In order to crack shellfish considerable force must be generated, which is why cichlids that feed on molluscs (e.g. the cichlid ... In Muschick, Moritz (ed.). Convergence and plasticity in the adaptive radiation of cichlid fishes (PhD thesis). University of ... An exception occurs with the parasitic scale-eating cichlid Perissodus microlepis. The jaws of this fish occur in two distinct ... Cichlids that specialise in algae (e.g. Pseudotropheus) tend to have small conical teeth. Species that feed on pods or seeds ...
African cichlids[edit]. African cichlids are known to be some of the most diverse fish and evolved extremely quickly. These ... 2003 tested this by crossing two species of African cichlids with very different mouth morphologies. The cross between ... "Directional selection has shaped the oral jaws of Lake Malawi cichlid fishes" (PDF). Proceedings of the National Academy of ...
GA Reassessment of Cichlid. Cichlid has been nominated for a good article reassessment. Please leave your comments and help us ...
Color variation in cichlid fish[edit]. The effects of evolutionary ecology and its consequences can be seen in the case of ... With over 2,000 species, cichlid fishes are very species-rich and capable of complex social interactions.[27] Polychromatism, ... the variation of color patterns within a population, occurs within cichlid fishes due to environmental adaptations and to ... "Functional diversity in the color vision of cichlid fishes". BMC Biology. BMC Biology, BioMed Central. 8: 133. doi:10.1186/ ...
Robert J. Goldstein (1970). Cichlids. New Jersey: T.F.H. Publications. p. 59. Anton Lamboj (2004). The Cichlid Fishes of ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Wolfgang Staeck & Horst Linke (1994). African Cichlid I: Cichlids from West Africa : A ... along with rainbow cichlid and purple cichlid. In the wild, male P. pulcher grow to a maximum length of approximately 12.5 ... ISBN 978-3-923880-89-8. David A. Rubin (1985). "Effect of pH on sex ratio in cichlids and a poeciliid (Teleostei)". Copeia. ...
Cichlidae (Cichlids). p. 605-654. In R.E. Reis, S.O. Kullander and C.J. Ferraris, Jr. (eds.) Checklist of the Freshwater Fishes ... Crenicichla reticulata is a species of cichlid native to South America, where it occurs in the Amazon River of Brazil, Colombia ...
CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "Malawi Cichlids Copadichromis geertsi". Greater Chicago Cichlid Association. May 2008 ... This species was named in 1999 by the Dutch ichthyologist and cichlid specialist Ad Konings, in its specific name he honours ... Copadichromis geertsi is a small to medium-sized cichlid, growing to a standard length of 12.8 centimetres (5.0 in), which ... M.K. Oliver PhD (2002). "Copadichromis geertsi". Malawi Cichlids. M. K. Oliver. Retrieved 2 December 2018. ...
Cichlidae (Cichlids). p. 605-654. In: R.E. Reis, S.O. Kullander and C.J. Ferraris, Jr. (eds.) Checklist of the Freshwater ... Mikrogeophagus is a genus of small cichlids native to the Amazon and Orinoco basins in South America. Both species are popular ... These species spawn on flat rocks or leaves and not in caves like fishes from the closely related cichlid genus Apistogramma. ... ram cichlid) http://research.calacademy.org/redirect?url=http://researcharchive.calacademy.org/research/ichthyology/catalog/ ...
Konings, Ad (1988). Tanganyika Cichlids. Holland: Verduijn Cichlids & Lake Fish Movies. pp. 199-202. v t e. ... Lamprologus callipterus is a species of cichlid endemic to Lake Tanganyika where it very actively moves about in search of ... These schools roam around, leaving a trail of destruction as they feed on insect larvae, crustaceans, and juvenile cichlids. ... Ota, Kazutaka; Masanori Kohda; Tetsu Sato (4 October 2010). "Unusual allometry for sexual size dimorphism in a cichlid where ...
"Aethiomastacembelus ellipsiferA". African Cichlids. Retrieved 2010-06-07.. ...
... (sometimes called the Seven-stripe Cichlid or Cutter's Cichlid) is a fish species in the cichlid ... doi:10.1111/j.1365-2435.2005.00987.x. Heijns, W. (1993). "Central American Cichlids". In Konings, A. (ed.). Enjoying Cichlids. ... Heijns, W. (July 2009). "Central American heroine cichlids, a phylogenetic approach". Cichlid News. pp. 14-22. Leibel, W. (1995 ... the Topaz Cichlid, and Amatitlania cutteri (which also sometimes uses the common name "Cutter's Cichlid"). Prior to being ...
The cichlids of Lake Malawi constitute a "species flock" of up to 1000 endemic species. Only seven cichlid species in Lake ... El Paso, TX: Cichlid Press. pp. 8, 325-328. ISBN 978-1-932892-18-5. Konings, Ad (2016). Malawi Cichlids in their natural ... Many of Tanganyika's cichlids live very specialized lifestyles. The giant or emperor cichlid (Boulengerochromis microlepis) is ... Verduyn Cichlids. ISBN 90-800181-6-3. Konings, Ad (2015). Tanganyika Cichlids in their natural habitat, 3rd Edition. ...
Lee, David (27 November 2010). "Brichardi Cichlids". African Rift Lake Cichlids. Brough, Clarice. "Daffodil Cichlid". Animal- ... Like other Lamprologini cichlids, daffodil cichlids are highly variable and are found in all kinds of habitats. They are found ... Mixed parentage is not too uncommon in the daffodil cichlid. Genetic data collected in groups of daffodil cichlids from Lake ... Social status has significant effects on daffodil cichlid behavior. Within a group of breeding and helper cichlids, there ...
... is a species of haplochromine cichlid endemic to Lake Malawi. It was known only from the holotype collected ... Ad Konings (10 September 1996). "Aulonocara auditor (Trewavas, 1935)". Cichlid Room Companion. Retrieved 1 December 2018. CS1 ...
Unlike many mouthbrooding cichlid species, both parents participate in the mouthbrooding. Günther's mouthbrooder is restricted ... Their feeding behaviour is similar to that of some Neotropical cichlid genera such as Geophagus and Satanoperca in that they ... Chromidotilapia guntheri, or Günther's mouthbrooder, is a cichlid from Africa. It was previously considered to consist of two ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "Chromidotilapia guntheri guntheri (Sauvage, 1882)". Sam Borstein's Cichlids. Sam ...
"Cyprichromis leptosoma". Cichlid-forum.com. Retrieved 15 October 2016. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "Welcome Lake ... "Cyprichromis leptosoma". Cichlid-forum.com. Retrieved 15 October 2016. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link). ... Mark Smith (1998). Lake Tanganyikan Cichlids. Barron's Educational Series. p. 9. ISBN 978-0-7641-0615-6. Elieson, Marc. " ... The Cichlid Room Companion. Retrieved 24 November 2018. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Elieson, Marc. " ...
Ochi, Haruki; Satoshi Awata (2009). "Resembling the Juvenile Colour of Host Cichlid Facilitates Access of the Guest Cichlid to ... "Differential Attack by a Cichlid Fish on Resident and Non-resident Fish of Another Cichlid Species". Behaviour. 149 (1): 99-109 ... Greater Chicago Cichlid Association, 11 Aug. 2011. Web. 20 Nov. 2013. . "Variabilichromis Moorii." Seriously Fish. N.p., n.d. ... N. mustax is the only other cichlid in V. moorii's habitat which is yellow. Experiments have shown that V. moorii are more ...
... is a genus of small freshwater cichlid fish endemic to South America. The genus is part of the Cichlasomatini tribe ... Boruchowitz, D. E. (2006). Guide to Cichlids. T.F.H. Publications. ISBN 0-7938-0584-8. Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. ( ... In the aquarium hobby, the fish is considered a dwarf cichlid along with Apistogramma, Mikrogeophagus, and Dicrossus species. ... Goldeneye cichlid) Nannacara aureocephalus Allgayer, 1983 Nannacara bimaculata C. H. Eigenmann, 1912 Nannacara quadrispinae ...
... , known as the emperor cichlid, is a species of haplochromine Cichlid that is endemic to Lake Malawi in ... The Cichlids Yearbook. 5: 26-36. Data related to Aulonocara nyassae at Wikispecies v t e. ...
... is a tribe of African cichlids, endemic to Lake Tanganyika. The species in this tribe are mouthbrooders. Limnotilapia ... www.cichlidexplorer.com/category/lake-tanganyika-cichlids/tropheini/ v t e. ... Lobochilotes Petrochromis Pseudosimochromis Simochromis Tropheus Smith, Mark (1998). Lake Tanganyikan Cichlids. Barron's ...
... is a species of haplochromine Cichlid it is endemic to Lake Malawi and widespread along the eastern shore ...
Like other cichlids, Bathybates ferox is a mouth-brooder. The eggs, with a diameter of 8.5 mm (0.33 in), are some of the ... The IUCN has assessed it as being a "least-concern species". Bathybates ferox is a fairly deep-bodied cichlid with a silvery ... p. 9. ISBN 978-0-7641-0615-6. "Bathybates ferox". Cichlid-forum.com. Retrieved 15 October 2016. CS1 maint: discouraged ... Mark Smith (1998). Lake Tanganyikan Cichlids. Barron's Educational Series. ...
"Astronotus ocellatus Marble cichlid (Also: Red oscar; Velvet cichlid)". animaldiversity.org. University of Michigan Museum of ... p. 286 Staeck, Wolfgang; Linke, Horst (1995). American Cichlids II: Large Cichlids: A Handbook for Their Identification, Care, ... velvet cichlid, and marble cichlid. In tropical South America, where the species naturally resides, A. ocellatus specimens are ... Like most cichlids, A. ocellatus practices brood care, although the duration of brood care in the wild remains unknown. The ...
... is a species of haplochromine cichlid which is endemic to Lake Malawi, being found in Malawi, Mozambique, ... The Cichlids Yearbook. 5: 26-36. Christopher Scharpf & Kenneth J. Lazara (22 July 2018). "Order CICHLIFORMES: Family CICHLIDAE ...
Like any cichlid, it is recommended to house red zebra cichlids in rather large tanks with several other African cichlids. One ... Maylandia estherae (the Red Zebra mbuna, Red Zebra Cichlid , or Esther Grant's Zebra) is a haplochromine cichlid. It is a rock ... South American cichlids and African cichlids are often unable to share a community tank in peace (though it is completely ... Like other cichlids, they thrive in waters that are between a pH of 7.5-8.5, hard 150-200 mg/l, and 72-82 degrees F (22-26 ...
... is a species of haplochromine cichlid endemic to Lake Malawi, where they are restricted to the south ... who was one of the first scientists to recognise the diversity of te cichlids in Lake Malawi. Konings, A.; Kazembe, J. & ... The Cichlids Yearbook. 5: 26-36. Christopher Scharpf & Kenneth J. Lazara (22 July 2018). "Order CICHLIFORMES: Family CICHLIDAE ...
The cichlid pick up the eggs in their mouth as if they were their own. Once the catfish eggs hatch the young eat the cichlid ... Tanganyika cichlids are generally benthic (found at or near the bottom) and/or coastal. No Tanganyika cichlids are truly ... Tanganyika has the largest number of endemic cichlid genera of all African lakes. All Tanganyika cichlids are in the subfamily ... The lake holds at least 250 species of cichlid fish and undescribed species remain. Almost all (98%) of the Tanganyika cichlids ...
... , the Congo lionhead cichlid is a species of riverine cichlid which is widespread in the Congo River, it ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "Lamprologus congoensis SCHILTHUIS, 1891". African Cichlids (in Swedish). Ander Persson ...
... is a species of cichlid native to tropical South America, where it is found in the rivers of the ... "Cichlids of the Americas: South American Eartheaters: The Honorary" Eartheaters". FishChannel.com. Retrieved 3 January 2016. ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Goldstein, Robert J. (1973). Cichlids of the world. T.F.H. Publications. p. 158. " ... in Neotropical Cichlid Fishes". PLOS ONE. 9: e89832. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0089832. PMC 3945966. PMID 24603485.. ...
... , the rusty cichlid, lavender mbuna or lavender cichlid, is a species of cichlid endemic to the Boadzulu ... the rusty cichlid is considered one of the least aggressive among the mbuna cichlids. This quality makes rusty cichlids an ... Rusty cichlids are endemic to Lake Malawi where it is apparently restricted to islands and reefs in the southeastern arm of the ... Rusty cichlids are mouthbrooders. Females hold their fertilized eggs and fry, in their mouth for a few weeks before releasing ...