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*  RNA thermometer
"Very rapid induction of a cold shock protein by temperature downshift in Thermus thermophilus". Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. ... and induces protective proteins when cell temperature exceeds 37 °C (body temperature), thus preventing the cells from ... As temperature increases, the hairpin structure can 'melt' and expose the RBS or Shine-Dalgarno sequence to permit binding of ... When exposed to temperatures above 45 °C, the stem-loop that base-pairs opposite the Shine-Dalgarno sequence becomes unpaired ...
*  Acclimatization
Sheep grow very thick wool in cold, damp climates. Fish are able to adjust only gradually to changes in water temperature and ... In response to changes in temperature, organisms can change the biochemistry of cell membranes making them more fluid in cold ... Many plants, such as maple trees, irises, and tomatoes, can survive freezing temperatures if the temperature gradually drops ... were able to show that lizards acclimated to warm temperatures could maintain a higher running speed at warmer temperatures ...
*  Temperature data logger
A data logger is commonly used to monitor shipments in a cold chain and to gather temperature data from diverse field ... A temperature data logger, also called temperature monitor, is a portable measurement instrument that is capable of ... Temperature range Number of measurements stored Accuracy and precision - degree of agreement of recorded temperature with ... of the total difference between its initial and final temperature when subjected to a step function change in temperature; ...
*  Scale of temperature
... based exclusively on the vapor pressure/temperature relationship of helium and its isotopes whereas the remainder of its cold ... provides the framework to measure temperature. All temperature scales, including the modern thermodynamic temperature scale ... Scale of temperature is a way to measure temperature quantitatively. Empirical scales measure the quantity of heat in a system ... Absolute temperature is thermodynamic temperature because it is directly related to thermodynamics. It is the Zeroth Law of ...
*  Cryobiology
As early as in 2500 BC, low temperatures were used in Egypt in medicine. The use of cold was recommended by Hippocrates to stop ... Articles concern any aspect of low-temperature biology and medicine (e.g. freezing, freeze-drying, hibernation, cold tolerance ... Temperatures may range from moderately hypothermic conditions to cryogenic temperatures. At least six major areas of ... Therapeutic hypothermia, e.g. during heart surgery on a "cold" heart (generated by cold perfusion without any ice formation) ...
*  Logarithmic mean temperature difference
The LMTD is a logarithmic average of the temperature difference between the hot and cold feeds at each end of the double pipe ... The logarithmic mean temperature difference (also known as log mean temperature difference or simply by its initialism LMTD) is ... For a condenser, the hot fluid inlet temperature is then equivalent to the hot fluid exit temperature. It has also been assumed ... It has been assumed that the rate of change for the temperature of both fluids is proportional to the temperature difference; ...
*  Atmospheric temperature
The coldest temperatures lie near the mesopause, an area approximately 80 km above the surface. In contrast, some of the ... average humidity and a temperature range of about 10 degrees Celsius around the average temperature (yearly temperature ... Temperature ranges can also be based on periods of a month, or a year. The size of ground-level atmospheric temperature ranges ... The variation in temperature that occurs from the highs of the day to the cool of nights is called diurnal temperature ...
*  Maidstone
"Coldest temperature". BBC. "2003 January". Met Office. "2010 December". Met Office. "Travel Weather Averages (Weatherbase)". ... East Malling's highest temperature of 37.4 °C (99.3 °F) was recorded in August 2003. The lowest temperature recorded is −17.8 ° ... The lowest temperature recorded in recent years was −10.7 °C (12.7 °F) on 20 December 2010. The Köppen Climate Classification ...
*  Present day Mars habitability analogue environments on Earth
On Earth, although temperatures on Earth briefly get cold enough for dry ice to form in the Antarctic interior at high ... "Antarctica records unofficial coldest temperature ever". USA Today. Cordero, Raul R.; Seckmeyer, Gunther; Damiani, Alessandro; ... Temperature. Nowhere on Earth reproduces the extreme changes in temperature that happen within a single day on Mars. Dry ice. ... two sets of cold saline springs on Axel Heiberg Island that flow with almost constant temperature and flow rate throughout the ...
*  Vostok Station
Vostok is the coldest place on Earth. The average temperature of the cold season (from April to October) is about −65 °C (−85 ° ... The coldest month was August 1987 with a mean temperature of −75.4 °C (−103.7 °F) and the warmest month was December 1989 with ... The coldest wind chill was −124 °C (−191 °F) on 24 August 2005 with a real temperature of −74 °C (−101 °F). Though unconfirmed ... It is by far the coldest spot on earth, with the lowest recorded temperature being −89.2 °C (−128.6 °F). The average summer ...
*  Earth
ISBN 0-7876-1034-8. "Coldest temperature ever recorded on Earth in Antarctica". The Guardian. 10 December 2013. Retrieved 12 ... The Köppen system rates regions of terrain based on observed temperature and precipitation. The highest air temperature ever ... The climate is colder at high altitudes than at sea level because of the decreased air density. The commonly used Köppen ... The lowest air temperature ever directly measured on Earth was −89.2 °C (−128.6 °F) at Vostok Station in 1983, but satellites ...
*  Planck (spacecraft)
"Planck instruments reach their coldest temperature". European Space Agency. 3 July 2009. Retrieved 5 July 2009. "Planck on ... "Planck sees tapestry of cold dust". European Space Agency. 17 March 2010. "New Planck images trace cold dust and reveal large- ... The temperature of the High Frequency Instrument reached just a tenth of a degree above absolute zero (0.1 K) on 3 July 2009, ... "Coldest Known Object in Space Is Very Unnatural". Space.com. 7 July 2009. Retrieved 3 July 2013. "Planck: Mission Overview". ...
*  1961 in the Philippines
"Baguio in its coldest temperature in 2016". CNN Philippines. January 28, 2016. Retrieved March 2, 2017. "Baguio coldest in 46 ... Abnormally cold' temperatures recorded in January". GMA News. January 31, 2014. Retrieved March 2, 2017. "Baguio, Tuguegarao ... Baguio City experience cold at 6.3-degree Celsius, the country's lowest temperature on record. December 7 - Diosdado Macapagal ... "Baguio City records lowest temperature in 2017". CNN Philippines. February 15, 2017. Retrieved March 2, 2017. " ...
*  Cambridge
Typically the coldest night of the year at the Botanic Garden will fall to −8.0 °C (17.6 °F). Such minimum temperatures and ... "Coldest temperatures of winter so far". Met Office News Blog. 11 February 2012. Retrieved 27 February 2012. "22nd Jan 2013 ... Typically the temperature will reach 25.1 °C (77.2 °F) or higher on over 25 days of the year over the 1981-2010 period, with ... More recently the temperature fell to −15.3 °C (4.5 °F) on 11 February 2012, −12.2 °C (10.0 °F) on 22 January 2013 and −10.9 °C ...
*  2016-17 North American winter
"Cold Temperatures Return Northeast". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2017-03-20. "Winter Storm Ursa Dumps Snow on Higher ... "Will next cold wave set stage for ice, snow in northeastern US late this week?". www.accuweather.com. Retrieved 2017-03-20. " ... After the blizzard, a short cold-wave hit the East U.S., while a minor snow storm hit Cape Cod on March 19, causing 1-4 inches ... A squall line begin to coalesce along the system's cold front as the low began to deepen somewhat. An arctic airmass to the ...
*  Chickpea
ciceris flourish in conditions such as cold temperature. Research started selecting favourable genes for pathogen resistance ... In Spain, they are used cold in tapas and salads, as well as in cocido madrileño. In Italy, chickpeas are eaten with pasta or ... Chickpeas can also be pressure cooked or sous vide cooked at 90 °C (194 °F). Mature chickpeas can be cooked and eaten cold in ... Research for yield improvement, such as an attempt to increase yield from 0.8 to 2.0 tons per hectare by breeding cold- ...
*  Stromatinia cepivora
The pathogen grows in moist cold temperatures. So, in the right conditions, pathogenic activity increases as the root systems ... Dipping seed garlic in water at 115 °F (46 °C) is effective, but higher temperatures may kill the cloves. It is also important ... The White Rot pathogen is dependent upon temperature. Environmental conditions influence the germination with it favoring ... These small black globular structures are resistant to adverse temperatures and can remain dormant in the soil for years even ...
*  Hives
Psychological stress, cold temperature, or vibration may also be a trigger. In half of cases the cause remains unknown. Risk ... Patients with cold urticaria need to learn to protect themselves from a hasty drop in body temperature. Regular antihistamines ... The cold type of urticaria is caused by exposure of the skin to extreme cold, damp and windy conditions; it occurs in two forms ... They usually appear three to five days after the cold has started, and may even appear a few days after the cold has resolved. ...
*  Weather
The coldest recorded average annual temperature was −55.1 °C (−67.2 °F) at Vostok Station, Antarctica. The coldest average ... Hottest Temperature on Earth. Retrieved on 28 June 2008. Glenn Elert. Coldest Temperature On Earth. Retrieved on 28 June 2008. ... The coldest air temperature ever recorded on Earth is −89.2 °C (−128.6 °F), at Vostok Station, Antarctica on 21 July 1983. The ... On Earth, temperatures usually range ±40 °C (100 °F to −40 °F) annually. The range of climates and latitudes across the planet ...
*  phil-
Cryophilia, cryophilic, cryophile: Preference for cold environments, climates, objects and low temperatures; e.g., Protea ... Psychrophilia, psychrophile: Preference of cold temperatures. Rheophilia: Preference of living in running water. Rhizophilia: ... Love of high temperatures; thriving in high temperatures (e.g. microbes). Tropophilia, tropophile, tropophilous: Preference of ... Mesophilia, mesophile: Preference of moderate temperatures in microorganisms. Microaerophilia, microaerophile, microaerophilic ...
*  Sweet potato
Colder temperatures injure the roots. In 2010, the world average annual yield for sweet potato crop was 13.2 tonnes per hectare ... It grows best at an average temperature of 24 °C (75 °F), abundant sunshine and warm nights. Annual rainfalls of 750-1,000 mm ( ...
*  Eastern mosquitofish
Once again, changes in temperature affects these numbers; colder temperatures decrease and higher temperatures can increase ... Temperature has been shown to change the length of time it takes them to reach reproductive maturity and body size. This ... Higher temperatures have been shown to increase the fecundity of this species. The gestation period for this species is between ... This species thrives in water between 31° and 35 °C, and seems to be able to acclimate to temperatures above and below this. G ...
*  Cryogenics
Absolute zero Coldest temperature recorded on Earth Bilstein, Roger E. (1996). Stages to Saturn: A Technological History of the ... A person who studies elements that have been subjected to extremely cold temperatures is called a cryogenicist. Cryogenicists ... For cryogenic temperature measurement down to 30K, PT-100 sensor (resistance temperature detectors (RTDs)) is used, and for ... The term "high temperature cryogenic" describes temperatures ranging from above the boiling point of liquid nitrogen, −195.79 ° ...
*  Notothenioidei
At a cold temperature, oxygen solubility is greatly increased. This classification follows Eastman and Eakin, 2000. Family ... the generally cold, stable seawater temperatures of the Southern Ocean. Many notothenioid fish are able to survive in the ... The main seawater temperatures between −2 and 4 °C (28 and 39 °F), but some the subpolar species inhabit waters that may be as ... Seawater temperatures below the freezing point of fresh water (0 °C or 32 °F) are possible due to the dissolved salts. ...
*  Germany Valley
This cold temperature is critical for these species survival. The cave remains cool because it functions as a natural cold air ... If this natural cold air trap were to be breached at an elevation lower than the entrance, the cold air would quickly flow out ... Cold air goes down, and having no place to escape, stays down, filling the cave's massive passages. This cold air collecting ... The reason Hellhole is such an important cave for these bats is its unusually low ambient air temperature. Most caves in West ...
*  List of food additives
Doesn't tolerate high temperatures. Pulegone Purslane - Pyridoxine hydrochloride (Vitamin B6) - Quatre épices - Quillaia ... cold pressed rather than distilled. Consists of 90% d-Limonene. Used as a fragrance, in cleaning products and in flavoring ... suitable for cooking at high temperatures. Also used as a salad oil, and in cosmetics. Green S - color (green) Green tea - ... suitable for high temperature cooking. Widely used in Asia. Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis) - Rubixanthin - color Saccharin ...
*  2015-16 North American winter
The recorded temperatures were the coldest recorded since a very similar cold wave impacted the region exactly a year prior. On ... with temperatures dipping to as low as 0 °F (−18 °C), shattering many record low temperatures. The cold lingered into ... but brought some more cold temperatures behind it, setting more record lows. The cold wave finally lifted out of the ... An unusual cold blast occurred at the beginning of the month, bringing temperatures 10-15 °F (−12 - −9 °C) below average in the ...