... Other names. Chronic obstructive lung disease (COLD), chronic obstructive airway disease ... chronic airflow limitation, chronic obstructive lung disease, nonspecific chronic pulmonary disease, and diffuse obstructive ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.. *Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease at Curlie ... including chronic obstructive bronchopulmonary disease, chronic obstructive respiratory disease, chronic airflow obstruction, ...
... suggesting ongoing chronic inflammation. However, there is little evidence linking chronic Chikungunya virus disease and the ... Chronic disease[edit]. Observations during recent epidemics have suggested chikungunya may cause long-term symptoms following ... Markers of autoimmune or rheumatoid disease have not been found in people reporting chronic symptoms.[22][27] However, some ... The inflammation response during both the acute and chronic phase of the disease results in part from interactions between the ...
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease[edit]. Main article: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Chronic obstructive pulmonary ... This disease is chronic and progressive, the damage to the lungs is irreversible and eventually fatal. COPD destroys the ... The accumulation of this tar could eventually lead to lung cancer, or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.[5] ... You can be more prone to developing this infection if you have asthma, flu, heart disease, or cancer[8][dead link] ...
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease[edit]. People with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), most commonly emphysema ... In 85% of cases it is due to asthma, pneumonia, cardiac ischemia, interstitial lung disease, congestive heart failure, chronic ... or chronic bronchitis, frequently have chronic shortness of breath and a chronic productive cough.[2] An acute exacerbation ... "Pulmonary rehabilitation following exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease". The Cochrane Database of Systematic ...
Antiasthmatics and medicines for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease[edit]. *Beclometasone. *Budesonide. *Budesonide/ ... Juvenile joint diseases[edit]. *Acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin)[note 90]. Notes[edit]. An α indicates the medicine is only on ... Medicines for diseases of joints[edit]. Medicines used to treat gout[edit]. *Allopurinol ... For treatment of chronic pulmonary aspergillosis and acute invasive aspergillosis *^ For use in pregnant women and in second- ...
Chronic ear disease[edit]. This fairly common condition is often associated with continuous or intermittent drainage from the ... Patients with chronic ear infection where the drum and/or the small bones in the middle ear are damaged often have hearing loss ... and helps to reduce any problems caused by chronic ear infections or allergies. In patients with single-sided sensorineural ... A preliminary assessment of the impact on outpatients and cost when rehabilitating hearing in chronic suppurative otitis media ...
Anemia caused by chronic kidney disease[edit]. For patients who require dialysis or have chronic kidney disease, iron should be ... It is used in treating anemia resulting from chronic kidney disease and myelodysplasia, from the treatment of cancer ( ... Erythropoietin is also used to treat anemia in people with chronic kidney disease who are not on dialysis (those in Stage 3 or ... Neurological diseases[edit]. Erythropoietin has been hypothesized to be beneficial in treating certain neurological diseases ...
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)[edit]. *EMA/CHMP/483572/2012 Guideline on clinical investigation of medicinal ... 483572/2012 Guideline on clinical investigation of medicinal products in the treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease ... chronic or repeated intermittent use for longer than 6 months) of non-life-threatening diseases. ... products in the treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)[37]. Diabetes mellitus[edit]. *FDA: Evaluating ...
Chronic disease[edit]. A link has been suggested between chronic stress and cardiovascular disease.[38] Stress appears to play ... Effects of chronic stress[edit]. Main article: Chronic stress. Chronic stress is a term sometimes used to differentiate it from ... found that chronic stress associated with care giving for a person with Alzheimer's disease leads to delayed wound healing. ... Stress may also contribute to aging and chronic diseases in aging, such as depression and metabolic disorders.[7] ...
Chronic disease. People living with chronic conditions like HIV and diabetes are at higher risk for developing a mental ... Diabetic patients also have to deal with emotional stress trying to manage the disease. Conditions like heart disease, stroke, ... ICD-10 Chapter V: Mental and behavioural disorders, since 1949 part of the International Classification of Diseases produced by ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to Mental and behavioural diseases and disorders. ...
Acute disease. An acute disease is a short-lived disease, like the common cold.. Chronic disease. A chronic disease is one that ... Chronic disease disease that is a long-term issue (chronic). Congenital disease disease that is present at birth. It is often, ... Slowly progressive diseases are also chronic diseases; many are also degenerative diseases. The opposite of progressive disease ... It also sounds like it could imply secondary disease, but acquired disease can be primary disease.. Acute disease disease of a ...
Chronic disease[edit]. In long-established disease, adult worms lay eggs that can cause inflammatory reactions. The eggs ... The treatment objective is to cure the disease and to prevent the evolution of the acute to the chronic form of the disease. ... Central nervous system disease[edit]. Central nervous system lesions occur occasionally. Cerebral granulomatous disease may be ... Human disease caused by parasitic worms called schistosomes. This article is about the disease. For the organism, see ...
... and such common chronic systemic diseases as cardiovascular disease,[6] diabetes,[7][8] and osteoporosis.[9][10][11] ... "Preventing Chronic Disease. 6 (4): A128. PMC 2774642. PMID 19755004.. CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link) ... Diet, nutrition and the prevention of chronic diseases." Report of a Joint WHO/FAO Expert Consultation; Geneva 2003. Retrieved ... These Board Certified Nutritionists typically specialize in obesity and chronic disease. In order to become board certified, ...
"Preventing Chronic Disease. 11. doi:10.5888/pcd11.140341. PMC 4264464. Retrieved February 27, 2019.. ... Excluded from entry in 1917 were not only convicted criminals, chronic alcoholics and people with contagious diseases, but also ... and people with contagious diseases.. 1917 Congressional Record, Vol. 63, Page 876 (5 February 1917). Uma A. Segal (August 14, ... low rates of many diseases, and higher than average life expectancy are also discussed as positive aspects of Asian Americans.[ ...
"Preventing Chronic Disease. National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (USA). 11. doi:10.5888/ ... Cancer Research UK note that superfoods are often promoted as having an ability to prevent or cure diseases, including cancer; ... and disease". Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. 56 (3): 627-9. doi:10.1021/jf071988k. PMID 18211023.. ... by the Journal of the American Medical Association and touted as a treatment for celiac disease.[34] Also, concerning possible ...
Chronic Respiratory Disease. 5 (2): 81-6. doi:10.1177/1479972307087190. PMID 18539721. Waugh, J. B.; Granger, W. M. (2004). "An ... "The clinical utility of long-term humidification therapy in chronic airway disease". Respiratory Medicine. 104 (4): 525-33. doi ... "High flow nasal cannula versus nasal CPAP for neonatal respiratory disease: A retrospective study". Journal of Perinatology. 27 ...
Chronic kidney disease[edit]. Main article: Chronic kidney disease. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) can also develop slowly and, ... Acute disease is often reversible while chronic disease often is not.[5] With appropriate treatment many with chronic disease ... Chronic kidney disease[edit]. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) has numerous causes. The most common causes of CKD are diabetes ... Acute-on-chronic kidney failure[edit]. Acute kidney injuries can be present on top of chronic kidney disease, a condition ...
Preventing Chronic Disease. 11. doi:10.5888/pcd11.140329.. *^ López-Caneda Eduardo; et al. (2013). "Effects of a persistent ... "Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Retrieved 6 January 2017.. ... The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention suggests increasing the cost of alcohol or the excise taxes, restricting the ... The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) released a study in October 2011 that showed that in the United States ...
"Preventing Chronic Disease. 11: E229. doi:10.5888/pcd11.140202. PMC 4283359. PMID 25551184.. ... "Journal of Alzheimer's Disease. 14 (2): 133-45. doi:10.3233/JAD-2008-14202. PMC 2670571. PMID 18560126.. ... report Prevention of cardiovascular disease declared that 40,000 cardiovascular disease deaths in 2006 were "mostly preventable ... Coronary artery disease[edit]. The primary health risk identified for trans fat consumption is an elevated risk of coronary ...
Chronic kidney disease. Cimino fistula Dialysis catheter placement. Chronic venous insufficiency. Endovenous laser treatment ... Arterial and venous disease treatment by angiography, stenting, and non-operative varicose vein treatment sclerotherapy, ... Vascular surgery is a surgical subspecialty in which diseases of the vascular system, or arteries, veins and lymphatic ... The vascular surgeon is trained in the diagnosis and management of diseases affecting all parts of the vascular system except ...
... chronic obstructive pulmonary disease), renal failure, and severe burns; patients who have "cachexia" in these disease settings ... chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; burns, liver failure, etc., and the wasting Dejerine-Sottas syndrome (HMSN Type III). ... There are many diseases and conditions which cause a decrease in muscle mass, known as atrophy, including activity, as seen ... Muscle atrophy results from a co-morbidity of several common diseases, including cancer, AIDS, congestive heart failure, COPD ( ...
Alter it was only an auspicious beginning." McHenry Harris; Randall E. Harris (2013). Epidemiology of Chronic Disease. Jones & ... He remains at the NIH as a chief of the infectious diseases section and associate director of research in the department of ... Alter is the chief of the infectious disease section and the associate director for research of the Department of Transfusion ... chief of infectious diseases section at the department of transfusion medicine in the Clinical Center NIH from 12/72-present; ...
Chronic severe hepatic disease. *HIV infection in association with a last known CD4 count of ,50/mm3 ...
Harris, Randall E. (2013). Epidemiology of Chronic Disease. Jones & Bartlett Publishers. p. 271. ISBN 9780763780470. .. ... Gallagher RP, Lee TK, Bajdik CD, Borugian M (2010). "Ultraviolet radiation". Chronic Diseases in Canada. 29 Suppl 1: 51-68. ... "WHO Disease and injury country estimates". World Health Organization. 2009. Archived from the original on 11 November 2009. ... Chronic non-healing wounds.[26] These are called Marjolin's ulcers based on their appearance, and can develop into squamous- ...
"Epidemiology of Chronic Disease. Jones & Bartlett. pp. 181-190. ISBN 978-0-7637-8047-0. . Archived from the original on 24 June ... of developing the disease,[99] slightly higher than the figure for the UK.[100] The disease is more common in men than women,[2 ... The disease is slightly more common in men than women, and in the United States is over 1.5 times more common in African ... Chronic pancreatitis appears to almost triple risk, and as with diabetes, new-onset pancreatitis may be a symptom of a tumor.[3 ...
It is a typical feature of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), a type of obstructive lung disease characterized by ... "International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. 3 (2): 193-204. doi:10.2147/COPD.S2639. PMC 2629965. PMID ... "International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. 14: 921-928. doi:10.2147/COPD.S170581. PMC 6507121. PMID ... Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD). pp. 6-17.. *^ Roversi, Sara; Corbetta, Lorenzo; Clini, Enrico (5 ...
Vieira, D. (n.d.). "Eccentric Cycle Exercise in Severe COPD: Feasibility of Application". Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease ... Rooyackers, J. (n.d.). "Eccentric exercise training in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease". Rehabilitation ... Chronic patellar tendonitis[edit]. A condition that arises when the tendon and the tissues that surround it, become inflamed ... Add to these factors disease and cardiac and respiratory illness. Eccentric training enables the elderly, and those with the ...
... chronic kidney disease and kidney pain.[5] Or chronic glomerulonephritis which is a disease characterized by inflammation of ... Chronic kidney disease. *Kidney disease / renal artery stenosis - the normal physiological response to low blood pressure in ... Other well known causes include diseases of the kidney. This includes diseases such as polycystic kidney disease which is a ... It has many different causes including endocrine diseases, kidney diseases, and tumors. It also can be a side effect of many ...
... is a chronic inflammatory and immune mediated disease that affects the skin, nails, hair, and mucous membranes.[1 ... Chronic graft-versus-host disease *The history of preceding hematopoietic cell transplant is helpful for diagnosis ... Autoimmune blistering diseases[edit]. Mucous membrane pemphigoid and other autoimmune blistering diseases may present with oral ... "Orphanet: Rare Diseases". Orphanet. Retrieved June 3, 2016.. *^ "Cicatricial Alopecia Research Foundation". www.carfintl.org. ...
Therapeutic Advances in Chronic Disease. 2015;6(5):273-285. doi:10.1177/2040622315590318. ... "Journal of Thoracic Disease. 7 (5): 930-937. doi:10.3978/j.issn.2072-1439.2015.04.45. PMC 4454847. PMID 26101651.. ... "Sleep and Disease Risk". Healthy Sleep. Harvard Medical School. 2007. Archived from the original on 25 March 2016.. ... A chronic sleep-restricted state adversely affects the brain and cognitive function.[1] However, in a subset of cases, sleep ...
Excess concentrations of bile acids in the colon are a cause of chronic diarrhea. It is commonly found when the ileum is ... particularly in primary sclerosing cholangitis and inflammatory bowel disease, with varying results partly related to dosage.[ ... "Bile acids in glucose metabolism in health and disease". Journal of Experimental Medicine. 215 (2): 383-396. doi:10.1084/jem. ... "The continuing importance of bile acids in liver and intestinal disease". Arch. Intern. Med. 159 (22): 2647-58. doi:10.1001/ ...
Mucosal-associated invariant T cells in autoimmunity, immune-mediated diseases and airways disease. Immunology. May 2016, 148 ( ... Progressive loss of memory T cell potential and commitment to exhaustion during chronic viral infection. Journal of Virology. ... Modulation of autoimmune diseases by interleukin (IL)-17 producing regulatory T helper (Th17) cells. The Indian Journal of ... Immunobiology: the immune system in health and disease 5th ed. New York: Garland Pub. 2001. ISBN 978-0-8153-3642-6. OCLC ...
... is typically a chronic disease associated with a ten-year-shorter life expectancy.[10] This is partly due to a ... Diseases of the endocrine system (ICD-10 Chapter IV: Endocrine, nutritional and metabolic diseases - Endocrine diseases, E00- ... and the risk of chronic disease". The Journal of Nutrition. 140 (3): 437-45. doi:10.3945/jn.109.116327. PMID 20071652.. ... Diabetes was one of the first diseases described.[21] The importance of insulin in the disease was determined in the 1920s.[22] ...
Eric Dubois et al.: Effect of pollen traps on the relapse of chronic bee paralysis virus in honeybee (Apis mellifera) colonies ... Borna Disease Virus, das Virus der Bornaschen Krankheit, mit Species Mammalian 1 orthobornavirus (Typus) u. a. ... D. Qian et al.: Extra small virus-like particles (XSV) and nodavirus associated with whitish muscle disease in the giant ...
... is an Ascomycete fungus that causes ash dieback, a chronic fungal disease of ash trees in Europe ... the disease was said to be peaking in Sweden and Denmark, and in a post-decline (or chronic) phase in Latvia and Lithuania.[9] ... The disease is often chronic but can be lethal.[17] It is particularly destructive of young ash plants, killing them within one ... A Lithuanian trial searching for disease-resistance resulted in the selection of fifty disease-resistant trees for the ...
That same year, suffering from a chronic heart condition, she moved to a small cottage on the grounds of the Motion Picture & ... Disease-related deaths in California. *Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer contract players. *20th-century American actresses ...
... and applications in chronic liver disease". Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2012: 1-19. doi:10.1155/2012/837939. PMC ... while imbalance results in disease. Such disease-inducing imbalances can be adjusted and balanced using traditional herbs, ... A belief that a substance that causes the symptoms of a disease in healthy people cures similar symptoms in sick people.[n 8] ... Treatments for severe diseases such as cancer and HIV infection have well-known, significant side-effects. Even low-risk ...
... there he was diagnosed with Hodgkin's disease.[376] In mid-1984, Office 131 was moved to a new base further into Cambodia, near ... his wife began showing early signs of the chronic paranoid schizophrenia she would later be diagnosed with.[152] ...
2009). «Association of genetic variants with chronic kidney disease in individuals with different lipid profiles». Int. J. Mol ... Rosenbloom J (1984). «Elastin: relation of protein and gene structure to disease». Lab. Invest. 51 (6): 605-23. PMID 6150137. ... 2010). «Genetic risk factors for hepatopulmonary syndrome in patients with advanced liver disease». Gastroenterology. 139 (1): ...
Volkow ND, Koob GF, McLellan AT (January 2016). "Neurobiologic Advances from the Brain Disease Model of Addiction". N. Engl. J ... Addiction: A term used to indicate the most severe, chronic stage of substance-use disorder, in which there is a substantial ... 2001). Immunobiology 5: The Immune System in Health and Disease. New York: Garland Pub., ISBN 0-8153-3642-X ... This type of sensitization has been suggested as a possible causal mechanism for chronic pain conditions. The changes of ...
... chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; and complications of devices, implants and grafts.[78] ... through the End Stage Renal Disease Program) people of all ages with end-stage renal disease. The Medicare Program provides a ...
2000). "Human genome search in celiac disease using gliadin cDNA as probe". J. Mol. Biol. 300 (5): 1155-1167. doi:10.1006/jmbi. ... selective effects of chronic ethanol consumption". J. Neurochem. 82 (1): 110-117. doi:10.1046/j.1471-4159.2002.00943.x. PMID ...
... vulgaris is a chronic skin disease of the pilosebaceous unit and develops due to blockages in the skin's hair follicles. ... This article is about a skin disease common during adolescence. For other acneiform skin diseases, see Acne (disambiguation). ... Disease Primers. 1: 15033. doi:10.1038/nrdp.2015.33. PMID 27227877.. *^ a b "Frequently Asked Questions: Acne" (PDF). U.S. ... Acne, also known as acne vulgaris, is a long-term skin disease that occurs when dead skin cells and oil from the skin clog hair ...
Chronic liver disease-cirrhosis causes deficiency of factor II, VII, IX,& X ... U.S. Centers for Disease Control Published 2001-05-11.. *^ a b c Wackym,, James B. Snow,... P. Ashley (2009). Ballenger's ... Connective tissue disease. *Drugs-aspirin, fexofenadine, warfarin, clopidogrel, prasugrel, isotretinoin, desmopressin and ... Inflammatory reaction (e.g. acute respiratory tract infections, chronic sinusitis, rhinitis or environmental irritants) ...
List of systemic diseases with ocular manifestations. References[edit]. *^ a b c Matejcek, A; Goldman, RD (November 2013). " ... The disease incidence varies widely depending on the geographical location. The most extensive epidemiological survey on this ... "Red Book-Report of the Committee on Infectious Diseases, 29th Edition. The American Academy of Pediatrics". Retrieved 2007-07- ... In addition to the incidence of this sight threatening infection they also investigated the time trends of the disease. ...
The disease presents in two very different forms: acute and chronic. Birds with chronic avian cholera, more common in domestic ... Once the disease is introduced to a flock, it will stay until culling. Chronic carriers can always lead to re-emerging of the ... Journal of Wildlife Diseases. 42: 81-91. *^ K.R. Rhoades and R.B. Rimler, Avian pasteurellosis, in "Diseases of poultry", ed. ... Journal of Wildlife Disease. 42: 33-39. *^ Samuel et al. 2005. Avian Cholera in Waterfowl: The role of Lesser Snow Geese and ...
... and IgG4-related disease.[27] There is some evidence that it is ineffective in treating IgA-mediated autoimmune diseases.[28] ... Chronic fatigue syndrome[edit]. A potential use for rituximab was identified by two Norwegian doctors who were treating people ... Autoimmune diseases[edit]. Rituximab has been shown to be an effective rheumatoid arthritis treatment in three randomised ... "Chronic Hepatitis After Hepatitis E Virus Infection in a Patient With Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma Taking Rituximab" (PDF). Retrieved ...
Inhaled corticosteroids (e.g., for treatment of asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease), are not intended to be ... or immunocompromising diseases. However, sometimes it can be chronic and intermittent, even lasting for many years. Chronicity ... It is often described as being "a disease of the diseased", occurring in the very young, the very old, or the very sick. ... This refers to a group of rare syndromes characterized by chronic candidal lesions on the skin, in the mouth and on other ...
Blockade for diseases with a chronic immunological componentEdit. As increasingly documented, the SP-NK1R system induces or ... may not naturally subside in diseases marked by chronic inflammation (including cancer). The SP or its NK1R, as well as similar ... SP concentrations cannot yet be used to diagnose disease clinically or gauge disease severity. It is not yet known whether ... Microbial Toxins and Diarrhoeal Disease. Ciba Found. Symp. 112. pp. 139-54. doi:10.1002/9780470720936.ch8. PMID 2861068.. ...
... chronic granulomatous disease, Hodgkin's disease and Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome. More recently non-myeloablative, "mini ... Graft-versus-host disease[edit]. Main article: Graft-versus-host disease. Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) is an inflammatory ... Chronic graft-versus-host disease may also develop after allogeneic transplant. It is the major source of late treatment- ... "in the absence of chronic treatment with disease-modifying agents".[66] References[edit]. *^ a b Felfly, H; Haddad, GG (2014 ...
Chronic fatigue syndromeEdit. Rituximab did not improve symptoms in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome in a trial published ... and IgG4-related disease.[27] There is some evidence that it is ineffective in treating IgA-mediated autoimmune diseases.[28] ... "Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases. 62 (90002): 55ii-59. doi:10.1136/ard.62.suppl_2.ii55. PMC 1766758. PMID 14532151.. ... Autoimmune diseasesEdit. Rituximab has been shown to be an effective rheumatoid arthritis treatment in three randomised ...
This leads to a chronic inflammation of the liver and eventually alcoholic liver disease. ... Because ethanol is mostly metabolized and consumed by the liver, chronic excessive use can lead to fatty liver. ... "Alcohol use and burden for 195 countries and territories, 1990-2016: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease ...
Human diseaseEdit. Kluyveromyces marxianus is not usually an agent of human disease, although infection in humans can occur in ... Mukherjee, A; Pramanik, S; Das, D; Roy, R; Therese, KL (2014). "Polymicrobial chronic endophthalmitis diagnosed by culture and ... an Emerging Pathogen in Patients with Oncohematological Diseases?". Clinical Infectious Diseases. 43 (5): 666-667. doi:10.1086/ ...
Mandel SJ, Brent GA, Larsen PR (September 1993). "Levothyroxine therapy in patients with thyroid disease". Annals of Internal ... "Levothyroxine treatment reduces thyroid size in children and adolescents with chronic autoimmune thyroiditis". The Journal of ... For older people (over 50 years old) and people with known or suspected ischemic heart disease, levothyroxine therapy should ... Levothyroxine is also used as interventional therapy in people with nodular thyroid disease or thyroid cancer to suppress ...
Lindvall O (2003). "Stem cells for cell therapy in Parkinson's disease". Pharmacol Res 47 (4): 279-87. PMID 12644384. ... "Application of autologous bone marrow mononuclear cells in six patients with advanced chronic critical limb ischemia as a ... "Cell replacement therapy in neurological disease". Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 361 (1473): 1463-75. PMC 1664668. PMID ... "Stem-cell therapy shows promise for horse soft-tissue injury, disease". DVM Newsmagazine. Vaadatud 2013-10-21 ...
listen)) is the science and practice of the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease.[4][5] The word "medicine" is ... These include treatment of acute and chronic illnesses, preventive care and health education for all ages and both sexes. ... Preventive medicine is the branch of medicine concerned with preventing disease. *Community health or public health is an ... Pathology as a medical specialty is the branch of medicine that deals with the study of diseases and the morphologic, ...
The disease is most common in native laborers and in schoolchildren of the tropics and subtropics during the rainy season and ... Chronic ulcers involve larger area and may eventually develop into squamous epithelioma after 10 years or more. Skin color: ... In some of these countries, such as northern Papua New Guinea, it is the most common skin disease. It is also a frequent ... Once developed, the ulcer may become chronic and stable, but also it can run a destructive course with deep tissue invasion, ...
... chronic kidney disease, being small for gestational age at birth, Prader-Willi syndrome, Wiedemann-Steiner syndrome, or other ... It can also be due to one or more of many abnormal conditions, such as chronic (prolonged) growth hormone or thyroid hormone ... Chronic illnesses, malnutrition, endocrine, metabolic disorders or chromosomal anomalies are characterized by proportionate ... have worked to medicalize short stature by convincing the public that short stature is a disease rather than a natural ...
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Coordinating Center for Health Promotion, National Center for Chronic Disease ... heart disease and other smoking related diseases") See also WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control; First international ... which include an increased risk of heart disease, cancer, emphysema, and other diseases. Laws implementing bans on indoor ... For example, one study listed on the website of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention states that New York's ...