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*  Small supernumerary marker chromosome
Humans typically have 22 pairs of autosomal chromosomes in their cells, and a pair of sex chromosomes. About 2.7 million ... These small supernumerary marker chromosomes can originate from any of the 24 different human chromosomes. About 70% of the ... Small supernumerary marker chromosomes (sSMC) in humans. Cytogenet Genome Research, 2004; 107: 55-67 Liehr et al. Small ... 47th autosomal chromosome called a small supernumerary marker chromosome (sSMC). ...
*  HUMARA assay
... short for Human Androgen receptor) that is located on X chromosome. Considering the fact that once one X chromosome is ... The fact that most-but not all-genes on X chromosome undergo inactivation, this feature becomes an important one. 2-) Human ... of HpaII and HhaI sites near the polymorphic CAG repeat in the human androgen-receptor gene correlates with X chromosome ... The method is based on X chromosome inactivation and it takes the advantage of having different methylation status of a gene ...
*  Haplogroup I-M253
History of Normandy Human Y-chromosome DNA haplogroups Late Glacial Maximum Neolithic Europe Norse colonization of the Americas ... 2003). "A Y Chromosome Census of the British Isles" (PDF). Current Biology. 13 (11): 979-84. doi:10.1016/S0960-9822(03)00373-7 ... Haplogroup I-M253, also known as I1, is a Y chromosome haplogroup. The genetic markers confirmed as identifying I-M253 are the ... Peter A. Underhill et al., New Phylogenetic Relationships for Y-chromosome Haplogroup I: Reappraising its Phylogeography and ...
*  Allosome
X chromosome carry about 1500 genes, more than any other chromosome in the human body. Most of them code for something other ... In humans, each cell nucleus contains 23 pairs of chromosomes, a total of 46 chromosomes. The first 22 pairs are called ... The X chromosome is always present as the 23rd chromosome in the ovum, while either an X or a Y chromosomes can be present in ... The chromosomes of the 23rd pair are called allosomes consisting of two X chromosomes in women, and an X chromosome and a Y ...
*  Human artificial chromosome
A human artificial chromosome (HAC) is a microchromosome that can act as a new chromosome in a population of human cells. That ... 21HAC is based on a stripped copy of human chromosome 21, producing a chromosome 5 Mb in length. Truncation of chromosome 21 ... Yeast artificial chromosomes and bacterial artificial chromosomes were created before human artificial chromosomes, which first ... "A new chromosome 14-based human artificial chromosome (HAC) vector system for efficient transgene expression in human primary ...
*  Chromosome 1 (human)
Chromosome 1 is the designation for the largest human chromosome. Humans have two copies of chromosome 1, as they do with all ... See also: Category:Genes on human chromosome 1. The following is a partial list of genes on human chromosome 1. For complete ... G-banding ideograms of human chromosome 1 "Human Genome Assembly GRCh38 - Genome Reference Consortium". National Center for ... chromosome 1 open reading frame 49 C1orf74: chromosome 1 open reading frame 74 C1orf106: chromosome 1 open reading frame 106 ...
*  Chromosome 22 (human)
Chromosome 22 is one of the 23 pairs of chromosomes in human cells. Humans normally have two copies of chromosome 22 in each ... Chromosome 22 was the first human chromosome to be fully sequenced. Chromosome 22 was originally identified as the smallest ... Chromosome 22 is the second smallest human chromosome (chromosome 21 being smaller), spanning about 49 million DNA base pairs ... See also: Category:Genes on human chromosome 22. The following is a partial list of genes on human chromosome 22. For complete ...
*  Chromosome 7 (human)
Chromosome 7 is one of the 23 pairs of chromosomes in humans. People normally have two copies of this chromosome. Chromosome 7 ... A ring chromosome occurs when both ends of a broken chromosome are reunited. G-banding ideograms of human chromosome 7 In the ... See also: Category:Genes on human chromosome 7. The following is a partial list of genes on human chromosome 7. For complete ... "Chromosome 7". Genetics Home Reference. Retrieved 2017-05-06. "Chromosome 7". Human Genome Project Information Archive 1990- ...
*  Chromosome 5 (human)
Chromosome 5 is one of the 23 pairs of chromosomes in humans. People normally have two copies of this chromosome. Chromosome 5 ... A ring chromosome occurs when both ends of a broken chromosome are reunited. G-banding ideograms of human chromosome 5 "Human ... See also: Category:Genes on human chromosome 5. The following is a partial list of genes on human chromosome 5. For complete ... Chromosome 5 is the 5th largest human chromosome, yet has one of the lowest gene densities. This is partially explained by ...
*  Chromosome 15 (human)
Chromosome 15 is one of the 23 pairs of chromosomes in humans. People normally have two copies of this chromosome. Chromosome ... See also: Category:Genes on human chromosome 15. The following is a partial list of genes on human chromosome 15. For complete ... "Chromosome 15". Genetics Home Reference. Retrieved 2017-05-06. "Chromosome 15". Human Genome Project Information Archive 1990- ... Gilbert F (1999). "Disease genes and chromosomes: disease maps of the human genome. Chromosome 15". Genet Test. 3 (3): 309-322 ...
*  Chromosome 11 (human)
Chromosome 11 is one of the 23 pairs of chromosomes in humans. Humans normally have two copies of this chromosome. Chromosome ... See also: Category:Genes on human chromosome 11. The following is a partial list of genes on human chromosome 11. For complete ... At about 21.5 genes per megabase, chromosome 11 is one of the most gene-rich, and disease-rich, chromosomes in the human genome ... "Chromosome 11". Genetics Home Reference. Retrieved 2017-05-06. "Chromosome 11". Human Genome Project Information Archive 1990- ...
*  Chromosome 2 (human)
Humans have only 23 pairs of chromosomes. Human chromosome 2 is a result of an end-to-end fusion of two ancestral chromosomes. ... Chromosome 2 is one of the 23 pairs of chromosomes in humans. People normally have two copies of this chromosome. Chromosome 2 ... See also: Category:Genes on human chromosome 2. The following is a partial list of genes on human chromosome 2. For complete ... The closest human relative, the chimpanzee, has near-identical DNA sequences to human chromosome 2, but they are found in two ...
*  Chromosome 6 (human)
Chromosome 6 is one of the 23 pairs of chromosomes in humans. People normally have two copies of this chromosome. Chromosome 6 ... See also: Category:Genes on human chromosome 6. The following is a partial list of genes on human chromosome 6. For complete ... "Chromosome 6". Genetics Home Reference. Retrieved 2017-05-06. "Chromosome 6". Human Genome Project Information Archive 1990- ... "Chromosome 6 Project - Chromosome 6 Research Project". Chromosome 6 Research Project. Retrieved 2017-06-17. Some text in this ...
*  Chromosome 3 (human)
Chromosome 3 is one of the 23 pairs of chromosomes in humans. People normally have two copies of this chromosome. Chromosome 3 ... See also: Category:Genes on human chromosome 3. The following is a partial list of genes on human chromosome 3. For complete ... "Chromosome 3". Genetics Home Reference. Retrieved 2017-05-06. "Chromosome 3". Human Genome Project Information Archive 1990- ... G-banding ideograms of human chromosome 3 "Human Genome Assembly GRCh38 - Genome Reference Consortium". National Center for ...
*  Chromosome 20 (human)
Chromosome 20 is one of the 23 pairs of chromosomes in humans. Chromosome 20 spans around 63 million base pairs (the building ... See also: Category:Genes on human chromosome 20. The following is a partial list of genes on human chromosome 20. For complete ... "Chromosome 20". Genetics Home Reference. Retrieved 2017-05-06. "Chromosome 20". Human Genome Project Information Archive 1990- ... G-banding ideograms of human chromosome 20 "Human Genome Assembly GRCh38 - Genome Reference Consortium". National Center for ...
*  Chromosome 9 (human)
Chromosome 9 is one of the 23 pairs of chromosomes in humans. People normally have two copies of this chromosome, as they ... See also: Category:Genes on human chromosome 9. The following is a partial list of genes on human chromosome 9. For complete ... Gilbert F, Kauff N (2001). "Disease genes and chromosomes: disease maps of the human genome. Chromosome 9". Genet Test. 5 (2): ... "Chromosome 9". Genetics Home Reference. Retrieved 2017-05-06. "Chromosome 9". Human Genome Project Information Archive 1990- ...
*  Chromosome 12 (human)
Chromosome 12 is one of the 23 pairs of chromosomes in humans. People normally have two copies of this chromosome. Chromosome ... See also: Category:Genes on human chromosome 12. The following is a partial list of genes on human chromosome 12. For complete ... Chromosome 12 contains the Homeobox C gene cluster. The following are some of the gene count estimates of human chromosome 12. ... Gilbert F, Kauff N (2000). "Disease genes and chromosomes: disease maps of the human genome.Chromosome 12". Genet Test. 4 (3): ...
*  Chromosome 4 (human)
Chromosome 4 is one of the 23 pairs of chromosomes in humans. People normally have two copies of this chromosome. Chromosome 4 ... See also: Category:Genes on human chromosome 4. The following is a partial list of genes on human chromosome 4. For complete ... "Chromosome 4". Genetics Home Reference. Retrieved 2017-05-06. "Chromosome 4". Human Genome Project Information Archive 1990- ... "Disease genes and chromosomes: disease maps of the human genome. Chromosome 4". Genet Test. 7 (4): 351-72. doi:10.1089/ ...
*  Chromosome 19 (human)
Chromosome 19 is one of the 23 pairs of chromosomes in humans. People normally have two copies of this chromosome. Chromosome ... See also: Category:Genes on human chromosome 19. The following is a partial list of genes on human chromosome 19. For complete ... "Chromosome 19". Genetics Home Reference. Retrieved 2017-05-06. "Chromosome 19". Human Genome Project Information Archive 1990- ... Gilbert F (1997). "Disease genes and chromosomes: disease maps of the human genome. Chromosome 19". Genet Test. 1 (2): 145-9. ...
*  Chromosome 21 (human)
Chromosome 21 is one of the 23 pairs of chromosomes in humans. Chromosome 21 is the smallest human autosome, with 48 million ... Chromosome 21 was the second human chromosome to be fully sequenced, after chromosome 22. The following are some of the gene ... See also: Category:Genes on human chromosome 21. The following is a partial list of genes on human chromosome 21. For complete ... "Chromosome 21". Genetics Home Reference. Retrieved 2017-05-06. "Chromosome 21". Human Genome Project Information Archive 1990- ...
*  Chromosome 17 (human)
Chromosome 17 is one of the 23 pairs of chromosomes in humans. People normally have two copies of this chromosome. Chromosome ... See also: Category:Genes on human chromosome 17. The following is a partial list of genes on human chromosome 17. For complete ... Chromosome 17 contains the Homeobox B gene cluster. The following are some of the gene count estimates of human chromosome 17. ... "Chromosome 17". Genetics Home Reference. Retrieved 2017-05-06. "Chromosome 17". Human Genome Project Information Archive 1990- ...
*  Human Y-chromosome DNA haplogroup
In human genetics, a human Y-chromosome DNA haplogroup is a haplogroup defined by mutations in the non-recombining portions of ... Y-chromosome DNA (Y-DNA) haplogroups are the major branches on the human paternal family tree. Each haplogroup has many ... 2015, Phylogeographic refinement and large scale genotyping of human Y chromosome haplogroup E provide new insights into the ... Chiaroni, Jacques; Underhill, Peter A.; Cavalli-Sforza, Luca L. (1 December 2009). "Y chromosome diversity, human expansion, ...
*  Segmental Duplication on the Human Y Chromosome
4] On the human Y chromosome as well as other primate Y chromosomes, the pericentromeric and subtelomeric regions are the most ... 3] The human Y chromosome contains the greatest proportion of duplicated sequence within the human genome at 50.4%. [3] The ... There exist three copies of this human region on the chimpanzee Y chromosome with two surrounding the Y chromosome centromere ... 8] The chimpanzee Y chromosome completely spans the orthologous part of the human region, and the human region is completely ...
*  Polysomy
Since canine chromosome 13 is similar to human chromosome 8q, research could provide insight to treatment for prostate cancer ... Human Chromosomes. New York: Springer, 2001. Schmid, M., and Indrajit Nanda. Chromosomes Today, Volume 14. Dordrecht: Kluwer ... 2000). "Reciprocal chromosome painting illuminates the history of genome evolution of the domestic cat, dog and human". ... Klinefelter syndrome is an example of human polysomy X with the karyotype 47, XXY. X chromosome polysomies can be inherited ...
*  Objections to evolution
The fusion hypothesis was confirmed in 2005 by discovery that human chromosome 2 is homologous with a fusion of two chromosomes ... For example, the fact that humans have one fewer pair of chromosomes than the great apes offered a testable hypothesis ... "Human Chromosome 2". PBS LearningMedia. PBS; WGBH Educational Foundation. 2007. Video segment from Nova's Judgment Day: ... Extra, inactive telomeres and centromeres remain on human chromosome 2 as a result of the fusion. The assertion of common ...
*  UCKL1
2002). "The DNA sequence and comparative analysis of human chromosome 20". Nature. 414 (6866): 865-71. doi:10.1038/414865a. ... Uridine-cytidine kinase-like 1 is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the UCKL1 gene. GRCh38: Ensembl release 89: ... 2003). "Generation and initial analysis of more than 15,000 full-length human and mouse cDNA sequences". Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci ... 2004). "Complete sequencing and characterization of 21,243 full-length human cDNAs". Nat. Genet. 36 (1): 40-5. doi:10.1038/ ...
*  Elective genetic and genomic testing
Genetic testing for a variety of disorders has seen many advances starting with cytogenetics to evaluate human chromosomes for ... Genetic testing identifies changes in chromosomes, genes, or proteins; some are associated with human disease. There are many ... Yunis, JJ (26 March 1976). "High resolution of human chromosomes". Science. 191 (4233): 1268-70. PMID 1257746. Yunis, JJ; ... Chromosome analysis, also known as karyotyping refers to testing that assesses whether the expected number of chromosomes are ...