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*  Oculomotor nerve
Cranial nerves IV and VI also participate in control of eye movement. The oculomotor nerve originates from the third nerve ... Paralysis of the oculomotor nerve, i.e., oculomotor nerve palsy, can arise due to: direct trauma, demyelinating diseases (e.g ... Cranial nerves III, IV, and VI are usually tested together as part of the cranial nerve examination. The examiner typically ... The oculomotor nerve is the third cranial nerve. It enters the orbit via the superior orbital fissure and innervates muscles ...
*  Nucleus ambiguus
The cranial nerve nuclei schematically represented; dorsal view. Motor nuclei in red; sensory in blue. Nuclei of origin of ... but likely plays a role in bronchospastic diseases like COPD/emphysema (in which inhaled anticholinergic medications such as ... The muscles supplied by the vagus (included with this is the cranial part of the accessory nerve), such as levator veli ... cranial motor nerves schematically represented; lateral view. The formatio reticularis of the medulla oblongata, shown by a ...
*  Facial nerve
The facial nerve is the seventh cranial nerve, or simply cranial nerve VII. It emerges from the brainstem between the pons and ... and most likely results from viral infection and also sometimes as a result of Lyme disease. Iatrogenic Bell's Palsy may also ... with the cranial nerves labelled. Mandibular division of the trifacial nerve. Plan of the facial and intermediate nerves and ... Nerve fibers for taste are supplied by the chorda tympani branch of cranial nerve VII via special visceral afferent fibers. The ...
*  Cranial nerve disease
The facial nerve is the seventh of 12 cranial nerves. This cranial nerve controls the muscles in the face. Facial nerve palsy ... Cranial nerve disease is an impaired functioning of one of the twelve cranial nerves. Although it could theoretically be ... Eyes Oculomotor nerve palsy - Oculomotor nerve (III) Fourth nerve palsy - Trochlear nerve (IV) Sixth nerve palsy - Abducens ... Facial nerve (VII) (More on facial nerve palsy below) Accessory nerve disorder - Accessory nerve (XI) Pavlou, E., Gkampeta, A ...
*  DMOZ - Health: Conditions and Diseases: Neurological Disorders: Cranial Nerve Diseases
"Health ... Cranial Nerve Diseases" search on: AOL - Ask - Bing - DuckDuckGo - Gigablast - Google - ixquick - Yahoo - Yandex - ... Centre for Cranial Nerve Disorders An information resource and neurosurgery sub-specialty clinic providing informative and ... Information about problems associated with decreased function of the third cranial nerve. ...
*  DMOZ - Health: Conditions and Diseases: Neurological Disorders: Cranial Nerve Diseases: Bell's Palsy
This condition may be associated with Herpesvirus 1, Human infection of the facial nerve. (Adams et al., Principles of ... Health Conditions and Diseases Neurological Disorders Cranial Nerve Diseases Bell's Palsy 15 ... Facial Nerve Problems and Bell's Palsy MedicineNet.com's description of the condition including outlines of symptoms and the ... This condition may be associated with Herpesvirus 1, Human infection of the facial nerve. (Adams et al., Principles of ...
*  DMOZ - Health: Conditions and Diseases: Neurological Disorders: Peripheral Nervous System
Disorders of the cranial nerves can be included here for the moment; ideally a separate category (Cranial Nerve Diseases) will ... This category includes disorders affecting the peripheral nerves like the various neuropathies, plexus disorders etc. ... Disorders of the cranial nerves can be included here for the moment; ideally a separate category (Cranial Nerve Diseases) will ... HONselect - Peripheral Nervous System Diseases Information about the main diseases of the peripheral nerves external to the ...
*  Trochlear nerve
In general, these diseases affect other cranial nerves as well. Isolated damage to the fourth nerve is uncommon in these ... The trochlear nerve, also called the fourth cranial nerve or cranial nerve IV, is a motor nerve (a somatic efferent nerve) that ... The nuclei of other cranial nerves generally affect ipsilateral structures (for example, the optic nerves - cranial nerves II ... cranial nerve III and abducens - cranial nerve VI) and the first two branches of the trigeminal nerve (V), Ophthalmic (V1) and ...
*  EGR2
"Cranial nerve involvement in CMT disease type 1 due to early growth response 2 gene mutation". Neurology. 54 (8): 1696-8. doi: ... partial fusion of the trigeminal nerve (V) with the facial (VII) and auditory (VII) nerves, the proximal nerve roots coming off ... Mutations in this gene are associated with the autosomal dominant Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease, type 1D, Dejerine-Sottas disease ... It is later expressed in the neural crest derived cells of the cranial ganglion. The protein encoded by Krox20 contains two ...
*  Polyneuropathy in dogs and cats
In Australia, however, it is a more severe disease with cranial nerve effects, and death can occur in 1 to 2 days. Toxic ... It can cause Horner's syndrome, facial nerve paralysis, and femoral nerve, tibial nerve, radial nerve, trigeminal nerve, or ... "Diseases of the Peripheral Nerve and Neuromuscular Junction: Degenerative Diseases". The Merck Veterinary Manual. 2006. ... "Diseases of the Peripheral Nerve and Neuromuscular Junction: Metabolic Disorders". The Merck Veterinary Manual. 2006. Retrieved ...
*  Dysgeusia
"Simultaneous involvement of third and sixth cranial nerve in a patient with Lyme disease". Neuroradiology. 45 (2): 85-7. doi: ... In humans, the sense of taste is conveyed via three of the twelve cranial nerves. The chorda tympani is responsible for taste ... Magnetic resonance imaging allows direct visualization of the cranial nerves. Furthermore, it provides significant information ... Damage to the peripheral nerves, along with injury to the chorda tympani branch of the facial nerve, also cause dysgeusia. A ...
*  Diabetic neuropathy
... www.aao.org/eye-health/diseases/microvascular-cranial-nerve-palsy Behl T, Kaur I, Kotwani A (Jun 2015). "Implication of ... When cranial nerves are affected, neuropathies of the oculomotor nerve (cranial nerve #3) are most common. The oculomotor nerve ... Vascular and neural diseases are closely related and intertwined. Blood vessels depend on normal nerve function, and nerves ... and nerves. Longer nerve fibers are affected to a greater degree than shorter ones because nerve conduction velocity is slowed ...
*  Roberts syndrome
... silvery-blonde scalp hair Cranial Nerve Paralysis, Moyamoya disease, Stroke, Intellectual disability Treatment of Roberts ... John Bingham Roberts (1852-1924) of Philadelphia, who reported the disease characteristics in 1919. Roberts reported a disease ... Carriers for the disorder are heterozygotes due to the autosomal recessive nature of the disease. Carriers are also not at risk ... The prognosis of the disease depends on the malformations, as the severity of the malformations correlates with survival. The ...
*  Sixth nerve palsy
"Cranial Nerve VI Palsy", Handbook of Ocular Disease Management, 2000 - 2001 Jobson Publishing L.L.C. (2000-2001).[2] The Wills ... Sixth nerve palsy, or abducens nerve palsy, is a disorder associated with dysfunction of cranial nerve VI (the abducens nerve ... fibers of the seventh cranial nerve wrap around the VIth nerve nucleus, and, if this is also affected, a VIth nerve palsy with ... The unilateral abducens nerve palsy is the most common of the isolated ocular motor nerve palsies. The nerve dysfunction ...
*  Torticollis
... infection in rabbits Inner ear infection Hypothyroidism in dogs Disease of the VIIIth cranial nerve the N. Vestibulocochlearis ... The main innervation to these muscles is from cranial nerve XI (the accessory nerve) but the second, third and fourth cervical ... IV cranial nerve palsy, nystagmus-associated "null position," etc.). Differential diagnosis for torticollis involves Cranial ... Torticollis may be unrelated to the sternocleidomastoid muscle, instead caused by damage to the trochlear nerve (fourth cranial ...
*  Fazio-Londe disease
Other cranial nerves involved were vagus, trigeminal, spinal accessory nerve, abducent, occulomotor and glossopharyngeal in ... Post mortem examination of cases have found depletion of nerve cells in the nuclei of cranial nerves. The histologic ... Progression to involve other cranial nerve muscles occurs over a period of months or years. In the Gomez review facial nerve ... disease of children and young adults and is characterized by progressive paralysis of muscles innervated by cranial nerves. FLD ...
*  Cranial nerves
Trauma to the skull, disease of bone such as Paget's disease, and injury to nerves during neurosurgery (such as tumor removal) ... accessory nerve (XI), and hypoglossal nerve (XII). (There may be a thirteenth cranial nerve, the terminal nerve (nerve O or N ... the optic nerve (II), oculomotor nerve (III), trochlear nerve (IV), trigeminal nerve (V), abducens nerve (VI), facial nerve ( ... vagus nerve (X), accessory nerve (XI) and hypoglossal nerve (XII). The fibers of these cranial nerves exit the brainstem from ...
*  Risso's dolphin
"Histopathology of eighth cranial nerve of mass stranded dolphins at Goto Islands, Japan". Journal of Wildlife Diseases. 28 (4 ... one case report of strandings in Japan's Goto Islands has been associated with parasitic neuropathy of the eighth cranial nerve ...
*  Kawasaki disease
Other neurological complications from cranial nerve involvement are reported as ataxia, facial palsy, and sensorineural hearing ... Children with Kawasaki disease should be hospitalized and cared for by a physician who has experience with this disease. When ... Kawasaki disease, also known as mucocutaneous lymph node syndrome, is a disease in which blood vessels throughout the body ... It is the most prominent symptom in Kawasaki disease, is a characteristic sign of the acute phase of the disease, is normally ...
*  Hypoglossal nerve
... chewing and swallowing caused by dysfunction of several cranial nerve nuclei. Motor neuron disease is the most common disease ... The hypoglossal nerve is one of twelve cranial nerves found in amniotes including reptiles, mammals and birds. As with humans, ... The hypoglossal nerve is the twelfth cranial nerve, and innervates all the extrinsic and intrinsic muscles of the tongue, ... The hypoglossal nerve may be connected (anastamosed) to the facial nerve to attempt to restore function when the facial nerve ...
*  Mouth assessment
Diseases include bifid uvula, cleft palate and carcinoma. If cranial nerve 10 is injured, the soft palate does not rise when ... Diseases of the teeth include baby-bottle tooth decay, epulis, meth mouth and Hutchinson's teeth. To assess the gums, a tongue ... Diseases include mucocele, aphthous ulcer, angular stomatitis, carcinoma, cleft lip, leukoplakia, herpes simplex and chelitis. ... Diseases include scrotal or fissured tongue, migratory glossitis (geographic tongue), atrophic glossitis, black hairy tongue, ...
*  Chromatolysis
IBNC is marked by the degeneration of neurons and axons within the brainstem and cranial nerves. The disease also has a ... Nuclei of cranial nerves, arcuate nuclei, and posterior horn cells were also affected. Studies examining patients with ... Alzheimer's disease is a major neurodegenerative disease that involves the dying off of neurons and synapses. Chromatolysis has ... Chromatolytic cells have also been observed in a pathologically similar disease known as Pick's disease. Most recent studies ...
*  Idiopathic orbital inflammatory disease
It is the most common painful orbital mass in the adult population, and is associated with proptosis, cranial nerve palsy ( ... In chronic disease or sclerosing variant, T2WI with FS will show hypointensity (due to fibrosis). Findings on STIR (Short T1 ... Another disease variant is Sclerosing pseudotumor, which more often presents bilaterally and may extend into the sinuses. CT ... Bilateral presentation may have a higher incidence of systemic disease. The exact cause of IOI is unknown, but infectious and ...
*  Canine degenerative myelopathy
Eventually cranial nerve or respiratory muscle involvement necessitates euthanasia or long term palliative care. Progression of ... Now that a test is available the disease can be bred out of breeds with a high preponderance. The test is only recommended for ... As the disease progresses, the animal may display symptoms such as incontinence and has considerable difficulties with both ... The etiology of this disease is unknown. Recent research has shown that a mutation in the SOD1 gene is a risk factor for ...
*  Dysarthria
... from which the cranial nerves originate), or the neuro-muscular junction (in diseases such as myasthenia gravis) which block ... the facial nerve (VII), the glossopharyngeal nerve (IX), the vagus nerve (X), and the hypoglossal nerve (XII). The term is from ... Cranial nerves that control the muscles relevant to dysarthria include the trigeminal nerve's motor branch (V), ... Huntington's disease, Niemann-Pick disease, and Friedreich ataxia. Toxic and metabolic conditions include: Wilson's disease, ...
*  Esthesioneuroblastoma
The disease was brought into prominence by the case of Chantal S├ębire, who was suffering from the disease and ended her life ... Thus, tumor growth can impinge nerve function and result in vision loss and diplopia. As the tumor metastasizes to the oral ... Due to the location of the tumor and its proximity to the cranial cavity, esthesioneuroblastoma can be highly invasive and ... Most studies reported cranial surgical resection with radiotherapy or chemotherapy to target the tumor. Esthesioneuroblastoma ...
*  List of incurable diseases
A chronic pain condition that affects the trigeminal or 5th cranial nerve, one of the most widely distributed nerves in the ... Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease - This is a neurodegenerative disease. There is no treatment or cure for this disease, although there ... Coeliac disease - Coeliac (or celiac) disease is an autoimmune disorder and chronic inflammatory disease. It is triggered by ... Multiple sclerosis - Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a demyelinating disease in which the insulating covers of nerve cells in the ...