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*  Cortical column
A cortical column, also called hypercolumn, macrocolumn, functional column or sometimes cortical module, is a group of neurons ... There are about 100,000,000 cortical minicolumns in the neo-cortex with up to 110 neurons each, giving 1-2,000,000 cortical ... A part of the discoveries that resulted in them winning the 1981 Nobel Prize was that there were cortical columns in vision as ... It has been impossible to find a canonical microcircuit that corresponds to the cortical column, and no genetic mechanism has ...
*  Cortical patterning
... is a field of developmental neuroscience which aims to determine how the various functional areas of the ... The protomap is a feature of the cortical ventricular zone, which contains the primary stem cells of the cortex known as radial ... Today the field supports the idea of a 'protomap', which is a molecular pre-pattern of the cortical areas during early ... After the initial establishment of areal identity, axons from the developing thalamus arrive at their correct cortical areal ...
*  Cortical map
In some cases, cortical representations can increase two to threefold in 1-2 days at the time at which a new sensory motor ... They found-and this has been since corroborated by a wide range of labs-that if the cortical map is deprived of its input it ... Cortical maps are collections (areas) of minicolumns in the brain cortex that have been identified as performing a specific ... Merzenich and DT Blake (2002, 2005, 2006) went on to use cortical implants to study the evolution of plasticity in both the ...
*  Cortical minicolumn
A cortical minicolumn is a vertical column through the cortical layers of the brain. Neurons within the microcolumn "receive ... Cortical minicolumns can also be called cortical microcolumns. Cells in 50 µm minicolumn all have the same receptive field; ... Cortical column "Microcolumns in the Brain". www.physics.drexel.edu. Retrieved 2017-12-31. Johansson, Christopher; Lansner, ... Most (perhaps 90%[citation needed]) of cortical neurons are neocortical neurons. Johansson and Lansner use an estimate of 2× ...
*  Cortical bundle
The size of the cortical bundle can vary greatly from species to species. Because cacti live a long time, the cortical bundles ... In every cactus species, the cortical bundles produce secondary phloems. In very old cortical bundles located at the base of ... The cortical bundle is a vascular system which allows the transportation of water and nutrients through the voluminous cortex ... The cortical bundle emerges radially from the xylem and produces shoots that run tangentially to the cortex, branching ...
*  Cortical dysplasia
Focal cortical dysplasia is a common cause of intractable epilepsy in children and is a frequent cause of epilepsy in adults. ... Focal cortical dysplasia (FCD) is a congenital abnormality of brain development where the neurons in an area of the brain ... Medication is used to treat the seizures that may arise due to cortical dysplasia. Epilepsy surgery to remove areas of FCD is a ... All forms of focal cortical dysplasia lead to disorganization of the normal structure of the cerebral cortex. Type 1 FCD ...
*  Cortical implant
A cortical implant is a subset of neuroprosthetics that is in direct connection with the cerebral cortex of the brain. By ... A typical cortical implant is an implantable multielectrode array, which is a small device through which a neural signal can be ... Some cortical implants have been designed to improve cognitive function. These implants are placed in the prefrontal cortex or ... Certain types of cortical implants can partially restore vision by directly stimulating the visual cortex. Early work to ...
*  Cortical magnification
For quantitative purposes, the cortical magnification factor is normally expressed in millimeters of cortical surface per ... Cortical magnification describes how many neurons in an area of the visual cortex are 'responsible' for processing a stimulus ... When expressed in this way, the values of cortical magnification factor vary by a factor of approximately 30 - 90 between the ... The inverse of M (i.e. degrees visual angle per millimeter cortical tissue) increases linearly with eccentricity in the visual ...
*  Cortical cooling
They are not used much in cortical cooling due to the small volumes that are cooled - investigators cooling cortical tissue are ... Cortical cooling devices do not cause any damage to the neural tissue when they are implanted or used repeatedly to cool the ... Cortical cooling refers to the cooling methods restricted to the cerebral cortex, where most higher brain processes occur. ... To overcome many of these drawbacks, cortical cooling devices may be used instead of ablation. While allowing a range of tissue ...
*  Cortical granule
This exocytosis of cortical granules is known as the cortical reaction. In mammals, the oocyte's extracellular matrix includes ... The cortical reaction does not occur in all mammals, suggesting the likelihood of other functional purposes for cortical ... Cortical granules are found among all mammals, many vertebrates, and some invertebrates. Within the oocyte, cortical granules ... Once the cortical granules complete their functions, the oocyte does not replenish them. Cortical granule formation occurs ...
*  Cortical lobule
A cortical lobule (or renal lobule) is a part of a renal lobe. It consists of the nephrons grouped around a single medullary ...
*  Cortical homunculus
A cortical homunculus is a distorted representation of the human body, based on a neurological "map" of the areas and ... A cortical homunculus, or "cortex man", illustrates the concept of heuristically representing the body lying within the brain. ... However, more recent research has suggested that there may be two different cortical areas for the genitals, possibly ... Cazala, Fadwa; Vienney, Nicolas; Stoléru, Serge (2015-03-10). "The cortical sensory representation of genitalia in women and ...
*  Cortical deafness
... is caused by bilateral cortical lesions in the primary auditory cortex located in the temporal lobes of the ... Cortical deafness is a rare form of sensorineural hearing loss caused by damage to the primary auditory cortex. Cortical ... It is thought that cortical deafness could be a part of a spectrum of an overall cortical hearing disorder. In some cases, ... Cortical deafness requires demonstration that brainstem auditory responses are normal, but cortical evoked potentials are ...
*  Cortical Tectonics
... is the third studio album by American progressive metal band Canvas Solaris. It was released in 2007. " ...
*  Cortical blindness
... and cortical visual impairment (CVI), which refers to the partial loss of vision caused by cortical damage, ... Cortical blindness can be acquired or congenital, and may also be transient in certain instances. Acquired cortical blindness ... The development of cortical blindness into the milder cortical visual impairment is a more likely outcome. Furthermore, some ... Fundoscopy should be normal in cases of cortical blindness. Cortical blindness can be associated with visual hallucinations, ...
*  Cortical remapping
... , also referred to as cortical reorganization, is when a cortical map is affected by a stimulus, is changed ... This helps support why feedback to the motor system is limited and difficult to determine for cortical remapping. Cortical ... Cortical remapping in the somatosensory system happens when there has been a decrease in sensory input to the brain due to ... This meant that cortical remapping had occurred at the median nerve; the nerves that correlated to the outsides of the monkey's ...
*  Cortical reaction
The cortical reaction is a process initiated during fertilization by the release of cortical granules from the egg, which ... Sea urchin cortical granules regulated proteolysis by cortical granule serine protease 1 at fertilisation. Mol Biol Cell. 2004 ... The trigger for the cortical granules to exocytose is the release of calcium ions from cortical smooth endoplasmic reticulum in ... Therefore, the cortical reaction prevents polyspermic fertilization, a lethal event. Another cortical granule component, ...
*  Cortical modem
A cortical modem is a type of brain machine interface that specifically inject images directly into the visual cortex by way of ... Windows Holographic Transhumanist DARPA's 'Cortical Modem' will plug straight into your BRAIN, The Register, 17 Feb 2015 DARPA ... dreams: cortical modems and neural RAMplants for restoring active memory http://www.darpa.mil/news-events/2015-01-19. ...
*  Cortical desmoid
... (also called tug lesion or periosteal desmoid) is an irregularity of the distal femoral cortex caused by ...
*  Cortical spreading depression
Neuroscientists use the term cortical spreading depression to represent at least one of the following cortical processes: The ... "Cortical spreading depression causes and coincides with tissue hypoxia", Nat Neurosci. 29 April 2007, Takano T, Tian GF, Peng W ... Cortical spreading depression (CSD) or spreading depolarization is a wave of electrophysiological hyperactivity followed by a ... "Cortical spreading depression (CSD): A neurophysiological correlate of migraine aura", Schmerz, May 17, 2008, Richter F, ...
*  Infantile cortical hyperostosis
Cortical hyperostosis is a potential side effect of long-term use of prostaglandins in neonates. Dr. John Caffey (1895-1978) ... Infantile cortical hyperostosis is a self-limited condition, meaning that the disease resolves on its own without treatment, ... July 2008). "Prenatal cortical hyperostosis with COL1A1 gene mutation". Am. J. Med. Genet. A. 146A (14): 1820-4. doi:10.1002/ ... Infantile cortical hyperostosis is a self-limited inflammatory disorder of infants that causes bone changes, soft tissue ...
*  Renal cortical necrosis
... (RCN) is a rare cause of acute kidney failure. The condition is "usually caused by significantly ... Cortical necrosis is a severe and life-threatening condition, with mortality rates over 50%.[citation needed] Those mortality ... "eMedicine: Renal Cortical Necrosis". Medscape. Retrieved 27 March 2012. Singh, B.; Gupta, A.; Mahajan, S.; Gupta, R. (2012). " ... Kim, J. O.; Kim, G. H.; Kang, C. M.; Park, J. S. (2011). "Bilateral Acute Renal Cortical Necrosis in SLE-Associated ...
*  Cortical stimulation mapping
Studies on patients who have received cortical stimulation mapping have found no cortical damage in the tested areas. The ... therefore a prosthesis using cortical stimulation is a remaining hope to offer some vision function. A cortical visual ... Cortical stimulation mapping may be used in neuro-oncology as a tool to identify the areas of a patient's brain that are ... Cortical stimulation mapping is an invasive procedure that has to be completed during a craniotomy. Once the dura mater is ...
*  Cortical visual impairment
... at the Wayback Machine (archived May 22, 2009) Christine Roman-Lantzy (2007). Cortical Visual ... Cortical Visual Impairment, Delayed Visual Maturation, Cortical Blindness)". The Marshall Cavendish Encyclopedia of Personal ... Cortical visual impairment (CVI) is a form of visual impairment that is caused by a brain problem rather than an eye problem. ( ... "Fact Sheet: Cortical Visual Impairment" by Mary Ann Demchak, Charmaine Rickard and Marty Elquist, published by The University ...
*  Posterior cortical atrophy
... (PCA), also called Benson's syndrome, is a form of dementia which is usually considered an atypical ... "Posterior Cortical Atrophy". UCSF Memory and Aging Center. University of California, San Francisco. Retrieved 2011-10-22. ... Nestor PJ, Caine D, Fryer TD, Clarke J, Hodges JR (2003). "The topography of metabolic deficits in posterior cortical atrophy ( ... PCA patients have more cortical damage and gray matter (cell body) loss in posterior regions, especially in the occipital, ...