22.1 Contraceptives *22.1.1 Oral hormonal contraceptives. *22.1.2 Injectable hormonal contraceptives ... Deferasirox oral form may be an alternative, depending on cost and availability. ... In acute diarrhoea zinc sulfate should be used as an adjunct to oral rehydration salts ... cloxacillin, dicloxacillin and flucloxacillin are preferred for oral administration due to better bioavailability. ...
Even after [...] Harry W. Rudel; Fred A. Kinel (September 1972). "Oral Contraceptives. Human Fertility Studies and Side Effects ... Goebelsmann U (1986). "Pharmacokinetics of Contraceptive Steroids in Humans". In Gregoire AT, Blye RP (eds.). Contraceptive ... OHPA was found to possess two to three times the oral activity of 17α-methylprogesterone. Upjohn reported the oral activity of ... OHPA has been found to be effective as an oral progestogen-only pill at a dosage of 30 mg/day. OHPA has very low but ...
Harry W. Rudel; Fred A. Kinel (September 1972). "Oral Contraceptives. Human Fertility Studies and Side Effects". In M. Tausk ( ... Conversely, combined oral contraceptive pills containing ethinylestradiol have considerable effects on coagulation and ... Rivera R, Yacobson I, Grimes D (1999). "The mechanism of action of hormonal contraceptives and intrauterine contraceptive ... Goebelsmann U (1986). "Pharmacokinetics of Contraceptive Steroids in Humans". In Gregoire AT, Blye RP (eds.). Contraceptive ...
"FDA's Approval of the First Oral Contraceptive, Enovid".. *^ Cafe, Rebecca (4 December 2011). "BBC News - How the contraceptive ... Oral ContraceptivesEdit. Prior to the second world war, birth control was prohibited in many countries, and in the United ... "Why the Oral Contraceptive Is Just Known as "The Pill"". www.smithsonianmag.com.. ... The history of the development of oral contraceptives is thus closely tied to the birth control movement and the efforts of ...
Wu CQ, Grandi SM, Filion KB, Abenhaim HA, Joseph L, Eisenberg MJ (June 2013). "Drospirenone-containing oral contraceptive pills ... The oral bioavailability of drospirenone is between 66 and 85%. Peak levels occur 1 to 6 hours after an oral dose. Levels are ... Heinemann LA, Dinger J (2004). "Safety of a new oral contraceptive containing drospirenone". Drug Saf. 27 (13): 1001-18. doi: ... Keam SJ, Wagstaff AJ (2003). "Ethinylestradiol/drospirenone: a review of its use as an oral contraceptive". Treat Endocrinol. 2 ...
Edgren RA, Sturtevant FM (August 1976). "Potencies of oral contraceptives". Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol. 125 (8): 1029-38. doi: ... Gestovis is a new highly effective oral progesterone derivative (cyclopentylenol-ether of 17-alpha-acetoxyprogesterone) for the ...
Research has shown no significant loss of effectiveness in oral contraceptives while using most tetracycline antibiotics ( ... 14 (6): 391-9. PMID 15564203.[permanent dead link] DeRossi SS, Hersh EV (October 2002). "Antibiotics and oral contraceptives". ... "Oral contraceptive efficacy and antibiotic interaction: a myth debunked". Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology. 46 (6 ... Oral doxycycline can cause pill esophagitis, particularly when it is swallowed without adequate fluid, or by persons with ...
In the 1960s, CMA was introduced as a component of oral contraceptives. However, around 1970, such formulations were withdrawn ... Edgren RA, Sturtevant FM (August 1976). "Potencies of oral contraceptives". Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol. 125 (8): 1029-38. doi: ... Bingel AS, Benoit PS (February 1973). "Oral contraceptives: therapeutics versus adverse reactions, with an outlook for the ... market by Eli Lilly in 1971 and all oral contraceptives of CMA were discontinued in the U.S. by 1972. However, subsequent ...
Edgren RA, Sturtevant FM (August 1976). "Potencies of oral contraceptives". Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol. 125 (8): 1029-38. doi: ... She had been taking an oral contraceptive combining ethinylestradiol and quingestrone since 1980. Denis Frank Hawkins (1974). ... Oral Advisory Group (1965). Handbook on oral contraception. Little, Brown. p. 18. OCLC 2717593. Larrey D, Geneve J, Pessayre D ... and oral or intraperitoneal doses of quingestrone 20 to 40 times those of oral or intraperitoneal progesterone were unable to ...
... was used as an oral, once-a-month, or postcoital hormonal contraceptive. Quingestanol acetate is a ... 73-. ISBN 978-0-300-16791-7. Population Reports: Oral contraceptives. Department of Medical and Public Affairs, George ... "Further experience with quingestanol acetate as a postcoital oral contraceptive". Contraception. 9 (3): 221-5. doi:10.1016/0010 ... Donde UM, Virkar KD (June 1975). "Biochemical studies with once-a-month contraceptive pill containing quinestrol-quingestanol ...
Archer JS, Archer DF (June 2002). "Oral contraceptive efficacy and antibiotic interaction: a myth debunked". Journal of the ... Recent research has shown no significant loss of effectiveness in oral contraceptives while using most tetracyclines. Despite ... DeRossi SS, Hersh EV (October 2002). "Antibiotics and oral contraceptives". Dental Clinics of North America. 46 (4): 653-64. ... For example, it was used to check uptake of oral rabies vaccine baits by raccoons in the USA. However, this is an invasive ...
... these and all other combined oral contraceptives are mixtures of 1 to 2% EE or mestranol and an oral progestin. It has been ... to be used in an oral contraceptive. In 1964, additional contraceptive preparations containing norethisterone in combination ... This is the progestogen component of the first oral contraceptive to be offered for sale (i.e., Enovid). Treatment of the ... However, with typical dosages of norethisterone used in oral contraceptives (0.5 to 1 mg), the levels of EE produced are low, ...
"Combined oral contraceptives (COCs)". In Hatcher RA, Trussell J, Nelson AL, Cates W, Kowal D, Policar MS (eds.). Contraceptive ... Combined hormonal contraceptives inhibit follicular development and prevent ovulation as a primary mechanism of action. The ...
The most common method in the developed world is condoms and oral contraceptives, while in Africa it is oral contraceptives and ... There are two types of oral birth control pills, the combined oral contraceptive pills (which contain both estrogen and a ... oral contraceptives for a longer duration may had a slightly lower rate of pregnancy than did women using oral contraceptives ... Combined oral contraceptives reduce the risk of ovarian cancer and endometrial cancer and do not change the risk of breast ...
Vinyl chloride, combined oral contraceptive pill, anabolic steroid, arsenic, thorotrast. Diagnosis[edit]. ... a) Bland: Oral contraceptive pills, anabolic steroid, androgens. (b) Inflammatory: Allopurinol, co-amoxiclav, carbamazepine. (c ... Hepatic vein thrombosis: Oral contraceptives. Neoplasm[edit]. Neoplasms have been described with prolonged exposure to some ... Oral use of ketoconazole has been associated with hepatic toxicity, including some fatalities;[8] however, such effects appear ...
The first oral contraceptive, Enovid, was approved by FDA in 1960. Oral contraceptives inhibit ovulation and so prevent ... As early as 1960, oral contraceptives were available in several different strengths by every manufacturer. In the 1980s and ... a new delivery system for the oral contraceptive via a transdermal patch. In 1982, a new version of the Pill was introduced, ... There are many variations in the routes of administration, including intravenous (into the blood through a vein) and oral ...
Task Force on Oral Contraceptives; Koetsawang, Suporn; Mandlekar, A.V.; Krishna, Usha R.; Purandare, V.N.; Deshpande, C.K.; ... double-blind study of two combined oral contraceptives containing the same progestogen, but different estrogens". Contraception ... Treatment options include oral, parenteral, subcutaneous implant, and transdermal (patches, gels). Dosing is patient-specific ...
"Oral contraceptives and liver cancer. Results of the Multicentre International Liver Tumor Study (MILTS)". Contraception. 56 (5 ... 8.2% for 3 mg/day oral diethylstilbestrol (n = 269); and 4.5% for 300 mg/day oral CPA vs. 0% for 750 mg/day flutamide (n = 264 ... 4.2% for 100 mg/month intramuscular estradiol undecylate (n = 191); 2.4% for 250 mg/day oral CPA vs. 6.1% for 200 mg/day oral ... "Effects of seven low-dose combined oral contraceptives on sex hormone binding globulin, corticosteroid binding globulin, total ...
Beginning in the 1960s, oral contraceptives were used by the public in the U.S. and U.K. As soon as 1966, however, there were ... Doctors Frank Speizer and Martin Vessey hoped to better understand the effects of long-term use of oral contraceptives on the ... The focus of the study was women's health, especially the long term adverse effects of oral contraceptives. The sample ... No statistically significant effects of oral contraceptives were observed in regard to risk of breast cancer. Present or past ...
Oral contraceptives have been known to increase the levels of sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) in the body. In turn, high ... One medication that many do not realize can lower sexual desire in women is the oral contraceptive. Not every woman experiences ... Samuels, N. (2010). "The Irony of Oral Contraceptives". The Womens Health Activist. 35 (4): 8-9. Geoffrey Miller; Joshua M. ...
These would be losing weight, increasing exercise and the cessation of oral contraceptives. Moving during periods of travel is ... The risk of developing blood clots can be modified by life style modifications, the discontinuation of oral contraceptives, and ... "Combined oral contraceptives: venous thrombosis". The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (3): CD010813. doi:10.1002/ ... Medications that inhibit blood clot formation include: The discontinuation of contraceptives also prevents blood clots. The ...
The overall absolute risk of venous thrombosis per 100,000 woman years in current use of combined oral contraceptives is ... Compared with combined oral contraceptives containing levonorgestrel (LNG), and with the same dose of estrogen and duration of ... the rate ratio of deep venous thrombosis for combined oral contraceptives with norethisterone is 0.98, with norgestimate 1.19, ... Cancers, most particularly pancreatic, but not cancers of the lip, oral cavity, and pharynx[7] ...
887-. ISBN 978-1-4757-2085-3. Wassef SA, Sami G, Hamid EA (1970). "Effect of switching with oral contraceptives". Egypt Popul ...
Oral contraceptives significantly decrease the elimination of desmethyldiazepam, a major metabolite of diazepam. Rifampin, ... Back DJ, Orme ML (June 1990). "Pharmacokinetic drug interactions with oral contraceptives". Clinical Pharmacokinetics. 18 (6): ... The oral LD50 (lethal dose in 50% of the population) of diazepam is 720 mg/kg in mice and 1240 mg/kg in rats. D. J. Greenblatt ... The oral forms should be stored in air-tight containers and protected from light. Diazepam can absorb into plastics, so liquid ...
Although oral contraceptives can causes menses to return, oral contraceptives should not be the initial treatment as they can ... New contraceptive pills, like continuous oral contraceptive pills (OCPs) which do not have the normal 7 days of placebo pills ... Hormonal contraceptives that contain only progestogen like the oral contraceptive Micronor, and especially higher-dose ... Patients who use and then cease using contraceptives like the combined oral contraceptive pill (COCP) may experience secondary ...
... in combination with an estrogen for contraceptive purposes. MGA is available as 5 mg, 20 mg, and 40 mg oral tablets and in oral ... It was used at doses of 1 mg, 2 mg, 4 mg, and 5 mg in combined oral contraceptives. MGA is formulated at a dose of 25 mg in ... ISBN 978-0-300-16791-7. MEARS E (1963). "A new type of oral contraceptive". Br Med J. 1 (5341): 1318-20. doi:10.1136/bmj.1.5341 ... MGA was formerly used in combined oral contraceptives in combination with ethinylestradiol or mestranol, and has been used in a ...
Caryn Thomas; Rhiannon Braund; Helen Paterson (31 July 2020). "Management of short supply oral contraceptives". The New Zealand ...
Grimes, DA; Jones, LB; Lopez, LM; Schulz, KF (29 April 2014). "Oral contraceptives for functional ovarian cysts". The Cochrane ...
Oral contraceptive pills reduce the clearance of nitrazepam, which may lead to increased plasma levels of nitrazepam and ... Back DJ, Orme ML (June 1990). "Pharmacokinetic drug interactions with oral contraceptives". Clin Pharmacokinet. 18 (6): 472-84 ... The time for nitrazepam to reach peak plasma concentrations following oral administration is about 2 hours (0.5 to 5 hours). ...
Oral contraceptives may become less effective. Allopurinol (gout treatment). Amoxicillin (α-amino-p-hydroxybenzyl penicillin) ... It is usually the drug of choice within the class because it is better-absorbed, following oral administration, than other β- ... When there is an adequate response to ampicillin, the course of antibiotic therapy may often be completed with oral amoxicillin ... Amoxicillin is effective for treatment of early cutaneous Lyme borreliosis; the effectiveness and safety of oral amoxicillin is ...
Powell A (April 2017). "Choosing the Right Oral Contraceptive Pill for Teens". Pediatric Clinics of North America (Review). 64 ... Arowojolu AO, Gallo MF, Lopez LM, Grimes DA (July 2012). Arowojolu AO (ed.). "Combined oral contraceptive pills for treatment ... Arowojolu AO, Gallo MF, Lopez LM, Grimes DA (July 2012). Arowojolu AO (ed.). "Combined oral contraceptive pills for treatment ... Wiegratz I, Kuhl H (2002). "Managing cutaneous manifestations of hyperandrogenic disorders: the role of oral contraceptives". ...
Inconsistent use was reported by 49% of those using condoms and 76% of those using the combined oral contraceptive pill; 42% of ... Jones, Rachel K., Darroch, Jacqueline E., Henshaw, Stanley K. (2002). Contraceptive Use Among U.S. Women Having Abortions in ...
Combined oral contraceptives containing ethinylestradiol have been found to increase circulating SHBG levels by 2- to 4-fold in ... Oral, topical. 1977. 3,650,000. Medroxyprogesterone acetate. Steroidal. Progestin. Provera, Depo-Provera. Oral, IM, SC. 1958. ... oral contraceptives containing ethinylestradiol are effective in treating these conditions, and may be combined with AR ... a few other progestins used in oral contraceptives and/or in menopausal HRT including dienogest, drospirenone, medrogestone, ...
Oral and maxillofacial surgery. *Orthopedic surgery. *Hand surgery. *Otolaryngology (ENT). *Pediatric surgery ...
A short course of oral prednisolone may be required. Some dermatologists favour a few weeks of pre-treatment with oral ... and adding a warning to the label advising women to start taking contraceptives a month before starting the drug. However use ... "Isotretinoin (Oral Route) Description and Brand Names - Mayo Clinic".. *^ Merritt B, Burkhart CN, Morrell DS (June 2009). "Use ... Oral Isotretinoin is best absorbed when taken with a high-fat meal, because it has a high level of lipophilicity.[74] The ...
Oral Herstorians Collection at Sinister Wisdom. *Dyke, A Quarterly, published 1975-1979 (online annotated archive, live website ... contraceptives, breast feeding, and miscarriages.[199] ... Unfortunately, depending on an oral tradition to impart our ... oral breast and genital stimulation, and object-vaginal penetration. (Kinsey, pp. 466-467.) ...
... such as oral contraceptives and videotape recorders. This study found that basic research played a key role in the development ...
... and playwright best known for his contribution to the development of oral contraceptive pills. He also developed Pyribenzamine ... UCLA Oral History of Human Genetics. October 27, 2005. But that tells you about my religious affiliation, which is not very ... "Smithsonian National Museum of American History - Computer Oral History Collection, 1969-1973, 1977 - Interview with Herbert R ...
According to a study performed by Guttmacher Institute, long-acting contraceptive methods had a significant impact in reducing ... and a marginally higher proportion of those in the oral misoprostol group, than of those in the intra-amniotic prostaglandin ... and consequently birth control methods that prevented implantation became classified as contraceptives, not abortifacients. ... A campaign was launched against the movement and the use and availability of contraceptives. ...
Today, progesterone can be used to make cortisone and oral contraceptives. Honors[edit]. *Mexican Chemical Society at the VI ... This eventually led to the development at Syntex of the combined oral contraceptive pill and synthetic cortisone - and to the ...
Women starting an estrogen-containing oral contraceptive may need to increase the dosage of lamotrigine to maintain its level ... Estimate of the mean apparent volume of distribution of lamotrigine following oral administration ranges from 0.9 to 1.3 L/kg. ... Ethinylestradiol, the ingredient of such contraceptives, has been shown to decrease serum levels of lamotrigine.[46] ... Lamotrigine is rapidly and completely absorbed after oral administration. Its absolute bioavailability is 98% and its plasma C ...
... such as oral contraceptive pills or male condoms.[6] ... "Trends in Contraceptive Use Worldwide" (PDF). Department of ... "Contraceptive Use in the United States". Guttmacher Institute. 4 August 2004. Retrieved 9 July 2019.. ... "U.S. Selected Practice Recommendations for Contraceptive Use, 2013". www.cdc.gov. Retrieved 9 July 2019.. ... EngenderHealth (Firm) (2002). Contraceptive sterilization : global issues and trends. Ross, John A., 1934-. New York, NY: ...
... written and oral exams), and then certify in reproductive endocrinology and infertility (written and oral exams). ...
The first oral contraceptive, Enovid, was approved by FDA in 1960. Oral contraceptives inhibit ovulation and so prevent ... As early as 1960, oral contraceptives were available in several different strengths by every manufacturer. In the 1980s and ... a new delivery system for the oral contraceptive via a transdermal patch. In 1982, a new version of the Pill was introduced, ... There are many variations in the routes of administration, including intravenous (into the blood through a vein) and oral ...
With oral administration, domperidone is extensively metabolized in the liver (almost exclusively by CYP3A4/5, though minor ... Domperidone has been studied as a potential hormonal contraceptive to prevent pregnancy in women.[80] ... domperidone 1 mg/ml oral suspension (200 ml) Russia. Janssen Pharmaceutica. Motilium. domperidone 10 mg film-coated tablets & ... domperidone does not appear to be strongly associated with QT prolongation at oral doses of 20 mg QID in healthy volunteers. ...
oral contraceptive use. 'sticky platelet syndrome" dan sejenisnya. *Meningitis. *Cortical vein thrombosis-dehydration. ...
Subclinical deficiency has also been observed in women taking oral contraceptives, in the elderly, in people with eating ...
Medication that interferes with platelet count should be avoided, and oral contraceptive therapy may be considered for women ...
Weisberg E (May 1999). "Interactions between oral contraceptives and antifungals/antibacterials. Is contraceptive failure the ... "Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 106 (6): e16-9. PMID 19000604. doi:10.1016/j.tripleo.2008.08.009. ... Hassan T (March 1987). "Pharmacologic considerations for patients taking oral contraceptives". Conn Dent Stud J 7: 7-8. PMID ... "Factors affecting the enterohepatic circulation of oral contraceptive steroids". Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol. 163 (6 Pt 2): 2146-52 ...
The combined oral contraceptive pill (COCP) is a contraceptive for women. It is often called birth control pill or simply "The ... the combined oral contraceptive pill was created.[1] The combined oral contraceptive pill has two female hormones: estrogen and ... "Oral Contraceptives and Cancer Risk: Questions and Answers". National Cancer Institute Fact Sheet. National Cancer Institute ( ... DeRossi S, Hersh E (2002). "Antibiotics and oral contraceptives". Dent Clin North Am. 46 (4): 653-64. doi:10.1016/S0011-8532(02 ...
Grimes, DA; Jones, LB; Lopez, LM; Schulz, KF (29 April 2014). "Oral contraceptives for functional ovarian cysts.". The Cochrane ...
... and with the use of oral contraceptives, reflecting an increase in transferrin protein expression. When plasma transferrin ...
Hormonal modulators (oral contraceptives or antiandrogens such as spironolactone and flutamide) can be used for female-pattern ... Oral pills for extensive hair loss may be used for alopecia areata. Results may take up to a month to be seen. ... Joly P (October 2006). "The use of methotrexate alone or in combination with low doses of oral corticosteroids in the treatment ... these include the contraceptive pill, hormone replacement therapy, steroids and acne medications.[15] ...
... use of combined oral contraceptive pills is significantly associated with lower serum uric acid.[27] ...
... and oral contraceptive use in healthy nulligravid women aged 19-25 years". Am. J. Epidemiol. 145 (7): 571-80. doi:10.1093/ ... as well as with high IGF-1 levels during oral contraceptive use and with lessening of the normal age-associated decline in ...
Oral contraceptives (reduced prevalence in users). *Perchlorates. *Thiocyanates. *Age (for different types of iodine deficiency ... oral mucosa and the stomach. In the thyroid gland, I-concentration is more progressive, also in the reservoir (from 1% after 30 ...
... women using oral contraceptives blink 32% more often than other women on average for unknown reasons.[14] Generally, between ...
"Oral contraceptive use and risk of breast cancer.". Mayo Clinic proceedings. Mayo Clinic 83 (1): 86-90; quiz 90-1. Ionawr 2008 ... "Oral contraceptive use and breast or ovarian cancer risk in BRCA1/2 carriers: a meta-analysis.". European journal of cancer ( ... "Oral contraceptive use as a risk factor for premenopausal breast cancer: a meta-analysis.". Mayo Clinic proceedings. Mayo ... "Oral contraceptives and family history of breast cancer.". Contraception 80 (4): 372-80. Hydref 2009. doi:10.1016/j. ...
Prior to the introduction of the combined oral contraceptive pill, condoms were the most popular birth "control" method in the ... and as the only contraceptive that also protected from disease. One group of British contraceptive advocates distributed condom ... Contraceptives fell out of use in Europe after the decline of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century; the use of ... Contraceptives were illegal in 19th century Italy and Germany, but condoms were allowed for disease prevention. Despite legal ...
... such as those found in oral contraceptives with high estrogenic activity), certain antidepressants (such as venlafaxine), ...