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###### Kerr effect
A glass cell filled with one of these liquids is called a Kerr cell. These are frequently used to modulate light, since the ... In this case, the electric field is given by: E = E ω cos ⁡ ( ω t ) , {\displaystyle \mathbf {E} =\mathbf {E} _{\omega }\cos(\ ... Jeffree cell, an early acousto-optic modulator Filament propagation Rapatronic camera, which used a Kerr cell to take sub- ... This is in contrast to Pockels cells, which can operate at much lower voltages. Another disadvantage of Kerr cells is that the ...
###### Langley extrapolation
Solar Cell Measurement and Calibration. NASA Brooks, David R., and Forrest M. Mims. "Development of an inexpensive handheld LED ... For a plane-parallel atmosphere, the airmass factor is simple to determine if one knows the solar zenith angle θ: m = 1/cos(θ ... A Langley plot can also be used as a method to calculate the performance of solar cells outside the Earth's atmosphere. At the ... Glenn Research Center, the performance of solar cells is measured as a function of altitude. By extrapolation, researchers ...
###### Heterodyne
... cos 2\omega _{1}t]+A_{1}A_{2}[\cos(\omega _{1}t-\omega _{2}t)-\cos(\omega _{1}t+\omega _{2}t)]+{\frac {A_{2}^{2}}{2}}[1-\cos 2\ ... Some widely used mixer circuits, such as the Gilbert cell, operate in this way, but they are limited to lower frequencies. ... cos ⁡ ( ω 1 t − ω 2 t ) − cos ⁡ ( ω 1 t + ω 2 t ) ] + A 2 2 2 [ 1 − cos ⁡ 2 ω 2 t ] ) + ⋯ {\displaystyle {\begin{aligned}v_{\ ... Heterodyning is based on the trigonometric identity: sin ⁡ θ 1 sin ⁡ θ 2 = 1 2 cos ⁡ ( θ 1 − θ 2 ) − 1 2 cos ⁡ ( θ 1 + θ 2 ) {\ ...
###### Bloom syndrome protein
Cell. 36 (6): 943-53. doi:10.1016/j.molcel.2009.12.006. PMID 20064461. Sharma S, Sommers JA, Wu L, Bohr VA, Hickson ID, Brosh ... the latter being subsequently resolved as COs. In the plant Arabidopsis thaliana, homologs of the Sgs1(BLM) helicase act as ... Cell. 46 (1): 43-53. doi:10.1016/j.molcel.2012.02.020. PMC 3328772 . PMID 22500736. Séguéla-Arnaud M, Crismani W, Larchevêque C ... Cell. Biol. 24 (11): 4710-9. doi:10.1128/MCB.24.11.4710-4719.2004. PMC 416397 . PMID 15143166. Sengupta S, Robles AI, Linke SP ...
###### Multislice
In general, the unit cell used for simulating images will be different from the unit cell that defines the crystal structure of ... cos ⁡ ( 0.1 ) = 0.995 {\displaystyle \cos(0.1)=0.995} . For small angles this approximation holds regardless of how many slices ... The requirement to add additional "padding" to the unit cell has earned the nomenclature "super cell" and the requirement to ... The most important step in performing a multislice calculation is setting up the unit cell and determining an appropriate slice ...
###### Rhombohedron
... cos ⁡ θ , cos ⁡ θ − cos 2 ⁡ θ sin ⁡ θ , 1 − 3 cos 2 ⁡ θ + 2 cos 3 ⁡ θ sin ⁡ θ ) . {\displaystyle {\biggl (}\cos \theta ,{\cos \ ... It can be used to define the rhombohedral lattice system, a honeycomb with rhombohedral cells. In general the rhombohedron can ... cos ⁡ θ ) ( 1 + 2 cos ⁡ θ ) . {\displaystyle {\text{Vol}}=a^{3}(1-\cos \theta ){\sqrt {(1+2\cos \theta )}}.} As the area of the ... The height, 'h', is given by h = a ( 1 − cos ⁡ θ ) ( 1 + 2 cos ⁡ θ ) sin ⁡ θ . {\displaystyle h={a(1-\cos \theta ){\sqrt {(1+2\ ...
###### Arthur L. Jenkins
"StemCellsInc Clinical trial for Stem Cell Transplantation in Cervical Spinal Cord Injury". Retrieved September 17, 2015. "Alan ... Arthur L. Jenkins Hospital Affiliations, Awards and Credentials, Neurosurgeon, Cos Cob, CT". Vitals. Retrieved 2015-10-16. " ... and stem cell injections for spinal cord injuries. His scientific research focuses on treatments for spinal cord injury-acute ... Complete Traumatic Acute Spinal Cord Injury as well as the principal surgeon for the StemCellsInc clinical trial for Stem Cell ...
###### Electrophoretic light scattering
... cos ⁡ ( 2 π υ o ) + C exp ⁡ ( − 2 Γ τ ) ( 1 ) {\displaystyle g(\tau )=A+B\exp(-\Gamma \tau )\cos(2\pi \upsilon _{o})+C\exp(-2\ ... The profile of velocity or mobility at the center of the cell is given approximately by Eq. (11) for the case where k>5. U a ( ... Marcel Dekker, Inc, (7) B.R. Ware and D.D. Haas, in Fast Method in Physical Biochemistry and Cell Biology. (R.I. Sha'afi and S. ... Since the electrophoresis chamber is a closed system, backward flow is produced at the center of the cell. Then the observed ...
###### Superconducting quantum computing
... cos ⁡ ( ω ~ 2 t ) ( σ x ⊗ I − J Δ 12 σ z ⊗ σ x + m 12 I ⊗ σ x ) {\displaystyle H_{D}/\hbar =A(t)\cos({\tilde {\omega }}_{2}t)\ ... Notably, D-Wave Systems' nearest-neighbor coupling achieves a highly connected unit cell of 8 qubits in the Chimera graph ... More formally, following the notation of, for a driving signal E ( t ) = E x ( t ) cos ⁡ ( ω d t ) + E y ( t ) sin ⁡ ( ω d t ... displaystyle {\mathcal {E}}(t)={\mathcal {E}}^{x}(t)\cos(\omega _{d}t)+{\mathcal {E}}^{y}(t)\sin(\omega _{d}t)} of frequency ω ...
###### Quaternion
... cos ⁡ ‖ v ‖ + v ‖ v ‖ sin ⁡ ‖ v ‖ ) {\displaystyle \exp(q)=\sum _{n=0}^{\infty }{\frac {q^{n}}{n!}}=e^{a}\left(\cos \,\mathbf { ... There are 24 unit quaternions in this ring, and they are the vertices of a regular 24-cell with Schläfli symbol {3,4,3}. They ... cos ⁡ ( θ ) + n ^ sin ⁡ ( θ ) ) , {\displaystyle q=\,q\,e^{{\hat {n}}\theta }=\,q\,\left(\cos(\theta )+{\hat {n}}\sin(\theta )\ ... cos ⁡ ( θ ) {\displaystyle a=\,q\,\cos(\theta )} and v = n ^ ‖ v ‖ = n ^ ‖ q ‖ sin ⁡ ( θ ) . {\displaystyle \mathbf {v} ={\hat ...
###### Integration by parts
... cos x\,dx.} In this case in the last step it is necessary to integrate the product of the two bottom cells, and its sign is ... cos x\,dx=e^{x}\sin x+e^{x}\cos x-\int e^{x}\cos x\,dx,} which leads to 2 ∫ e x cos ⁡ x d x = e x sin ⁡ x + e x cos ⁡ x + C ... cos ⁡ ( x ) d x = e x cos ⁡ ( x ) + e x sin ⁡ ( x ) − ∫ e x cos ⁡ ( x ) d x . {\displaystyle \int e^{x}\cos(x)\ dx=e^{x}\cos(x ... cos ⁡ ( x ) d x = e x cos ⁡ ( x ) + ∫ e x sin ⁡ ( x ) d x . {\displaystyle \int e^{x}\cos(x)\ dx=e^{x}\cos(x)+\int e^{x}\sin(x ...