent with the outcrossing paradigm based on individual environments of the studied ... Few studies have found evidence of regular incest avoidance in mammals but banded mongooses are an exception.[48] ...
... a cross-sectional study from Erbil city". BMC Public Health. 13: 809. doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-809. PMC 3844478. PMID 24010850. ... Deconstructing Kurdish Studies". European Journal of Turkish Studies. Social Sciences on Contemporary Turkey (5). doi:10.4000/ ... Chelkowski, Peter J.; Pranger, Robert J. (1988). Ideology and Power in the Middle East: Studies in Honor of George Lenczowski. ... Asatrian, G. (2009). Prolegomena to the Study of the Kurds, Iran and the Caucasus. 13. pp. 1-58. Generally, the etymons and ...
Cross-sectional imaging (CT or MRI) *Plain films are generally sufficient in making a joint dislocation diagnosis. However, ... Although it may not be as accurate in detecting any associated fractures, in one observational study ultrasonography identified ... cross-sectional imaging can subsequently be used to better define and evaluate abnormalities that may be missed or not clearly ... ultrasound is the imaging study of choice as the proximal femoral epiphysis has not significantly ossified at this age.[13] ...
So, Damon W. K., Jesus' Revelation of His Father: A Narrative-Conceptual Study of the Trinity with Special Reference to Karl ... "Arianism" in Cross, F.L. & Livingstone, E.A. (eds) The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (1974) ... A Sectional Confession of Faith, 13:2 online. *^ Kittel, 3:108.. *^ a b Stagg, Frank. New Testament Theology. Broadman Press, ... Coppens, Charles, S.J. (1903). A Systematic Study of the Catholic Religion. St. Louis: B. HERDER. Archived from the original on ...
... recording protocols for entheseal changes in regards to expressing activity patterns using archival data and cross-sectional ... Studies of dental enamel hypoplasia are used to study child health. Unlike bone, teeth are not remodeled, so they can provide a ... δ13C studies have been used in North America to document the transition from a C3 to a C4 (native North American plants to corn ... A study of iron-deficiency among early Mongolian nomads showed that although overall rates of cribra orbitalia declined from ...
Conversely, Best and Chakravarti (1990) studied the problem as an active set identification problem, and proposed a primal ... Cross-correlation (XCF). *ARMA model. *ARIMA model (Box-Jenkins). *Autoregressive conditional heteroskedasticity (ARCH) ...
... comparing flight attendant health to the general population in a cross-sectional study". BMC Public Health. 18 (1): 346. doi: ... The emotional labour performed by flight attendants and cross-cultural aspects of it have since been actively studied and are a ... a cross-sectional survey". Environmental Health. 6: 28. doi:10.1186/1476-069X-6-28. ISSN 1476-069X. PMC 2064907. PMID 17897468. ... Other studies have found increased rates of breast and skin cancer,[47] reduced respiratory health,[48] adverse reproductive ...
... international comparative cross sectional study in 28 countries,DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/eurpub/cki105, 128-132, 8. märts ... Uurimuse meetodiks oli vaatlusuuring (cross-sectional survey) ning uuritavateks olid Euroopa ja Põhja-Ameerika koolide 123 227 ...
Probabilistic load flow in power-flow study explains the uncertainties of input variables as probability distribution and ... Cross-correlation (XCF). *ARMA model. *ARIMA model (Box-Jenkins). *Autoregressive conditional heteroskedasticity (ARCH) ...
The size of the windcatcher allows it to work in any wind direction;[19] the cross-sectional area perpendicular to the wind ... Shady Attia (2-24 June 2009). Designing the Malqaf for summer cooling in low-rise housing, an experimental study (PDF). 26th ... Windcatchers vary dramatically in shape, including height, cross-sectional area, and internal sub-divisions and filters.[2] ... It has a strong cross-breeze from the courtyard, at least partly driven by convection;[4]:Ch. 6[5] it thus uses the courtyard ...
The length and cross-sectional mouth area required to create a bass or sub-bass horn require a horn many feet long. 'Folded' ... "Study Hall. ProSoundWeb. p. 2. Archived from the original on January 14, 2010. Retrieved March 3, 2010.. ... Voice-coil wire cross sections can be circular, rectangular, or hexagonal, giving varying amounts of wire volume coverage in ... Acousticians, in studying the radiation of sound sources have developed some concepts important to understanding how ...
... only small cross-sectional areas of the material are used. Small areas of very high strength but moderate stiffness material ... Studied in an academic context as to its potential benefits in construction, it has also proved itself cost-effective in a ... This flowing, continuous cross section optimises aerodynamic efficiency.[citation needed] Moreover, the trailing edge, along ... it is the first to have a smoothly contoured wing cross-section instead of the wings being partitioned span-wise into sections ...
Cross-sectional EBIC of a p-n junction. By using the signal from the picoammeter as the imaging signal, an EBIC image is formed ... EBIC has also been extended to the study of local defects in insulators. For example, W.S. Lau (Lau Wai Shing) developed "true ... When a semiconductor device is imaged in cross-section, the depletion region will show bright EBIC contrast. The shape of the ...
Among pregnant women in Israel a small scale cross sectional study found the prevalence of HSV-2 infection was 13.3% and that ... According to a study in Ontario, of people between the ages of 15 to 16, 26.9% of men, 32% of non-pregnant women, and 55% of ... Many studies have been performed around the world to estimate the numbers of individuals infected with HSV-1 and HSV-2 by ... In Australia, a study using data from 1999 revealed the seroprevalence of HSV-1 was at 76.5%, with significant differences ...
LPAAT activity doubles the number of acyl chains, greatly increasing the cross-sectional area of the lipid that lies 'within' ... Studies have suggested that this process may be lipid-driven, and have postulated a central role for DAG due to its, likewise, ... This means that it is difficult to measure PA production and therefore to study the role of PA in the cell. However, PLD ... Studies have suggested that DAG signaling is mediated by polyunsaturated DAG, whereas PLD-derived PA is monounsaturated or ...
... which causes a nonuniform distribution of current over the cross-sectional area of the conductor. Transmission line conductors ... A number of studies have highlighted the potential benefits of very wide area super grids based on HVDC since they can mitigate ... The line crosses a total length of 1907 km (1192 mi). Since the Xiangjiaba-Shanghai line was completed in 2010, at least twelve ... Cross-Skagerrak consisted since 1993 of 3 poles, from which 2 were switched in parallel and the third used an opposite polarity ...
A Retrospective Cross-Sectional Study of Retraction Notices at BioMed Central". BMJ Open. 6 (11): e012047. doi:10.1136/bmjopen- ... "Blacklists" and 'Whitelists" to Tackle Predatory Publishing : A Cross-Sectional Comparison and Thematic Analysis". doi:10.7287/ ... Various studies have investigated the extent of open access. A study published in 2010 showed that roughly 20% of the total ... A Cross-Sectional Comparison". BMC Medicine. 15 (1): 28. doi:10.1186/s12916-017-0785-9. PMC 5353955. PMID 28298236.. ...
A cross-sectional and longitudinal study". Environment International. 120: 199-206. doi:10.1016/j.envint.2018.08.002. hdl:10044 ... A longitudinal Study". This study investigated the effects of suicide-related internet use on user's suicidal thoughts, ... Sueki, (2013) carried out a study titled "The effect of suicide-related internet use on users' mental health: ... Paul Broca studied trepanation and came up with his own theory on it. He noticed that the fractures on the skulls dug up ...
... a cross-sectional evaluation using the Assessment of Motor and Process Skills". Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology. 48 (9 ... Although such cross-over benefit might happen, not enough high-quality studies have been done to demonstrate it.[93] ... which a few studies suggest are present 5-22% of the time). Furthermore, an abnormal neuroimaging study indicates a high ... A study in young adults (18-34) on transitioning to adulthood found that their concerns were physical health care and ...
Studies done with pseudo- or quasirandomization are usually given nearly the same weight as those with true randomization but ... Cross-correlation (XCF). *ARMA model. *ARIMA model (Box-Jenkins). *Autoregressive conditional heteroskedasticity (ARCH) ...
A = cross sectional area of valve. L = axial length of valve. Λ(t) = single degree of freedom; when. Λ. 2. (. t. ). =. A. (. L ... Usually, the aortic and mitral valves are incorporated in valve studies within a single degree of freedom. These relationships ...
Cross-sectional area of a nuclear pore complex in vertebrates[9] 10−12 1 square micrometre (μm2) 6 μm2 Surface area of an E. ... "The Average Body Surface Area of Adult Cancer Patients in the UK: A Multicentre Retrospective Study". PLoS ONE. 5 (1): e8933. ... Cross-sectional area of a straight human hair that is 100 μm[14] in diameter[15] ... Cross-sectional area of a mechanical pencil lead (0.5-0.7 mm in diameter)[16] ...
Guinness had a policy of allowing technical staff leave for study (so-called "study leave"), which Gosset used during the first ... Cross-correlation (XCF). *ARMA model. *ARIMA model (Box-Jenkins). *Autoregressive conditional heteroskedasticity (ARCH) ... For example, suppose we are evaluating the effect of a medical treatment, and we enroll 100 subjects into our study, then ... This approach is sometimes used in observational studies to reduce or eliminate the effects of confounding factors. ...