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*  Avoidance response
This can involve learning through operant conditioning when it is used as a training technique. It is a reaction to undesirable ... B.F. Skinner (1938) believed that animals learn primarily through rewards and punishments, the basis of operant conditioning. ... Food aversions can also be conditioned using classical conditioning, so that an animal learns to avoid a stimulus previously ... When these areas of the brain are lesioned or removed, animals display difficulty in maintaining a conditioned avoidance ...
*  Operant conditioning chamber
It is used to study both operant conditioning and classical conditioning. Skinner created the operant chamber as a variation of ... An operant conditioning chamber permits experimenters to study behavior conditioning (training) by teaching a subject animal to ... An operant conditioning chamber (also known as the Skinner box) is a laboratory apparatus used to study animal behavior. The ... Modern operant conditioning chambers typically have many operanda, like many response levers, two or more feeders, and a ...
*  Propaganda techniques
Operant conditioning Operant conditioning involves learning through imitation. For example, watching an appealing person buy ... Operant conditioning is the underlying principle behind the ad nauseam, slogan and other repetition public relations campaigns ... Classical conditioning All vertebrates, including humans, respond to classical conditioning. That is, if A is always present ... This idea is consistent with the principle of classical conditioning as well as the idea of "Staying on Message." Milieu ...
*  James A Dinsmoor
Throughout his lifetime, Dinsmoor's work expanded upon B.F. Skinner's study of operant conditioning. Skinner's work had a ... doi:10.1901/jeab.1972.18-79 Dinsmoor, J. A. (1973). Operant conditioning. In: Handbook of general psychology. Oxford England: ... doi:10.1901/jeab.1977.28-83 Dinsmoor, J. A., Mulvaney, D. E., & Jwaideh, A. R. (1981). Conditioned reinforcement as a function ... doi:10.1901/jeab.1963.6-75 Dinsmoor, J. A., & Clayton, M. H. (1966). A conditioned reinforcer maintained by temporal ...
*  Experimental analysis of behavior
Operant conditioning (also, "instrumental conditioning") is a learning process in which behavior is sensitive to, or controlled ... See operant conditioning). The idea that Skinner's position is anti-theoretical is probably inspired by the arguments he put ... The most commonly used tool in animal behavioral research is the operant conditioning chamber-also known as a Skinner Box. The ... It owed its early success to the effectiveness of Skinner's procedures of operant conditioning, both in the laboratory and in ...
*  Pain in invertebrates
... demonstrating operant conditioning. A fly-controlled heat-box has been designed to study operant conditioning in several ... A Drosophila flight simulator has been used to examine operant conditioning. The flies are tethered in an apparatus that ... G., Rein, K., Wolf, R. and Heisenberg, M., (1996). A new paradigm for operant conditioning of Drosophila melanogaster. Journal ... Journal of Comparative Psychology, 105: 345-356 Brembs, B., (2003). Operant conditioning in invertebrates. Current Opinion in ...
*  Brain-computer interface
Other research on cats has decoded their neural visual signals.[citation needed] In 1969 the operant conditioning studies of ... Fetz, E. E. (1969). "Operant Conditioning of Cortical Unit Activity". Science. 163 (3870): 955-8. Bibcode:1969Sci...163..955F. ... Schmidt, EM; McIntosh, JS; Durelli, L; Bak, MJ (1978). "Fine control of operantly conditioned firing patterns of cortical ... and air conditioning), and otherwise empower them to make major life decisions and communicate. This research effort was ...
*  Behaviorism
Skinner created the Skinner Box or operant conditioning chamber to test the effects of operant conditioning principles on rats ... Operant conditioning was developed by B.F. Skinner in 1937 and deals with the modification of "voluntary behaviour" or operant ... Although operant conditioning plays the largest role in discussions of behavioral mechanisms, classical conditioning (or ... "Classical and Operant Conditioning - Behaviorist Theories". Learning Theories. 2015-06-19. Retrieved 2017-08-04. "Ivan Pavlov ...
*  Professional practice of behavior analysis
Operant conditioning of EEG has had considerable support in many areas including attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD ... It is based on the principles of operant and respondent conditioning and represents a major approach to behavior therapies. Its ... A 1985 meta-analysis of social skills training methods found operant conditioning procedures had the largest effect size, the ... As the above suggests, behavior analysis is based on the principles of operant and respondent conditioning. Applied behavior ...
*  Yoked control design
... by receiving the same stimuli or conditions. In operant conditioning the yoked subject receives the same treatment in terms of ... Engel, Bernard T.; Chism, Ray A. (1967). "Operant conditioning of heart rate speeding". Psychophysiology. 3 (4): 418-426doi= ...
*  Aplysia gill and siphon withdrawal reflex
Hawkins, R.D., Clark, G.A., & Kandel, E.R. (2006). Operant Conditioning of Gill Withdrawal in Aplysia. The Journal of ... Jami, S.A., Wright, W.G. & Glanzman, D.L. (2007). Differential Classical Conditioning of the Gill-Withdrawal Reflex in Aplysia ...
*  Desire
Rewards in operant conditioning are positive reinforcers. ... Operant behavior gives a good definition for rewards. Anything ...
*  Reward system
Rewards in operant conditioning are positive reinforcers. ... Operant behavior gives a good definition for rewards. Anything ... Edward L. Thorndike used the reward system to study operant conditioning. He began by putting cats in a puzzle box and placing ... Although they can serve to condition higher order rewards, they are not conditioned, higher order rewards, as attaining their ... In operant conditioning, rewarding stimuli function as positive reinforcers; however, the converse statement also holds true: ...
*  Stuttering
It is based on operant conditioning techniques. People who stutter are trained to reduce their speaking rate by stretching ... The repetitions can become conditioned and automatic and ensuing struggles against the repetitions result in prolongations and ... which may promote decreasing disfluency in people who stutter with the developmental condition, are not effective with the ... has been proposed for this condition. Neither acute nor chronic stress, however, itself creates any predisposition to ...
*  B. F. Skinner
To study operant conditioning he invented the operant conditioning chamber, also known as the Skinner Box, and to measure rate ... They are strengthened through operant conditioning, sometimes called "instrumental conditioning", in which the occurrence of a ... "Pavlovian conditioning" or "classical conditioning", in which a neutral stimulus is paired with an eliciting stimulus. Operant ... An operant conditioning chamber (also known as a Skinner Box) is a laboratory apparatus used in the experimental analysis of ...
*  Motivational salience
Rewards in operant conditioning are positive reinforcers. ... Operant behavior gives a good definition for rewards. Anything ... Learning gives incentive value to arbitrary cues such as a Pavlovian conditioned stimulus (CS) that is associated with a reward ... Conditioned place preference Dopamine Kent C. Berridge Pavlovian-instrumental transfer Pleasure Reward system The ... to-be-conditioned) stimulus will be associated with it through motivational salience attribution. Prior experience is a major ...
*  Word and Object
This is a form of operant conditioning. In the second phase, the child acquires general terms, and demonstrative singular terms ... Quine presents a behavioral theory in which the child acquires language through a process of conditioning and ostension. This ... radical translation will tell us which part of our language can be accounted for by stimulus conditions. In the experiment, ... The Jungle sentence and its two English translations all have the same stimulus meaning and truth conditions, even though the ...
*  James Olds
1965 "Operant conditioning of single unit responses". Proc. 23rd Congr. Physiological Sciences. Excerpta Med. Int. Congr. Ser. ... 1969 Olds, J., and Hirano, T.: "Conditioned responses of hippocampal and other neurons." Electroencephalogr. clin. Neurophysiol ... "Learning centres of rat brain mapped by measuring latencies of conditioned unit responses". J. Neurophysiol. 35 202-19. Drives ...
*  Timeline of scientific experiments
1960 - B. F. Skinner's demonstrations of operant conditioning. 1961 - Crick, Brenner et al. experiment. 1961 - Nirenberg and ...
*  Behaviour therapy
Skinner's group in the United States took more of an operant conditioning focus. The operant focus created a functional ... Behaviour therapy is based upon the principles of classical conditioning developed by Ivan Pavlov and operant conditioning ... See Parent management training.) With age, respondent conditioning appears to slow but operant conditioning remains relatively ... Operant conditioning has to do with rewards and punishments and how they can either strengthen or weaken certain behaviours. ...
*  Extinction (psychology)
Extinction is observed in both operantly conditioned and classically conditioned behavior. When operant behavior that has been ... In the operant conditioning paradigm, extinction refers to the process of no longer providing the reinforcement that has been ... Operant conditioning Posttraumatic stress disorder Miltenberger, R. (2012). Behavior modification, principles and procedures. ( ... In classical conditioning, when a conditioned stimulus is presented alone, so that it no longer predicts the coming of the ...
*  Prenatal and perinatal psychology
This study used operant conditioning as a paradigm. Several empirical studies demonstrated that prenatal learning exists. Most ... Ray examined vibro-acoustic conditioning of human fetuses. According to Hepper it rested uncertain, if such conditioning was ... Hepper claims to have repeat such conditioning experiments successfully, with the earliest vibro-acoustic conditioning in the ... Because of physiological conditions the placenta would not be able anymore to supply the growing fetus with enough oxygen. This ...
*  Instinctive drift
B.F Skinner was an American psychologist who coined the term operant conditioning or instrumental conditioning, which is to ... In other words, They concluded that learned behaviour through operant conditioning drifts toward instinctive behaviour. The ... Staddon, J.E;; Niv, Y. "Operant conditioning". (2008), Scholarpedia, 3(9):2318. Retrieved 17 November 2017. Mazur, J.E. " ... to revert to unconscious and automatic behaviour that interferes with operant conditioning and the learned responses that come ...
*  External inhibition
Gagné, R. M. (1941). "External inhibition and disinhibition in a conditioned operant response". Journal of Experimental ... The conditioned response, blinking reflex, was observed to be in decline (inhibited) compared to the rate during conditioning ... This effect was first observed in Ivan Pavlov's classical conditioning studies where the dogs would salivate less (conditioned ... to identify the effect on the strength of the conditioned operant response. Five groups of rats were used, however the ...
*  Law of effect
... when operant conditioning became known. "Satisfying" and "dissatisfying" conditions are determined behaviorally, and they ... The modern version of the law of effect is conveyed by the notion of reinforcement as it is found in operant conditioning. The ... The law of work for psychologist B. F. Skinner almost half a century later on the principles of operant conditioning, "a ... Mazur, J.E. (2013) "Basic Principles of Operant Conditioning." Learning and Behavior. (7th ed., pp. 101-126). Pearson. Mazur, J ...
*  William Kaye Estes
... conditioned fear response (CFR) paradigm, where rats were trained to respond on an operant schedule that produced a steady ... The fear signal suppressed the operant response, and the magnitude of suppression was used as a mesure of anxiety. The CER/CFR ... This theory assumes that conditioning involves associating responses to the elements of a stimulus that are sampled on a ... All stimulus-response theories have stimuli that are "connected" or "conditioned" to possible responses of the entity. A ...
*  Association (psychology)
In operant conditioning, behaviors are changed due to the experienced outcomes of those behaviors. Stimuli do not cause ... conditioned stimulus (CS), and conditioned response (CR). Without conditioning, there is already a relationship between the ... This learning is seen in classical and operant conditioning. Edward Thorndike did research in this area and developed the law ... Classical conditioning is an example of a learned association. The classical conditioning process consists of four elements: ...